General Biology

In: Science

Submitted By toka1992
Words 274
Pages 2
pollution
(Author’s name)
(Institutional Affiliation)

Water is fundamental to every human being. The daily requirement for the body is close to twenty to fifty liters of clean safe water (Kemp, 2009). There are many reasons why access to clean water is beneficial to every human being.
Firstly, clean and safe drinking water is good for the health. All living things need water for survival. Water contributes to about seventy percent of the total human body and further plays other functions like digestion and cooling. Contaminated water is risky to the health since bacteria in polluted water cause sickness like cholera. Clean water is also good for maintenance of hygiene since it is used in bathing and laundry.
Secondly, protection of clean drinking water makes sense to the environment. Previously, there was an assumption that burring chemicals on earth has no effects. This is wrong because all things deposited on ground accumulate. The chemicals and other pollutants affect underground water that is sometimes used by human beings ( Easter, 2006). Treatment of contaminated water is time consuming and consumes significant portion of resources. Moreover, current technology cannot guarantee one hundred percent treatment; therefore prevention of pollution is key to provision of clean drinking water. Maintenance of cleaning drinking water is economically beneficial since it saves huge sums that are used in the treatment of contaminated water( Easter, 2006).

References
Kemp, R. (2009). Cities and water: A handbook for planning. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland &.
Easter, K. (2006). The economics of water quality. Aldershots, England: Ashgate.
Hunter, B. (2003). Water and your health: Clean water is vital to your health. North Bergen, NJ: Basic Health…...

Similar Documents

Biology

...Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with life and its characteristics. These characteristics include cellular organization, METABOLISM, response to stimuli, development and growth, and reproduction. Furthermore, the information needed to control the expression of such characteristics is contained within each organism. FUNDAMENTAL DISCIPLINES Life is divided into many levels of organization--atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms, and populations. The basic disciplines of biology may study life at one or more of these levels. Taxonomy attempts to arrange organisms in natural groups based on common features. It is concerned with the identification, naming, and classification of organisms. The seven major taxonomic categories, or taxa, used in classification are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Early systems used only two kingdoms, plant and animal, whereas most modern systems use five: MONERA (BACTERIA and BLUE-GREEN ALGAE), PROTISTA (PROTOZOA and the......

Words: 2835 - Pages: 12

Biology

...the Arecaceae family also known as the palm family. According to UCC Biology Department, “The spelling cocoanut is an archaic form of the word. The term is derived from 16th-century Portuguese and Spanish coco, meaning "head" or "skull". Coconut can be dated back to the story of Sinbad the Sailor, One Thousand and One Nights. He is known to have bought and sold coconuts during his fifth voyage. Its Malayalam name, Tenga, was used in the complete description of coconut found in Itinerario by Ludovico di Varthema published in 1510. Even earlier, it was called nux indica, a name used by Marco Polo in 1280. The origin of the coconut plant is to be discussed because no one really knows. O.F. Cook was one of the first modern researchers to draw conclusions about the location of the origin of Cocos nucifera based on its current-day worldwide supply. He predicted the coconut originated in the Americas, based on the fact that American coconut populations dominated the European connection. The oldest fossils known of the modern coconut dating from the Eocene period from around 37 to 55 million years ago were found in Australia and India. According to author VanZile, J (2014), “Cocos nuciferas are large palms that can grow up to 30 m (98 ft.) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft.) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth.” Coconuts are categorized into two general types: tall and dwarf. On very fertile land, a tall coconut palm......

Words: 1453 - Pages: 6

Biology

...Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.[1] Modern biology is a vast and eclectic field, composed of many branches and subdisciplines. However, despite the broad scope of biology, there are certain general and unifying concepts within it that govern all study and research, consolidating it into single, coherent fields. In general, biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the synthesis and creation of new species. It is also understood today that all organisms survive by consuming and transforming energy and by regulating their internal environment to maintain a stable and vital condition. Subdisciplines of biology are defined by the scale at which organisms are studied, the kinds of organisms studied, and the methods used to study them: Biochemistry examines the rudimentary chemistry of life; molecular biology studies the complex interactions among biological molecules; botany studies the biology of plants; cellular biology examines the basic building-block of all life, the cell; physiology examines the physical and chemical functions of tissues, organs, and organ systems of an organism; evolutionary biology examines the processes that produced the diversity of life; and ecology examines how organisms interact in their environment. History The term......

