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Food Inc

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Submitted By robison
Words 1143
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SM 101 Environmental Science

VIDEO: Food, Inc. © 2008 by Magnolia Home Entertainment

Quoted from the outer case of the DVD – “Food, Inc. lifts the veil on our nation’s food industry, exposing how our nation’s food supply in now controlled by a handful of corporations that often put profit ahead of consumer heath, the livelihood of the American farmer, the safety of workers and our own environment. Food, Inc. reveals surprising – and often shocking truths – about what we eat, how it’s produced and who we have become as a nation.”

Please answer the following questions while watching Food, Inc.

1. Approximately how many products are available in the average American grocery store?
47,000 products

2. In what decade did “drive-ins,” the original fast food restaurants, appear on the American landscape? 1930’s

3. What fast food restaurant brought the factory system, or assembly line, to food preparation? McDonald Brothers (McDonalds)

4. Who is the largest purchaser of ground beef in the United States? McDonalds

5. Who is the largest purchaser of potatoes in the United States? Mcdonalds

6. The top 4-5 producers of beef controlled only __25_% of the market in the 1970s, and

_80__% of the market today.

7. In the 1950s, it took 70 days to raise a chick to a chicken. Today, it takes only 48 days. How is this possible? Redesigned the chicken to be bigger, all birds coming off the line have to be about the same size. Tyson owns the chickens they are going to use from the day they are born. Antibiotics are put into chicken feed but chickens become immune to the antibiotics. The debt grows for the farmer due to demands of the company that purchases the product.

8. Why is corn in nearly every processed food product? Because corn be grown in large amounts. 30% of land is used for corn. The government gives farmers an incentive to grow corn called a farm bill. You can break corn down to make high fructose corn syrup and this ingredient makes a lot of food. Corn is cheaper and lowers the cost of food when corn is used in it.

9. What kind of feed is given to cows, pigs, chicken and fish? ____corn____

10. Is it natural for cows to eat this feed? __No they should eat grass._

11. Why has the occurrence of E. coli 157H7 increased in the last 10-15 years? Because high amounts of corn intake causes E. coli. This is the diet that cattle are fed over a period of time. If one cow gets E.-coli then they go stand in the mud the other cows get it. This cow takes the disease to the processor because he still has the mud and feces on him and then some amount could get into the meat when it is processed.

12. What alteration to the cattle’s diet lessens the occurrence of E. coli in their gut by 80%? Feed the cows grass for 5 days and take them off of their corn diet.
13. How did the industry and the government “tackle” the problem of E. coli 157H7 in ground beef? Created Kevin’s law they use ammonia to clean and produce a filler to put in hamburger meat that kills E-coli

14. How much ground beef in the United States contains this treated meat filler? _70_%

15. Why does the family eat dinner from the Burger King Dollar Menu rather than from food purchased at the grocery store? They did not know that they food was not healthy and they have no time to cook. They also do not have the money to purchase food from the grocery store. It is cheaper to feed a family from the dollar menu than it is to purchase and cook food at the store. They can get enough fast food to feed 2 people for what they can get to feed one person and only feeding them one item.

16. Why is “bad food” (fast food, snack food, soft drinks, etc.) cheaper than fruits, vegetables and organic milk and meats? Because bad foods are heavily subsidized, they come from wheat, corn, and soy which are cheaper crops.

17. The occurrence of _diabetes _ and _heart disease__ have increased in low income families over the last 10-15 years.

18. It is predicted that __1 in 3__ Americans born after 2000 will develop Type II Diabetes.

For minorities, that rate is ___1 in 2___.

19. Which chicken had the lower number of bacteria on it, that from the open-air processing farm or chicken from a Tyson industrial processing plant? Open air processing farm 133 versus 3400 for Tyson

20. Complete the following table during the discussion about the Smithfield Processing Plant in Tar Heel, NC.
|Decade |Worker Wages |Worker Benefits |Pension Plan |
| |(high or low) |(good or bad) |(yes or no) |
|1950s |high |good |Yes |
|2000s |low |bad |No |

21. According to this documentary, the Smithfield Processing Plant in Tar Heel, NC, employs illegal, immigrant workers. What appears to be the “arrangement” between the federal government and this corporation? They will get rid of 15 immigrants a day so it will not affect the production lines.

22. The sale of organic products increase ___20____ % annually.

23. Are most organic brands small, independent companies? If not, who owns them? Yes most are owned by small independent companies, some are owned by larger companies such as Springfield.

24. Monsanto genetically engineered the RoundUp Ready soybean in the 1990s. Complete the following:

__2____ % of soybeans grown in 1996 were Monsanto’s RoundUp Ready soybeans

__90____ % of soybeans grown in 2008 were Monsanto’s RoundUp Ready soybeans

25. Can farmers growing genetically modified crops save their own seeds from year to year? What happens if they try to save their own seeds from year to year? No or an investigator will come investigate you.

26. How would you describe the relationship between today’s agricultural companies, such as Monsanto, and the United States Government? not good, the farmers watch their back all the time because they could have surveillance on them at any time. If you get caught with genetically modified plants, you have to prove that you did not plant those seeds and they were washed in from a neighbor’s farm or from somewhere else.

27. ___70___ % of processed food contains genetically modified ingredients.

28. Based on what is presented in the documentary, what are veggie libel laws? It is a felony to make a negative public statement about a certain food such as beef, chicken

29. The cost of food now tracks the cost of __demand_____ .

30. ANSWER THIS LATER - Yes, watching Food, Inc. is disturbing and down-right exhausting. What changes will you make in your shopping and eating habits as a result of watching this video? What else will you do?

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