Premium Essay

Foundations of Criminal Justice Systems Unit 1 Individual Project

In: Other Topics

Submitted By greedy1one
Words 542
Pages 3
Professor Matheson described the criminal justice system can be described as incredibly intricate, fascinating, rewarding, yet an admittedly imperfect system. I know quite a few people that that have been or are still a part of the criminal justice system. From what I have gathered by talking to them I feel that Professor Matheson's description was quite accurate. Many people that commit crimes and get incarcerated often do not receive the treatment that they need. The Wisconsin Prison System is currently so overcrowded that many offenders often do not have a long enough sentence to overcome the waiting list for needed programing. With inmates getting released and more often than not committing a new crime or violation of the supervision and returning to prison overcrowding is continuing to be a problem. As of May 2011 Wisconsin had a recidivism rate of 46-percent rate which was a little above the national average at that time. Luckily recidivism rates have decreased and prospects are looking better for inmates to receive the treatment they need. I have done additional research and just stumbled upon a very interesting article titled, "Stopping the Revolving Door: Reform of Community Corrections in Wisconsin" by Kate Lind. She states that, "Wisconsin’s criminal justice system is marked by a pronounced cycle of crime followed by incarceration followed by parole followed by repeated crime. Several statistics provide evidence of the revolving-door nature of the criminal justice system. In Wisconsin, 38.2% of offenders released from incarceration are convicted of a fresh crime within three years." In my opinion I believe that this can be attributed to lack of treatment and I feel that this is truly the flaw in the Criminal Justice System. Wisconsin is currently in the process of enacting a plan to reduce overcrowding in the prison system, thus addressing their...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Prisons

...U.S. Department of Justice DE PA ME RT NT OF J US CE TI Bureau of Justice Assistance IJ J O F OJJ D P B RO J US T I C E P Bureau of Justice Assistance Understanding Community Policing A Framework for Action MONOGRAPH S G OVC RA MS Office of Justice Programs N BJ A C E I OF F Bureau of Justice Assistance Understanding Community Policing A Framework for Action MONOGRAPH August 1994 NCJ 148457 Bureau of Justice Assistance This document was prepared by the Community Policing Consortium, supported by grant number 93–DD–CX–K005, awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Assistance Response Center 633 Indiana Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20531 800–421–6770 The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and the Office for Victims of Crime. ii Monograph Acknowledgments The Bureau of Justice Assistance wishes to thank Stephen J. Gaffigan, Director of Operations, Community Policing Consortium for supervising and coordinating the preparation of this document with the Consortium......

Words: 27445 - Pages: 110

Premium Essay

Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice: Victimology

...Jackson Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice CRJS410 - 1304A - 01 Professor: Samantha Carlo Unit 1 Individual Project 1 July 25, 2013 Abstract Within this paper a report is written for the California Chief Attorney in efforts to support a presentation to the County Commission. Key components of victimology, history of victimology, theories, and differences between criminology and victimology are discussed. The flagstaff of safe houses for abused women and children, along with our nation’s first rape crises center are highlighted. The contribution from our history’s civil rights movement and how it has played a part in the U.S. laws are explained, along with children’s rights groups and the problems child victims face in the criminal justice system. In the conclusion of this paper, readers will be given a path to take in regards to advocacy groups for victims. Before we begin to understand the concept of victimology I feel it is important to first understand the definition of a victim, and the history in which victimology stems from. To be a victim means that you are a person who individually or collectively, has suffered harm, including physical or mental injury, emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of your fundamental rights, through acts or omissions that are in violation of criminal laws operative within member state, including those laws proscribing criminal abuse of power (UN Declaration 1985 on Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime......

Words: 1573 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Crjs 101 Unit 1

...CHANDESHA FLIPPIN CRJS101-1103B-03 FOUNDATIONS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM UNIT 1 INDIVIDUAL PROJECT AUGUST 26, 2011 The roles of a police officer/federal agent is the person who does the foot work to make an arrest. The roles of a district attorney/ the United States Attorney’s Office are to put together a case to request justice for whatever crime that has been committed for the victim or state. The role of a defense counsel is to fight for the right of the defendant regardless if they believe the person is guilty or innocent. The role of the judge of a magistrate court/federal court is to found a method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges varies widely across different jurisdiction. The judge is supposed to perform the trial fairly and in an open court. The judge listens to all the witnesses and any other evidence offered by the parties of the case, assesses the reliability and influence of the parties, and then issues a verdict on the problem at hand based on his/her understanding of the law and personal judgment. In some jurisdictions, the judge's powers may be shared with a jury. The Criminal Justice System is made up of police, correctional agencies and courts all in charged with answering infractions of criminal codes. The laws are enforced by these agencies depending on their chosen states or federal agency. Federal laws originate from the US Constitution and treaties with the United States and other countries. State laws come from laws that...

