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Four Views of Divine Providence

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By bobbymacesq
Words 6547
Pages 27




BOX # 685
MAY 9, 2014




Paul Kjoss Helseth and the Reformed (Calvinist) Position


Gregory Boyd and the Open Theism Position


William Lane Craig and the Molinist Position







Scripture presents two seemingly irreconcilable concepts that are both expressly affirmed in the Bible as co-existent and true: divine sovereignty and human free will. That Scripture teaches the doctrine of divine providence cannot be denied. The very act of creation was the result of God’s providence, as the created order resulted solely from His will and power. Simply, the world did not have to be; it came to be as a matter of divine choice. As a result, our world is contingent; it has no independent existence, but exists “moment to moment only in and through and unto God (Neh. 9:6; Ps. 104:30; Rom. 11:36; Heb. 1:3; Rev. 4:11).”1
In other words, the world and everything in it is entirely dependent on God for its being as God actively “works all things according to the counsel of his will” (Eph. 1:11 ESV). Hence, creato ex nihilo means our universe was freely created out of nothing as an entirely gratuitous act of a sovereign Deity. Further, Paul tell us that “. . . in him [Jesus] all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for...

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