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Fordism and Taylorism

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Fordism and Taylorism
Organizations or work settings in which people are allowed little responsibility for, or control over, the work task. Fordism and Taylorism both involve low-trust work systems; jobs are set up by managers and are geared to machines. Those who carry out work tasks are allowed little autonomy of action can cause worker dissatisfaction and high worker absenteeism, and common industrial conflict
Work tends to be structuring.
Work serves as a structuring element in people's psychological makeup and the cycle of their daily activities. Provides money (main resource people depends on to meet their needs).

Activity Level (provides a basis for the acquisition and exercise of skills and capacities; offers a structured environment in which a person's energies may be absorbed.
Variety (provides access to contexts that contrast with domestic surroundings)

Structuring one's time (organizes the day and one's time around the rhythm of work; makes time more meaningful. provides a sense of structure in daily activities)

Social contacts (provides friendships and opportunities to participate in charred activities with others)

Personal Identity (work is usually valued for the sense of stable social identity it offers; self esteem, especially for men, is often bound up with their economic contribution they make to the maintenance of the household
Describe phenomon “portfolio.”
A professional person who works for many different companies or individuals. Someone who has skills and experience in a number of different areas.Going portfolio means exchanging full-time employment for independence. The portfolio is a collection of different bits and pieces of work for different clients. The word “job” now means a client marketing themselves, or they need to have a good agent doing it for them. What is decommodification
In the context of welfare provision, the degree to which welfare services are free of the market. In a predominantly decommodified system, welfare services such as education and healthcare are provided to all and are not linked to market processes. In a commodified system, welfare | | services are treated as commodities to be sold on the market like other goods and services.
In 1990 Esping-Andersen pu |

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