Words: 1903 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Recidivism

...Recidivism? Elliott Markson Do individuals who obtain employment upon release likely to stay crime-free or are they going to commit another crime? The main purpose of this research is explanatory. It is explanatory because researching the issues surrounding employment and recidivism should be able to explain behavioral changes, a change in social status, and the effects that employment has on the individuals released from prison. The main independent variable of this research question is whether or not the released inmate will be employed or not upon release. The main dependent variable is whether or not the individual will return to their criminal behavior or not. The unit of analysis we will be studying is individual ex-offenders. Our goal will be to learn something about the population that we are studying and to gather information to identify certain common traits. Observations will be made using the longitudinal study method. Observations will be stretched over an extended period of time, and made twice a year for five years. The notion that having a job reduces the probability of recidivism is suitably confirmed throughout criminological literature. Employment offers the essential earnings for survival, increases self-esteem, advances the connection to a community, and progresses the impression of belonging to a group. Consequently, even if locating employment is strenuous for ex-offenders, a policy that aids these individuals in gaining employment will......

Words: 2110 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Impact of Public Debts - Kenya

...Dhabi police The Abu Dhabi Police is the primary law enforcement agency in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi was founded in 1957 and Police is primarily responsible for enforcing criminal law, enhancing public safety, maintaining order and keeping the peace throughout the Emirate. it is among the best police forces in the Middle East. It focuses on being the most effective police force that operate to make UAE one of the safest countries. To achieve this the Abu Dhabi police aim at enhancing the levels of safety in the community, maintaining order and security, reducing crime and eliminating feelings of insecurity, and contributing to the achievement of justice in a manner that promotes public. The police force is headed by the Commander General of Abu Dhabi Police and has five departments with over 12,000 police officers The Abu Dhabi Police also works closely in conjunction with local, national and international agencies to contribute to global peace and stability. Integrity, honesty and respect for human rights are the core values of the Abu Dhabi Police while the notion of public service is a central pillar in Abu Dhabi police thinking. Embraced as a legitimate partner by the community, the Abu Dhabi Police pursue efficiency and effectiveness through the use of the latest technological advancements and systems management practices. By incorporating the best of the old with the best of the new, Abu Dhabi Police has achieved the flexibility, adaptability and durability......

Words: 4866 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Paper

...HOW LOCAL GOVERNMENT OPERATES A Research Paper Presented to ***(instructor) In Partial Fulfillment in *****(subject) by ****(name) **** (date) HOW LOCAL GOVERNMENT OPERATES I. INTRODUCTION A local government refers to the governmental center of specific relatively smaller area. It is the main administrative workplace for all the transactions happen in that area. It is the center for all the negotiations. According to Wells (1939), it is the place where all necessary local dealings and connections together with its people meets and negotiates. As compare to a state or province, the area being governed by a local government covers as smaller proportion of land proper such as city, county, town or municipality. According to Kemp (1999), a “city includes similar municipal political entities such as municipalities, towns, townships and boroughs.” However, according to him, a county “are administrative arms of state that provide general government services such as courts, jails, law enforcements, land records, vital statistics, public health welfare and roads. As a state is being governed by its head, commonly known as governor, a city or municipality, however, is presided over by its elected authority known as the mayor. The local government serves as a place for local affairs and interactions by those who are locally selected authority. It also refers to the legitimate organization of people, who are locally elected by......

Words: 2372 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Racism in the Criminal Justice System

...RACISM IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM By Nichole Griffith Advised by Professor Chris Bickel SOC 461, 462 Senior Project Social Sciences Department College of Liberal Arts CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC STATE UNIVERSITY June, 2012 © 2012 Nichole Griffith Table of Contents Research Proposal ............................................................................................................................1 Annotated Bibliography ...................................................................................................................2 Outline..............................................................................................................................................6 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................7 Research ..........................................................................................................................................8 Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................29 Bibliography .................................................................................................................................31 Research Proposal The goal of my research is to expose the racism in the criminal justice system that is so hidden. I want to show how racism contributes to the huge......

