Free Essay

Fraternity

In: Social Issues

Submitted By inay
Words 6903
Pages 28
000 – Computer science, information, and general works • 000 Generalities • 001 Knowledge • 002 The book • 003 Systems • 004 Data processing and Computer science • 005 Computer programming, programs, data • 006 Special computer methods • 007 Not assigned or no longer used • 008 Not assigned or no longer used • 009 Not assigned or no longer used • 010 Bibliography • 011 Bibliographies • 012 Bibliographies of individuals • 013 Bibliographies of works by specific classes of authors • 014 Bibliographies of anonymous and pseudonymous works • 015 Bibliographies of works from specific places • 016 Bibliographies of works from specific subjects • 017 General subject catalogs • 018 Catalogs arranged by author & date • 019 Dictionary catalogs • 020 Library & information sciences • 021 Library relationships • 022 Administration of the physical plant • 023 Personnel administration • 024 Not assigned or no longer used • 025 Library operations • 026 Libraries for specific subjects • 027 General libraries • 028 Reading, use of other information media • 029 Not assigned or no longer used • 030 General encyclopedic works • 031 General encyclopedic works -- American • 032 General encyclopedic works in English • 033 General encyclopedic works in other Germanic languages • 034 General encyclopedic works in French, Provencal, Catalan • 035 General encyclopedic works in Italian, Romanian, Rhaeto-Romanic • 036 General encyclopedic works in Spanish & Portuguese (Latin American) • 037 General encyclopedic works in Slavic languages • 038 General encyclopedic works in Scandinavian languages • 039 General encyclopedic works in other languages • 040 Not assigned or no longer used • 041 Not assigned or no longer used • 042 Not assigned or no longer used • 043 Not assigned or no longer used • 044 Not assigned or no longer used • 045 Not assigned or no longer used • 046 Not assigned or no longer used • 047 Not assigned or no longer used • 048 Not assigned or no longer used • 049 Not assigned or no longer used • 050 General serials & their indexes • 051 General serials & their indexes American • 052 General serials & their indexes In English • 053 General serials & their indexes In other Germanic languages • 054 General serials & their indexes In French, Provencal, Catalan • 055 General serials & their indexes In Italian, Romanian, Rhaeto-Romanic • 056 General serials & their indexes In Spanish & Portuguese • 057 General serials & their indexes In Slavic languages • 058 General serials & their indexes In Scandinavian languages • 059 General serials & their indexes In other languages • 060 General organization & museology • 061 General organization & museology In North America • 062 General organization & museology In British Isles In England • 063 General organization & museology In central Europe In Germany • 064 General organization & museology In France & Monaco • 065 General organization & museology In Italy & adjacent territories • 066 General organization & museology In Iberian Peninsula & adjacent islands • 067 General organization & museology In eastern Europe In Soviet Union • 068 General organization & museology In other areas • 069 Museology (Museum science) • 070 News media, journalism, publishing • 071 News media, journalism, publishing In North America • 072 News media, journalism, publishing In British Isles In England • 073 News media, journalism, publishing In central Europe In Germany • 074 News media, journalism, publishing In France & Monaco • 075 News media, journalism, publishing In Italy & adjacent territories • 076 News media, journalism, publishing In Iberian Peninsula & adjacent islands • 077 News media, journalism, publishing In eastern Europe In Soviet Union • 078 News media, journalism, publishing In Scandinavia • 079 News media, journalism, publishing In other languages • 080 General collections • 081 General collections American • 082 General collections In English • 083 General collections In other Germanic languages • 084 General collections In French, Provencal, Catalan • 085 General collections In Italian, Romanian, Rhaeto-Romanic • 086 General collections In Spanish & Portuguese • 087 General collections In Slavic languages • 088 General collections In Scandinavian languages • 089 General collections In other languages • 090 Manuscripts & rare books • 091 Manuscripts • 092 Block books • 093 Incunabula • 094 Printed books • 095 Books notable for bindings • 096 Books notable for illustrations • 097 Books notable for ownership or origin • 098 Prohibited works, forgeries, hoaxes • 099 Books notable for format
100 – Philosophy and psychology
100 Philosophy & psychology
101 Theory of philosophy
102 Miscellany of philosophy
103 Dictionaries of philosophy
104 Not assigned or no longer used
105 Serial publications of philosophy
106 Organizations of philosophy
107 Education, research in philosophy
108 Kinds of persons in philosophy
109 Historical treatment of philosophy
110 Metaphysics
111 Ontology
112 Not assigned or no longer used
113 Cosmology (Philosophy of nature)
114 Space
115 Time
116 Change
117 Structure
118 Force & Energy
119 Number & quantity
120 Epistemology, causation, humankind
121 Epistemology (Theory of knowledge)
122 Causation
123 Determinism & indeterminism
124 Teleology
125 Not assigned or no longer used
126 The self
127 The unconscious & the subconscious
128 Humankind
129 Origin & destiny of individual souls
130 Paranormal phenomena
131 Occult methods for achieving well-being
132 Not assigned or no longer used
133 Parapsychology & occultism
134 Not assigned or no longer used
135 Dreams & mysteries
136 Not assigned or no longer used
137 Divinatory graphology
138 Physiognomy
139 Phrenology
140 Specific philosophical schools
141 Idealism & related systems
142 Critical philosophy
143 Intuitionism & Bergsonism
144 Humanism & related systems
145 Sensationalism
146 Naturalism & related systems
147 Pantheism & related systems
148 Liberalism, eclecticism, traditionalism
149 Other philosophical systems
150 Psychology
151 Not assigned or no longer used
152 Perception, movement, emotions, drives
153 Mental processes & intelligence
154 Subconscious & altered states
155 Differential & developmental psychology
156 Comparative psychology
157 Not assigned or no longer used
158 Applied psychology
159 Not assigned or no longer used
160 Logic
161 Induction
162 Deduction
163 Not assigned or no longer used
164 Not assigned or no longer used
165 Fallacies & sources of error
166 Syllogisms
167 Hypotheses
168 Argument & persuasion
169 Analogy
170 Ethics (Moral philosophy)
171 Systems & doctrines
172 Political ethics
173 Ethics of family relationships
174 Economic & professional ethics
175 Ethics of recreation & leisure
176 Ethics of sex & reproduction
177 Ethics of social relations
178 Ethics of consumption
179 Other ethical norms
180 Ancient, medieval, Oriental philosophy
181 Oriental philosophy
182 Pre-Socratic Greek philosophies
183 Sophistic & Socratic philosophies
184 Platonic philosophy
185 Aristotelian philosophy
186 Skeptic and Neoplatonic philosophies
187 Epicurean philosophy
188 Stoic philosophy
189 Medieval Western philosophy
190 Modern Western philosophy (19th-century, 20th-century)
191 Modern Western philosophy United States & Canada
192 Modern Western philosophy British Isles
193 Modern Western philosophy Germany & Austria
194 Modern Western philosophy France
195 Modern Western philosophy Italy
196 Modern Western philosophy Spain & Portugal
197 Modern Western philosophy Soviet Union
198 Modern Western philosophy Scandinavia
199 Modern Western philosophy Other geographical areas
200 – Religion
200 Religion
201 Religious mythology, general classes of religion, interreligious relations and attitudes, social theology
202 Doctrines
203 Public worship and other practices
204 Religious experience, life, practice
205 Religious ethics
206 Leaders and organization
207 Missions and religious education
208 Sources
209 Sects and reform movements
