Premium Essay

Framing a Theory of Social Entrepreneurship

In: Business and Management

Submitted By alexmetger
Words 457
Pages 2
Reading: Framing a theory of social entrepreneurship: Building on two schools of practice and thought - J. Gregory Dess and Beth Balle Anderson The paper argues that social entrepreneurship will be most effective and generate the greatest interest of academics when it combines elements of the two main existing schools of thought: the social enterprise and the social innovation school of thought. At the intersection of them, to which the authors refer to as “enterprising social innovations”, social entrepreneurship is defined as an “innovative, social and economic value creating activity” that offers the opportunity for large-scale social impact that is sustainable and not constrained by a legal form. Thus, the social sector should use the business world for inspiration and apply innovative market-oriented models to raise capital and address social issues. Such an approach would revolutionize the process of creating social value – blending social/philanthropic and economic components to shift resources into areas of higher impact for society. In my opinion, the claim that social entrepreneurship should focus on that intersection is the logical step forward in enhancing a new field of academic inquiry. Taken alone, each of the school maintains important aspects of tackling social issues: using market-oriented strategies to create social value is the best method to avoid the dependence on private donor capital which comes from the often illiquid social sector, offering the possibility to quickly increase scale and therefore social impact. But as the social innovation school emphasizes, innovation is a major characteristic of successful entrepreneurs – simply adopting will not lead to the same social impact as transforming market-models into innovative and new approaches of social value creation. On the other side, only looking at innovation within the social sector will...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Situating the Entrepreneur and Gender

...com/1756-6266.htm Situating the subject: gender and entrepreneurship in international contexts Fidelma Ashe University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, UK, and Gender and entrepreneurship 185 Lorna Treanor Royal Veterinary College, University of London, London, UK Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer a perspective to further the understanding of gender entrepreneurship. This paper considers the situatedness of the gendered entrepreneur within diverse international contexts marked by different constitutions of gender identities and networks of power, both within the context of contributions within this special issue but also more broadly within the field of gender and entrepreneurship research. Design/methodology/approach – The authors adopt a feminist perspective and analyse the different framings of identity within gender and entrepreneurship literature and their contributions to our understandings of the concepts of both power and gendered identities. Findings – The paper finds that power and identity are configured in different contexts in ways that open arenas for future analysis. Originality/value – The paper highlights the importance of considering masculinities within gender and entrepreneurship research offering support for further analyses of entrepreneurial masculinities by examining two studies that expose entrepreneurial masculinities as shifting subjectivities influenced by men’s social power, but also by interactions between men and......

Words: 8127 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

The Main Diffirence Between Manager and Entrepreneur Is Risk Taking Propensity.Doc

...role of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial culture in economic and social development has been diluted. Nevertheless, over the years it has become obvious that entrepreneurship has grown in importance and that it indeed contributes to economic well being. Converting ideas into successful economic opportunities is the main essence of entrepreneurship. If we cast an eye over the past, the economic momentum has been substantially advanced by pragmatic individuals who are creative and innovative, able to utilize opportunities and willing to take risks. Whatever the definition of entrepreneurship, it is associated with creativity, literacy, innovation and change that are in turn vital for competitiveness in the wake of increasing globalization. Therefore preparing successful entrepreneurship means advancing the competitiveness of a business. SME and entrepreneurship development are two very important factors in reducing the poverty of any country. For many countries SME is the backbone of their economy. In the wake of rising importance of entrepreneurship, various disputes over it, have increased. One such dispute is weather the entrepreneurs are born or made. The primary objective of this work is to compare and contrast the two schools of thought and based on the research make a reasonable conclusion. Entrepreneurs: born or made? Firstly it is worth to identify what actually entrepreneurship is. Generally talking, there are many definitions of entrepreneurship. Many......

Words: 1660 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

“Personal Reflection on the Characteristics of an Entrepreneur and the Evaluation of My Personal Strengths and Limitations of Said Characteristics”

...1. Introduction Over 250 years ago, Cantillon formulated the first concept of entrepreneurship, although to this day there is no universally accepted definition (Iversen, 2008). The requirements of each entrepreneur can vary depending on the industry, sector and scope of the business (Cooper, & Dunkelberg, 1981). In the context of this essay I will be focussing on only 6 of many characteristics that define a successful entrepreneur. These include innovation, leadership and internal locus of control as characteristics I see in myself. Risk-taking, self-confidence and self-determination are three that I must develop further. I will define each characteristic, explain its relevance to entrepreneurship and link it to either my personal experience or an example of an entrepreneur.   2. Strengths 2.1. Innovation In his “Theory of economic development”, Schumpeter (1934) states innovation is a considerable driver for development and profit. He describes the theory of innovation, or in his words “creative destruction” as “"process of industrial mutation that incessantly revolutionizes the economic structure from within, incessantly destroying the old one incessantly creating a new one" (Schumpeter, 1934). In the last few decades, services and knowledge have become the major part of the business world (Sawyer, 2006). In other words, the circulation of information has become more important than that of material objects (Drucker, 1993). Innovation and creativity have gained more...

