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Five Principles of Rukun Negara

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Table of Content







Contents: 1.0 Believe in God---------------------------------


2.0 Loyalty to King and Country---------------


3.0 The Rule of Law--------------------------------


4.0 Upholding the Constitution-----------------5.0 Decorum and Morality -----------------------









We are grateful because we manage to complete our "Pengajian Malaysia 2" assignment within the time given by our lecturer Miss Irna Nursyafina. This assignment can't be done without the effort of my partner, Jesslie Ng Hui Yee. Last but not least, we would like to express my gratitude to our course mates for their constant support and guidance.


What is Rukun Negara? It was born on 31 August 1970 headed by the Malaysia's second prime minister, Tun Abdul Razak and it is formulated by the National Consultative Council. The purpose to form this principles are to created unity of various race in Malaysia after the disturbing peace of different races in 13 May 1969. It had proven in Malaysia that racial issues and stability fragile of the happened riots.

After the formation of Rukun Negara in Malaysia, cases of racist incidents that involve hundreds of people death are prevented. Formation of Rukun Negara is one of the method to help
Malaysian to stay together in one unity.

The Principle of Rukun Negara consists of 5 principles, which is Belief in God, Loyalty to
King and Country, Upholding the Constitution, Rule of Law and Decorum and Morality. 


1.0 Belief in God
Believing in God is a personal faith and everyone has the right to believe in God's existence.
Belief in God is to believe that our father is there with us and bless us all the time. It doesn't matter what religion you practice, every religion leads to God. It teaches us to unify, to love one another and to keep peace with in the community. How can we apply this principle in our daily lifestyle?

Malaysia is an official Islamic state about 60% of the population are Muslims, while Buddhism was the second highest religion in Malaysia about 19.3% with the population, third was
Christian and lastly Hindus. Each of these religions has sects with different believing and thoughts.

Muslims believe there is the one almighty God, named Allah. Allah is the creator of the world and all the sources of good and evil. To be a Muslim, one has to follow all the religious duties. Muslims repeat a creed about Allah and Muhammad every day. However, they also have to fast from foods, drinks and smoking during the fasting month of Ramadan.

Next, Buddhists do not worship any God, most of the Buddhists worship Buddha. Buddhists believe a person has countless rebirth and the goal of a Buddhist is to purify one's heart. Buddhists can worship both at home or at a temple, worshippers may sit or kneel facing an image or statue of
Buddha. They will listen to monks chanting, holding joysticks and take part in prayers. Besides, they also celebrate Wesak Day every year. Wesak Day is one of the most important festival in the
Buddhist calendar as it commemorates three significant events in Gautama Buddha's life - namely his birthday, his enlightenment and his passing away. (Public Holidays, 2016)

Christians believe in a loving God who has revealed himself and can be known in a personal way. With Jesus Christ, the person's focus is not on religious rituals but enjoying a relationship with God and growing to know him better. Christians regard the Bible as God's written message to humankind. They also go to the church on every Sunday to worship God so Christians regard worship as something they don't only do for God, the presence of the Holy Spirit is also at work in.
Furthermore, christians celebrate Good Friday and Christmas every year. Good Friday is the day on


which Catholics commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and Christmas is the day of the birth of Jesus Christ. Both of these days are an official public holiday in Malaysia.

Most Hindus worship one Being of ultimate oneness (Brahman) through infinite representations of gods and goddesses. Hinduism gives a person freedom to choose how to work towards spiritual perfection. They believe their position in this present life was determined by their actions in a previous life and their goals is to become free from law of karma.

Lastly, a person can have a relationship with the loving and powerful God. You can talk to him and he will guide you in this life now. It doesn't what religion you are, as long as you're sincere and believe in God.


2.0 Loyalty to King and Country
Loyalty to King and Country means that the King is the symbol of the country's sovereignty and of the solidarity and freedom of the people. The position of the Malay Rulers cannot be questioned. All citizen of the country must be loyal to the King.

The King, that is the Yang diPertuan Agong is the symbol of the nation, disloyalty to the king is considered disloyalty to the nation. Loyalty to the King and the country is very important as a citizen in Malaysia. Every citizen in Malaysia have to be loyal, honest and sincere to our King,
Yang diPertuan Agong and our country.

Patriotism is a kind of strong passion which inspires one to serve and be loyal to the country. As a citizen in Malaysian, we should show loyalty and willing to sacrifice for our country. Respecting the nation's symbol such as Jalur Gembilang, the national flag and Negaraku, the National
Anthem are also an important role for us.

In additional, primary and secondary schools play their roles in order to increase and promote the spirit of patriotism among Malaysians. For example, stand straight when singing Negaraku during assembly and organize activity such as patriotic song competition in school.