Words: 9753 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Aau Catalog

...ALLIED AMERICAN UNIVERSITY Personalized. Flexible. Dedicated. Online Programs – Individual Support – Open Enrollment – Ease of Transfer Credits UNIVERSITY CATALOG 2013 Seventh Edition 22952 Alcalde Drive, Laguna Hills, CA 92653 Phone: (888) 384-0849 ∼ Fax: (949) 707-2978 7:00 A.M. – 5:00 P.M. (Monday – Friday) Email: info@allied.edu Website: www.allied.edu KEY STAFF AND FACULTY Charlotte Hislop, Ph.D. Candidate, President/CEO Bonny Nickle, Ed.D., Provost Eric Sharkey, M.Ed., Director of Education Bill Luton, Ph.D., Director of Assessment and Dean of Business Carlo Tannoury, Ph.D. Candidate, Dean of Computer Information Systems Patricia Drown, Ph.D., Dean of Criminal Justice and General Studies C.J. Bishop, M.B.A., Institutional Research Frank Vazquez, Operations Director Parrish Nicholls, J.D., Director of Compliance Lindsay Oglesby, Admissions Director Abby Dolan, B.A., Registrar Sasha Heard, M.B.A., Student Services Manager Barbara Jobin, B.S.B.A., Career Center Manager Hugo Aguilar, B.A., Chief Financial Officer Richard Madrigal, B.A., Financial Aid Officer As a prospective student at Allied American University, you are encouraged to review this catalog prior to signing an enrollment agreement. You are also encouraged to review the student performance fact sheet which must be provided to you prior to signing an enrollment agreement. This catalog is not a contract between the student, AAU, or any party or parties. Reasonable effort was made at the time this......

Words: 52297 - Pages: 210

Premium Essay

Scavenger Hunt Questions and Answers

...2012 Catalog Volume 20 Issue 1 March 5, 2012 – December 31, 2012 This Catalog contains information, policies, procedures, regulations and requirements that were correct at the time of publication and are subject to the terms and conditions of the Enrollment Agreement entered into between the Student and ECPI University. In keeping with the educational mission of the University, the information, policies, procedures, regulations and requirements contained herein are continually being reviewed, changed and updated. Consequently, this document cannot be considered binding. Students are responsible for keeping informed of official policies and meeting all relevant requirements. When required changes to the Catalog occur, they will be communicated through catalog inserts and other means until a revised edition of the Catalog is published. The policies in this Catalog have been approved under the authority of the ECPI University Board of Trustees and, therefore, constitute official University policy. Students should become familiar with the policies in this Catalog. These policies outline both student rights and student responsibilities. The University reserves the right and authority at any time to alter any or all of the statements contained herein, to modify the requirements for admission and graduation, to change or discontinue programs of study, to amend any regulation or policy affecting the student body, to increase tuition and fees, to deny admission, to revoke an offer...

Words: 130938 - Pages: 524

Premium Essay

Employability of Ex-Prisoners

...A STUDY ON THE EMPLOYABILITY AND ATTITUDE OF EMPLOYERS, TOWARDS EMPLOYING EX-PRISONERS AND EX-OFFENDERS AS PERCEIVED BY HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGERS IN ORTIGAS PASIG CITY Prepared By: Ms. Marilyn Dimaculangan CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION It is well known that employment is an important need of most individuals; it provides income, social connection, and feelings of societal contribution and self worth. What may be less well known are the barriers to employment faced by those with criminal record, the challenges faced by employers in hiring ex-offenders and what can be done to facilitate employment opportunities as record numbers of people transition from incarceration to the community. A great number of employers are reluctant to hire individuals with a criminal past citing lack of skills and work history, untrustworthiness, and fear of liability for negligent hiring, among other things. Employers use of criminal history background checks over the past decades and they are less willing to hire ex-offenders that any other advantaged group. Their willingness to hire ex-prisoners varies according to the industry and position, the type and severity of offense committed by applicant and work experience since release. Employers are not always consistent in what they say versus what they do when it comes to hiring former offenders and prisoners Jail is a synonym for prison, especially when the facility is of a similar size as a prison. As with......

Words: 10043 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Student Attendance System Using Fingerprint

...Title: STUDENT’S ATTENDANCE SYSTEM USING FINGERPRINT TECHNOLOGY by FARAHANUM BT MASRUNI (2004219959) FACULTY OF INFORMATION TECNOLOGY AND QUANTITATIVE SCIENCES BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (Hons) IN DATA COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKING Approved by the examining committee: ……………………………….. ( En. Syamsul Ariffin b Yahaya ) Project Supervisor ……………………………….. ( En. Farok b Azmat ) Project Examiner MARA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY SHAH ALAM MAY 2006 CERTIFICATION OF ORIGINALITY This is to certify that I responsible for the work submitted in this project that the original work is my own except as specified in the reference and acknowledgement and that the original work contain here in have not been taken or done by unspecified sources or persons. ……………………………………….. Farahanum bt Masruni 2004219959 ii COPYRIGHT © UiTM ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Alhamdulillah, praise to Allah s.w.t, the most gracious and merciful for giving me the strength and wisdom in finishing this research. At last after a period of time, I have completed my final year project. For this golden opportunity, first and foremost, I would like to express my hearties gratitude to my supervisor, Encik Syamsul Ariffin b Yahaya, my examiner, Encik Farok b Azmat and my coordinator, Encik Adzhar b Abd Kadir for their understanding, and professional way s in assisting and giving their encouragement, guidance, comment and ideas that are useful towards in the development of my project paper. Very special thanks......

