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Gender Roles

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Gender Roles in Ancient Greece and Rome
Mary Wright
HUM/100
November25, 2013
Ryan Roark

Gender Roles in Ancient Greece and Rome

In ancient Greece and Rome the roles of each gender played a significant part of the history that we learn of today. Each gender had particular a different role in the ancient times of both of these empires. Men and women were valued for different reasons and had different responsibilities and duties that they were to uphold. Today those roles are not thought of as the same, the gender roles have pretty well evened out. In Athens women were looked greatly upon to not gossip amongst themselves, to keep their homes neat and tidy, for giving birth to legitimate children. This is how they were valued, based upon how well they did each of these duties. Unfortunately, women in Greece were not considered as citizens. In these times, the father had rights over his daughter. After marriage a father had the right to ask for his daughters return. Women in Greece often were kept at home and could own their own property but was not allowed to sell or dispose of her property. In Rome, women were more free as they were able to own their own property as well as sell or dispose of their property. Women also were free to go about where she liked, they were not kept at home out of sight. As to where women in ancient Greece belonged to their father, women in Rome were subject to the dominant male role in her birth house or if she was married that was who she would most likely listen to. Women in Rome were looked greatly upon for characteristics such as modesty, keeping harmony, and not being with more than one male. Roman women were considered to be citizens yet they were not allowed to vote or hold any political office. Women living in these times in Rome were left to tend to the daily duties and responsibilities within the home as the men were out tending to other responsibilities. Men in Ancient Greece were treated very well. During the day they would work outside the home making the money to support the family. They were in politics and held office where as the women were not allowed to do so. While at home the men were very well taken care of so much as they would have slaves feed them and entertain them as they lounged. If you were a male in Ancient Rome you were either a rich or poor male and depending upon what you were on how you spent your day. If you were rich you woke up and ate a lavish breakfast before heading out to work, later in the day you might take a nap or a break and get a hair cut or other luxury. If you were poor you woke very early ate some bread and then went off for a long day of hard work. After work was bed so that they were able to wake early the next morning to do it again. The role of women in these cultures spread through the Middle East for many centuries. Women have only recently started earning their rights through the Middle East. These roles were brought about by Ancient Greece and Rome. Women and men in both cultures were basically looked upon for the same characteristics. Men worked outside of the home and were treated like kings at home. Women were thought of as the queen of their home and were to have children and keep their homes clean. These roles set well with their time. Today, in the world that we live in and are accustomed to gender roles do not play as nearly as an impact as it did back in Ancient Rome and Greece. Today women are able to hold positions in political offices. Today women work outside of the home along with the male working or there are many households that only the woman works and the man stays home. Women and men seem to be equal as there are women in all areas of the workforce today. This role switch does not only apply to the workforce but at home also. Today, fathers are stepping up and helping more with household work and the raising of their children. Today women can also have privileges such as the right to vote. This was unheard of back in the ancient times, women were not allowed to have such privileges.
References
Fiero, G. K. (2011). The Humanistic Tradition (6th ed.). New York, NY: Mc Graw Hill.
Gill, N. S. (2013). Comparison Between Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Retrieved from http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greecevsrome/ss/GreecevsRome_5.htm
Lewis, K. (24, November 2013). Gender Roles Change at Work and Home. Retrieved from http://workingmoms.about.com/od/workingmomsresearch/a/GenderRoles.htm
Voyage Back In Time. (2013, November 13). Retrieved from https://sites.google.com/site/voyagebackintime/home/rome-roles-of-men-women-and-children
Voyage Back in Time. (2013, November 13). Retrieved from https://sites.google.com/site/voyagebackintime/home/greece-roles-of-men-women-and-children
Wikipedia. (2013, November). Women in Ancient Rome. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Ancient_Rome

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