210 Natural theology
211 Concepts of God
212 Existence, attributes of God
213 Creation
214 Theodicy
215 Science & religion
216 Not assigned or no longer used
217 Not assigned or no longer used
218 Humankind
219 Not assigned or no longer used
220 Bible
221 Old Testament
222 Historical books of Old Testament
223 Poetic books of Old Testament
224 Prophetic books of Old Testament
225 New Testament
226 Gospels & Acts
227 Epistles
228 Revelation (Apocalypse)
229 Apocrypha & pseudepigrapha
230 Christian theology
231 God
232 Jesus Christ & his family
233 Humankind
234 Salvation (Soteriology) & grace
235 Spiritual beings
236 Eschatology
237 Not assigned or no longer used
238 Creeds & catechisms
239 Apologetics & polemics
240 Christian moral & devotional theology
241 Moral theology
242 Devotional literature
243 Evangelistic writings for individuals
244 Not assigned or no longer used
245 Not assigned or no longer used
246 Use of art in Christianity
247 Church furnishings & articles
248 Christian experience, practice, life
249 Christian observances in family life
250 Christian orders & local church
251 Preaching (Homiletics)
252 Texts of sermons
253 Pastoral office (Pastoral theology)
254 Parish government & administration
255 Religious congregations & orders
256 Not assigned or no longer used
257 Not assigned or no longer used
258 Not assigned or no longer used
259 Activities of the local church
260 Christian social theology
261 Social theology
262 Ecclesiology
263 Times, places of religious observance
264 Public worship
265 Sacraments, other rites & acts
266 Missions
267 Associations for religious work
268 Religious education
269 Spiritual renewal
270 Christian church history
271 Religious orders in church history
272 Persecutions in church history
273 Heresies in church history
274 Christian church in Europe
275 Christian church in Asia
276 Christian church in Africa
277 Christian church in North America
278 Christian church in South America
279 Christian church in other areas
280 Christian denominations & sects
281 Early church & Eastern churches
282 Roman Catholic Church
283 Anglican churches
284 Protestants of Continental origin
285 Presbyterian, Reformed, Congregational
286 Baptist, Disciples of Christ, Adventist
287 Methodist & related churches
288 Not assigned or no longer used
289 Other denominations & sects
290 Other & comparative religions
291 Comparative religion
292 Classical (Greek & Roman) religion
293 Germanic religion
294 Religions of Indic origin
295 Zoroastrianism (Mazdaism, Parseeism)
296 Judaism
297 Islam & religions originating in it
298 Not assigned or no longer used
299 Other religions
300 – Social sciences
300 Social sciences
301 Sociology & anthropology
302 Social interaction
303 Social processes
304 Factors affecting social behavior
305 Social groups
306 Culture & institutions
307 Communities
308 Not assigned or no longer used
309 Not assigned or no longer used
310 General statistics
311 Not assigned or no longer used
312 Not assigned or no longer used
313 Not assigned or no longer used
314 General statistics Of Europe
315 General statistics Of Asia
316 General statistics Of Africa
317 General statistics Of North America
318 General statistics Of South America
319 General statistics Of other parts of the world
320 Political science
321 Systems of governments & states
322 Relation of state to organized groups
323 Civil & political rights
324 The political process
325 International migration & colonization
326 Slavery & emancipation
327 International relations
328 The legislative process
329 Not assigned or no longer used
330 Economics
331 Labor economics
332 Financial economics
333 Land economics
334 Cooperatives
335 Socialism & related systems
336 Public finance
337 International economics
338 Production
339 Macroeconomics & related topics
340 Law
341 International law
342 Constitutional & administrative law
343 Military, tax, trade, industrial law
344 Social, labor, welfare, & related law
345 Criminal law
346 Private law
347 Civil procedure & courts
348 Law (Statutes), regulations, cases
349 Law of specific jurisdictions & areas
350 Public administration
351 Of central governments
352 Of local governments
353 of U.S. federal & state governments
354 Of specific central governments
355 Military science
356 Foot forces & warfare
357 Mounted forces & warfare
358 Other specialized forces & services
359 Sea (Naval) forces & warfare
360 Social services; association
361 General social problems & services
362 Social welfare problems & services
363 Other social problems & services
364 Criminology
365 Penal & related institutions
366 Association
367 General clubs
368 Insurance
369 Miscellaneous kinds of associations
370 Education
371 School management; special education
372 Elementary education
373 Secondary education
374 Adult education
375 Curriculums
376 Not assigned or no longer used
377 Not assigned or no longer used
378 Higher education
379 Government regulation, control, support
380 Commerce, communications, transport
381 Internal commerce (Domestic trade)
382 International commerce (Foreign trade)
383 Postal communication
384 Communications; Telecommunication
385 Railroad transportation
386 Inland waterway & ferry transportation
387 Water, air, space transportation
388 Transportation; Ground transportation
389 Metrology & standardization
390 Customs, etiquette, folklore
391 Costume & personal appearance
392 Customs of life cycle & domestic life
393 Death customs
394 General customs
395 Etiquette (Manners)
396 Not assigned or no longer used
397 Not assigned or no longer used
398 Folklore
399 Customs of war & diplomacy
400 – Language
400 Language
401 Philosophy & theory
402 Miscellany
403 Dictionaries & encyclopedias
404 Special topics
405 Serial publications
406 Organizations & management
407 Education, research, related topics
408 With respect to kinds of persons
409 Geographical & persons treatment
410 Linguistics
411 Writing systems
412 Etymology
413 Dictionaries
414 Phonology
415 Structural systems (Grammar)
416 Not assigned or no longer used
417 Dialectology & historical linguistics
418 Standard usage; Applied linguistics
419 Verbal language not spoken or written
420 English & Old English
421 English writing system & phonology
422 English etymology
423 English dictionaries
424 Not assigned or no longer used
425 English grammar
426 Not assigned or no longer used
427 English language variations
428 Standard English usage
429 Old English (Anglo-Saxon)
430 Germanic languages; German
431 German writing system & phonology
432 German etymology
433 German dictionaries
434 Not assigned or no longer used
435 German grammar
436 Not assigned or no longer used
437 German language variations
438 Standard German usage
439 Other Germanic languages
440 Romance languages; French
441 French writing system & phonology
442 French etymology
443 French dictionaries
444 Not assigned or no longer used
445 French grammar
446 Not assigned or no longer used
447 French language variations
448 Standard French usage
449 Provencal & Catalan
450 Italian, Romanian, Rhaeto-Romantic
451 Italian writing system & phonology
452 Italian etymology
453 Italian dictionaries
454 Not assigned or no longer used
455 Italian grammar
456 Not assigned or no longer used
457 Italian language variations
458 Standard Italian usage
459 Romanian & Rhaeto-Romanic
460 Spanish & Portuguese languages
461 Spanish writing system & phonology
462 Spanish etymology
463 Spanish dictionaries
464 Not assigned or no longer used
465 Spanish grammar
466 Not assigned or no longer used
467 Spanish language variations
468 Standard Spanish usage
469 Portuguese
470 Italic; Latin
471 Classical Latin writing & phonology
472 Classical Latin etymology & phonology
473 Classical Latin dictionaries
474 Not assigned or no longer used
475 Classical Latin grammar
476 Not assigned or no longer used
477 Old, Postclassical, Vulgar Latin
478 Classical Latin usage
479 Other Italic languages
480 Hellenic languages; Classical Greek
481 Classical Greek writing & phonology
482 Classical Greek etymology
