Premium Essay

From Pmbok

In: Business and Management

Submitted By meenah003
Words 232485
Pages 930
Project Management

Project and Programme Management Resources for Students
Gower have teamed up with a major provider of project management training, ESI International, to bring you a range of project and programme resources to support your learning. Visit and:

• • • •

Download white papers on topics as diverse as the project communication, project leadership, risk management and project troubleshooting. View professional project webinars from some of the leading presenters on project management covering topics such as: risk management, troubled project recovery, portfolio management, business requirements, earned value management, performance-based service contracting. Learn about the qualifications and development available from the PMI, Project Management Institute, the world’s largest non-profit professional association in project management. Link to further resources, professional bodies, news sites and more.

These resources are designed to help you develop your learning on project management and start you on the road to professional qualifications or further development, once you have finished your degree or your current qualification.


Project Management
Ninth Edition


© Dennis Lock 2007 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the publisher. Published by Gower Publishing Limited Gower House Croft Road Aldershot Hampshire GU11 3HR England Gower Publishing Company Suite 420 101 Cherry Street Burlington, VT 05401-4405 USA Dennis Lock has asserted his moral right under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, to be identified as the author of this work. British Library...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Firdawsi in the Shah-nama skillfully employs foreshadowing to create suspense, emphasize the tragedy, and portray the mood. Foreshadowing is very important and change the way a story is read. Firdawsi did a great good of foreshadowing when he wrote the Shah-nama. The Shah-nama is a tragedy that tells the story of Rustam and Suhrab. Rustam is a mighty leader who unknowingly kills his son Suhrab. Creating suspense in any story is very important to keep a reader entertained and actively reading the story. One way this can be done is by foreshadowing. In the Shah-nama, Firdawsi, the author uses foreshadowing to create suspense. “Let us dismiss such fancies from our hearts, for he will come to fight with me tomorrow.(4) This creates suspense because Suhrab is expecting another battle tomorrow. One can be lead to believe that the fight will be epic battle. One can also be lead to believe that Rustam will find out the truth. In conclusion this is how Firdawsi used foreshadowing to create suspense. A tragedy will often be the topic of a poem. Firdawsi used foreshadowing to emphasize the tragedy in the Shah-nama. “My mother told me I should recognize my father”(5). This is where Rustam figures out he might have a connection to Suhrab. The reader can also predict that the truth will come out and Suhrab will provide proof that he is Rustam’s seed. This also emphasizes how tragic the kill of one’s child can be. As you can see foreshadowing is important in a story especially when......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Healthcare Reform

...Allen Watts English 1302 Mr. Jeffers September 29, 2011 Short Happy Life As I begin to read this story it’s obvious that something went wrong in the initial hunt, but the third person narration takes you through different point of views as the story begins. Wilson an overpowering hunt guide with the courage of a (Lion) sets out to prove he’s worthy of his reputation. From his witty confidence in selecting drinks after their hunt to his overseeing ways to make sure everyone get a good breakfast before the day start on their courageous expeditions day after day. The narration is letting the reader solely see that Wilson is in control of the first act of the story. He ensures that the hunter receive all rewards from the hunt, even if it didn’t go as plan as this story was told. I read in the narration where the men whom did not participate in the hunt, was updated on the events of the day, and change their character of the hunter, Mr. Macomber. Mr. Wilson intervenes to squash all negative talks of the paid guest. As the character tries to assert the triumph of the kill on to Mr. Wilson, he constantly relinquishes it back to the hunter, so that it seem theirs hasn’t been a problem in the day’s event, only a successful kill. I see a troublesome relationship with Mr. and Mrs. Macomber as the narrator encourages you to notice the attraction building for Wilson through Mrs.......

