Free Essay

Friedrich Nietzche

In: People

Submitted By allyjojo131
Words 2176
Pages 9
Ally Jones
Ms. Winslow
English II Honors
15 February 2012 Friedrich Nietzsche Life in Germany during 1840s is hard for someone growing up in the 21st century to relate to. Germany was a country of villages and farms. Jobs outside agriculture were rare. The price of food was extremely high and many people starved to death. Private organizations and churches were trying to help the starving people whereas the government did very little. The telegraph was gaining popularity and news was traveling much faster than ever before (Crisis Page). During this time thousands of Germans were immigrating to the United States (“Irish” 25f). There was a lot going on in Germany during the 1840s and on October 15th 1844 Friedrich Nietzsche was born. Nietzsche grew up in the small town of Röcken, in the Prussian province of Saxony. Nietzsche’s parents, Carl Ludwig, a Lutheran pastor and former teacher, and Franziska Oehler, married in 1843 and had two children. In 1849 Nietzsche’s father died from a brain ailment. The following year his younger brother, Ludwig Joseph also passed away. Nietzsche then moved to Naumburg. He lived with his grandmother there until she died in 1856 (“Friedrich” Page). In 1853 he enrolled in Knaben-bergenschule. He didn’t do very well in this school so he transfers to a private school. This prepared him for his time at Domgymnasium. He spent many hours studying in order to keep up with Greek. After graduation in 1864, Nietzsche commenced studies in theology, classical philology at the University of Bonn. While studying there he was exposed to religiously controversial literature that led to the end of his theological studies after just one semester and the loss of his faith. He had few friends and alliances throughout his life but the ones that he did have were long-standing and loyal. Some of his first friends included Wilhelm Pinder and Gustav Krug. Through Gustav Krug he met Clara and Robert Schuman. He found it difficult to maintain this friendship after his move to Basil (“Friedrich” Page). Friedrich Nietzsche was said to be musically inclined. He started increasingly associating with the music students at his school. He started to attend piano performances with his friends. These inspired him to attempt to compose his own music. His compositions were not very well received (“Friedrich” Page). At the age of fourteen Nietzsche wrote, “God gave us music so that we, first and foremost, will be guided upward by it. All qualities are united in music: it can lift us up, it can be capricious, it can cheer us up and delight us, nay, with its soft, melancholy tunes, it can even break the resistance of the toughest character. Its main purpose, however, is to lead our thoughts upward, so that it elevates us, even deeply moves us... Music also provides pleasant entertainment and saves everyone who is interested in it from boredom. All humans who despise it should be considered mindless, animal-like creatures. Ever be this most glorious gift of God my companion on my life's journey, and I can consider myself fortunate to have come to love it. Let us sing out in eternal praise to God who is offering us this beautiful enjoyment,” (Sabharwal Page). In the fall of 1867, he begins his year of obligatory military service. He tried to enlist into a Berlin regiment but they were no longer accepting “one year volunteers”. He ends up stationed close to Naumburg in a mounted field artillery unit so he can live at home while fulfilling his service. While serving in the military he continued to also pursue a career in writing. He composed drafts of an essay on Demokrit. He left this work unfinished but some of the notes from these drafts reveal the beginning of his methods and ideas are already in place. In 1868 Nietzsche suffers a mishap while on horseback resulting in a chest injury that brings his military service to an end (“Friedrich” Page). In 1872 he published his first book, The Birth of Tragedy Out of The Spirit Of Music. His friends and colleagues expressed little enthusiasm about this work. He remarked freely about the isolation he felt within the philological community. He attempted to obtain a position in Philosophy at Basil although