483 Classical Greek dictionaries
484 Not assigned or no longer used
485 Classical Greek grammar
486 Not assigned or no longer used
487 Preclassical & postclassical Greek
488 Classical Greek usage
489 Other Hellenic languages
490 Other languages
491 East Indo-European & Celtic languages
492 Afro-Asiatic languages; Semitic
493 Non-Semitic Afro-Asiatic languages
494 Ural-Altaic, Paleosiberian, Dravidian
495 Languages of East & Southeast Asia
496 African languages
497 North American native languages
498 South American native languages
499 Miscellaneous languages
500 – Science
500 Natural sciences & mathematics
501 Philosophy & theory
502 Miscellany
503 Dictionaries & encyclopedias
504 Not assigned or no longer used
505 Serial publications
506 Organizations & management
507 Education, research, related topics
508 Natural history
509 Historical, areas, persons treatment
510 Mathematics
511 General principles
512 Algebra & number theory
513 Arithmetic
514 Topology
515 Analysis
516 Geometry
517 Not assigned or no longer used
518 Numerical analysis
519 Probabilities & applied mathematics
520 Astronomy & allied sciences
521 Celestial mechanics
522 Techniques, equipment, materials
523 Specific celestial bodies & phenomena
524 Not assigned or no longer used
525 Earth (Astronomical geography)
526 Mathematical geography
527 Celestial navigation
528 Ephemerides
529 Chronology
530 Physics
531 Classical mechanics; Solid mechanics
532 Fluid mechanics; Liquid mechanics
533 Gas mechanics
534 Sound & related vibrations
535 Light & paraphotic phenomena
536 Heat
537 Electricity & electronics
538 Magnetism
539 Modern physics
540 Chemistry & allied sciences
541 Physical & theoretical chemistry
542 Techniques, equipment, materials
543 Analytical chemistry
544 Qualitative analysis
545 Quantitative analysis
546 Inorganic chemistry
547 Organic chemistry
548 Crystallography
549 Mineralogy
550 Earth sciences
551 Geology, hydrology, meteorology
552 Petrology
553 Economic geology
554 Earth sciences of Europe
555 Earth sciences of Asia
556 Earth sciences of Africa
557 Earth sciences of North America
558 Earth sciences of South America
559 Earth sciences of other areas
560 Paleontology; Paleozoology
561 Paleobotany
562 Fossil invertebrates
563 Fossil primitive phyla
564 Fossil Mollusca & Molluscoidea
565 Other fossil invertebrates
566 Fossil Vertebrata (Fossil Craniata)
567 Fossil cold-blooded vertebrates
568 Fossil Aves (Fossil birds)
569 Fossil Mammalia
570 Life sciences
571 Physiology
572 Biochemistry
573 Physiological systems of animals
574 Not assigned or no longer used
575 Physiological systems of plants
576 Genetics and evolution
577 Ecology
578 Natural history of organisms
579 microorganisms, fungi, algae
580 Plants
581 Botany
582 Plants noted for specific vegetative characteristics and flowers
583 Dicotyledones
584 Monocotyledones
585 Gymnospermae (Pinophyta)
586 Cryptogamia (Seedless plants)
587 Pteridophyta (Vascular cryptograms)
588 Bryophyta
589 Not assigned or no longer used
590 Zoological sciences
591 Zoology
592 Invertebrates
593 Protozoa, Echinodermata, related phyla
594 Mollusca & Molluscoidea
595 Other invertebrates
596 Vertebrata (Craniata, Vertebrates)
597 Cold-blooded vertebrates, fishes
598 Aves (Birds)
599 Mammalia (Mammals)
600 – Technology
600 Technology (Applied sciences)
601 Philosophy & theory
602 Miscellany
603 Dictionaries & encyclopedias
604 Special topics
605 Serial publications
606 Organizations
607 Education, research, related topics
608 Invention & patents
609 Historical, areas, persons treatment
610 Medical sciences; Medicine
611 Human anatomy, cytology, histology
612 Human physiology
613 Promotion of health
614 Incidence & prevention of disease
615 Pharmacology & therapeutics
616 Diseases
617 Surgery & related medical specialties
618 Gynecology & other medical specialties
619 Experimental medicine
620 Engineering & allied operations
621 Applied physics
622 Mining & related operations
623 Military & nautical engineering
624 Civil engineering
625 Engineering of railroads, roads
626 Not assigned or no longer used
627 Hydraulic engineering
628 Sanitary & municipal engineering
629 Other branches of engineering
630 Agriculture
631 Techniques, equipment, materials
632 Plant injuries, diseases, pests
633 Field & plantation crops
634 Orchards, fruits, forestry
635 Garden crops (Horticulture)
636 Animal husbandry
637 Processing dairy & related products
638 Insect culture
639 Hunting, fishing, conservation
640 Home economics & family living
641 Food & drink
642 Meals & table service
643 Housing & household equipment
644 Household utilities
645 Household furnishings
646 Sewing, clothing, personal living
647 Management of public households
648 Housekeeping
649 Child rearing & home care of sick
650 Management & auxiliary services
651 Office services
652 Processes of written communication
653 Shorthand
654 Not assigned or no longer used
655 Not assigned or no longer used
656 Not assigned or no longer used
657 Accounting
658 General management
659 Advertising & public relations
660 Chemical engineering
661 Industrial chemicals technology
662 Explosives, fuels technology
663 Beverage technology
664 Food technology
665 Industrial oils, fats, waxes, gases
666 Ceramic & allied technologies
667 Cleaning, color, related technologies
668 Technology of other organic products
669 Metallurgy
670 Manufacturing
671 Metalworking & metal products
672 Iron, steel, other iron alloys
673 Nonferrous metals
674 Lumber processing, wood products, cork
675 Leather & fur processing
676 Pulp & paper technology
677 Textiles
678 Elastomers & elastomer products
679 Other products of specific materials
680 Manufacture for specific uses
681 Precision instruments & other devices
682 Small forge work (Blacksmithing)
683 Hardware & household appliances
684 Furnishings & home workshops
685 Leather, fur, related products
686 Printing & related activities
687 Clothing
688 Other final products & packaging
689 Not assigned or no longer used
690 Buildings
691 Building materials
692 Auxiliary construction practices
693 Specific materials & purposes
694 Wood construction; Carpentry
695 Roof covering
696 Utilities
697 Heating, ventilating, air-conditioning
698 Detail finishing
699 Not assigned or no longer used
700 – Arts and recreation
700 The arts
701 Philosophy & theory
702 Miscellany
703 Dictionaries & encyclopedias
704 Special topics
705 Serial publications
706 Organizations & management
707 Education, research, related topics
708 Galleries, museums, private collections
709 Historical, areas, persons treatment
710 Civic & landscape art
711 Area planning (Civic art)
712 Landscape architecture
713 Landscape architecture of trafficways
714 Water features
715 Woody plants
716 Herbaceous plants
717 Structures
718 Landscape design of cemeteries
719 Natural landscapes
720 Architecture
721 Architectural structure
722 Architecture to ca. 300
723 Architecture from ca. 300 to 1399
724 Architecture from 1400
725 Public structures
726 Buildings for religious purposes
727 Buildings for education & research
728 Residential & related buildings
729 Design & decoration
730 Plastic arts; Sculpture
731 Processes, forms, subjects of sculpture
732 Sculpture to ca. 500
733 Greek, Etruscan, Roman sculpture
734 Sculpture from ca. 500 to 1399
735 Sculpture from 1400
736 Carving & carvings
737 Numismatics & sigillography
738 Ceramic arts
739 Art metalwork
740 Drawing & decorative arts
741 Drawing & drawings
742 Perspective (graphical)
743 Drawing & drawings by subject
744 Not assigned or no longer used
745 Decorative arts
746 Textile arts
747 Interior decoration
748 Glass
749 Furniture & accessories
750 Painting & paintings
751 Techniques, equipment, forms
752 Color
753 Symbolism, allegory, mythology, legend
754 Genre paintings
755 Religion & religious symbolism
756 Not assigned or no longer used
757 Human figures & their parts
758 Other subjects
759 Historical, areas, persons treatment
760 Graphic arts; Printmaking & prints
761 Relief processes (Block printing)
762 Not assigned or no longer used