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Makes You Stronger

...The first time I got drunk, I was in the eighth grade. On a Thursday evening, a gallon of Carlo Rossi Chianti sat in its usual place on our kitchen table. While my family lounged in the living room mesmerized by the television set, I pilfered sips from this seemingly endless supply. I still have the image of the red vomit stained wall next to my bed in the early morning hours. Even though it made me sick, I didn’t stop getting drunk until I was 41, when my middle-aged body started to rebel in a language I could finally understand. Torrential night sweats and heart palpitations made it clear that this stuff would kill me. The mother of a five-year-old daughter at the time, I couldn’t let that happen. Fast-forward three years and I’m feeling grounded in my sobriety, smug in the perception that I had narrowly escaped disaster when the phone call came. My beloved 20-year-old nephew was killed in a car crash at one in the morning. When I heard the time of the crash, I instinctively asked, “Was he drinking?” The answer was yes. Ironically, I spent the next four months battling the urge to numb the unbearable pain of grief with alcohol. Not only had our family lost this beautiful child, but I also nursed the guilt that my own example of alcoholic indulgence and carelessness had helped put Daniel on that rural road at 1 a.m. He and his family had been experiencing hard times and his mother told me that a few months before Daniel’s death, she said to him, “What doesn’t......

Words: 486 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...David does a great job at directing the viewer’s eyes where he wants. Upon first looking at Gerard David’s lamentation (or as stated in the syllabus his deposition) the viewers eyes are directed towards St. John then to Christ himself. The main emphasis of the painting is the lamentation of Christ. The lamentation is emphasized by placing the characters in the fore ground in the center of the painting. The composition of the painting allows the viewer to see the whole painting while focusing on Christ’s lamentation. David made the painting so the viewer will see the background and the foreground as one then drawing the viewer’s attention to the foreground where St. John, Mary and Christ are. There are a few objects that are fascinating or attractive. One of the objects is the white lily in the foreground with a yellow flower. Another thing that attracts the eyes is the circular object to the left of the lamentation, which looks like the thorny crown Christ wore. There are also the nails that held Christ to the cross and the tools used to pull out the nails. Some objects are puzzling like the city in the background most likely Jerusalem or the heavenly Jerusalem. This is a huge beautiful city coming out of the hills behind St. John. Another is Joseph of Arimathea wearing a turban and exotic clothing. Joseph of Arimathea clothing is the only clothing of that style in the painting. There are many first responses to David’s painting discussed in the first......

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Critical Essay on "How Do I Love Thee?"

...commitment, it is an emotional and physical feeling which takes over your whole state of mind and how you feel. There are many definitions and views of love, and the Merriam-Webster dictionary has ten definitions for love in it but it seems as though it doesn’t have any good definitions of love. However I carefully searched for an adequate definition and it was found in the most surprising place, a place that should have been the most obvious but not wanting to start controversy, I refused to see what was sitting right in front of me, a poem. One might say that a poem couldn’t possibly demonstrate the meaning of love. Conversely, many disagree; a poem could in fact demonstrate the meaning and feeling of love. A poem are the words that come from a person’s heart, mind, or soul, meaning it is personal and no one can know the true definition and meaning of something unless one has experienced it. With that being said, a poem, specifically, a poem by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, “How Do I Love Thee?” demonstrated the preeminent meaning of love, compared to all other meanings, this definition has to be the best. This particular poem is important to study because it is popular to American poets, literature authors, and journalists. It is a famous love poem reviewed, critiqued, and interpreted by many, and majority of the people who come across it find it interesting. Personally it is interesting because of the way it is written, it is written so that the...

