Free Essay

Genre History - Experimental/Electronica

In: Film and Music

Submitted By kellzo14
Words 2306
Pages 10
Joshua Kelly 205496

Joshua Michael Kelly – 205496

AUD207 Music Production Analysis

“Genre History – Experimental/Electronic”

Word Count: 1,650 Submission Date: 30 August 2012
Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of ‘Bachelor of Creative Technology’ JMC Academy, 2012.

1|Page

Joshua Kelly 205496

Once stated by a pioneer of the genre itself, “an experimental action is one the outcome of which is not foreseen” (Experimental Music, 2010). Arising in the mid-20th century, Experimental/Electronic Music refers to an electronically produced sound recorded on tape and arranged by the composer to form a musical composition. ‘The journey of this genre has been a long, boundary pushing and often negatively characterized one. Crossing multiple continents and facing cultural alienation, it has formed into a well-established but still sometimes undefined genre at the crux of technological advances’ (Kembrew McLeod, 2001). It is well placed in this day and time, and like all music nowadays, the inclusion of the internet has seen the genre become more and more popular across the globe. The term “Experimental/Electronic Music” is an umbrella term used in this report to label an idiosyncrasies list of subgenres made with the use of any combination of computers and electronic or acoustic instruments. ‘In no way is the use of this term an attempt to ignore the concrete differences between the way these subgenres are consumed and produced. Although both being cited under the same term of Experimental/Electronic Music, as example, “Trip-Hop” and “Ragga-Jungle” have a world of difference between them’ (Kembrew McLeod, 2001). The sonic characteristics between the two subgenres are obvious when contrasted against each other. In sample tracks 1 and 2 you can hear the distinct definitions between them. Track 1 is a Trip-Hop track named ‘Bombing Bastards’ released by the artist Terranova. You can hear it to be slower in tempo, atmospheric and with instrumentation. Track 2 is a Ragga-Jungle track named ‘Original Nuttah’ released by UK Apache & Shy FX. You can hear it’s in many ways a fusion of dancehall reggae and techno, the rhythm is hyper-fast and encompasses a low-end bass not dissimilar to dub. “The continuous and rapid introduction of new subgenre names into the electronic/dance music communities is equalled by no other type of music” (Kembrew McLeod, 2001). ‘An edited, but nonetheless bloated, list of names includes acid house, ambient dance, ambient drum-n-bass, big beat, break beat, dark ambient, drum-n-bass, dub, electro, garage, goatrance, goa-psychedelic trance, happy hardcore, intelligent dance music, intelligent jungle, intelligent techno, minimal techno, minimal trance, minimal psychedelic trance, nu-dark jungle, progressive house, progressive trance, progressive psychedelic trance, psychedelic trance, ragga, ragga-jungle, rave, trance, tribal, tribal beats, trip-hop, twilight, underground’ (Kembrew McLeod, 2001). Before we venture any further, first we must discuss a brief rundown on the history of the genre. ‘Recorded music such as 1950’s rock ‘n’ roll had a long history of being played at large social gatherings for the express purpose of dancing. But by the early 1970’s the kinds of popular music associated with rock had been redefined as music to be listened to rather than danced to. The transition of 1950s Rock ‘n’ roll to 1960s rock, saw it had been repositioned as a cerebral rather than physical music. With this, the scene of people dancing to records over seeing live bands faded as rock concerts became the focal point for youth culture
2|Page