Words: 1279 - Pages: 6

Biology

...and altruism, endosymbiosis and eukaryotic cell evolution, evolutionary developmental biology, phenotypic plasticity, epigenetic inheritance and molecular evolution, experimental bacterial evolution, and computer simulations (in silico evolution of digital organisms). In addition, we discuss the expansion of the modern synthesis, embracing all branches of scientific disciplines. It is concluded that the basic tenets Dedicated to Prof. Dr. Dr. hc mult. Ernst Mayr on the occasion of his 100th birthday U. Kutschera ()) Institut für Biologie, Universität Kassel, Heinrich-Plett-Strasse 40, 34109 Kassel, Germany e-mail: kut@uni-kassel.de Fax: +49-561-8044009 K. J. Niklas Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA of the synthetic theory have survived, but in modified form. These sub-theories require continued elaboration, particularly in light of molecular biology, to answer openended questions concerning the mechanisms of evolution in all five kingdoms of life. Introduction Physicists and chemists investigate the properties and interactions of objects, such as electrons, photons, and atoms, which are physically uniform and invariant in their characteristic traits and behavior. Accordingly, a single experiment adducing the properties of a single entity (e.g., electron or proton) can be used to extrapolate the properties of all comparable entities in the universe. In biology, the “science of the living world,” both past and present (Mayr 1997), the......

Words: 17126 - Pages: 69

Bio 240 General Biology Entire Course

...BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course https://homeworklance.com/downloads/bio-240-general-biology-entire-course/ BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 1 Cells What are some of the ways cells communicate similar to the ways we humans communicate with other people or with an organization? How are they different? BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 2 Virus Would you consider a virus living or non-living? Why? How does this agree or disagree with classification scheme applied by the scientific community? BIO 240 Week 1 Comparing Cell Structures Worksheet Complete the following charts comparing prokaryotes and eukaryotes, plant and animal cells, and cells and viruses. BIO 240 Week 1 Photosynthesis and Respiration Paper Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper summarizing the events of cellular respiration and photosynthesis and examine the relationship between the two. Include the following in your paper: – For photosynthesis, include a summary of the events in: – The Light Dependent Reaction – The Calvin Cycle (Light Independent Reaction) – For cellular respiration, include a summary of the events in: – Glycolysis – Krebs Citric Acid Cycle – The Electron Transport Chain – Examine the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. – Write the general formula for photosynthesis. – Write the general formula for cellular respiration. Explain the relationship between the two that should be obvious from the formulas. BIO 240......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Bio 240 General Biology Entire Course

...BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course https://homeworklance.com/downloads/bio-240-general-biology-entire-course/ BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 1 Cells What are some of the ways cells communicate similar to the ways we humans communicate with other people or with an organization? How are they different? BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 2 Virus Would you consider a virus living or non-living? Why? How does this agree or disagree with classification scheme applied by the scientific community? BIO 240 Week 1 Comparing Cell Structures Worksheet Complete the following charts comparing prokaryotes and eukaryotes, plant and animal cells, and cells and viruses. BIO 240 Week 1 Photosynthesis and Respiration Paper Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper summarizing the events of cellular respiration and photosynthesis and examine the relationship between the two. Include the following in your paper: – For photosynthesis, include a summary of the events in: – The Light Dependent Reaction – The Calvin Cycle (Light Independent Reaction) – For cellular respiration, include a summary of the events in: – Glycolysis – Krebs Citric Acid Cycle – The Electron Transport Chain – Examine the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. – Write the general formula for photosynthesis. – Write the general formula for cellular respiration. Explain the relationship between the two that should be obvious from the formulas. BIO 240......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Bio 240 General Biology Entire Course

...BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course https://homeworklance.com/downloads/bio-240-general-biology-entire-course/ BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 1 Cells What are some of the ways cells communicate similar to the ways we humans communicate with other people or with an organization? How are they different? BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 2 Virus Would you consider a virus living or non-living? Why? How does this agree or disagree with classification scheme applied by the scientific community? BIO 240 Week 1 Comparing Cell Structures Worksheet Complete the following charts comparing prokaryotes and eukaryotes, plant and animal cells, and cells and viruses. BIO 240 Week 1 Photosynthesis and Respiration Paper Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper summarizing the events of cellular respiration and photosynthesis and examine the relationship between the two. Include the following in your paper: – For photosynthesis, include a summary of the events in: – The Light Dependent Reaction – The Calvin Cycle (Light Independent Reaction) – For cellular respiration, include a summary of the events in: – Glycolysis – Krebs Citric Acid Cycle – The Electron Transport Chain – Examine the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. – Write the general formula for photosynthesis. – Write the general formula for cellular respiration. Explain the relationship between the two that should be obvious from the formulas. BIO 240......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Bio 240 General Biology Entire Course

...BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course https://homeworklance.com/downloads/bio-240-general-biology-entire-course/ BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 1 Cells What are some of the ways cells communicate similar to the ways we humans communicate with other people or with an organization? How are they different? BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 2 Virus Would you consider a virus living or non-living? Why? How does this agree or disagree with classification scheme applied by the scientific community? BIO 240 Week 1 Comparing Cell Structures Worksheet Complete the following charts comparing prokaryotes and eukaryotes, plant and animal cells, and cells and viruses. BIO 240 Week 1 Photosynthesis and Respiration Paper Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper summarizing the events of cellular respiration and photosynthesis and examine the relationship between the two. Include the following in your paper: – For photosynthesis, include a summary of the events in: – The Light Dependent Reaction – The Calvin Cycle (Light Independent Reaction) – For cellular respiration, include a summary of the events in: – Glycolysis – Krebs Citric Acid Cycle – The Electron Transport Chain – Examine the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. – Write the general formula for photosynthesis. – Write the general formula for cellular respiration. Explain the relationship between the two that should be obvious from the formulas. BIO 240......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

General Biology Lab

...Keva Harris 25 February 2016 Biology Lab 27-13 Survey of the Kingdom Fungi Question 1: a. Are hyphae apparent? Yes b. Are the cells motile? Yes Question 2: a. How many species of mold are on the bread? Five b. Is pigment distribution uniformly in each mycelium? If not, where is the pigment concentrated in each mold? No, because the species is not all one color. Concentrated in the sporangium c. What is the adaptive significance of spores forming on ends of apright filaments rather than closer to the protective substrate? It can spread and disperse easier. Question 3: a. Is what structure is the dark pigment of Rhizopus concentrated? zygosporangium b. Is Rhizopus reproducing sexually as well as asexually in the same petri dish? How can you tell? Yes. There were stalks of Rhizopus (asexual) as well as the thick fuzz (sexual). Question 4: What is the relative size of Penicillium hyphae compared with Rhizopus hyphae? The Penicillium hyphae are much smaller. Question 5: a. Do you see chains of yeast cells produced by budding? Yes b. How is the structure of yeast hyphae different from that of molds? Yeast hyphae are short, round, and unicellular. Molds are long and multicellular. Question 6: What is the difference between dikaryotic and diploid cells? In a dikaryotic cell, there are 2 separate nuclei. In a diploid cell, there is one nucleus with 2 sets of chromosomes. Question 7: How many spores would you estimate......

Words: 1057 - Pages: 5

Biology

...Biology From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Biology (disambiguation). Biology deals with the study of the many varieties of living organisms. Clockwise from top left: Salmonella typhimurium, Phascolarctos cinereus, Athyrium filix-femina, Amanita muscaria, Agalychnis callidryas, and Brachypelma smithi Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.[1] Biology is a vast subject containing many subdivisions, topics, and disciplines. Among the most important topics are five unifying principles that can be said to be the fundamental axioms of modern biology:[2] 1. Cells are the basic unit of life 2. New species and inherited traits are the product of evolution 3. Genes are the basic unit of heredity 4. An organism regulates its internal environment to maintain a stable and constant condition 5. Living organisms consume and transform energy. Subdisciplines of biology are recognized on the basis of the scale at which organisms are studied and the methods used to study them: biochemistry examines the rudimentary chemistry of life; molecular biology studies the complex interactions of systems of biological molecules; cellular biology examines the basic building block of all life, the cell; physiology examines the physical and chemical functions of the tissues, organs, and organ systems of an organism; and......