unsuccessfully. Between 1873 and 1876, Nietzsche published separately four long essays. The four essays shared the orientation of a cultural critic challenging the developing German culture. In 1873 Nietzsche also accumulated the notes that were posthumously published as Capitol Philosophy in The Tragic Age of the Greeks. In 1882 he publishes one of his most famous works, The Gay Science. A second edition in 1887 as well as the publication of Thus Spoke Zarathustra and Beyond Good and Evil followed this. In The Gay Science, he experiments with the notion of power but does not advance any systematic theory. This is where he first proposes the idea of eternal recurrence, a concept that would become critical in his next work. Here also is the first occurrence of the famous formulation “God is dead”. He accuses us all of being the murderer of God (“Friedrich” Page). Friedrich Nietzsche struggled his whole with severe migraines, chronic nausea, digestive issues, and poor vision, that. These conditions worsened as he aged. He served as a medical orderly in 1870 where he contracted diphtheria; an acute infectious disease caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheria, as well as dysentery, which are a group of gastrointestinal disorders characterized by inflammation of the intestines, particularly the colon (“Medical” Page). It is suspected that he also contracted syphilis while serving as a medical orderly. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. “Syphilis is passed from person to person through direct contact with a syphilis sore. Many people infected with syphilis do not have any symptoms for years, yet remain at risk for late complications if they are not treated. Although transmission occurs from persons with sores who are in the primary or secondary stage, many of these sores are unrecognized. Thus, transmission may occur from persons who are unaware of their infection. In the late stages of syphilis, the disease may subsequently damage the internal organs, including the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints. Signs and symptoms of the late stage of syphilis include difficulty coordinating muscle movements, paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness, and dementia. This damage may be serious enough to cause death” “STD” Page). This combination of health issues would prove to be an issue in the future and made his work intolerable. In the April of 1882 Nietzsche’s friend, Paul Rée, introduced him to Lou Andreas Salomé. He regarded Salomé as a gifted student. They spent the following summer together, frequently chaperoned by Nietzsche’s sister Elisabeth. He instantly fell in love with her. He pursued Salomé with the help of his sister and his friend Rée. Over a seven month period Nietzsche proposed three different times, being denied each time (Leventhal Page). That following winter was the end of Nietzsche’s relationship with, both, Paul Rée and Lou Salomé. He blamed his sister for the failed relationship. After this Nietzsche’s depression was worse than ever and he frequently had suicidal thoughts. He isolated himself and cut ties with his mother and sister. Nietzsche’s name became better known after the publication of Thus Spoke Zarathustra in 1883, where he states that “God Is Dead.” Spark Notes says “Thus Spoke Zarathustra is one of the strangest books in the Western philosophical tradition,” and explains that “We can approach Nietzsche's philosophy as a whole, and Zarathustra in particular, by grasping the principle of the will to power as the fundamental drive of all things. Everything must obey something, and if one can't obey oneself, one must obey someone else. True freedom is only granted to those who can command themselves. The will to power does not apply only to beings, but also to ideas: religion, morality, truth, and other concepts are all subject to the same struggle for power that dominates life. Because all things are characterized by a constant struggling, striving, and overcoming, nothing can remain fixed in place for too long. All things are constantly changing; permanence and fixity are mere illusions.” His ideas and theories were hard to comprehend at the time and he often felt like no one fully understood him. In one of Nietzsche’s most famous quotes he