Words: 3961 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Damsel

...McTiernan I am delighted to welcome you to the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), one of Canada’s most modern and dynamic university communities. We are a university that lives by three words: challenge, innovate and connect. You have chosen a university known for how it helps students meet the challenges of the future. We have created a leading-edge, technology-enriched learning environment. We have invested in state-of-the-art research and teaching facilities. We have developed industry-ready programs that align with the university’s visionary research portfolio. UOIT is known for its innovative approaches to learning. In many cases, our undergraduate and graduate students are working alongside their professors on research projects and gaining valuable hands-on learning, which we believe is integral in preparing you to lead and succeed. I encourage you to take advantage of these opportunities to become the best you can be. We also invite our students to connect to the campus and the neighbouring communities. UOIT students enjoy a stimulating campus life experience that includes a wide variety of clubs, cultural and community events. We are proud of our outstanding recreational...

Words: 195394 - Pages: 782

Premium Essay

Fight Club Essay

...Professor Raymond Morris 23 October 2015 The Fight Club Aims to Free Individuals from Society’s Emasculating Shackles Chuck Palahniuk’s Fight Club is an exciting fictional novel that will hold the audience captive following three revolving main characters in Marla Singer, Tyler Durden, and the narrator himself as they take the reader through confusing twists and perspectives, while providing a most revealing closure. Although the title suggests an exclusive organization focused on violence, the novel describes the emasculation of man in today’s modern age of consumerism, societal associations and family structure along with the main and sub-characters’ exercising of power and submission to power as evident throughout the novel. Chuck Palahniuk’s values illustrate in the novel how humanity is being enslaved by the power of consumerism, brought to general awareness a new mental disorder, and how he portrayed the narrator having experienced or enacted numerous anarchistic efforts in the hopes of being freed from the confines of an industrialized and necessity-driven society. It should also be noted that several rebellious acts were performed by the fight club members and subsequently members of Project Mayhem in order to gain notoriety and power in response to being economically and socially subdued. To understand the novel’s numerous projection of emasculation, masculinity will need to be established. Man’s foundation of masculinity can be traced back to 3000 BC. Ancient......

Words: 2859 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Drug Reform

...Drug Policy Reform Eric L. Morton Urban Policy/UST 458 Cleveland State University Abstract In the United States the prison population has increased from 300,000 in 1972 to 2.2 million people today. One in 31 adults in the United States is in jail, prison, on probation or parole. The American government currently spends over 68 billion dollars a year on incarceration. Drug Policy and the incarceration of low-level drug offenders is the primary cause of mass incarceration in the United States. Forty percent of drug arrests are for simple possession of marijuana. Growing evidence indicates that drug treatment and counseling programs are far more effective in reducing drug addiction and abuse than is incarceration. Drug policies most often refer to the government's attempt to combat the negative effects of drug addiction and misuse in its society Governments try to combat drug addiction with policies which address both the demand and supply of drugs, as well as policies which can mitigate the harms of drug abuse. Demand reduction measures include prohibition, fines for drug offenses, incarceration for persons convicted for drug offenses, treatment (such as voluntary rehabilitation), awareness campaigns, community social services, and support for families. Policies which may help mitigate the effects of drug abuse include needle exchange and drug substitution programs, as well as free facilities for testing...

Words: 2657 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Asacdacad

...LESM A204 Unit 2 Criminology for the security manager 159 Course team Developer: Dr Daniel Gilling, University of Plymouth (Unit 2) Designer: Louise Aylward, OUHK Coordinator: Dr Raymond W K Lau, OUHK Members: Dr Czeslaw Tubilewicz, OUHK Dr Garland Liu, OUHK External Course Assessor Dr Dennis S W Wong, City University of Hong Kong Production ETPU Publishing Team Copyright © The Open University of Hong Kong, 2001, 2011. Reprinted 2015. All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form by any means without permission in writing from the President, The Open University of Hong Kong. Sale of this material is prohibited. The Open University of Hong Kong Ho Man Tin, Kowloon Hong Kong This course material is printed on environmentally friendly paper. Contents Introduction 1 The focus of criminology 4 What is criminology? Why study crime? 4 6 Developing theory: the foundations of criminology 8 Theorizing about crime before criminology: the classical perspective Positivist criminology 8 10 Sociological criminology The Chicago School Strain and subcultural theories of crime Control theories The labelling perspective Critical criminology 14 15 17 21 23 27 Environmental criminology 30 Jane Jacobs and Oscar Newman Routine activity theory Rational choice theory 30 33 35 Summary 39 References 41 Feedback on activities 43 ...

Words: 19870 - Pages: 80