Words: 3004 - Pages: 13

Free Essay


...At the close of Crime and Punishment, Raskolinkov is convicted of Murder and sentenced to seven years in Siberian prison. Yet even before the character was conceived, Fyodor Dostoevsky had already convicted Raskolinkov in his mind (Frank, Dostoevsky 101). Crime and Punishment is the final chapter in Dostoevsky's journey toward understanding the forces that drive man to sin, suffering, and grace. Using ideas developed in Notes from Underground and episodes of his life recorded in Memoirs of the House of the Dead, Dostoevsky puts forth in Crime in Punishment a stern defense of natural law and an irrefutable volume of evidence condemning Raskolnikov's actions (Bloom, Notes 25). Central to the prosecution of any crime, murder in particular, is the idea of motive. Not only must the prosecutor prove the actus rectus or "guilty act," but also that the criminal possessed the mens rea or "guilty mind" (Schmalleger 77). The pages of Crime and Punishment and the philosophies of Dostoevsky provide ample proof of both. The first is easy; Dostoevsky forces the reader to watch firsthand as Raskolnikov "took the axe all the way out, swung it with both hands, scarcely aware of himself, and almost without effort, almost mechanically, brought the butt-end down on her head" (Crime and Punishment 76). There is no doubt Raskolnikov caused the death of Alena Ivanovna and, later, Lizaveta, but whether he possessed the mens rea is another matter entirely. By emphasizing the......

Words: 1191 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Home is a collection of unique aerial footage from over 50 countries, which will try to show the state of the planet in natural and urban areas with the goal of inciting people to act. Says the producer, Denis Carot, "Home is a film with a message that sets out to shift people's perceptions, make us aware of the tectonic movements at work and incite us to act. Although there is a general trend in our societies towards an awareness of ecological issues, concrete action is still too little, too slow—which constitutes in some ways the creed of the movie: It's too late to be a pessimist". Find out more details on the movie and about the events around the world for the premiere in the extended.Foundations and Idea behind Home Although famous for its Earth from Above pictures, this is the first movie by French photographer Yann Arthus Bertrand. He got the idea of making it moved by the impact Al Gore's An Inconvenient Truth had since its release. "When I invited Al Gore to show his film, An Inconvenient Truth, to the French Parliament, I realized just how much impact a movie could have, even more than a TV program. I saw how moved the audience was—to tears in some cases—and I said to myself that a feature film was an excellent way of reaching people," he said in an interview at the press release brochure. Great Prismatic springs at the Yellowstone Park, United States. ©Film "Home", a coproduction by Elzevir Films/Europacorp. A movie from above Following his tradition of......

Words: 695 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

English Sources

...Sarah Reed Dr. Atha British Literature- Period 8 21 April 2016 Annotated Bibliography Baumel, Judith. "Browning, Elizabeth Barrett (1806–1861)." World Poets. Ed. Ron Padgett. Vol. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2000. 153-162. Scribner Writers on GVRL. Web. 21 Apr. 2016. In a paper by Judith Baumel, Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s life is dissected and tells the reader why Elizabeth writes the way she does. Goodman, Brent. "An overview of “Sonnet 43”." Poetry for Students. Detroit: Gale Artemis. Literature Resource Center. Web. 21 Apr. 2016. In an overview written by Brent Goodman, explains Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s writing style and the structure of her varies poems. Kelly, David. "An Overview of “Sonnet 43”." Poetry for Students. Detroit: Gale. Literature Resource Center. Web. 21 Apr. 2016. David Kelly is another writer that published an overview of “Sonnet 43”. In his overview he is explaining the meaning of the poem and stresses the idea of love. "Overview: 'Sonnet XLIII'." Gale Online......

Words: 409 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Movie Review Away from Her

...Away From Her The only thing we can say about Sarah Polley’s screenwriting and directorial debut is: wow! Basing her script on the short story “The Bear Came over the Mountain” by Alice Munro, Polley had created a masterpiece. Julie Christie plays Fiona, a woman suffering from the beginning stages of Alzheimer’s Disease. She and her husband, Grant (Gordon Pinsent), have not been apart from each other for nearly four and a half decades, so understandably he takes it quite hard when she decides it would be best for her to enter into a nursing hope for people suffering from Alzheimer’s. Over the course of time, Grant becomes somewhat alarmed, and even a little jealous, over the strength of friendship that she develops with a fellow patient named Aubrey. As can be expected, Grant has to struggle to come to terms with this new relationship and with Fiona’s fading memory. Although Julie Christie has been widely recognized for her performance (nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress, winner of the BAFTA, Golden Globe, and National Board of Review, Screen Actors Guild for the same, as well as numerous film critics societies), and not to take anything away from that, the story is driven by Gordon Pinsent’s performance (he won the award for Outstanding Male Performance from the Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television, and Radio Artists…they’re version of the SAG Awards). Also of note is Olympia Dukakis playing Marian, Aubrey’s wife, as she......