says, "Where has God gone? I shall tell you. We have killed him - you and I. We are his murderers. But how have we done this? How were we able to drink up the sea? Who gave us the sponge to wipe away the entire horizon? What did we do when we unchained the earth from its sun? Whither is it moving now? Whither are we moving now? Away from all suns? Are we not perpetually falling? Backward, sideward, forward, in all directions? Is there any up or down left? Are we not straying as through an infinite nothing? Do we not feel the breath of empty space? Has it not become colder? Is it not more and more night coming on all the time? Must not lanterns be lit in the morning? Do we not hear anything yet of the noise of the gravediggers who are burying God? Do we not smell anything yet of God's decomposition? Gods too decompose. God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him.” This did not go over very well with many people and he lost some of his original followers. On the other hand, there was an upcoming interest for this type of literature so he also gained new followers (“Friedrich” Page). There’s a common tale of Nietzsche’s first sign of mental illness. It is said that on January 3, 1889 he witnessed a horse being whipped down the street. He ran to the horse and threw his arms around the horse’s neck in order to protect it and then collapsed (“Friedrich” Page). This was extremely strange to the witnesses because whipping your horse, the main form of transportation at the time, was completely acceptable. It is clear that he struggled with depression his whole life. He frequently wrote about how alone and misunderstood he felt. The depression definitely did not help his mental stability but what is believed to be the cause of his mental breakdown is syphilis. As I earlier stated, the late stages of syphilis can cause damage to the main organs including the brain. It is common for symptoms of syphilis not to show up until ten to twenty years after the disease is contracted. Shortly after the horse incident, he began to send letters containing all kinds of nonsense to his close friends. They figured out very quickly that something was wrong. His friends decided to go get Nietzsche and “bring him back to a psychiatric ward in Basel.” His mother later had him transferred to a different ward. The doctors’ methods were “unsuccessful in curing Nietzsche’s condition” and he progressively got worse. He lived under the care of his sister Elisabeth for the last few years of his life. He had at least two strokes which left him partially paralyzed and unable to speak or walk. He caught pneumonia in August of 1900 and was frailer than ever. He had another stroke late at night on August twenty-fourth. Around noon on August 25, 1900 Friedrich Nietzsche died (“Friedrich” Page). Nietzsche’s work is still criticized today, especially by the Christian community. There have been many shirts and bumper stickers saying things like “Nietzsche is Dead,” poking fun at his “God is Dead” ideas. This controversy will most likely never end, and in that way he is still alive. His theories and ideas are still studied and respected by philosophers all over the world, whether they agree or not. Nietzsche was confident in his beliefs even when they brought social rejection. He had a unique outlook on life that made him stand out from other writers of his era, that will most likely never be matched.
Works Cited
“Friedrich Nietzsche.” A&E Television Networks. 2010. 24 Jan. 2012 <>.
Garland, Henry. “Friedrich Nietzsche.” The Oxford Companion to German Literature. Vol. 2. Ed. Mary Garland. New York: Oxford, 1986. 660-670.
“The Crisis of the 1840s.” Garden of Proserpine. 2008. 3 Feb. 2012. <http://www.>.
“Irish and German Immigration.” US History. 2012. 3 Feb. 2012 <>.
Sabharwal-Schwaegermann, Ingrid. “Nietzsche and Music.” 3 Feb. 2012 <>.
“Medical Dictionary.” The Free Dictionary. 2012. 3 Feb. 2012 <>.
“STD Facts.” Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 2012. 3 Feb. 2012 <>.
Nietzsche, Friedrich. “Thus Spoke Zarathustra.” SparkNotes. 2012. 11 Feb. 2012. <>.
Leventhal, Robert. “Chronicle of a Relationship.” Off the Record and Online. 2001. 3 Feb. 2012. <>.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Care Theory Compare and Contrast Paper