763 Lithographic (Planographic) processes
764 Chromolithography & serigraphy
765 Metal engraving
766 Mezzotinting & related processes
767 Etching & drypoint
768 Not assigned or no longer used
769 Prints
770 Photography & photographs
771 Techniques, equipment, materials
772 Metallic salt processes
773 Pigment processes of printing
774 Holography
775 Digital photography
776 Computer art
777 Not assigned or no longer used
778 Fields & kinds of photography
779 Photographs
780 Music
781 General principles & musical forms
782 Vocal music
783 Music for single voices; The voice
784 Instruments & Instrumental ensembles
785 Chamber music
786 Keyboard & other instruments
787 Stringed instruments (Chordophones)
788 Wind instruments (Aerophones)
789 Not assigned or no longer used
790 Recreational & performing arts
791 Public performances
792 Stage presentations
793 Indoor games & amusements
794 Indoor games of skill
795 Games of chance
796 Athletic & outdoor sports & games
797 Aquatic & air sports
798 Equestrian sports & animal racing
799 Fishing, hunting, shooting
800 – Literature
800 Literature & rhetoric
801 Philosophy & theory
802 Miscellany
803 Dictionaries & encyclopedias
804 Not assigned or no longer used
805 Serial publications
806 Organizations
807 Education, research, related topics
808 Rhetoric & collections of literature
809 Literary history & criticism
810 American literature in English
811 Poetry
812 Drama
813 Fiction
814 Essays
815 Speeches
816 Letters
817 Satire & humor
818 Miscellaneous writings
819 Not assigned or no longer used
820 English & Old English literatures
821 English poetry
822 English drama
823 English fiction
824 English essays
825 English speeches
826 English letters
827 English satire & humor
828 English miscellaneous writings
829 Old English (Anglo-Saxon)
830 Literatures of Germanic languages
831 German poetry
832 German drama
833 German fiction
834 German essays
835 German speeches
836 German letters
837 German satire & humor
838 German miscellaneous writings
839 Other Germanic literatures
840 Literatures of Romance languages
841 French poetry
842 French drama
843 French fiction
844 French essays
845 French speeches
846 French letters
847 French satire & humor
848 French miscellaneous writings
849 Provencal & Catalan
850 Italian, Romanian, Rhaeto-Romanic
851 Italian poetry
852 Italian drama
853 Italian fiction
854 Italian essays
855 Italian speeches
856 Italian letters
857 Italian satire & humor
858 Italian miscellaneous writings
859 Romanian & Rhaeto-Romanic
860 Spanish & Portuguese literatures
861 Spanish poetry
862 Spanish drama
863 Spanish fiction
864 Spanish essays
865 Spanish speeches
866 Spanish letters
867 Spanish satire & humor
868 Spanish miscellaneous writings
869 Portuguese
870 Italic literatures; Latin
871 Latin poetry
872 Latin dramatic poetry & drama
873 Latin epic poetry & fiction
874 Latin lyric poetry
875 Latin speeches
876 Latin letters
877 Latin satire & humor
878 Latin miscellaneous writings
879 Literatures of other Italic languages
880 Hellenic literatures; Classical Greek
881 Classical Greek poetry
882 Classical Greek drama
883 Classical Greek epic poetry & fiction
884 Classical Greek lyric poetry
885 Classical Greek speeches
886 Classical Greek letters
887 Classical Greek satire & humor
888 Classical Greek miscellaneous writings
889 Modern Greek
890 Literatures of other languages
891 East Indo-European & Celtic
892 Afro-Asiatic literatures Semitic
893 Non-Semitic Afro-Asiatic literatures
894 Ural-Altaic, Paleosiberian, Dravidian
895 Literatures of East & Southeast Asia
896 African literatures
897 North American native literatures
898 South American native literatures
899 Other literatures
900 – History and geography
900 Geography & history
901 Philosophy & theory
902 Miscellany
903 Dictionaries & encyclopedias
904 Collected accounts of events
905 Serial publications
906 Organizations & management
907 Education, research, related topics
908 With respect to kinds of persons
909 World history
910 Geography & travel
911 Historical geography
912 Graphic representations of earth
913 Ancient world
914 Europe
915 Asia
916 Africa
917 North America
918 South America
919 Other areas
920 Biography, genealogy, insignia
921 Not assigned or no longer used
922 Not assigned or no longer used
923 Not assigned or no longer used
924 Not assigned or no longer used
925 Not assigned or no longer used
926 Not assigned or no longer used
927 Not assigned or no longer used
928 Not assigned or no longer used
The 921-928 range is reserved as an optional location for biographies
929 Genealogy, names, insignia
930 History of ancient world
931 History of ancient world; China
932 History of ancient world; Egypt
933 History of ancient world; Palestine
934 History of ancient world; India
935 History of ancient world; Mesopotamia & Iranian Plateau
936 History of ancient world; Europe north & west of Italy
937 History of ancient world; Italy & adjacent territories
938 History of ancient world; Greece
939 History of ancient world; Other parts of ancient world
940 General history of Europe
941 General history of Europe; British Isles
942 General history of Europe; England & Wales
943 General history of Europe; Central Europe Germany
944 General history of Europe; France & Monaco
945 General history of Europe; Italian Peninsula & adjacent islands
946 General history of Europe; Iberian Peninsula & adjacent islands
947 General history of Europe; Eastern Europe; Soviet Union
948 General history of Europe; Northern Europe; Scandinavia
949 General history of Europe; Other parts of Europe
950 General history of Asia; Far East
951 General history of Asia; China & adjacent areas
952 General history of Asia; Japan
953 General history of Asia; Arabian Peninsula & adjacent areas
954 General history of Asia; South Asia; India
955 General history of Asia; Iran
956 General history of Asia; Middle East (Near East)
957 General history of Asia; Siberia (Asiatic Russia)
958 General history of Asia; Central Asia
959 General history of Asia; Southeast Asia
960 General history of Africa
961 General history of Africa; Tunisia & Libya
962 General history of Africa; Egypt & Sudan
963 General history of Africa; Ethiopia
964 General history of Africa; Morocco & Canary Islands
965 General history of Africa; Algeria
966 General history of Africa; West Africa & offshore islands
967 General history of Africa; Central Africa & offshore islands
968 General history of Africa; Southern Africa
969 General history of Africa; South Indian Ocean islands
970 General history of North America
971 General history of North America; Canada
972 General history of North America; Middle America; Mexico
973 General history of North America; United States
974 General history of North America; Northeastern United States
975 General history of North America; Southeastern United States
976 General history of North America; South central United States
977 General history of North America; North central United States
978 General history of North America; Western United States
979 General history of North America; Great Basin & Pacific Slope
980 General history of South America
981 General history of South America; Brazil
982 General history of South America; Argentina
983 General history of South America; Chile
984 General history of South America; Bolivia
985 General history of South America; Peru
986 General history of South America; Colombia & Ecuador
987 General history of South America; Venezuela
988 General history of South America; Guiana
989 General history of South America; Paraguay & Uruguay
990 General history of other areas
991 Not assigned or no longer used
992 Not assigned or no longer used
993 General history of other areas; New Zealand
994 General history of other areas; Australia
995 General history of other areas; Melanesia; New Guinea
996 General history of other areas; Other parts of Pacific Polynesia
997 General history of other areas; Atlantic Ocean islands
998 General history of other areas; Arctic islands & Antarctica
999 Extraterrestrial worlds

