For Different Values

In: Business and Management

Submitted By PrivateProtected
Words 8318
Pages 34
Information Services
Academic Skills Know-how
Harvard Reference examples
Referencing is done in order to:


Demonstrate the evidence and research that you have undertaken to complete and
support your ideas and to give appropriate credit to those sources and authors.



Enable the reader to consult the same materials that you have used.

The Harvard referencing system is the most frequently used style at Staffordshire and is
also known as the Author-Date style. It emphasises the name of the creator of a piece of
information and the date of publication, with the list of references in alphabetical order at
the end of your piece of work.
Some Faculties or subject areas use a different style of referencing, so you should check
your module handbook for confirmation of what style is required by your tutor for a
particular assignment.
This guide provides examples of how a wide range of information sources should be
referenced according to the Harvard style, including the order of the elements and possible
punctuation to be used. For each source there are examples of how to cite within the text
and how to write your list of references.
If you cannot find the type of information you wish to reference included in this document
please contact us at ask@staffs.ac.uk.

Punctuation when using Harvard
Harvard does not dictate any particular style of punctuation. Hence you might find that
some Harvard references will have complete full stops after each part of the reference and
some may not.
The generally accepted rule when using Harvard is to be consistent in your style
and use of punctuation throughout your assignment.

References used:
Harvard formats used in this document have been based on the following texts which
can be found in the Library:
BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTE. (1990). BS5605:1990. Recommendations for citing and
referencing…...

Similar Documents

Value

...”) and the Executive Vice Presidents (“EVP”) which include the Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), the Chief Technology Officer (“CTO”), the Chief Counsel, the Chief Marketing Officer (“CMO”), the Head of Listing, the Head of Market Development and, the Head of Corporate Communications. 2.2 Selection Committee Selection Committees of different compositions shall be constituted by the Board to shortlist and interview the prospective candidates for the positions of CE and senior management staff. The Selection Committee shall consist of a minimum of 5 members. 2.2.1 For the position of CE, the Selection Committee shall comprise: a. b. c. d. the Chairman of HKEx (Chairman of the Selection Committee); the Chairman of the Remuneration Committee; the Chairman of the Nomination Committee; two other directors appointed by the Board. However, if any of the above happens to be the same person, three more directors shall be appointed by the Board. Employment – Recruitment Section 2-3 2.2.2 March 2010 For the position of COO and DCOO, the Selection Committee shall comprise: a. b. c. d. e. 2.2.3 Page 2 of 9 the Chairman of HKEx (Chairman of the Selection Committee); the CE of HKEx; a member of the Remuneration Committee; a member of the EXCO; and one other director appointed by the Board. For the position of other senior management staff, the Company Secretary and the Head of Internal Audit, the Selection Committee shall...

Words: 39019 - Pages: 157

Different Assignments

... brighter light through advertising campaigns. In terms of Mr. Skinner’s philosophy, he is primarily focused on customer satisfaction. He believes that it is necessary to first meet customer expectations and then focus on the restaurants themselves. The philosophy also includes keeping things simple and manageable for each store while making sure that “everyone is aligned around that one idea”. The idea is directed towards making a good appearance, caring about how the restaurant looks and how you present yourself. Another important aspect of his philosophy is the fear of complacency. Therefore, he encourages creativity, but also wants to make sure that people do not lose track of the chain’s primary objectives. Thus, there is a strong focus on coming up with good, creative strategies, and then putting the full effort into successful execution. For Mr. Skinner, a companywide initiative is always a must, and never a maybe. Skinner is also a man of values and ethics: When McDonald’s was blamed for the obesity problem, he helped direct the company to take responsibility and help create a solution rather than pass the blame. Thus, Skinner can be seen as a moral leader and symbol of doing the right thing for McDonald’s. Finally, one of Skinner’s continuing main goals is “talent management and leadership development”. This involves critical tasks such as reorganizing individuals into different roles and identifying potential leaders to be awarded additional responsibility. While......

Words: 4682 - Pages: 19

Value

...Introduction With the dynamic, fast-paced global markets and fierce competition, companies are deploying frameworks which combine internal analysis of the company and external analysis of the competitive markets and their industries. Resource based view (RBV) of the companies does not replace previous strategic frameworks, on the contrary, it extends them to explain why some companies are more profitable than others (Collins and Montgomery, 2008). To make resource valuable to a company or an organisation, it has to be rare, difficult to replicate and it needs to create value (Schmidt and Keil, 2013). Such resources have the potential to become a source of sustainable competitive advantage (Talaja, 2012). Resources are classed as either tangible (unique products, plants, machinery) or intangible (brands, patents, knowledge) and they provide a unique collection of competencies and capabilities – how company uses its resources – which a company can exploit to gain competitive advantage (Omerzev and Gulev, 2011). Knowledge economy holds that the competitive advantage is based on managing non-material resources with a key role in creating value. These non-material resources are people and their potential (Durkanovic and Przulj, 2010) who proactively grant a competitive advantage to a company through development of unique capabilities and knowledge (Čater and Čater, 2009). Resource analysis for competitive advantage By analysing CbyD Ltd’s (CBDL) structure and vision...