...Care Theory Compare and Contrast Paper Jean Watson’s Theory of human caring is based on transpersonal relationships and developing a caring environment that offers the development potential while allowing the person to choose the best course of action. Through interactions with others we learn how to recognize ourselves in others. Watson believes that through these interactions humanity is preserved. John Paley’s article A Slave Morality: Nietzchean themes in nursing ethics criticizes Watson’s theory that caring is central to nursing. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast John Paley’s article to Jean Watson’s Commentary on Shattle M (2004) Nurse-patient interaction: A review of the literature. A discussion of Watson’s background and care theory; John Paley’s background, and a brief discussion Friedich Nietzschen’s major philosophical beliefs. Jean Watson’s background Jean Watson was born in West Virginia in 1940. She graduated from the University of Colorado where she earned her BSN, MS, and in 1973 her PhD. Dr. Watson is widely published and has received many awards and honors. She is a distinguished professor of nursing and endowed chair in Caring Health Science. She is also a fellow at the American Academy of nursing. Watson’s research specialized in loss and human caring. She developed the Theory of Transpersonal Caring, which is also referred to as The Caring Model in the late 1970’s. Her theory evolved over many years, but the principles have......

Words: 1571 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Nietszhe Essay

...J.D. Greening Nietzche Seminar Prof. Hawley 1/21/2015 Philosophy Exegesis Essay “Thus the man who is responsive to artistic stimuli reacts to the reality of dreams as does the philosopher to the reality of existence; he observes closely, and enjoys his observation; for it is out of those images that he interprets life, out of these processes that he trains himself for life” (The Birth of Tragedy, 15) ADDIN EN.CITE <EndNote><Cite><Author>F. Nietzsche</Author><Year>2008</Year><DisplayText>(Nietzsche)</DisplayText><record><ref-type name="Journal Article">17</ref-type><contributors><authors><author>F. Nietzsche</author></authors></contributors><titles/><title>The Birth of Tragedy</title><periodical/><dates><year>2008</year><pub-dates/></dates></record></Cite></EndNote>(Nietzsche). This passage was extracted from one of Friedrich Nietzsche’s works, particularly the one entitled, the Birth of Tragedy. In order to have a clearer understanding of the Nietzsche meant when he mentioned these exact words in his work, it would be important to be familiarized with the context in which he said it. Part of that includes knowing what the work in which the phrase was a part of was all about. The Birth of Tragedy is a highly philosophical work that is divided into a total of twenty six chapters which includes......

Words: 1646 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Kierkegaard vs. Nietzsche

...Kierkegaard vs. Nietzsche Soren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche are known to be two of the greatest nineteenth century existentialists of all time. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe. It regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. Soren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche both felt that life is irrational. They were problem thinkers who chose not to follow the systematic approach to philosophy as their predecessors did. In this regard, they stood on common ground. Both realized that no system of philosophy operates in isolation of its creators inherent prejudices. Any subjective viewpoint is biased; therefore, objectivity is impossible in any moral example. They both recognized that God no longer exists in religion in present-day expression. Men and women go about their daily lives in a manner irreverent of the possibility that there is an all-powerful God governing their affairs. Surprisingly, they proclaim their devotion to God when questioned about it. However, in their attempts to resolve this moral affliction Nietzsche and Kierkegaard are different in their quest for a cure. The very foundations of their moral constitutions were built upon conflicting ideologies: Kierkegaard put his in Christianity, while Nietzsche’s in individualism and self-determination. ......

Words: 2004 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...MARXISM Over 150 years ago Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto. In The Communist Manifesto they were the first to give a thorough and scientific analysis of the laws and workings of capitalist society: why it results in the polarization of wealth and how it can be overthrown. In the last few years their ideas have been regaining popularity. At the end of 1999 Marx was voted the greatest thinker of the millennium in a BBC online poll. It is the economic crisis of capitalism internationally that has forced many to reassess their view of Marx. Capitalism is a cyclical system: crises can be caused by a number of factors, such as financial crashes or political unrest. Marx recognized that capitalism, despite all its abuses, played an important role in developing the productive forces and the world market. It was an advance from the feudal societies that preceded it. Today, capitalism has developed the world market and the wealth, science and technology have laid the foundations for a socialist society. Under capitalism, wealth and power have always been concentrated in the hands of the capitalists. And the development of technology is driven by the need for profit. The anarchy of the capitalist market always results in increasing wealth and power for a few but poverty for the many. Today the capitalists are a far wealthier and a far smaller class than they were in Marx's time. In the last 50 years the wealth gap between the richest 20% of humanity......

Words: 1670 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Nietzsche's Superman

...Tim Livolsi PHI-144 March 21, 2014 Nietzsche’s Superman In one of Friedrich Nietzsche’s most popular pieces of literature, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, he illustrates what would turn out to be one of his most notable philosophical ideals – that of the overman. The term “overman” refers to Nietzsche’s perception of a person who has prevailed over himself and human nature. Essentially, an overman is an individual who has surpassed the constraints of the human condition and achieved a point of freedom – limitless and allowing for creativity. This condition can be viewed as the status of a person in his entirety, an individual unfettered by the pressures and societal requirements of civilization and other people. Furthermore, the overman wills his own destiny, creates his own values, and dances with the game of life to the tune of his own spirit. In Thus Spoke Zarathustra¸ Nietzsche writes of three spiritual metamorphoses that must be undergone for the individual to reach the state of the overman. These transformations are somewhat narrow in nature, and thus can be seen as a type of guide to becoming the overman, or liberating one’s spirit. In this paper, I will interpret the three stages in the metamorphosis to becoming the overman, and provide an evaluation of how the concept of an overman can apply to us specifically. The first metamorphosis described by Zarathustra – Nietzsche’s mouthpiece – is that of the camel. He asks: What is difficult? asks the spirit that would bear......

