# Fnt1 Financial Statement Analysis

Submitted By sam67
Words 1052
Pages 5
Financial Statement Analysis

319.1.2-04, 2.1-01-03
April 1, 2012

MEMORANDUM
TO: CEO
FROM:
RE: Ratio Analysis
DATE: April 1, 2012
______________________________________________________________________________
I have been asked to compare and analyze the rations of Company G for the previous year as well as the industry standards.
• Current Ratio: This ration is the calculation of current assets divided by total current liabilities. The current ratio measures the degree to which current assets can be used to pay current debt obligations. In the case of company G this ratio is 1.78 and this is an area of weakness. The current ratio has decreased from year 11 to year 12, is well below two of three industry quartiles, and is an area of focus for improvement.
• Acid Test Ratio: This ratio reflects the company’s ability to use its cash and assets easily liquidated or converted into cash to pay all of the current liabilities or obligations. The calculation comes by the addition of cash, short-term investments and current receivables and dividing the sum by the total amount of liabilities. A total above one would indicate that the company has the ability to cover all its liabilities immediately. With the current ratio of .42, this is also an area of weakness for company G. The ratios has fallen from .64 over the past year to .42 this year and is below the lowest quartile of .60 and the company should focus on improving in this area also.
• Inventory Turnover: This ration calculates the amount of times inventory is turn over in a year and how well the business inventory is being managed. To compute inventory turnover, we taking COGS excluding sales and divide it by the average amount of inventory on hand. This is currently another area of weakness for company G to focus...

### Similar Documents

#### Term Paper

...Introduction: Financial Statement Analysis is used by interested parties such as inventors, creditors, and management to evaluate the past, current and projected condition and performance of the firm. Its analysis helps user make better desiccations. Ration analysis is the most common form of financial analysis. It provides relative measures of the firm’s conditions and performance. Horizontal analysis and Vertical analysis are also popular forms. Horizontal analysis is used to evaluate the trend in the accounts over the years, while vertical analysis, also called a common size Financial Statement discloses the internal structure of the firm. It indicates the existing relationship between sales and each income statement account. It shows the mix of assets debt that produces income and the mix of the sources of capital, where by current or long-term debt of by equity funding. Financial Statement Analysis prepared for the internal auditors, Many different financial measures are used to analyze financial statements and rank the performance of competing investment opportunities, including growth in sales, return to stockholders, profit margin, and return on equity. These are just four possible measures considered and evaluated by investors and creditors. Financial statements presented in various formats to help facilitate analysis. A classified set of financial statements groups items with similar characteristics together. Groupings include categories such as current assets;......

Words: 2258 - Pages: 10

#### 1111

...Business Analysis and Valuation Report Prepared By: Version # Updated on ------------------------------------------------- Acknowledgments ------------------------------------------------- If applicable, include acknowledgement to contributing individuals: ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Analyst’s Name | Number | E-Mail Address | | | | Document Name | | Date Created | | Milestone 1 date submitted | | Milestone 2 date submitted | | Milestone 3 date submitted | | Finalization date | | | | | | | | REPORT VERSION RECORD The Business Analysis and Valuation Report is a managed document with tracking of versions, changes, and release dates for each of the three milestones. Version Name | Version Number | Date | Author(s) Name(s) | Change Description | | | | | Document created | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Milestone versions of the report are issued including the complete document with the sections completed to date to reflect the work to date by the analyst team. The milestone versions of the document are authorized for release only after the analyst’s signature has been obtained. Milestone 1 PREPARED: DATE:___/___/___ (for acceptance) (, signature) POSITION: ___ Milestone 2 PREPARED:......

Words: 2600 - Pages: 11

#### Polymold

...Spring 2014 T TH Financial Analysis and Management Dr. Kamal M. Haddad COURSE OBJECTIVES Fin 423 is designed to develop critical thinking at the individual level, and problem solving competencies at both the individual and group levels. Teamwork and group problem solving are stressed. The course provides a thorough overview of financial analysis, including relevant modern theory and practical applications. Topics include financial statement analysis, financial planning, principles of valuation, capital budgeting, capital structure, and issues in financial policy. The course gives students opportunities to apply financial theory to analyze real life situations in an uncertain environment with an incomplete data set. It is integrative in nature, with special attention to the integration of theory and managerial judgment in the process of making financial decisions. BSBA Goals BSBA students will graduate being Effective Communicators, Critical Thinkers, Able to Analyze Ethical Problems, Global in their perspective, and Knowledgeable about the essentials of business. This class contributes to those goals through its student learning outcomes. LEARNING OBJECTIVES * Use Financial Statements to evaluate firm performance. * Project Financial Statements (B/S, I/S, budgets, etc.). * Use Financial Statements to obtain Cash Flows for the......