Words: 365 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Selfish Giant

...and left for the neighbouring kingdom. The giant came back from his friend’s place after seven years. Seeing the children play in his garden, he angrily chased them away and built a high wall around the garden. After the children stopped coming to the garden, the trees and flowers were so sad that they lost their beauty and were covered with snow and frost. No birds came to sing there. Spring was everywhere but in the giant’s garden it was still winter. One morning, the giant saw children playing in the garden. They had entered through a small hole in the wall. And spring arrived in the garden at last to express its happiness on seeing the children again. The giant realised that he had been selfish and was very sorry for what he had done. He let the children play in the garden every day. The giant’s favourite among the children was a little boy who had kissed him when he helped him to get on top of the tree. But the little boy stopped coming to the garden and the giant was very sad. Many years passed and the giant grew old and weak. One winter morning, the giant saw the same boy under a tree. He ran down to the boy in joy. The boy was an angel who had come to take the giant to the garden of Paradise as a reward for letting him play in his garden. THE SELFISH GIANT SECOND SUMMARY A group of children would play in the garden belonging to a giant each day after school. One day, the giant returns home from a seven year visit to his friend, a Cornish ogre.......

Words: 682 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Understanding Iconography

...Week 1/Reading Art/Understanding Iconography Leanne Diliberto Art/101 12/22/2013 Lynn Wocell Understanding Iconography In the world of art, there are four roles of an artist. They can use their artwork to help us see the world in new and innovative ways. An artist can also use their artwork to create a visual record of their specific time and place. Another role of an artist is to make functional objects and structures more pleasurable by imbuing them with beauty and meaning. Finally the fourth role of an artist is to give form to the immaterial ideas and feelings. The first piece of artwork I chose is a piece created by Christo and Jeanne-Claude called “The Gates”. This artwork is beautiful and amazingly done. It is a great example of how an artist can use their artwork to help us see the world in new and innovative ways. Christo and Jeanne-Claude used their artwork to bring two different cultures together in one place for all to see. The artwork made Central Park even more beautiful and for those who were lucky enough to see this artwork, it is something they will never forget. I like the idea of using real objects to create art. Most people think art is simply drawn or painted and they don't realize that art can be so much more than just something on paper or on a wall. Using objects to create art is so interesting and creative. The second piece of artwork I chose is Claude Monet's “Gare Saint Lazare. Monet takes the role of an artist......

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Foreshadowing Evil to Win

...Foreshadowing Evil to Win In core, the definition of a utopia is extremely subjective. What would seem like a utopia to one may seem completely ambiguous to someone from a different (or even the same) culture. In consequence even though a utopia and dystopia are polar opposites by definition; the fine line that divides the two truly deserves its title. In Childhood’s End, Clarke explores the nature of the fine line by instigating the arrival of the superfluous Overlords, an advanced impeccable alien race who cleanses the world of inequality and creates a utopia of peace and stability which is evidently shown throughout the novel that they will be vanished. In the wake of reconstruction, Earth “by the standards of all earlier ages, it was Utopia. Ignorance, disease, poverty, and fear had virtually ceased to exist” (Clarke 64). Inequality is the greatest source of unrest and is the cause for all the aforementioned maladies of society. The suppression of inequality naturally brings content and harmony to society and its denizens and as a result “crime had practically vanished. It had become both unnecessary and impossible. When no one lacks anything, there is no point in stealing” (Clarke 65). With no fear to life or property, mankind thrives in a world of security and trust, defined only by the relative term “utopia.” Every action has an opposite, but equal, reaction. The consequence to ensured stability and equivalence is suppressed creativity and expression of spirit. ...