Chart

|DDC [pic] |LCC [pic] |Description [pic] |
|000 |A |Generalities |
|010 |Z1001-8999 |Bibliography |
|020 |Z665-718.8 |Library & information sciences |
|030 |AE |General encyclopedic works |
|050 |AI |General serials & their indexes |
|060 |AM111-160 |General organization & museology |
|070 |AN |News media |
|070 |PN4699-5650 |Journalism |
|070 |Z278-549 |Publishing |
|080 |AC |General collections |
|090 |Z105-115.5 |Manuscripts |
|090 |Z1019-1033 |Rare books |
|100 |B |Psychology & Philosophy |
|111 |BD300-450 |Ontology |
|115 |BD493-701 |Time |
|120 |BD143-237 |Epistemology |
|120 |BD? |causation |
|120 |BD? |humankind |
|124 |BD493-701 |Teleology |
|130 |BF1404-2055 |Paranormal phenomena / Occult sciences |
|150 |BF |Psychology |
|152 |HM1041-1101 |Perception |
|152 |QH? |movement |
|152 |BF511-593 |Emotions |
|155 |BF712-724 |Developmental psychology |
|160 |BC |Logic |
|170 |BJ |Ethics (moral philosophy) |
|180 |B108-708 |Classic philosophy |
|181 |B850-5739 |Oriental philosophy |
|182 |B108-708 |Ancient philosophy |
|183 |B108-708 |Sophists & Socratic philosophies |
|185 |B108-708 |Aristotelian philosophy |
|186 |B108-708 |Skeptic & Neoplatonic philosophies |
|187 |B108-708 |Epicurean philosophy |
|188 |B108-708 |Stoic philosophy |
|189 |B720-765 |Medieval western philosophy |
|190 |B790-5802 |Modern western philosophy |
|200 |BL |Religion |
|210 |BL175-265 |Natural theology |
|212 |BL205-216 |Nature of God |
|220 |BS |Bible |
|221 |BS701-1830 |Old Testament |
|225 |BS1901-2970 |New Testament |
|226 |BS2547-2970? |Gospels & Acts of the Apostles |
|227 |BS2640-2765.6 |Epistles |
|228 |BS2547-2970? |Revelation |
|229 |BS2547-2970? |Apocrypha |
|230 |BR |Christian theology |
|232 |BT198-590 |Jesus & his family |
|236 |BT819-891 |Eschatology |
|250 |BR? |Christian orders & local church |
|260 |BR? |Christian social theology |
|270 |BR140-1510 |Christian church history |
|280 |BR? |List of Christian denominations |
|282 |BR? |Roman Catholic Church |
|283 |BR? |Anglican churches (English and Protestant Episcopal) |
|284 |BR? |Protestants of Continental origin |
|286 |BR? |Baptist, Disciples of Christ, Adventist |
|287 |BR? |Methodist & related churches |
|290 |BL660-2680 |Non-Christian religion |
|292 |BL700-820 |Greek mythology and Roman mythology |
|295 |BL1500-1590 |Zoroastrianism |
|296 |BM |Judaism |
|297 |BP |Islam, Bábísm, Bahá'í Faith |
|300 |H |Social sciences |
|301 |HM |Sociology |
|301 |GN |Anthropology |
|310 |HA154-473 |General statistics (of parts of the world) |
|320 |J |Political science |
|330 |HB |Economics |
|331 |HD4801-8943 |Labor economics |
|332 |HG |Financial economics |
|333 |HD101-1399 |Economics of land |
|333 |HD9502 |Economics of energy |
|336 |HJ |Public finance |
|339 |HB? |Macroeconomics |
|340 |K |Law |
|341 |KZ |International law |
|345 |K5000-5582 |Criminal law |
|346 |KB479 |Private law |
|347 |K2201-2385 |Civil procedure |
|347 |K2100-2385 |Courts |
|350 |JF |Public administration |
|352 |JS |City government |
|353 |JK1-9593 |U.S. federal government |
|353 |JK2403-9593 |U.S. state governments |
|355 |U |Military Science |
|360 |H |Social services; association |
|361 |HN |General social problems & services |
|362 |HN |Social welfare problems & services |
|363 |HN |Other social problems & services |
|364 |HV6001-7220 |Criminology |
|365 |HV8301-9920 |Penal & related institutions |
|366 |HS |Association |
|367 |HS |General clubs |
|368 |K1960-1973 |(Social) Insurance |
|370 |L |Education |
|371 |LB3011-3095 |School management |
|371 |LC3950-4806.5 |Special education |
|372 |LB1501-1602 |Elementary education |
|373 |LB1603-1699 |Secondary education |
|374 |LC5201-6661 |Adult education |
|376 |LC1401-2572 |Education of women |
|377 |LC321-951 |Schools & religion |
|378 |LB2300-2430 |Higher education |
|380 |HF |Commerce, communications, transport |
|382 |HF1 |International commerce (Foreign trade) |
|383 |HE6000-7500 |Postal communications |
|384 |HE |Communications |
|384 |HE7601-8700.9 |Telecommunication |
|385 |HE1001-5600 |Railways |
|386 |HE380-560 |Inland waterway |
|386 |HE5751-5870 |Ferry transportation |
|387 |HE380-971 |Water transportation |
|387 |HE9761-9900 |Air transportation |
|387 |TL787-4050 |Space transportation |
|388 |HE |Transport |
|390 |GT |Customs |
|390 |BJ1801-2195 |Etiquette |
|390 |GR |Folklore |
|391 |GT500-2370 |Costume and Personal Appearance |
|392 |GT2400-3390.5 |Customs of life cycle & domestic life |
|393 |GT2400-3390.5 |Customs of Death |
|395 |BJ1801-2195 |Etiquette |
|398 |GR |Folklore |
|400 |P |Language |
|410 |P101-410 |Linguistics |
|411 |P327-327.5 |Writing systems |
|412 |P321-324.5 |Etymology |
|414 |P? |Phonology phonetics |
|415 |P201-299 |Grammar |
|419 |PM8001-8995 |Sign language |
|420 |PE |English language |
|430 |PD |Germanic languages |
|440 |PC2001-3761 |French language |
|449 |PC3201-3366 |Provençal |
|449 |PC3801-3976 |Catalan |
|450 |PC1001-1977 |Italian language |
|459 |PC601-872 |Romanian language |
|459 |C901-986 |Rhaeto-Romanic language |
|460 |PC4001-4977 |Spanish language |
|469 |PC5001-5498 |Portuguese language |
|470 |PA2001-2915 |Latin language |
|480 |PA201-899 |Greek language |
|490 |P501-769 |Indo-European Languages |
|492 |PJ991-995 |Afro-Asiatic languages |
|494 |PL1-481 |Altaic languages |
|495 |PL3521-4001 |Sino-Tibetan languages |
|496 |PL8000-8844 |African languages |
|497 |PM101-2711 |North American languages (Native American languages) |
|498 |PM3001-4566 |Central American Languages (Native American languages) |
|498 |PM5001-7356 |South American Languages (Native American languages) |
|500 |Q |Natural sciences & mathematics |
|510 |QA |Mathematics |
|512 |QA150-272 |Algebra |
|513 |QA101-145 |Arithmetic |
|514 |QA612-699 |Topology |
|515 |QA299-433 |Analysis / Calculus |
|516 |QA440-611 |Geometry (excluding Topology) |
|519 |QA273-299 |Probability, Statistics, Numerical analysis |
|520 |QB |Astronomy |
|521 |QB349-421 |Celestial mechanics |
|530 |QC |Physics |
|531 |QC120-168.85 |Classical mechanics; Solid mechanics |
|532 |QC120-168.85 |Fluid mechanics; Liquid mechanics |
|533 |QC120-168.85 |Gas mechanics |
|534 |QC221-246 |Sound & related vibrations |
|535 |QC350-467 |Light & paraphotic phenomena |
|536 |QC251-338.5 |Heat |
|537 |QC501-721 |Electricity & electronics |
|538 |QC750-766 |Magnetism |
|539 |QC770-798 |Modern physics |
|540 |QD |Chemistry & allied sciences |
|541 |QD450-801 |Physical & theoretical chemistry |
|542 |QD1-65 |Techniques, equipment, materials |
|543 |QD71-142 |Analytical chemistry |
|544 |QD71-142 |Qualitative analysis |
|545 |QD71-142 |Quantitative analysis |
|546 |QD146-197 |Inorganic chemistry |
|547 |QD241-441 |Organic chemistry |
|548 |QD0001-0999 |Crystallography |
|549 |QE351-399.2 |Mineralogy |
|550 |QE |Earth sciences |
|551 |QE |Geology |
|551 |GB651-2998 |Hydrology |
|551 |QC851-999 |Meteorology |
|552 |QE420-499 |Petrology |
|553 |QE? |Economic geology |
|560 |QE701-760 |Paleontology |
|560 |QE7601-899 |Paleozoology |
|570 |QH301-705.5 |Life sciences - Biology |
|572 |QD415-436 |Biochemistry |
|572 |GN |Anthropology |
|573 |GN49-298 |Physical anthropology |
|574 |QH301-705.5 |Biology |
|575 |QH359-425 |Evolution |
|575 |QH426-470 |Genetics |
|576 |QH573-671 |Microbiology |
|577 |QH540-549.5 |Ecology |
|578 |QH201-278.5 |Microscopy in biology |
|579 |QH1-199.5 |Collection and preservation |
|580 |QK |Botanical sciences |
|581 |QK |Botany |
|582 |QK474.8-495 |Spermatophyta (Seed-bearing plants) |
|585 |K494-494.5 |Gymnospermae (Pinophyta) |
|586 |QK504-638 |Cryptogamia (Seedless plants) |
|590 |QL |Animals |
|591 |QL1-355 |Zoology |
|592 |QL360-599.82 |Invertebrates |
|593 |QL360-599.82 |Protozoa, Echinodermata, related phyla |
|594 |QL360-599.82 |Mollusca & Molluscoidea |
|595 |QL360-599.82 |Other invertebrates |
|596 |QL605-739.8 |Vertebrata (Craniata, Vertebrates) |
|597 |QL614-639.8 |Fishes |
|597 |QL640-669.3 |Reptiles and amphibians |
|598 |QL671-699 |Aves (Birds) |
|599 |QL700-739.8 |Mammalia (Mammals) |
|600 |T |Technology (Applied sciences) |
|607 |T61-173 |Education |
|607 |T175-178 |research |
|608 |T201-342 |Invention & patents |
|608 |Q |Invention & patents |
|610 |R |Medicine |
|611 |QM |Human anatomy |
|611 |QH573-671 |Cytology |
|611 |QM550-577.8 |Histology |
|612 |QP |Human physiology |
|615 |RM |Pharmacology & Therapeutics |
|617 |RD |Surgery & Related Topics |
|618 |RG |Gynecology |
|618 |R |Other medical specialties |
|619 |R735-854 |Experimental medicine |
|620 |TA |Engineering & allied operations |
|621 |TJ |Mechanical engineering |
|621 |QC |Applied physics |
