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Gender, Crime and Justice

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Submitted By cristinagh
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GENDER, CRIME AND JUSTICE

Gender patterns in crime * Most crime appears to be committed by males * Heidensohn: gender differences are perhaps the most significant feature of recorded crime * Higher propotion of female than males offenders are convicted of propert offences. Most males are convicted of violence/sexual offences * Males are more likely to repeat offenders and commit more serious crimes

Do women commit more crime?
They underestimate the amount of females as against females offending * Females crimes such as shoplifting are less likely to be reported * Even when women’s crimes are detected or reported, they are less likely to be prosecuted

The chivalry thesis
It argues that most criminal justice agents are men, and men are socialised to act in a chivalrous way towards women * Otto Pollack: men have a protective attitude towards women * Criminal justice system is more lenient with women and so their crimes are less likely to end up in oficial statistics, so gives and invalid picture exaggerating gender differences. Eg. males were 2.33 times more likely to admit committing crime, whereas oficial statistics shows males as four times more likely

* Evidence * David Farrington and Alison Morris- study of sentencing 408 offences of theft in magistrates court * Women aapear to be treated more leniently, may be because offences are less serious * Box: women who commit serious offences are not treated more favourably tan men * Bias against women * Courts treat females more harshly tan males when they deviate from gender norms. Eg. * Double standards * Women who do not conform to accepted standards of monogamous heterosexuality and motherhood are punished more harshly * Feminists argue doublé standards exist because the criminal justice system is patriarcal * Adler: women...

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