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Foundations of Pyschology Paper

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By philosphicalPoet
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Foundations of Psychology
Quandra Johnson
Psychology/300 General Psychology
March 07, 2014
Bradley Johnson, Ph.D.

Foundations of Psychology
Psychology is the study of the nature of homo sapiens, better known as scientific study and investigation of mental stabilities and activities. Through knowledgeable psychology was established from a powerful history of human beings that endeavored to acquire practical insight into one’s consciousness or demeanor. This type of study teaches what influences the behavior and mindset of men. Psychology has obtained roots in philosophy. There are numerous major schools of thought along with fundamental theories and assumptions which will be examined within this paper. Behavioral neuroscience or behavioral psychology involves evolution, heredity, adaptation, and ability to learn. The first psychology research laboratory ever launched was by Wilhelm Wundt that led to acknowledgement of psychology as a science in 1879(Peterson, &Nelson, 2011). In the early 1900’s it was thought that an individual’s environment affected learned reactions and behaviors. Maslow believed that people acquire and improve responses from incentives in their surroundings (Maslow, 1982).
The Four Main Psychological Perspectives Are:
The Psychodynamic Perspective
This method was formed by a man named Sigmund Freud who thought ones actions dictated their mental thoughts or they were connected in some way (Robin Kowalski, 2011). Also he believed our mental events took place through our subconscious state. This being said our mental capacity processes may contradict another in recalling certain conscious happenings; when triggered by intentions, actions, or memories (Bradley & Westen, 2011). Freud when originating his theory made one misleading analysis that changed intellectual history coming up with the synopsis if symptoms were not made...

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