Words: 1691 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Journal Entry for Chapter 5

...Journal Entry 11.Chapter 5: The teacher and his teachings, Pages: 108-109. Monday 24, 2014 A New Kind of Teacher Socrates a different kind of teacher, he was not paid to be a teacher and his teaching method was different. He believed that people could not think clearly if they are not clear on what they are analyzing or talking about. Therefore, in his teaching sessions he would ask questions and answer them the best he could. So I wondered, how different would the education system be if we had follow Socrates way of teaching? Socrates is one of the most important people in western philosophy. I found it interesting that we have no writings from his own hand, from his two students Plato and Xenophon. I agreed with Socrates claim that appearance of the body is less important than how it functions and true beauty comes from spirit and character. I questioned if spirit and character is more important than the physical appearance, why do modern society judge an individual based on their physical appearance? Journal Entry 12. Chapter 6: the Theory of forms. Pages 144. Thursday, February 20, 2014. Knowledge Vs. Opinion Plato is one of the philosophers that interest me the most because of his search for knowledge outside his “comfort zone.” Plato left the Athens and wandered for twelve years and during that time he studied mathematics and mysticism. For me, as a math minor, it was interesting to see how mathematics influenced Plato’s philosophy and I wondered, does an......

Words: 1901 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Was the Spartacist Uprising the Most Important Problem Faced by the Weimar Republic in the Years 1919-1923?

...Was the Spartacist uprising the most important problem faced by the Weimar Republic in the years 1919-1923? Explain your answer. The most important problem that the Weimar Republic faced was the Kapp Putsch. This was because in this uprising the Freikorps units managed to get the Weimar government to flee showing that they had a lot of power and were undermining the Weimar Republic. However, even though this was the most important reason there were other factors that caused problems for the Weimar Republic from the years 1919-1923 including the Spartacist uprising, the French occupation of the Ruhr and the weaknesses of the Constitution. To determine which factor is the most important I will look at how successful each factor and how many problems each of them caused the Weimar Republic in regards to money and power. Although, all these factors caused problems for the Weimar Republic it was the Kapp Putsch that put pressure on the Weimar Republic and was important problem they had to face. The Kapp Putsch was the most significant problem that the Weimar Republic faced from 1919-1923. This was due to them having a strong army subsequently putting a lot of pressure on the Weimar Republic. This was the biggest threat to the Weimar Republic as Dr. Wolfgang who was in charge of the rebellion managed to get the Weimar Republic to flee therefore putting him in power and making this rebellion a success. One of the reasons why this was such an important problem that the......

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...In the late 1700’s and 1800’s several theories regarding the economy emerged. Some economic theorist such as Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Engels write about whats wrong with the economy and how they wanted to fix the economy. The eighteenth century thinker Adam Smith (1723 – 1790) is taken as a very useful example of liberal ideas. Adam Smith was both the explained and advocate of liberal capitalism, and the forerunner of the critique of capitalism. Smith believes that societies should be protected against the invasion of other societies meaning, societies should not be affected by other societies, and all citizens should have the same justice in every way. Smith thinks the motivation of improving your self work goes to the production of goods in a economic system. People want to improve their social status with improves the economy, the reason people work is to make money and money is the foundation to a stable government. Friedrich Engles and Karl Marx, they both believed in modern day communism and socialism. they both thought that the problem with society is that it was very hard to get a job wasn't like today with you give a application and they see if you qualify, back then very few jobs not a lot of shops to work at and even if a random person got a job witch is unlikely, the job would pay horribly; and when you don't have a job your poor, on the streets and starving. So at that point you either end up stealing money and food or you just die of hunger...

