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Functional Roles

In: Business and Management

Submitted By decatur
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Every manager regardless of the nature of the organization or the functional area, in which they operate, executes their work in four key roles. According to the Henri Fayol’s functional approach, all managers plan, organize, command, coordinate and control. These traditional functions have been curtailed to reflect four major roles of a manager. (Robbins & Coulter, 2012). My paper will analyze these four roles of a manager within the functional areas of business.
Planning
Planning is the bedrock on which the other managerial functions operate. In order for a manager to create an environment where individuals are working together to achieve the organizational success, there must be planning. A manager’s job is to ensure that everyone understands the team’s goals and objectives and how to achieve them. Managers must establish the organization’s goals which outline what is needed, how to accomplish the company’s objectives and provide the allocated time to arrive at the stated goals. In addition managers are also required to provide the necessary steps in which to effectively implement the goals of the company. The final step in the planning role of a manager, is the evaluation process where they are able to assess the success of their plans and take corrective action when necessary. (Carpenter, Bauer & Erdogan, 2009). One of the most important planning processes of a company is the strategic planning concept, which is vital to the company’s survival, because it enables the business to maintain its competitive position in the market place. Managers must become strategic in their planning and decision making. The essence of the strategic planning process requires managers to define the direction of the organization and how to distribute its resources based on this strategy. Overall strategic planning deals with at least one or three key questions:...

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