Words: 5498 - Pages: 22

#### Financial Analysis

...2 Graduate Thesis By Teia R. Merring Copenhagen Business School Strategic and financial analysis and valuation of B&O 0 1 Executive Summary................................................................................2 Introduction............................................................................................6 1.1Motivation.................................................................................................................. 6 1.2Problem Specification................................................................................................ 8 1.3Problem Identification................................................................................................ 8 1.4Problem Handling .................................................................................................... 10 1.5Structure and Methodology...................................................................................... 12 1.5.1Introduction and Presentation........................................................................... 12 1.5.2Strategic Analysis............................................................................................. 12 1.5.3Financial Statement Analysis ........................................................................... 13 1.5.4Prognoses and Budgets..................................................................................... 14 1.5.5Valuation.......................................

Words: 60014 - Pages: 241

... Merck’s Business Environment There are many factors a business, such as Merck, must have in order to be successful, for example strong financial statements, leading technology, and globalization. With the help of income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements, a financial analysis can be applied in a wide variety of situations to give business managers the information they need to make critical decisions (Financial Analysis, 2010). They also provide information in regards to the financial health of a company. Pharmaceutical companies are using technology to conduct clinical trials, which has proven to be beneficial to research, development, and the introduction of new products. Globalization is also important for Merck when it comes to product distribution. Outsourcing was been adopted by Merck in order to produce equal quality vaccines and medications at a cheaper cost. Review of Finances Analyzing a company’s income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow is a prime way in determining their success. A comparison can be made between the competition in the industry and a leader can be established. An analysis can also show which company is spending more on research and development and in turn, producing better products. After review of the income statements, Merck’s worldwide sales were \$12 billion for the third quarter this year, an increase of 8 percent compared with the third quarter of 2010 (Newsroom, 2010). ......

Words: 2950 - Pages: 12

#### Acct 370 Excel Project

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

#### Financial Analysis

...three years and also shows the forecast of the company for financial year 2012. This would help investors and researchers to decide on investing to SWM or not. SWM has been analyzed step by step in order to find out its true value in the industry. The analysts have first looked into SWM business and strategy where it has been noted that SWM was a result of merger of seven group holdings and Australian West Newspaper in order to expand and use their resources efficiently. Secondly, SWM accounting policies and procedures have been analyzed where they showed that the company is following the accounting standards and using their flexibility that was given by the standard in order to measure some accounts in the financial statement. This flexibility was compared to the industry where it has noted that the company is valuing these accounts in a proper way. Thirdly, a financial analysis was also undertaken. It has been understood that the company, though there was a merger, is managing their resources well that resulted to positive book and cash returns. Lastly, the forecasts of the said company, where the analyst has determined the company’s value and the full set of financial statement for 2012, were estimated and calculated intelligently. With the help of the four steps of business analysis, the group has recommended that it is safe to invest to seven west media even if merger has occurred twice in the last three financial year. I. INTRODUCTION In order for a......

Words: 1963 - Pages: 8

#### Nojib

...Assignment On Financial Analysis & Control Submitted To: Umme Hanna Airin Ara Acting Head of Finance Department of Business Administration Stamford University Bangladesh Submitted By: Md.Nazmul Hasan ID: BBA 031 11119 BATCH: 31(P) Program: BBA Course Title: Financial Analysis & Control Course Code: FIN- 434 Stamford University Bangladesh Date of submission: 17th November, 2011 The Demand for financial Statement Information: * Introduction Financial statement is the product of a diverse set of demand and supply forces. Financial statement information is needed to facilitate decision making to facilitate the monitoring of management or to interpret contracts or agreement that includes provisions based on such information. Parties demanding financial statement information A. Shareholders, Investors and Security Analysts: Shareholders and other investors of corporation these parties range from individuals with relatively limited resources to large, well endowed institutions such as insurance companies and mutual funds. These decision made by the parties include not only which shares to day retain, or sell, but also the timing of the purchases or sales of those shares. In an investment focus, the emphasis is on choosing a portfolio of securities that is consistent with the preferences of the investor for risk, return, dividend yield, liquidity and so on. In that...

Words: 3641 - Pages: 15

#### Financial Analysis

...Financial analysis Accountancy Financial analysis (also referred to as financial statement analysis or accounting analysis) refers to an assessment of the viability, stability and profitability of a business, sub-business or project. It is performed by professionals who prepare reports using ratios that make use of information taken from financial statements and other reports. These reports are usually presented to top management as one of their bases in making business decisions. Continue or discontinue its main operation or part of its business; Make or purchase certain materials in the manufacture of its product; Acquire or rent/lease certain machineries and equipment in the production of its goods; Issue stocks or negotiate for a bank loan to increase its working capital; Make decisions regarding investing or lending capital; Other decisions that allow management to make an informed selection on various alternatives in the conduct of its business. Financial analysts often assess the firm's: 1. Profitability -its ability to earn income and sustain growth in both short-term and long-term. A company's degree of profitability is usually based on the income statement, which reports on the company's results of operations; 2. Solvency - its ability to pay its obligation to creditors and other third parties in the long-term; 3. Liquidity - its ability to maintain positive cash flow, while satisfying immediate obligations; Both 2 and 3 are based on the......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