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Present Value/Future Value

...Present value is where the value on a set date of a future payment is discounted to reflect the time value of money and other factors. This can also apply to a series of future payments. Present value calculations are commonly utilized in business and economics to provide a way to compare cash flows at different times. Present value can be described as the current worth of a future sum of money or stream of cash flows given a specified rate of return. (http://www.getobjects.com) Future cash flows are discounted at the discount rate. The higher the discounted rate, the lower the present value of the future cash flows. Determining what the appropriate discount rate is, is important to correctly place value future cash flows. The Present Value of an Ordinary Annuity is the value of a stream of promised or expected future payments that have been discounted to a single equivalent value today. It is extremely useful for comparing two separate cash flows that differ in some way. Present Value of an Ordinary Annuity can also be looked at as the amount you have to invest today at a specific interest rate so that when you withdraw an equal amount each period, the original principal and all accumulated interest will be completely used at the end of the annuity. Present Value of an Ordinary Annuity= Payment [(1 - (1 / (1 + Discount Rate per period)number of periods)) / Discount Rate Per Period] Future value measures the nominal future sum of money that a given sum of money is...

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

Value

... the portfolio; the presence of the risk-free securities would lower that weighted average. d. The comment is not correct. Although the respective standard deviations and expected returns for the two securities under consideration are equal, the covariances between each security and the original portfolio are unknown, making it impossible to draw the conclusion stated. For instance, if the covariances are different, selecting one security over the other may result in a lower standard deviation for the portfolio as a whole. In such a case, that security would be the preferred investment, assuming all other factors are equal. e. i. Grace clearly expressed the sentiment that the risk of loss was more important to her than the opportunity for return. Using variance (or standard deviation) as a measure of risk in her case has a serious limitation because standard deviation does not distinguish between positive and negative price movements. ii. Two alternative risk measures that could be used instead of variance are: Range of returns, which considers the highest and lowest expected returns in the future period, with a larger range being a sign of greater variability and therefore of greater risk. Semivariance, which can be used to measure expected deviations of returns below the mean, or some other benchmark, such as zero. Either of these measures would potentially be superior to variance for Grace. Range of returns would help to highlight the full spectrum of risk she is...

Words: 4199 - Pages: 17

Value

... lifetime with the company and therefore reflects the future profitability of the customer. The concept of P (Active) as the probability of customer being active in the future is also introduced in this section. In the subsequent section, we discuss the antecedents of CLV followed by a detailed discussion about how CLV measure can be used for developing customer-centric strategies with specific applications of using CLV to maximize ROI and/or profitability. An examination of the basic CLV-models reveals that the incorporated variables can generally be classified into three categories: revenue, costs and retention rate (Reinartz/Kumar 2000). Keeping in mind the practical side, which is characterized by large and heterogeneous customer groups, Blattberg/Deighton (1991) suggest that firms should partition their customer bases in homogeneous segments that possess different lifetime values. In order to create sufficiently detailed individual CLVs and at the same time minimize calculation efforts, each value component will be calculated separately for each customer segment. The retention rate is a factor which is typically defined with regard to the individual customer. It refers to the probability that an individual customer remains loyal to a particular supplier and keeps yielding expected revenue as well as costs within a fixed period of time. By means of the retention rates, anticipated contribution margins are adjusted to the probability of occurrence. The...

Words: 5033 - Pages: 21

Value

...Creating Shared Value. (Michael E. Porter & Mark R. Kramer) * What is your reaction to this article? Critically evaluate its content based on your personal and professional experiences and any additional research you might like to do. The article starts with a description of the cynicism surrounding capitalism and management, and also some of the reasons for such cynicism. My life’s first attitude towards capitalism and management was also marked by distrust and skepticism. I grew up in a small town that is surrounded by big factories that manufactured products such as steel, cement, flour and so on. Our town was victim of companies’ strategy to relocate their production plants where labor was cheaper. Article provides three concrete steps that management can take to achieving what they have dubbed as Shared Value, which is an attempt to meld together societal and economic progress, so that it creates societal value for the community in terms of making relevant contributions to their social realities, but not at the expense of economic value to the business. The three steps are as follows: 1) Reconceiving products and markets; 2) Redefining productivity in the value chain; and 3) Enabling local cluster development. In brief, reconceiving products and markets entails meeting needs in often underserved markets through redesigning products and/or distribution methods. The authors cite microfinance as...

