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Formal Needs Assessment

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The purpose of this paper is to conduct a formal needs assessment to determine the learning needs of a group of certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) preceptors at a large teaching institution in Baltimore, Maryland. The mission of this institution and the department is “…to improve the health of the community and the world by setting the standard of excellence in medical education, research and clinical care. Diverse and inclusive, {the institution} educates medical students, scientists, health care professionals and the public; conducts biomedical research; and provides patient-centered medicine to prevent, diagnose and treat human illness”(Johns Hopkins Medicine, ND). The group of learners that was identified-CRNA preceptors-is …show more content…
In order to evaluate CRNA preceptors’ understanding of their roles and responsibilities, questions were asked of their knowledge regarding their roles and responsibilities, their knowledge of the Council on Accreditation’s (Council on Accreditation, 2011) recommendations and requirements for CRNA preceptors as well as their familiarity with CRNA preceptor policy. Then, to evaluate their knowledge of learning theory, questions were asked about their proficiency and familiarity with Knowles’ Theory of Adult learning and Bandura’s Theory of Self-Efficacy and their application to educating SRNAs. Knowles’ (Henrichs & Thompson, 2009) Theory of Adult Learning is pertinent as its concepts of andragogy are congruent with the teaching and learning that occurs in the clinical environment. The four primary influences of self-efficacy: mastery of the task, social persuasion, vicarious experiences, and emotional or somatic states, as described in Bandura’s Theory of Self-Efficacy (Conner, 2015), play key roles in the clinical development of the …show more content…
The Likert Scale provides ordinal data to measure respondents’ attitudes, beliefs and opinions (World Press, 2011). For each question, a statement is presented and the respondent must indicate a degree of agreement or disagreement in a multiple choice-like format. The scale was designed to offer five response choices: one=strongly disagree; two=disagree; three=neutral; four=agree; five=strongly agree. This type of scale allowed respondents to answer in a degree of agreement to make questions answering easier while accommodating any neutral responses of participants (World Press, 2011). The survey in its entirety was vetted by three CRNA preceptors who stated it was clear and

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