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Gandhi and Satyagraha

In: People

Submitted By kamelung
Words 1535
Pages 7
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, born in 1869, was one of the world’s most influential figures. He led many protests that revolutionized the idea of civil disobedience, or non-violent protest. Gandhi rallied thousands to disobey the oppressive and racist British government as an Indian nationalist movement to free India. Under his leadership, the Indian Congress launched a series of mass movements: the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Non Cooperation Movement in 1920s and 1930s. The former was triggered by the historic Salt March, when Gandhi led a group of followers from his ashram on a 200 mile march to Dandi on the west coast in order to prepare salt in a violation of British law. Gandhi soon earned the title “Mahatma,” or Great Soul. In August 1942, the Quit India movement was launched. The British resorted to brutal repression against non-violent protesters. It was evident that the British could only maintain the empire at enormous cost to themselves. At the end of World War II, the British began to transfer power to the now sovereign State of India. Throughout the major events of his life, the concept of Satyagraha, or non-violent, peaceful resistance remained a foundational basis for all of his major movements. Gandhi’s philosophy of Satyagraha encompassed his most central core value and belief of the truthful pursuit of non-violence. This idea is displayed through the formation of his ideas on civil disobedience, his implementation of the historic Salt March, and his reaction to the Quit India movement.
Satyagraha provides a structural foundation for Gandhi’s ideas on the subject of non-violence and truth and the theory allows him to propagate his ideas in his several movements. Satyagraha is Gandhi’s idea of exclusively non-violent civil disobedience, and is loosely translated as “love force,” which implies that though the nature of Satyagraha is about...

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