Next, the government must play the most important part to handle patriotism problem. The government will choose randomly to decide who are going to the National Service course for three months. Through this course, the youths will have the opportunity to mix with different people from various races, religious and culture background which the young citizens in Malaysia will have a better and deeper knowledge of other races and eventually they will respect other peoples.

In conclusion, a loyalty and patriotic spirit must be instilled in the hearts and minds of all citizens in Malaysia. For Malaysian to become strong and developed nation, much more needs to be done. Malaysians should understand to show loyalty to the King and the country is not just the responsibility of the government, but also for all who do it for the love of the country.


3.0 The Rule of Law
The rule of law is the laws in the country that are sovereign because they are passed through provision laid out by the constitution. The laws also imply that citizens receive equal treatment of the same status before the law regardless of their rank, race and religion. So the citizen in Malaysia must abide and obey the law of the country.

The rule of law in Malaysia have to be accepted and maintained. Without rules or laws, our country would be dangerous and not safe anymore. It is necessary to point out that laws provide the people with protections. For example, if there are thieves and criminals everywhere in our country we might facing fear and criminal threatening.

The implementation of the laws involve three parties. First, law enforcement personnel such as the police. Police plays an important role in protecting the country, who enforce laws, make arrests and occasionally testify in court cases. Second, the court authorities who examine case evidences, weigh of evidences and make judgement such as judges.

Third, the general public who as members of the society, shoulder the responsibility of respecting the laws and also help to enforce the laws.The rule of law is ensured by the existence of an independent judiciary with powers to pronounce on the constitutionality and legality or otherwise of executive acts.

In conclusion, every country needs laws to regulate and create peaceful and stability in society. The existence of law will guarantee a life member of the community can move with freedom and orderly, without any disturbance which not threaded the safety of other citizens in the country.


4.0 Upholding The Constitution
The highest source of law of the Constitution. Citizenship confers on a person membership of a state. The Constitution confers on a citizen certain rights and privileges and it also imposes on him certain duties and obligations towards the Nation. It contains procedures of law. This constitution contains articles that are very important to matters which is:

• The Rulers' position
• The rights of Bumiputera and Non- Bumiputera's position in the socio-economic development of the country

• The main language of the National Language is Malay Language, other language is acceptable
• Official religion is Islam while other religions is acceptable in this country
• The basic rights of the citizens are guaranteed
• Provision for citizenship
• Arrangements and procedure on administration including division of authority between the Federal and the State of government 


5.0 Decorum and Morality
It's mean of good character of every individual and always aware of right and wrong. Principle of "Decorum of Morality" is to succeed good etiquette and virtuous character among the
Malaysian citizens. These traits form the base for a sound personality which will make the person well- mannered, respectful, and civil-minded. Individual nature of courtesy and manners are the most important and meaningful in the elements of relationships together with different races ,religions and cultures.

This principle is to create harmonious of social in Malaysia by attitude of courtesy and manners that should be taught by every individual and society. It is to avoid any racial issues happened among every different races.



The Rukun Negara is very important for all the citizen in Malaysia. As a Malaysian, we must make the Rukun Negara as our guide to live as a society in Malaysia. It is a very good and wholesome ideals that should be a guiding principle to every citizen in Malaysia of all walks of life. In conclusion, Malaysian must obey all the principles of Rukun Negara. Even though most of the people have heard about Rukun Negara but there are some people still neglect about the importance of Rukun Negara. It is designed for us so that it can foster harmony and solidarity between the races and religious in Malaysian which we stand together as a democratic and peacefully country.


1. UKEssays (23 March 2015). Principles of the Rukun Negara Theology Religion. Retrieved from

2. Malaysia Public Holidays (n.d). Wesak Day. Retrieved from

3. Enizahura Binti. A. H (n.d). True Malaysians and Patriotism. Retrieved from

4. John. P (n.d). Malaysian Religion. Retrieved from world/malaysia/religion.htm 5. Blogger (n.d). Five Principles of Rukun Negara. Retrieved from


Appendix A:

Figure 1 - True Malaysians and Patriotism

In Figure 1 shows that an article about True Malaysians and Patriotism which was written by
Enizahura Binti Abdul Aziz. This article was posted in a newspaper called The Star.


Appendix B:

Figure 2 - Wesak Day / Vesak Day 2016

As can be seen in Figure 2, Wesak day is a day celebrated by Buddhists around the world which is one of the most important festivals in the Buddhists calendar


Appendix C

Figure 3 - Principles of the Rukun Negara Theology Religion Essay

Figure 3 shows an essay about the principles of the Rukun Negara Theology Religious. It was published on 23 March 2015.


Appendix D

Figure 4 - Malaysia Religious

As be seen in Figure 4, the official religious in Malaysia is Islam. The highest population was Muslim, while Buddhism was second, third was Christian and lastly the Hindu.


Appendix D:

Figure 5 - Mind map

Figure 5 shows a mind map about the five principles of Rukun Negara and its explanation.


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