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

History Recommendation (Teacher)

...I have known [] in the capacity of his World History teacher for the last four years. I taught him first during GCE O Levels and I am currently teaching him in GCE A Level. He is easily one of the top few if not the top student that I have taught in my teaching career. [] is extremely driven and his thirst for knowledge takes him to unexpected shelves of college and other libraries around Lahore. I know this because he usually comes searching for me after these visits to discuss new ideas he has picked up or discuss subsequent book lists. He took five extra subjects at GCE O Levels and secured A*’s in all of them. Word History was one of these subjects and is usually taught only at GCE A Levels in Aitchison and at first, the school administration was reluctant to introduce it for GCE O Level students. [] decided to take the initiative to convince them that it would be a good idea and wrote an application to the headmaster detailing why the subject should be offered and then he went around convincing people in his batch to take up World History until there was a sufficient number of students to convince the administration. In class, he has demonstrated an ability to critically analyse historical events. He presents interesting arguments that are well thought out and incisive. His subject knowledge is not restricted to the syllabus. Last week, our class was having a general discussion on Bolshevism and Marxism. I was greatly impressed by his answers and arguments that he......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Kant vs Nietzsche Philosophy Paper

...Kant vs. Nietzsche One of the most fundamental questions in philosophy is what the most important thing we are looking for is and what effects it has on our lives. There are different views related to such a fundamental question. The treatment of people is the question of morality. We are going to take a look at positions taken by great German philosophers Kant and Nietzsche on the question of morality and the way people should be treated, based on their arguments presented in theories developed by them. Kant’s philosophy is based on the assumption that there is a metaphysical dimension which implies that there are some absolute things that do exist outside of human beings and which are the ends in themselves (not intended to promote an achievement of any other end). Kant calls these abstract absolute things the categorical imperative. The categorical imperative in his view is something that is not dependent on anything else and, therefore, should be something that we should strive for. The concept of the categorical imperative is important because we can use it to determine whether our actions are being moral through the application of the universal law, which implies the categorical imperative. The universal law says that we should never act except in such a way that we can also will that our maxim should become a universal law. The whole system of Kant’s morality is based on the assumption that there is an autonomous will, which is the source of moral action and......

Words: 2047 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Karl Marx

...Karl Marx: A Man of Many Thoughts Karl Heinrich Marx was born into a wealthy in the Prussian Rhineland of Trier, Germany to Herschel Marx and Henrietta Pressburg. The German born philosopher, economist, historian, journalist and revolutionary socialist was born on May 5, 1818, later becoming a pioneer in the world of economics, focusing on the relationship between labor and capital(Wikipedia). Marx became interested in philosophy after studying the Young Hegelians at the University of Bonn and the University of Berlin (Wikipedia). Later he began associating with a few communist societies, where he would meet the person he would collaborate with from then on. Through his ever changing ideas and philosophies, Karl Marx has influenced Socialist as well as Communist, on his road to becoming one of history’s greatest minds. When Marx was developing as a young economist and historian much of his influence came from his connection he felt to Hegel and the Young Hegelians. Most of the Young Hegelians were instrumental in assisting Hegel by pushing him to further the most conservative implications of his work. Much of Marx’s significant advancements of this time of his life were the result of him trying to find his place in amongst Hegel and the other talented Young Hegelians like Ludwig Feuerbach, who thought to try and re-write the metaphysics Hegel and recently developed in the early 1840’s, critiquing Hegel’s doctrine of religion and the state, in the process. The......

Words: 1063 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Evaluate Nietzsche's Critique of Christian Morality

...In Friedrich Nietzsche’s “On the Genealogy of Morality,” the author addresses the historical origins and circumstances that influenced the meaning of our current moral values. Nietzsche argues that Christian morality sprung from the resentment that the weak felt for the strong, which led to the revaluation of preexisting values through the development of slave morality. This slave morality was designed for the protection and glorification of the weak and aroused sympathy and guilt in the strong, which, consequently, began to question their power and legitimacy. Nietzsche criticizes Christian morality, highlighting that it is an infective rationalization of weakness, which hinders the growth and progress of the human race. However, it could be argued that Nietzsche’s arguments are too naturalistic and can only be viable when based on an atheistic framework. In addition, despite the thorough critique of Christian morality, Nietzsche fails to offer an alternative system of morality, which questions the plausibility of his arguments. Nietzsche argues that Christianity sprung froth from Judaism and asserted that Christian morality was developed from the base motivation of what he called ‘ressentiment’, which is the feeling of hostility that the slaves held for the master race. The philosopher claimed that the Jews, out of their ressentiment and hatred for the strong master race, began to reject the “aristocratic value equation,” which stated that the good are the strong, the......