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

Different Environmental Value Systems

...Different Environmental Value Systems First Nation Americans (Native Americans) VS European Pioneers Native Americans are traditionally known as being rather ecocentric and tend to be deep ecologists. However, European pioneers who settled in North America during the late 1800s were known to be rather cornucopian as they followed a more capitalist system. Native Americans believed that everything was connected to each other. They had a deep respect for the natural world and thought of themselves as being a part of it and not lords who had the absolute power to do what they wanted with it. Much of their religion was tied to nature. They had a holistic approach on life, which also links, to biodiversity. This is a different view to the European pioneers as the Native Americans did not believe in a hierarchy system and assumed that humans were one part of a whole society. This can also be seen as being their belief in stewardship, where they believed that it was their responsibility to take care of the earth by living in harmony with nature and taking care of it as much as they could since their beliefs told them that everything had a spirit. Native Americans refer to the planet as being “Mother Earth/ Mother Nature” as they believed that the land itself was a living entity therefore it could not be owned by anyone. On the other hand, there were the European pioneers who would divide up the land and use it as a source of capital or a way to gain income. As for...

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

Different Movie, Different Life

...Different Movie, Different Life I like watching movies in my spare time, such as action movies, emotion movies, and suspense movies, actually I like all kind of movies except horror movies. Action movies can make me passionate and feel good, and actors in action movies are handsome and cool. I am excited by the fight scenes in action movies, which are amazing. I also enjoy in emotion movies. That kind of movies can show me various emotions in our life, and teach me what they are and let me know I should treasure them. Furthermore, I can realize the emotion which I never seen in my life. I can exercise my ability of thinking when I watch suspense movies. My brain is thinking when I watch that movies in a whole time. And I really admire creator of that kind of movies, they are genius and so smart. Let me talk about this kind of movies I dislike, horror movies. Somebody say watch horror movies can release pressure and relax themselves, but I do not think so. I am so upset and afraid when I see something about horror movies, even a playbill or a soundtrack. I do not know why so many people like watching horror movies. My favorite movie is called The Shawshank Redemption. I think so many people have seen this movie. This is an old movie which shown in 1994, I was 2 years old in that year. I watched it some months ago; the story really shocked me indeed. The story is about a banker called Andy; he was falsely charged with murdered his wife and his wife’s lover. He used 19 years...

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Value

... structure (cost behavior) equation. What is the relevant range for this structure? Does the structure change if the contract is expected to bring more than 30 additional transplant patients? * Underlying cost structure: TC= FC+VR*people = 48337+71468*p * Relevant rage is 90-150 * Yes, the cost structure would vary because the fixed cost is likely to change 15-25% if we exceed more than 30 additional transplant patients. 3. What fixed cost proportion is implied if the price for Phase 4 hospital services is set at $90,000? * By plugging in different % for proportion of fixed cost for categories that have both fixed and variable components, 37% would yield total cost of $90,000 approximately. 4. Now assume that the fixed cost proportion is only 50 percent. What price must be set to cover variable costs? What if the fixed cost proportion is 70 percent? * Fixed cost at 50%- 79,524 * Fixed cost at 70%- 63,412 5. Return to the original assumption (60/40) regarding fixed cost percentages. How do contract costs change if additional fixed costs are required when contract volume exceeds 30? Assume first that fixed costs increase by 10 percent. Then assume 20 percent. When answering this question, assume contract volumes of 31 and 60....

Words: 344 - Pages: 2

Different History

....                                       Pan]  the  Ancient  Greek  god  of  nature,  part-­‐man,  part-­‐goat   Sarasvati]  the  Hindu  goddess  of  the  arts     A  different  history   With  close  reference  to  the  poem,  analyse  Bhatt’s  feelings  towards  and  beliefs  about   India.       In  her  poem  "A  Different  History",  Bhatt  explores  her  feelings  and  beliefs   about  India.  She  tries  to  understand  if  her  love  damages  her  identity  of  Indian  culture   and  religion.       The  poet  starts  off  the  poem  by  mentioning  "Great  Pan",  who  is  the  Roman   God  of  nature.  The  fact  that  "He  simply  emigrated  to  India"  suggests  how  Europe  has   rapidly  industrialised  and  there  is  no  place  left  for  nature  in  Europs,  so  Pan  has   emigrated  to  India.  "Great  Pan"  is  able  to  "roam  freely"  in  India  indicating  how  God  is   very  important  for  the  Indian  religion.  Bhatt  emphasises  the  sacredness  of ......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3

