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Foundations of Psychology

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Foundations of Psychology Judith A. Reitz University of Phoenix

The Foundations of Psychology Psychology studies the minds of human behavior; it has been traced back many years to the times of the Romans, even then these philosophers had argued about what is being questioned today. So knowing that psychology has been around for many years, and today the same questions are still being sought after. The complexity of human nature and exactly what makes us humans tick continues to be the main study of behavior and psychology go hand and hand.
The Forerunners of Psychology: Many times over the same people that studied thinking and behaviors has been brought up in the studies of Psychology such as Aristotle, he was the one that thought that the “psyche is the form of body”(Moore & Bruder, 2005, p. 179) and who can forget the woman who studied the many processes of thinking as well as proposed to “inquire the nature of the instrument we use in which to observe”(Moore & Bruder, 2005, p. 262).
Also in the forefront of pioneers was Wilhelm Wundt whom his students and he utilized a type of procedure called introspection in his self created laboratory as early as 1879 in Leipzig, Germany, Wundt (Kowalski & Westen, 2005) believed Psychology to be a science. The procedure of introspection which worked by presenting a type of stimulus to the student, and then the student would then relay every little detail that he/she may have experienced while being exposed. It wasn’t until later on a student of Wundt’s a guy by the name of Edward Titchener took the study further and with his interest in the structure of consciousness as well as the experimental nature he possessed structuralism and functionalism...

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