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

What Is a Precis

...“What is a Precis” In his article, Karl Marx who is well known as a German philosopher, criticizes the position of alienation from the article “ Estranged Labor.” In a capitalist nation, Karl Marx discusses that when doing labor, alienation is a basic component which is required to control a physical presence. Evidently, Marx is different from other philosophers as he embraces to view man as a human being, as well as individual which is demonstrated in his article. Throughout Karl Marx’s text, the idea of alienation is consistently used and in his article, Karl introduces the four distinctive types of alienation. In his article, Karl Marx characterizes private property in which the capitalist society owns all resulting products, that are done by the laborers. When laborers are alienated from the products of their employment, this is known to be the first type of alienation, signifying that more the laborer yields, the fewer the laborer will have. The second type of alienation is when the workers are forced to do work and these workers are not satisfied. This means the workers are technically slaves to their owner. The third type of alienation that occurs in a capitalist society is when laborers are forced to work and are alienated from their bodies and human ability. Lastly, the fourth type of alienation is when the workers are alienated from having social contact with other workers in their work field. The importance of this article written by Karl Marx was to the show the......

Words: 277 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nietzsche V Plato

...Nietzsche v Plato Nietzsche’s Three Metamorphoses and Plato’s “The Allegory of the Cave,” are both similar and vastly different. Nietzsche speaks of three phases in which we as humans traverse in our lives towards a kind of enlightenment. Plato speaks of how we as humans need to open our minds in order to attain a better knowledge towards enlightenment. Both express ways towards accomplishing an understanding of life around us. The difference between the two is the journey towards finding ourselves. Both Nietzsche and Plato highlight important factors and way to towards enlightenment and a better self. In the Three Metamorphoses, Nietzsche describes the first phase as a camel. In this phase, we as humans are ready to prove ourselves. We bring on the heaviest and hardest ideas that we can comprehend. We try to understand everything around us and take it all on. In this phase, we are trying to find ourselves, we seek out and absorb as much as we can. Humans test the waters of different ideas in an effort to mold ourselves in a way that we deem worthy. This is a time in our lives where we The second phase Nietzsche speaks about is when the camel becomes a lion. Here, we realize what is important to us as individuals. We become lions and strike out ideas that we do not see fit. Whatever we took on as camels, we now reflect back and weed out certain things that aren’t truths to us. As we grow older and experience in our lives has granted us wisdom, we realize...

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Philosophy Study Guide: Nietzsche (On the Genealogy of Morality, First Treatise; Section 11 of Second Treatise): • True goodness is not just being altruistic • To find out real human goodness, Nietzsche goes back to study history and the study of words-etymology • In the words and roots that designate good, the nobles felt themselves to be humans of a higher rank. Call themselves the truthful.esthlos means the one who is, who possesses reality, who is true. Becomes the catchword of the aristocratic and feel like it distinguishes them from the common “lying” man. • *Origin of morality is power* • Justice is a product of power. It puts order in place/creates laws/preserves power so it continues. There isn’t universal justice. • Life is understood as the desire for power. • Nietzsche believes there have been two types of moralities: o The first morality- aristocratic morality-moral reality  The “good” are the few. They possess reality. They have power, strength, victory, self-affirming, freedom, possessors of truth, active. They have a healthier expression of life. More beautiful. They look down upon and despise the “bad”  The noble human beings live with himself in confidence and openness  The “bad” are the many. They are lower in class, weak, simple, restricted, lacking, degenerate, oppressed, plotting, hating, lying, and passive. They will eventually gain power which leads to Nietzsche’s slave morality.  The priests are the leaders of this “bad” slave......

Words: 3180 - Pages: 13