|622 |TN |Mining & related operations |
|623 |UG1-620 |Military engineering |
|623 |VM |Nautical engineering |
|624 |TA |Civil engineering |
|625 |TF |Engineering of railways |
|625 |TE |Engineering of highways |
|627 |TC1-978 |Hydraulic engineering |
|628 |TD |Sanitary & engineering |
|628 |TD159-168 |Municipal engineering |
|629 |T |Other branches of engineering |
|630 |S |Agriculture |
|631 |S1-972 |Techniques, equipment, materials |
|632 |SB599-990.5 |Plant injuries, diseases, pests |
|633 |SB317.5-319.864 |Horticulture |
|634 |SB354-402 |Fruits |
|634 |SD |Forestry |
|634 |SB169-172.5 |Orchards |
|636 |SF |Animal husbandry |
|637 |SF250.5-275 |Processing dairy & related products |
|638 |SF518-561 |Insect culture |
|639 |SK |Hunting, fishing, |
|639 |S604.5-604.64 |conservation |
|640 |TX |Home economics |
|650 |HD28-70 |Management & auxiliary services |
|653 |Z53-102 |Shorthand |
|657 |HF5601-5689 |Accounting |
|658 |HD28-70 |General management |
|659 |HF5801-6182 |Advertising |
|660 |TP155-156 |Chemical engineering |
|670 |HD9720-9975 |Manufacturing |
|680 |TT |Handicrafts |
|690 |TH |Buildings |
|700 |N |Arts |
|708 |N400-3990 |Museums |
|710 |SB469-476 |landscape art |
|720 |NA |Architecture |
|730 |NB |Plastic arts, Sculpture |
|736 |NB0001-1952 |Carving & carvings |
|738 |NB0001-1952 |Ceramic arts |
|739 |NB0001-1952 |Metalwork |
|740 |NC |Drawing |
|740 |NK |Decorative arts |
|746 |NK8800-9505.5 |Textile arts |
|748 |NK5100-5440 |Glass |
|749 |NK2200-2750 |Furniture & accessories |
|750 |ND |Painting |
|760 |NE |Graphic arts, Printmaking & prints |
|761 |NE1330-1352 |Relief processes (Block printing) |
|763 |NE2250-2570 |Lithography |
|764 |NE2236-2240.6 |Chromolithography & serigraphy |
|765 |NE1400-1879 |Metal engraving |
|767 |NE1940-2232.5 |Etching & drypoint |
|770 |TR |Photography & photographs |
|780 |M |Music |
|781 |MT |General principles & musical forms |
|782 |M1495-5000 |Vocal music |
|783 |M1528-1529.5 |Music for solo voice |
|784 |M1000-1075 |Orchestras, ensembles |
|785 |M1000-1075 |Ensembles with one instrument per part |
|786 |MT180-255 |Keyboard instrument |
|787 |MT259-338 |strings |
|788 |MT339-533 |Wind |
|790 |PN1560-1590 |Performing arts |
|790 |GV |Recreation |
|792 |PN2000-3307 |Theater and other stage presentations |
|793 |GV1221-1469.63 |Indoor games & amusements |
|795 |GV1301-1311 |Games of chance |
|796 |GV557-1198.995 |Sport |
|797 |GV750-770.27 |Air sports |
|797 |GV770.3-840 |Aquatic sports |
|799 |SK |Fishing, Hunting, Shooting |
|800 |P |Literature & rhetoric |
|810 |PS |American literature |
|820 |PR |English literature |
|830 |PT1-4897 |German literature |
|840 |PQ0001-3999 |French literature |
|850 |PQ4001-5999 |Italian literature |
|860 |PQ6001-8929 |Spanish literature |
|869 |PQ9000-9999 |Portuguese literature |
|870 |PA6001-8595 |Latin literature |
|880 |PA3050-5660 |Greek literature |
|890 |PN |World literature |
|900 |G |Geography |
|900 |D |History |
|910 |G |Geography |
|911 |G141 |Historical geography |
|912 |GA |Graphic representations of earth |
|914 |G1791-2196 |Geography of Europe |
|915 |G2200-2444 |Geography of Asia |
|916 |G2445-2739 |Geography of Africa |
|917 |G1105-1692 |Geography of North America |
|918 |G1700-1779 |Geography of South America |
|919 |G2740-2799 |Geography of Oceana |
|920 |CT |Biography |
|920 |CS |Genealogy |
|920 |CR4480-4485 |Insignia |
|930 |D51-90 |History of ancient world |
|938 |DE |History of the Greco-Roman World |
|938 |DE |History of the Greco-Roman World |
|940 |DAW1031-1051 |History of Europe |
|942 |DA |History of Britain |
|943 |DD |History of Germany |
|944 |DC |History of France |
|945 |DG |History of Italy |
|946 |DP |History of the Iberian Peninsula |
|947 |DJK |History of Eastern Europe |
|947 |DK |History of Russia, Soviot Union, and former Soviot republics. |
|948 |DL |History of Northern Europe; Scandinavia |
|949.? |DAW |History of Central Europe |
|949.? |DB |History of Austria - Liechtenstein - Hungary - Czechoslovakia |
|949.? |DF |History of Greece |
|949.? |DH |History of Low Countries - Benelux Countries |
|949.? |DJ |History of the Netherlands |
|949.? |DJK |History of Eastern Europe (General) |
|949.? |DQ |History of Switzerland |
|949.? |DR |History of the Balkan Peninsula |
|950 |DS |General history of Asia and Far East |
|951 |DS701-799.9 |History of China |
|952 |DS801-897 |History of Japan |
|953 |DS201-248 |History of Arabian Peninsula (History of Saudi Arabia, etc.) |
|954 |DS401-486.8 |History of India |
|955 |DS251-326 |History of Iran (Persia) |
|960 |DT |History of Africa |
|961 |DT211-239 |History of Libya |
|961 |DT241-269 |History of Tunisia |
|962 |DT154.1-159.9 |History of Sudan |
|962 |DT43-154 |History of Egypt |
|963 |DT371-390 |History of Ethiopia (Abyssinia) |
|963 |DT391-398 |History of Eritrea |
|965 |DT271-299 |History of Algeria |
|966 |DT470-671 |History of West Africa & offshore islands |
|967 |DT? |History of Central Africa & offshore islands |
|968 |DT1701-2405 |History of South Africa |
|969 |DS349.8-349.9 |History of South Indian Ocean islands |
|970 |F |History of North America |
|971 |F1001-1145.2 |History of Canada |
|972 |F1421-1440 |History of Central America |
|972 |F1201-1392 |History of Mexico |
|973 |E |History of United States |
|980 |F2201-3799 |History of South America |
|981 |F2501-2659 |History of Brazil |
|982 |F2801-3021 |History of Argentina |
|983 |F3051-3285 |History of Chile |
|984 |F3301-3359 |History of Bolivia |
|985 |F3401-3619 |History of Peru |
|987 |F2301-2349 |History of Venezuela |
|988 |F2351-2471 |History of Guinea |
|990 |DU |History of Oceania |
|993 |DU400-430 |History of New Zealand |
|994 |DU80-398 |History of Australia |
|995 |DU490 |History of Melanesia |
|955 |DU739-747 |History of New Guinea |
|803 |AG |Dictionaries and other general reference works |
|069 |AM |Museums. Collectors and collecting |
| |AP |Periodicals |
| |AS |Academies and learned societies |
| |AY |Yearbooks. Almanacs. Directories |
| |AZ |History of scholarship and learning. The humanities |
| |BD |Speculative philosophy |
| |BH |Aesthetics |
| |BL |Mythology |
| |BL |Rationalism |
| |BT |Doctrinal Theology |
| |BV |Practical Theology |
| |BX |Christian Denominations |
| |C |Auxiliary Sciences of History (General) |
| |CB |History of Civilization |
| |CC |Archaeology |
| |CD |Diplomatics. Archives. Seals |
| |CE |Technical Chronology. Calendar |
| |CJ |Numismatics |
| |CN |Inscriptions. Epigraphy |
| |CR |Heraldry |
| |DX |History of the Gypsies |
| |GB |Physical geography |
| |GC |Oceanography |
| |GE |Environmental Sciences |
| |GF |Human ecology. Anthropogeography |
| |HA |Social science statistics |
| |HC |Economic history and conditions |
| |HD |Industries. Land use. Labor |
| |HQ |The family. Marriage. Women |
| |HT |Communities. Classes. Races |
| |HV |Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology |
| |HX |Socialism. Communism. Anarchism |
| |J |General legislative and executive papers |
| |JA |Political science (General) |
| |JC |Political theory |
| |JJ |Political institutions and public administration (North America) |
| |JK |Political institutions and public administration (United States) |
| |JL |Political institutions and public administration (Canada, Latin America, etc.) |
| |JN |Political institutions and public administration (Europe) |
| |JQ |Political institutions and public administration (Asia, Africa, Australia, Pacific Area, |
| | |etc.) |
| |JV |Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration |
| |JZ |International relations |
| |KB |Religious law in general. Comparative religious law. Jurisprudence |
| |KD |Law of the United Kingdom, Ireland, America. North America |
| |KE |Law of Canada |
| |KF |Law of United States |
| |KG |Law of Latin America - Mexico and Central America -West Indies. Caribbean area |
| |KH |Law of South America |
| |KJ-KK |Law of Europe |
| |KL-KW |Law of Asia and Eurasia, Africa, Pacific Area, and Antarctica |
| |LA |History of education |
| |LB |Theory and practice of education |
| |LC |Special aspects of education |
| |LD |Individual educational institutions - United States |
| |LE |Individual educational institutions - America (except United States) |
| |LF |Individual educational institutions - Europe |
| |LG |Individual educational institutions - Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean islands, Australia, New |
| | |Zealand, Pacific islands |
| |LH |College and school magazines and papers |
| |LJ |Student fraternities and societies, United States |
| |LT |Textbooks |