Different Life

...MengYao Zheng Harvey Possner Eng 111 (6163) 9/8/2015 People would have different events happen in life. I have a lot of significant events in my life. One of the event that make me change my believe a lot. Last summer, I was working in a kids learning center. Before I working in the center, I think children are bad because they talk a lot and that makes me headache. My thought change by the time when I get my touch with the kids. In 2014 summer, I get a job in a kids learning center. At first, I do not like to stay with the child, they are very small. Some of the child would cry when they get to the center. I would feel very annoy. As the time past by, I begin to love stay with the child, and I find out they can make you feel better. I still remember one little boy name Tony, he is the first student I am helping for in the class. When I first work in the center he can not write by him self. He need people to stay with him all the time, even when the teacher teaching lesson. Every day, teacher tech him how to write, how to spell his name. He can learn things very fast.He is the most quiet one the the class,but he is the one would help his classmate and his teachers too. When he leave the center he understand how to write and read. He was sad about that he have to go to public school, because he can not see his teachers any more. Zheng 2 The most important......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

Different

...Differentiating Between Market Structures ECO/365 OCTOBER 19, 2015 Differentiating Between Market Structures  Competitive balance between market structures distinctive in each industry. The characteristics of a market will give you an idea of as to the type of market you are working with. For this PowerPoint slide I will be focusing on Jacobs Engineering Group. The company operates in a variety of industries mainly focused on the technical service industry. Pa ge 2 Market Structure  The market structure can be defined by the number of firms; negotiation strengths in terms of ability to set price; the amount of concentration among them; the amount of differentiation and individual products; and the ease or difficulty of entering and exiting the market. Pa ge 3 Oligopoly Characteristics  In Oligopoly you would find only a small number of sellers that is few enough that any individual can affect the market.  Ability to set own prices Pa ge 4 Jacobs Engineering Group  Jacobs Engineering Group is one of only a few firms that dominate their industry. This means that it cannot be a Monopoly because there are multiple firms and it cannot be perfect competition because there are few companies competing. Monopolistic Competition is also ruled out because there aren't many firms competing with similar products/services. Pa ge 5 Strategic Decision Making  Strategic Decision Making...

Words: 538 - Pages: 3

Connection, Value, and Growth: How Employees with Different National Identities Experience a Geocentric Organizational Culture of a Global Corporation

... different forms of knowledge were additionally crucial to their shared experiences. Knowledge: meaning and expression for the self and the collective Participants talked about how knowledge shaped what they did at work. In this study, knowledge was represented as learning that allowed participants to establish meaning and expression for the self and the corporation and community collectives. Thus, “knowledge [was] a fluid mix of framed experiences, values, contextual information, and expert insight that [provided] a framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information” (Davenport and Prusak 1998, 5). Knowledge for the self was experienced as participants discussed instances in which their involvement with the global corporation allowed them to generate creativity and position their contributions to the corporation as unique, from the vantage point of their national identities. Knowledge for the collective occurred when participants perceived that their corporations provided the opportunity to experience professional development, cross-cultural awareness, and perspective consciousness as influential to their understandings of the corporation, communities, and others’ national identities in a global environment. Knowledge for the self: generating creativity and positioning contributions as unique The participants discussed the creativity aspect of knowledge for the self in terms of how creativity was welcomed and shared in their...

Words: 10166 - Pages: 41

Value

...Marketing Topic: Value (role: Consumer) With the development of the global economy, brand competition is the main theme of the current market competition, while the intangible value from the brand is the result of development of commodity economy, and its position seems to be more and more important. As a consumer, in my opinion, I agree to the statement that value is predominantly of an intangible nature. But only under the condition that the product itself can satisfy consumers needs very well. I also believe that there should be a balance between tangible and intangible value, which can make the market run regularly. In the following part, I will explain it from brand. From the theoretical aspect, brand equity is one of the most significant measures of success. Intangible value seems to play a very important role in the market, especially brand. Brand equity is the added value endowed on products and services. It my be reflected in the way consumers think, feel, and act with respect to the brand, as well as in the prices, market share, and profitability the brand commands for them firm. (Koller&Keller, 2009) There are so many brands in the world while the categories are much smaller. When comparing the same product with different brands, consumers prefer to the more popular one, which means we consumers will choose the brand with higher intangible value to satisfy our spirit demands. For example, Google, its function is easy to understand, search engine, there...

Words: 616 - Pages: 3