Words: 2196 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Introduction to Business

...communication No product * Concept development Prod./Serv. Development Commercialization (process) * Innovation process in the book on page 347 Design-driven innovation * Propose the customer, without recognizing a problem. * Social process Innovation funnel (product screening) * Think 5 years ahead Product life cycle Disruptive innovation – Business model * New product with a different set of performance attributes * Underperforming on the attributes that mainstreams customers value * High improvement potential on these attributes Newspaper Website Model Christensen – The Innovator’s dilemma Problem for traditional brands. Customers think the service of the budget service is good enough. Problem for traditional brands. Customers think the service of the budget service is good enough. Solution: Brands like Air France-KLM makes a budget brand (EasyJet). Sustaining innovation * Bigger airplanes * Add service to a product (3) – Sept. 9th 2015 – Bas Koene Organizations and HRM – Chapter 8 How people create organized context * Man-made creating * We define organizations into existence * Study ideas about organizing and their effectiveness What are organizations? * Social entities * That are goal directed * Are designed as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems * And are linked to...

Words: 3471 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Forage for Though

...Weber Northwestern University Kathryn L Heinze Northwestern University Michaela DeSoucey Northwestern University This study illuminates how new markets emerge and how social movements can effect cultural change through market creation. We suggest that social movements can fuel solutions to three challenges in creating new market segments: entrepreneurial production, the creation of collective producer identities, and the establishment of regular exchange between producers and consumers. We use qualitative data on the grassroots coalition movement that has spurred a market for grass-fed meat and dairy products in the United States since the early 1990s. Our analysis shows that the movement’s participants mobilized broad cultural codes and that these codes motivated producers to enter and persist in a nascent market, shaped their choices about production and exchange technologies, enabled a collective identity, and formed the basis of the products’ exchange value.• The creation of new markets is an important engine of economic and cultural change. But new markets do not emerge naturally; rather, they often arise from collective projects that mobilize the necessary economic, cultural, and socio-political resources (Fligstein, 1996; Swedberg, 2005). A growing body of research suggests that social movements can play a central role in fueling such projects (Carroll and Swaminathan, 2000; Rao, Morrill, and Zald, 2000; Schneiberg, 2002; Lounsbury, Ventresca, and Hirsch,......

Words: 19166 - Pages: 77

Premium Essay

Lecture 1 - Intro to Module

...MGT3110 Business and Society MODULE HANDBOOK 2013-2014 Module Leader (London): Dr. Andrea Werner Module Tutor (Dubai): Mr. Kieran Ross Middlesex University Dubai Business School Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION AND MODULE SUMMARY.............................................................3 Module aims .................................................................................................................3 Contacts .......................................................................................................................3 Module Website on MyUniHub .....................................................................................3 Learning Outcomes ......................................................................................................4 Assessment Scheme ...................................................................................................4 Employability Skills.......................................................................................................4 Code of Conduct ..........................................................................................................5 2. LEARNING MATERIALS ............................................................................................6 3. TIMETABLE AND TEACHING PROGRAMME ...........................................................8 Lecture and Seminar Schedule.................................................................................... 8......

Words: 6925 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Gender Stereotypes

...DO STEREOTYPES EVER CHANGE? Many theorists have suggested that stereotyping will be stable as long as the nature of relationship that exists between our group and the stereotyped group is stable (Eagly 1987, Oakes et al., 1994; Tajfel,1981). That is because we construct stereotypes that reflect how we see members of different groups actually behaving, stereotype change should only occur when the relations between the groups change. In addition we generally hold stereotypes that are favorable to our own group in comparison to another group. Unless social conditions shift so that we no longer see in-group favoritism as acceptable, unfavorable stereotypes of groups we are not members of, can be expected to persist. (Spears, Jetten , & Doosje,...