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...Oughta Know About... SORORITIES/FRATERNITIES 1. Sororities and Fraternities are part of a long held social system on university campuses known as "the Greek System". 2. Sororities are generally for females, and Fraternities generally for males - some "sororities" are actually "female fraternities" as defined by their charter. The difference is negligible today although in the past there were differences. 3. Sexism is rampant in the Greek System; the unofficial attitude that many (not all) fraternities take toward women is notoriously misogynistic and is demonstrated in some of the practices of the groups (from taking pledges to strip clubs to "tagging" female guests at parties to label them as available or off limits to other members) - there are even cases of institutional sexism, some schools have banned Sorority houses as "bawdy house" since all the residents are female and live under an organized title. 4. Hazing in the early 1980's and 1990's gave Fraternities and Sororities a bad name, currently most major Fraternities and Sororities have an active anti-hazing policy in place with penalties ranging from expulsion of individual members to absolute discharge of an entire chapter. 5. Drugs and alcohol are technically banned in all Fraternity and Sorority sponsored functions - but the "Keg Party" is still synonymous with Fraternity on most campuses. 6. You have to "Rush" in order to get a chance to get in to both Fraternities and Sororities; next......

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...Fraternity is one of the most influential groups that students may encounter during his/her college days. When we hear fraternity, commonly it belongs to men but as the years passed, even women are also being engaged with fraternities or the so called sorority. As an individual, we have this feeling that we need to belong. It is very essential for man to find fulfillment and to have a feeling of acceptance simply because man by nature is a social being. Adolescents were the ones who are always involve in fraternities. Adolescents, as said by many psychologists or theorists, it is the critical stage of life. It is accompanied by many changes that bring crisis and difficulties, and these changes include physical, mental, emotional and social. Physical changes were very visible and very observable thing that takes place during adolescence. But the social aspect of adolescents also changes. It is the time when an individual searches and identifies himself through socialization. The prior environment of every individual is the family. But as we continue to grow, it broadens extending to friends and peers in school. Adolescents begin to search for new friends and start to form or join any group that makes them think of joining one of these. Adjustment in the society is one of the most difficult aspects and includes the members of the opposite sex and adult outside family members and also the school environment. Being placed on a new environment might be difficult and a bit......

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...study and definition of terms. Background of the Study Fraternities exist now a day, these days fraternities are common among college students.. The word fraternities came from the Latin word, frater and soror, meaning ‘’brother’’ and ‘’sister ‘’respectively. From the beginning, the norms and values of fraternities were independent of the college environment. Since the founding of Kappa Alpha at Union College (in Schenectady, New York) in 1825 as the oldest secret brotherhood of a social nature, fraternities developed with different personalities and histories on each campus. The trappings of an idealized ancient Greece were added to those of Freemasonry to create secret societies dedicated to bringing together young men who were seeking conviviality. Members historically met weekly in a student dormitory room or rented facility for social and intellectual fellowship. To fight the monotony of mid-nineteenth-century colleges, fraternities institutionalized various escapes of a social nature. In our time many of the students who study at the university are involved in fraternities and became a big problem with the university because many of the students participating here have neglected their studies and the others were lost due to hazing.And most of the students involved in fraternities and unaware of their parents. Based on the researchers’ observations here in DCSP, many students are involved in fraternities. Usually, the first year students are taking a......

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...7 Disadvantages of Joining a Fraternity The benefits of joining a fraternity or sorority are many, and it's important to realize that Greek life in college has a lot of impressive things to offer. It's also important, however, to realize that there might be some challenges. So just what do you need to be aware of before officially pledging? 1. You might be stereotyped by your fellow students. Even if you had a great impression of fraternities and sororities before you came to college -- and an even better one once you learned about all the great initiatives your school's Greek organizations do -- not all students share the same perception. Ignorant or well-informed, your fellow students might stereotype you once they know you belong to a certain Greek house. And while there might not be much you can do about that, it's important to at least keep in mind. 2. You might be stereotyped by faculty.You might be having an amazing, life-changing experience as a member of your fraternity or sorority. But your professors -- who were, after all, college students themselves once -- might not have had as great of an experience during their own undergraduate years. Or they could have had problems in the past with students from your particular organization. While you are your own person and should be judged accordingly, just be aware of the perceptions some faculty members might have about how you spend your time outside of class. 3. You might be stereotyped by future employers. While......

