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Foreign Exchange Market of Korea

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nest0503
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The Foreign Exchange Market of South Korea
Brief Introduction of currency Won
The currency used in South Korea is the Won, (sign: ₩; code: KRW), it can be further divided in 100 jeons, the subunit. Won has been existed for thousands of years in South Korean History. After the world war two, the Korea continent was divided into North Korea and South Korea. Both of the two countries have been using won as their currencies. The foreign exchange policy of won followed a pegging method to dollars before 1980. From 1980 to 1997 South Korea had initiated a series of actions towards floating exchange rate. During the East Asian financial crisis, the won was devalued at almost half of its original value.
The monetary system
The monetary system is basically consisting of four major government entities; “the Ministry of Finance and Economy (MOFE), the Bank of Korea (BOK), the Financial Supervisory Service (FSS), and the Korea Customs Service (KSS)” (Korea, South-Money).
The bank of Korea, according to Savada and Shaw in their country paper on South Korea, is established as the central bank of South Korea and supervised all the financial transactions of diversified financial institutions. Its major functions also includes the issuance of currency, the determination on the monetary and credit policies, the collection and record of the statistics of overall economy, and the regulation of all private banks. It also closely partners with the central government for raising funds for public projects.
The FSS (the financial supervisory service) oversees and supervises financial institutions involved in foreign transactions. The KSS (Korea Customs Service) ensures that the foreign exchange policies and activities in South Korea obey international trade policies.
The MOFE (Ministry of Finance and Economy) supervises the financial policies settled by the central government. In...

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