Words: 3394 - Pages: 14

Biology

...distribution and dynamics of ecological systems. • Analyze and display data using Microsoft Excel and appropriate statistical tests. • Generate and test hypotheses using the scientific method and careful laboratory techniques. • Select relevant primary literature on a given topic and integrate information from multiple primary sources into a written scientific lab report, using appropriate citations. • Conduct an experiment, collect and analyze data, and write a scientific lab report according to the conventions of biology, using a process of staged writing and revisions. Texts: McMillan, V. E. 2012. Writing in the Biological Sciences, 5th ed. Bedford/St. Martin’s Press: Boston. Readings as assigned from the lecture text - Freeman et al., 2014. Biological Science, 5th ed. All lab handouts and other readings as appropriate for particular labs, which will be posted on Blackboard. Overview: The lab is designed to complement the lecture with hand-on exercises. In general, lab activities will cover information that you will have learned previously. However, out of necessity we will occasionally cover material in lab before we cover it in lecture. The lab material will do more than simply reiterate lecture information. It should allow you to apply the principles and concepts covered in lecture. We will use observation, experimentation, and modeling to answer questions about ecology and evolution. Labs will include outdoor field activities, computer simulation,......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Biology

...Biology Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with life and its characteristics. These characteristics include cellular organization, METABOLISM, response to stimuli, development and growth, and reproduction. Furthermore, the information needed to control the expression of such characteristics is contained within each organism. FUNDAMENTAL DISCIPLINES Life is divided into many levels of organization--atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms, and populations. The basic disciplines of biology may study life at one or more of these levels. Taxonomy attempts to arrange organisms in natural groups based on common features. It is concerned with the identification, naming, and classification of organisms. The seven major taxonomic categories, or taxa, used in classification are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Early systems used only two kingdoms, plant and animal, whereas most modern systems use five: MONERA (BACTERIA and BLUE-GREEN......

Words: 2836 - Pages: 12

Bio 240 General Biology Entire Course

...BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course https://homeworklance.com/downloads/bio-240-general-biology-entire-course/ BIO 240 General Biology Entire Course BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 1 Cells What are some of the ways cells communicate similar to the ways we humans communicate with other people or with an organization? How are they different? BIO 240 Week 1 DQ 2 Virus Would you consider a virus living or non-living? Why? How does this agree or disagree with classification scheme applied by the scientific community? BIO 240 Week 1 Comparing Cell Structures Worksheet Complete the following charts comparing prokaryotes and eukaryotes, plant and animal cells, and cells and viruses. BIO 240 Week 1 Photosynthesis and Respiration Paper Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper summarizing the events of cellular respiration and photosynthesis and examine the relationship between the two. Include the following in your paper: – For photosynthesis, include a summary of the events in: – The Light Dependent Reaction – The Calvin Cycle (Light Independent Reaction) – For cellular respiration, include a summary of the events in: – Glycolysis – Krebs Citric Acid Cycle – The Electron Transport Chain – Examine the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. – Write the general formula for photosynthesis. – Write the general formula for cellular respiration. Explain the relationship between the two that should be obvious from the formulas. BIO 240......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Biology

...Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with life and its characteristics. These characteristics include cellular organization, METABOLISM, response to stimuli, development and growth, and reproduction. Furthermore, the information needed to control the expression of such characteristics is contained within each organism. FUNDAMENTAL DISCIPLINES Life is divided into many levels of organization--atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms, and populations. The basic disciplines of biology may study life at one or more of these levels. Taxonomy attempts to arrange organisms in natural groups based on common features. It is concerned with the identification, naming, and classification of organisms. The seven major taxonomic categories, or taxa, used in classification are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Early systems used only two kingdoms, plant and animal, whereas most modern systems use five: MONERA (BACTERIA and BLUE-GREEN ALGAE),......

Words: 2835 - Pages: 12

Biology

...controlling phytopathogens than others. Several experiments have been carried out to test the efficiency of one strain against another (Miyauchi, 2010). Their biocontrol abilities are based on the ability to turn on the antagonistic mechanisms that they possess. Some strains will induce plants to increase their native defense mechanisms so that they are better placed to fight off pathogens. These strains will be less effective at controlling fungal pathogens. Several new general methods for both biocontrol and for causing enhancement of plant growth have recently been demonstrated and it is now clear that there must be hundreds of separate genes and gene products involved in these processes. A recent list of mechanisms follows. mycoparasitism, antibiosis, competition for nutrients and space, tolerance to stress through enhanced root and plant development, solubilization and sequestration of inorganic nutrients, induced resistance and inactivation of pathogen’s enzymes(Vincent et al., 2007). 2.1.1 Life cycle and biology of Trichoderma species Most Trichoderma strains have no sexual stage but instead produce only asexual spores. However, for a few strains the sexual stage is known, but not among strains that have usually been considered for biocontrol purposes. The sexual stage, when found, is within the Ascomycetes in the genus Hypocrea. During the asexual reproduction cycle, mitotic spores develop on a haploid mycelium. Conidiophores, bearing these mitotic, and in......

Words: 5793 - Pages: 24