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...whether or not fraternities and sororities should be co-ed, most people are not sure which side of the argument to choose. Where the argument usually ends, is a question of equality. Although fraternities are troublesome, they should remain single sex because of the lifelong friendships it creates. Generally, many of the actions that take place in Greek life are frowned upon. The biggest problems with Greek life, practically fraternities, is the alcohol and sexual abuse. Fraternities host the parties, which means they are in control of the environment in which they party in and the alcohol. Which can it more dangerous because he men take advantage of the women easier. Many people are making the argument that making Greek Life co-ed would put an end to the problems with it. Some believe that “The presence of women in fraternities would prevent male students from having absolute control over social events and would reduce the risk of sexual assault”(Mott). By making fraternities co-ed, women will gain more power of the party environment and be able to better protect themselves. Some people claim that lifelong relationships are not enough to justify “The harm that segregation by sexes wreaks on young people’s development across both personal and career realms”(Eliot). Spending all of one time with one sex growing up is detrimental to their social behaver, that socializing with the opposite sex will become difficult. Although there are positives for fraternities going co-ed,......

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...Fraternity Position Statement on Hazing and Educational Initiatives [Adopted December 1980] [Re-Affirmed December 4, 1999] The Issue One of the most controversial legacies left to the modern fraternity or sorority by past generations is the tradition of physical, psychological, or emotional testing of its potential members as a rite of passage to full membership. The historical results have left a blemish on a record of otherwise fundamental successes and outstanding achievements rightfully attributed to American fraternities and sororities. The placing of another in a situation which renders them open to physical or psychological harm is an anathema to any concept of brotherhood or sisterhood. Yet throughout the fraternity and sorority world, hazing arises when reason is clouded by tradition, when loyalty is equated with subservience, and/or where the ideal of brotherhood and sisterhood is misunderstood as something must be proven through the degrading of the individual. AFA Position Statement The Association of Fraternity Advisors solicits the assistance of all inter/national organizations and their officers, college and university administrators, and the undergraduate chapter members and alumni/ae in developing programs and/or policies which are constructive to the fraternity/sorority education of the new members and which forbid the practice of hazing. It is the responsibility of the fraternity and sorority chapter and primarily its leaders, in......

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...ASPECTS OF FRATERNITIES The first thing that enters my mind when I hear the word fraternities are organizations of guys who spend their time drinking beers and having their social gatherings. Well, these accusations have been proven many times on the articles that I have read a long time ago, that most fraternity members, especially on college campuses are seen as drunks who accomplish nothing scholastically or socially. But this impression of mine has changed a little after I have done some researches regarding on the topic. Most people fail to mention the fact that there are some memberships in fraternity who value a life-long experience that help their members develop social organization and study skills and also teach true, everlasting friendship. Fraternities can be organized for many purposes, including university education, working skills, ethics, religion, politics, charity, chivalry, other standards of personal conduct, asceticism service, performing arts, family command of territory and even crime. they were established to nurture pride, leadership, unity and commitment. But the main purpose of a fraternity vanished after the existence of the nowadays fraternities, especially found on college campuses. Results indicated that membership in a fraternity was associated with significantly lower scores on the reading comprehension, mathematics, and critical thinking. This is one of the disadvantages that a member may encounter after he decided to join a fraternity.......

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...http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fraternities_and_sororities Fraternities and sororities (from the Latin words frater and soror, meaning "brother" and "sister" respectively) are fraternalsocial organizations for undergraduate students. In Latin, the term refers mainly to such organizations at colleges and universities in the United States, although it is also applied to analogous European groups also known as corporations. Similar, but less common, organizations also exist for secondary school students. In modern usage, the term "Greek letter organization" is often synonymous in North America, with the terms "fraternity" and "sorority". Typically, Greek letters organizations are single-sex, initiatory organizations with membership considered active during the undergraduate years only, although a notable exception to this rule are historically black, Latino, Asian, and multicultural organizations, in which active membership continues, and into which members are often initiated long after the completion of their undergraduate degrees. Greek letter organizations may sometimes be considered mutual aid societies, providing academic and social activities. Some groups also maintain a chapter house, providing residential and dining facilities for members. How did the fraternities in the Philippines start? : http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_did_the_fraternities_in_the_Philippines_start#ixzz1jj31t1ic In all times and among all nations which have reached a sufficient level of......

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...The Bad Effects of Fraternities Hazing * The ritual most people connect with negative outcomes in fraternities is hazing. Hazing refers to the initiation rituals, customs or traditions new pledges must be a part of in order to join. Hazing practices have caused deaths and injuries after fraternity leaders subjected pledges to dangerous tasks like binge drinking, locking them in enclosed spaces or asking them to perform risky physical stunts. Hazing practices are not only dangerous to the individuals who must perform them, but they also compromise the reputation and integrity of the fraternity as a whole. Alcohol Consumption * Most college fraternities are also known for being gatekeepers of the alcohol supply on campus. Underage students know they can drink at fraternity parties, which are usually hosted at fraternity housing. By offering underage students access to alcohol, fraternities promote illegal drinking, which often leads to hospitalizations for alcohol poisoning or alcohol-induced injuries. While some fraternities try to keep underage students out of their parties, many don't check ID's and will allow even high school students to attend -- especially underage girls. Social Exclusivity * Another negative effect of fraternities is the social exclusivity factor. Fraternities promote an environment where nonmembers are considered outsiders. Often times, students are encouraged not to associate with other students who are not brothers or will be punished......

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...CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION: A. Background of Fraternity and Sorority A Fraternity or Sorority has a common definition which is a distinct or formal organization and a secret society. Sorority and Fraternity are part of a long held social system on university, campuses known as “The Greek System”. Sorority is generally for females and Fraternity generally for males- some “sororities” are actually “female fraternities” as defined by their chapter. The difference is negligible today although in the past there where differences. There are many attributes that fraternities and sororities may or may not have, depending on their structure and purposed. Fraternities and Sororities have differing degrees of secrecy , some from of invitations or ceremony making admission, formal code of behavior, disciplinary procedures, very differing amounts of real property and assets. Hazing in the early 1980’s and 1900’sgave fraternities and sororities a bad name, currently most major fraternities and sororities have an anti-hazing policies in a place with penalties ranging from expulsion with individual member to absolute discharge with an entire chapter. Sexism is rampant in the Greek system: The Unofficial attitude that many (not all) fraternities take toward women is notoriously misogynistic and is demonstrated is some of the practices of the group (from taking pledges to trip clubs to “tagging” female guests at parties to label them as available sexism, some......

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...membership in fraternities and sororities relates to the prevalence and patterns of substance use in a national sample of full-time US college students. Design Nationally representative probability samples of US high school seniors (modal age 18 years) were followed longitudinally across two follow-up waves during college (modal ages 19/20 and 21/22). Setting Data were collected via self-administered questionnaires from US high school seniors and college students. Participants The longitudinal sample consisted of 10 cohorts (senior years of 1988–97) made up of 5883 full-time undergraduate students, of whom 58% were women and 17% were active members of fraternities or sororities. Findings Active members of fraternities and sororities had higher levels of heavy episodic drinking, annual marijuana use and current cigarette smoking than non-members at all three waves. Although members of fraternities reported higher levels than non-members of annual illicit drug use other than marijuana, no such differences existed between sorority members and nonmembers. Heavy episodic drinking and annual marijuana use increased significantly with age among members of fraternities or sororities relative to non-members, but there were no such differential changes for current cigarette use or annual illicit drug use other than marijuana. Conclusions The present study provides strong evidence that higher rates of substance use among US college students who join fraternities and......

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