Words: 1758 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Nick

................................................................ 3 2. Research problem and research questions...................................................... 4 3. Research methodology ................................................................................... 6 4. Key findings .................................................................................................. 8 4.1. 4.1.1. 4.1.2. 4.1.3. 4.2. 4.2.1. 4.2.2. 4.3. 4.4. 4.4.1. 4.4.2. 4.4.3. 4.5. 4.5.1. 4.5.2. 4.5.3. 4.6. The impacts of Internet on International business and marketing .................................. 8 The impacts on international business ......................................................................... 8 The impacts on international entrepreneurship ............................................................ 9 The impacts on international companies‟ marketing ................................................. 10 Web 2.0 and its impacts on international business and marketing ............................... 11 The definition of Web 2.0 .......................................................................................... 11 The impacts of Web 2.0 ............................................................................................. 13 The benefits of E-commerce (and Web...

Words: 21450 - Pages: 86

Free Essay

International Business

...Journal of Business Venturing 27 (2012) 266–290 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Journal of Business Venturing International entrepreneurship research in emerging economies: A critical review and research agenda Andreea N. Kiss a,⁎, Wade M. Danis b, 1, S. Tamer Cavusgil c, 2 a b c Global Economics and Management Department Faculty of Economics and Business University of Groningen, 800 Postbus, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands Peter B. Gustavson School of Business, University of Victoria, P.O. BOX 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC Canada V8W 2Y2 J. Mack Robinson College of Business, Institute of International Business, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 3989, Atlanta, GA 30303-3989, USA a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t This article systematically reviews and critically examines international entrepreneurship research in emerging economies (IEEE research), and articulates its importance, timeliness and relevance in consideration of the growing influence of emerging markets in the global economy. A systematic analysis of eighty-eight journal articles published over the last two decades reveals that IEEE research is a vibrant and rapidly growing stream of the broader international entrepreneurship (IE) domain, and that it is methodologically and topically diverse. Our review also shows that IEEE research has a limited presence in premier journals, is highly skewed in its geographic coverage, and is somewhat fragmented. We therefore......

Words: 21137 - Pages: 85

Free Essay

Social Enterprises in China's Modern Society

...East Asian Governments and Politics Term Paper April 30, 2015 Social Enterprises in China’s Modern Society Introduction The concept of social enterprises has been in existence and well adapted around the world for several decades. However, it was not until 2004 that social enterprise theory finally made its debut introduction in China’s society (FYSE 4). Over the following years, social entrepreneurship has gradually made its presence more apparent via direct contribution to the social-economic issues that the rapid-growing country has been facing. China’s phenomenal economic growth in such a short period of time has raised great concerns over sustainability and economic disparities. While the growth of social enterprises has helped addressing these concerns substantially as reported by many conducted studies, social enterprises remain as struggling entities in China due to complicated legal frameworks. The paper will deliberately discuss this social enterprise phenomenon on past successes, current challenges, and future potentials in its supporting role to an economically sustainable growth of China.   Understanding the Social Enterprise Initiative Social enterprise is still considered a relatively new concept in the modern society despite being around for around three decades. The theory of social enterprise is most well recognized and embraced by the United Kingdom and other Western nations. A social enterprise is understood to be the meeting ground for......

Words: 3000 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Midterm Review Gloval Management

...Midterm Review GMS200 Chapter 1 1. What does the term Global Management mean? Global management is the management of operations in more than one country 2. Define Global Economy (See Text) In the global economy, resources, markets, and competition are worldwide in scope. It pretty much means how well all the countries are doing as one in terms of economy, resources, markets and competition. 3. In a competitive global business landscape, the increasing demand for talented knowledge workers is primarily due to the increasing use of low cost production.?????? 4. The age gap in today's workplaces is one of the diversity issues that may create major challenges for managers. (true) The age gap in today's workplace is one of the diversity issues that may create major challenges for managers. 5 The recruitment and retention of talented workers is one of the major challenges faced by mangers in a globally competitive economy. ??????? 6. According to Katz's framework on essential managerial skills, low-level managers need to develop more conceptual skills then top-level managers. (false). Lower level managers need to consist of a lower level of conceptual skills then top-level managers, equivalent human skills and lower level managers need to consist of a higher level of technical skills then the top level managers. 7. What are the key conditions that describe the general business environment? The key conditions that describe the general business environment are: ...

