Gb520 Walmart Case Study
Business and Management
Submitted By questworldz2k
December 16, 2014
Strategic Human Resources Management
Wal-Mart Case Study
Contents Introduction 3 Background 3 Summary 3 Exploring Answers 4 The Secret Formula 4 The Issues 5 Recommendations 7 Conclusion 7
The purpose of this analysis is to examine domestic Human Resource strategies in contrast to International Human Resource strategies. One goal of globalization is to be able to do business across borders without stress. Similarly, as companies grow customer bases, it is important to have strategic business units in areas local to the customer base. It is what is required to successfully build a successful global presence. This analysis will attempt to highlight potential issues faced by Walmart when they opened up for business in China in 1996. This analysis will also provide a set of recommendations that may have helped to avert the issues that Wal-Mart faced.
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. started when Sam Walton set out on an ambitious mission to have a store with the lowest prices anytime, anywhere. In 1962 Sam Walton opened the very first Wal-Mart in Rogers, Arkansas. By 1967, they owned 24 stores and continued to rapid expanding. In 1983, they added to their portfolio by starting a wholesale/bulk retailer called “Sam’s Club” and by 1988, they started a hybrid of general merchandise stores and supermarkets and aptly called them “Super Centers.” In 1990 Wal-Mart became USA’s number-one retailer. In 1991, Wal-Mart opened its first global store in Mexico City, Mexico. In 1994, it rapidly expanded throughout Canada by purchasing of 100 Woolco stores and converting them to the Wal-mart brand. In 1996, Wal-Mart aspired to be the first retailer to open up a chain of stores in China (Walmart) but was facing a lot of resistance; and that’s where this case focuses on.