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Food Inc

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Ensayo Food Inc.

Food inc. Es una película estadounidense que busca mejorar la conciencia social ante los alimentos. Sea lo que sea que se piense de la industria alimenticia Food inc. Se encarga de mostrar que la situación es mucho peor a lo que se cree. Uno de los temas centrales de la película es que en realidad el orígenes de los alimentos no proviene de una granja rústica como nos lo intentan hacer creer con sus la imagen de ellos que nos venden; si no que en realidad se trata de enormes compañías operando grandísimas cantidades de fábricas de alimento en condiciones deplorables. La película centra todo el origen del problema alimenticio de una manera un poco simplista en la industria de la comida rápida y especialmente en McDonalds. Es interesante el concepto de restaurante que idearon los hermanos McDonalds: De un restaurante común y corriente, decidieron sacarle el mayor provecho económico posible, y para lograr esto desecharon la mayor parte de su menú y lo limitaron a ciertos elementos claves que se podían producir masivamente. Los empleados los entrenaron para hacer exclusivamente un trabajo para que se les pudiera pagar muy poco y pudieran ser reemplazados fácilmente. Desde entonces el éxito que tuvo McDonalds lo convirtió en el mayor comprador de carne de res de todo el mundo y su necesidad de homogeneidad en el producto ha cambiado la industria de la carne completamente. Las industrias modifican genéticamente a los animales para sacarles el mayor provecho posible al menor costo posible. Los pollos los modifican para que crezcan en la mitad de tiempo que lo hacían hace cincuenta años y que su peso sea el doble para que se puedan hacer mas “nuggets” de un solo pollo. La película nos muestra que esto llega al grado en el que los pollos no pueden sostenerse erguidos con sus piernas por mas de tres segundos. Los animales están sometidos a las peores condiciones de vida en estas fábricas; si una res tiene sed debe esperar al momento en el que el sistema le proporciona agua a todos las reses y será una cantidad estrictamente medida para su supervivencia. Si una res está enferma, debe esperar a que el sistema le brinde servicio de salud a todas las reses, etc..
La película muestra que mientras en 1970 las “top cinco” compañías productoras de carne de res controlaban el 25% del mercado, hoy controlan mas del 80%. Las compañías no solo cambiaron los animales, también cambiaron a los granjeros. Hoy en día los granjeros ya no controlan sus aves o ganado. Son empresas como Tyson las que son dueñas de los animales desde el día que nacen hasta el día en que son asesinados.
La película muestra la “Expo de productos naturales” en Anaheim, California donde los productos orgánicos se muestran como uno de los segmentos de la industria alimenticia de mayor crecimiento con un crecimiento de 20% anual. La película nos dice que cada vez que comemos estamos votando por nuestro sistema de alimentos. Aquí es donde estoy en desacuerdo con la película. Sería un voto si tuvieramos mas de una opción de donde comprar la comida, pero no es así, a nuestro alcance solo está el poder votar entre una empresa internacional de producción masiva u otra igual pero con diferente nombre. El derecho a la comida saludable es un problema social que debe ser perseguido por todos como la educación o el seguro medico. Como dice el protagonista de la película “Como ecologista, se volvió muy claro para mi que los negocios eran la fuente de todo contaminante (…) básicamente son todo lo que está destruyendo este mundo.” El problema es que el capitalismo es una realidad que no va a cambiar por lo menos en un mucho tiempo y decisiones de unas cuantas de personas de comprar productos orgánicos tampoco va a cambiar esto. La sociedad en conjunto es la que se debe reorganizar, incluyendo obviamente la producción de comida y su distribución. La sociedad debe presionar a los politicos a obligar a estas empresas del monopolio internacional a cambiar su modo de producción, la sociedad debe hacer que las empresas tengan una perdida de ganancias para que por lo menos consideren reformarse.

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