Words: 2446 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

“Owner-Managers of Smes Can Determine the Employment Relationships Within Their Own Business.” Considering Both the Internal and External Influencing Factors, Draw on Relevant Literature to Discuss This Statement Critically

...Module: MGT 3000 Human Resources and Entrepreneurship Title: “Owner-managers of SMEs can determine the employment relationships within their own business.” Considering both the internal and external influencing factors, draw on relevant literature to discuss this statement critically Word Count: 2162 (excluding references) Employment relationship is a legitimate concept commonly adopted around the globe refering to the link between employees, or workers, and employer, which employees are performing work or services under certain conditions in return for remunerations. It has been a paramount concept of a ‘industrial relations perspective ’ on contemporary employment and management over the past two decades (Trevor and Mike, 2010: 7). When considering employment relationships in small and medium-sized entreprises (SMEs), we are mentioning largely about how these firms recruit, supervise, train, reward, manage disputes with and separate from employees as well as the more extensive relationship between employers and employees (Ram, 1999: 604). Being the main vehicle that employees gain access to their employment rights and benefits associated with social security and labour law, as well as the determinant of the scope and structure of employers’ authorities towards their employees (ILO, 2011), obligations and reciprocal rights between employee and employer are constructed via employment relationships. Looking into this fast-growing economy with ever......

Words: 2499 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Managing E Blablabla

...http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav >> OnlineFirst Version of Record - Jun 26, 2013 What is This? Downloaded from jom.sagepub.com at Jonkoping University Library on November 11, 2013 493325 research-article2013 JOMXXX10.1177/0149206313493325Journal of Management / Month XXXXKlotz et al. / New Venture Teams Journal of Management Vol. XX No. X, Month XXXX 1–30 DOI: 10.1177/0149206313493325 © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav New Venture Teams: A Review of the Literature and Roadmap for Future Research Anthony C. Klotz Oregon State University Keith M. Hmieleski Texas Christian University Bret H. Bradley Lowell W. Busenitz University of Oklahoma As entrepreneurship research has matured, scholars have increasingly recognized that the formation of new ventures is commonly accomplished by teams as opposed to lone entrepreneurs. Over the past two decades, the upper echelons perspective has served as the primary lens for investigating new venture team functioning and performance. However, researchers have begun to move beyond the relationship...

Words: 16153 - Pages: 65

Premium Essay

Windows Store Gift Card $50

...households, firms and government Macroeconomics 8 The four general categories of economic resources are: Land, Capital, Labor, and Entrepreneurial Ability. 9 A ____ ____ ____ list the different combinations of two products that can be produced with a specific set of resources, assuming full employment Production Possibilities Table. 10 Due to scarce resources, every individual, whether rich or poor, is faced with an _______ cost when choosing to produce or consume more of one good over another Opportunity. 11 A production possibilities curve "Implies" the attainable combination: of many goods that can be produced given a specific set of resources. 12 Like the physical and life sciences, as well as other social sciences, economics relies on the ______ method. Scientific 13 What would enable increases in production through increases in the quality...

Words: 5007 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Effectuation Thesis

...UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS ECONÔMICAS PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM ECONOMIA EVIDÊNCIAS DO USO DE EFFECTUATION NA CRIAÇÃO DE NOVOS NEGÓCIOS: UM ESTUDO DE CASO VINICIUS SPADER PORTO ALEGRE 2012 VINICIUS SPADER EVIDÊNCIAS DO USO DE EFFECTUATION NA CRIAÇÃO DE NOVOS NEGÓCIOS: UM ESTUDO DE CASO Dissertação apresentada ao Programa de PósGraduação de Economia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, como requisito parcial para a obtenção do título de Mestre em Economia Aplicada. Orientador: Prof. Dr. Eugenio Lagemann PORTO ALEGRE 2012 DADOS INTERNACIONAIS DE CATALOGAÇÃO NA PUBLICAÇÃO (CIP) Responsável: Biblioteca Gládis Wiebbeling do Amaral, Faculdade de Ciências Econômicas da UFRGS S732e Spader, Vinicius Evidências do uso de effectuation na criação de novos negócios: um estudo de caso / Vinicius Spader. – Porto Alegre, 2012. 58 f. : il. Orientador: Eugênio Lagemann Ênfase em Economia Aplicada Dissertação (Mestrado Profissional em Economia) – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Faculdade de Ciências Econômicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia, Porto Alegre, 2012. 1. Empreendedorismo. 2. Tomada de decisão. 3. Negócios. 4. Estratégia. I. Lagemann, Eugenio. II. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Faculdade de Ciências Econômicas. Programa de PósGraduação em Economia. III. Título. CDU 658.016 VINICIUS SPADER EVIDÊNCIAS DO USO DE EFFECTUATION NA CRIAÇÃO DE NOVOS NEGÓCIOS: UM ESTUDO DE CASO Dissertação......

Words: 11562 - Pages: 47