#### Consulting Report

...DM Consulting 123 Main St. Millburn, NJ 07041 Mr. Soandso, President Boston Financial Conglomerate., Inc. 123 Main St. Boston, MA 12345 Dear Mr. Soandso: Enclosed is the report you requested, giving our opinion regarding future acquisitions and the analysis involved in the process. Please let me know if you have questions or need further information. Yours truly, Brian Smith Enclosure Future analytical approach It is my opinion, that when dealing with future acquisitions, financial and accounting analysis is simply not enough. Therefore, it is my recommendation that an aggregate analytical approach include not just fundamental analysis, but also; corporate culture, synergy and customer analysis. Corporate Culture Analysis Future acquisitions need to carefully examine the morale and culture of the company being sought after. An overly dependent employee base that clings to its President and CEO presents a certain risk in production loss should the CEO exit the firm. As with the acquisition of Bainbridge House, morale dropped and attrition skyrocketed after Mr. Bainbridge’s passing. A high attrition rate and low morale has been shown to negatively affect production and overall efficiency. Therefore, a careful analysis needs to identify the independence and competitiveness of company employees. Synergy Analysis It is not enough to purchase a company based on fundamentals alone. If the company cultures of your firm and the firm being......

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

... : Monday 2:30 pm to 6:30 pm Role and Purpose This subject aims to introduce an analytical framework for carrying out business analysis and valuation by using financial statements for valuing different kind of businesses. It contributes to the achievement of the BBA Programme Outcomes by enabling students to identify and resolve ethical issues contained in the financial statements (Outcome 4), apply basic accounting and financial theories to analyze financial reports and to identify potential problems and risks (Outcome 7). By the end of this subject, students will become a professional user of financial statements to advance further into the field of business valuation as investment analysis. It requires students to present and communicate effectively in English for general business communication (Outcome 1). Learning Outcomes Upon completion of the subject, students will be able to: a. Develop the ability to critically assess a firm’s financial condition through analyzing financial statements; b. Apply analytical tools to make forecasts and value firms and projects using different valuation techniques; in certain business context such as credit analysis and equity valuation. c. Evaluate and compare corporate valuation decision in specific contexts such as securities analysis, credit assessment...

Words: 1507 - Pages: 7

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

#### Accounting

...TO ACCOUNTING & FINANCE In this report, we will analyze the financial performance of two companies: Kraft and General Mills.   They are global consumer foods companies that develop different packaged food products. The main goals of these companies are to meet consumers' needs and preferences while generating superior returns by delivering consistent growth in sales and earnings, coupled with an attractive dividend yield. This report shows how each company meets their goals and which one is in better standing. The report will give an overview of each company, an explanation of what type of companies we are analyzing, the purpose of each company in terms of its goals and objectives, the products and services each company produces, and what future prospects we see these companies having.   The reader should gain an understanding of each company as well.   We also analyze the type of industry these companies are competing in.   This will help us understand where each company fits in the marketplace.   This is important because it places the two companies into a broader picture.   The most important part of the financial report is the financial statement analysis.   In this, the annual report of each company was analyzed.   It studies the firms' past earnings to understand their operating performances.   It also forecasts future profitability and risk (short-term and long term).   The financial statements give information on how these risks affect expected return.   In......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

#### Week Two Acc 300 Dq

...What types of financial ratios are used to analyze financial performance? Financial ratios are categorized corresponding to the data they provide. The following terms are types of ratios used: 1. Liquidity ratios 2. Asset turnover ratios 3. Financial leverage ratios 4. Profitability ratios 5. Dividend policy ratios Are some more important than others? Why? Financial ratios give insight into an organization’s way of management and its financial state. Most ratios defined above can be evaluated from data made available by compiled financial statements. Which ratios are important to creditors, investors, and managers? Why? The importance of these rations allows a firm to analyze the market place and to measure the firm's financial data against those of other companies to steer away from unwanted financial problems- shutting down of operations. What is the purpose of financial statement analysis? According to (Robinson, Henry and Pirie, 2012), the purpose of a financial statement analysis is comprised of: • Evaluation of equity/debt investment/credit rating • Transfer of information • To use an analysis to develop a given financial statement inquiry. Robinson, T. A., Henry, E., & Pirie, W. L. (2012). International Financial Statement Analysis (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.. What are some tools we might use to analyze financial performance? Readyratios.com (2014) informs that analysis of financial performance can be: • SWOT......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2