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Crime and Punishment Literary Analysis

...Azaria Antoine Mrs. Swan AP English Literature and Composition 4/14/15 Throughout the ages people have wondered what the truth behind dreams are. Questions like, why do we dream? And what is the purpose and meaning of dreams? have often crossed people’s minds. Some psychologists believe that dreams allow us to be what we cannot be, and to say what we do not say, in our more repressed daily lives; others believe they are just ones imagination at work. Such ideas can be used to explain the dreams of Raskolnikov in Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s novel, Crime and Punishment. Dostoyevsky’s use of imagery, symbolism and foreshadowing, in each Aspect of the dream reflect facets of Raskolnikov's complex personality and his attitude toward the crime he intends to commit. In his dream, Raskolnikov imagines himself as a young boy with his father. As they were walking, they noticed a drunken man, Mikolka, and a group of his drunk friends beating his horse to death for failing to walk while pulling an overloaded cart. Many aspects of the dream served as a symbol. The beaten horse in the dream, symbolizes Alyona, who Raskolnikov had planned to murder, while the young boy, Raskolnikov, and Mikolka together symbolize both sides of Raskolnikov’s conflicting conscience. While the young raskolnikov was pained by the brutal treatment shown to the horse, Mikolka felt as if the horse was useless to him and that she wasn’t doing any good for society and the people around her, and therefore deserved......

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

John Q Kohlberg

...The film opens to a young woman recklessly driving a BMW down a mountain highway. After being hit by two trucks, she dies (this whole ordeal is interspersed throughout the movie). John Quincy Archibald (Denzel Washington) and his wife Denise witness their young son Michael collapse at his baseball game. After a series of tests at the hospital, John is informed by Dr. Raymond Turner (James Woods) and Rebecca Payne (Anne Heche), a hospital administrator, that Michael has an enlarged heart and will need a transplant. However because the company he works for dropped John from full-time to part-time, his health insurance has been changed and the new policy does not cover the surgery, leaving them to raise $250,000 in order to get their son's name on the donor list. The family tries to raise the money but are only able to come up with a third of the necessary payment. Eventually the hospital gets tired of waiting and decides to release Michael, leading Denise to tell John to "do something." Unwilling to let his child die, John walks into the hospital ER with a handgun, gathers hostages, and sets demands: his son's name on the recipient list as soon as possible. The hostage negotiator, Lt. Frank Grimes stands down to let John cool off. Meanwhile, John and the 11 hostages communicate and learn more about each other. They begin to understand John's situation and support him a little as he ensures each of them receive the treatment they came to the emergency room for. One of them,......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Doetoevsky Underground Man

...English comp 4CW Spencer Jackson May 14, 2014 Dostoevsky: Rationality and Reason Many philosophers believed that reason could provide critical, informed solutions to social issues and in turn improve the human condition. Fyodor Dostoevsky conducts an assault against this notion in Notes From the Underground, making this work one of the most famous anti-enlightenment novels. Through this novel he showed what he believed were gaps in the idea that the mind could be freed from ignorance through the application of reason, and the rejection of the idea that humankind could achieve a utopian existence as a result. The narrator in this novel also known as the underground man is a pessimistic man who symbolizes what could happen to mankind should endless application of reason take over. Without any care for his health or well being out of spite, he becomes a perfect character for Dostoevsky to illustrate his argument against the enlightenment ideas. The narrator decides upon actions that oppose his interests for the sole reason of proving that he is an unpredictable man who enjoys his own free will and ability to make voluntary decisions of his own, without being restrained by the ideas of rationality and reason. Dostoevsky seems to be making the statement that rationality is indeed useful for analyzing situations but is ultimately damaging if focused on constantly. Reason does not, as many Enlightenment thinkers believed, free man but reduces us to something that......

Words: 1286 - Pages: 6