Joshua Kelly 205496

gatherings. It wasn’t until the early 1970s, where these scenes began to re-emerge in major American cities playing a new type of music: disco’ (Kembrew McLeod, 2001). The 1970s disco is the most appropriate place to begin the history of electronic music. The introduction of synthesizers, some of which were created by infamous pioneers of the electronic instrumentation world such as “Harold Bode, Robert Moog (and) Donald Buchla” (120 Years of Electronic Music, 2005), saw artists begin to take music to new levels. With the inclusion of these instruments, and the benefits of “sequencers and synthesizers (becoming) more affordable and easier to obtain” (All Music, 2012), ‘we saw artists begin exploring the unique possibilities of electronically generated sound. Artists experimented and pushed the boundaries to produce previously unheard textures and combinations of sounds’ (All Music, 2012). To this day we have seen the boundaries on genres being relentlessly pushed. “The synthesizer is the instrument most associated with the genre” (Kembrew McLeod, 2001). The synthesizer is an ‘electronic musical instrument, which contains various modules for producing and shaping sound, such as oscillators, filters or voltage control amplifiers and is used to produce sounds impossible to obtain by traditional instruments’ (Wersja Polska, 2007-2008). The journey of the synthesizer began as far back as “1759 when the French Jesuit priest Jean Baptiste Delaborde of Paris created an electrical harpsichord called the ‘Clavecin Electrique’ which was strictly speaking an ‘electro-mechanical’ instrument” (120 Years of Electronic Music, 2005). ‘There have been four main eras undertaken in the process of refining electronic instruments. These take place between the periods of 1870-1915, where the earliest experiments took place; 1915-1960, which consisted of the Vacuum Tube era; 1960-1980, where we saw integrated circuits come into widespread use, which in turn influenced the creation of reliable and popular electronic instruments we see today; and then 1980-present, where we’ve seen the generation of digital synthesizers’ (120 Years of Electronic Music, 2005). The synthesizer is not alone on the forefront of Experimental/Electronic Music. ‘One of the most popular drum machines invented was in 1979 by Robert Linn and his company Linn Electronics, which was named the LM-1 Drum Computer. At this stage the concept of the drum machine wasn’t exactly new, however, this was the first programmable drum machine with realistic sampled drums and was an instant success among recording pros’ (TEC Foundation, 2008). Here is an example of a modern day drum machine: It’s an Akai MPC500, a popular brand among drum machines and sequencers. You can see in the video, the drum samples are all recorded and saved in the device, making setting up a drum pattern quick and easy. MIDI is another invention of technology that quickly “became a staple in studios” (TEC Foundation, 2008). ‘The first MIDI device was publicly demonstrated at Winter NAMM 1983, when a Prophet-600 was connected to a Roland JP-6’ (Kembrew McLeod, 2001). Sifting through the unbelievably vast amount of Experimental/Electronic Music released over the past four-odd decades, there are artist who standout as legends of the genre. One
3|Page

Joshua Kelly 205496

such artist is Kraftwerk who’ve been dubbed as influencing “virtually every synthesizer band that followed in its wake” (Simon, 2001). They were one of the first groups to release music to the genre, which was “unique” and unheard of with the release of their first album “Tone Float” released with Organisation in 1970. ‘The LP features repetitive percussion and bass drum patterns, embellished with guitar, flute, violin and organ. With sections of the music clearly ‘60s influenced and have an almost eastern feeling with scratchy violin and bongos’ (NTL World, Unknown). In the sample track number 3, you will hear Kraftwerk’s track ‘The Robots’ which was a single released in 1978. You can hear a strong electronic element. The use of a Vocoder to make the vocals sound like a ‘robot’ makes the track quite experimental and far different to other tracks released around the same time. Another group who lead the path in Experimental/Electronic Music were Massive Attack. A much younger group to Kraftwerk, they formed out of Bristol, England in 1987. (Sing 365, 2006) They’re still together and writing new music today. “Their extraordinary vision continues unabated” (M). Massive Attack is renowned for “their influential and legendary Dug Out club and Jamaican-style sound system” (Bio, 2011). Massive Attack has become one of the “best trip-hop groups ever” (Sing 365, 2006), they balance flawlessly on a fine line between synthetic and traditional instrumentation. In the sample track 4, you can hear ‘Angel’, released in 1998 on their third album Mezzanine. You can hear the perfect combination of elements. The guitar, vocals and bass create an atmosphere that slowly builds and envelopes you. The combination of a drum machine, with the use of effects such as a slight redux and reverb creates a grainy and crisp artificial sound that works great to create that cross of elements. With the limitless capabilities on sound design using audio synthesis, it is only natural that some artists desire to push their work towards previously unexplored boundaries. It’s only human nature. A pioneer in the Experimental side of music was the late American composer John Cage (1912-1992) (John Cage Database, 2012). Initially Cage objected to the term ‘experimental’ when discussing the music he presented. Cage stated, “It seemed to me that composers knew what they were doing, and that the experiments that had been made had taken place prior to the finished works” (John Cage – Experimental Music, Unknown), he later on went to change his mind and no longer objected to the term, as he “realized that there is ordinarily an essential difference between making a piece of music and hearing one. A composer knows his work as a woodsman knows a path he has traced and retraced, while a listener is confronted by the same work as one is in the woods by a plant he has never seen before” (John Cage – Experimental Music, Unknown). Artists also have the ability to create dark, atmospheric and abstract music. Aphex Twin is James Richard, and Ireland born artist who came to the forefront of Experimental/Electronic Music through the exploration of “the experimental possibilities inherent in Acid and Ambience” (Star Pulse, 2012). As example on Aphex Twin’s track ‘Rubber Johnny’, which is a sampled video, you can clearly see and hear the abstract ideas and experimentation gone
4|Page

Joshua Kelly 205496

into the track. The use of samples including the vocals and the use of the lights and electricity hum are used to create an atmosphere intended to make the listener feel uncomfortable. At 2 minutes 35 seconds into the track the electronic element takes over, creating a fast paced, space like sound still mixed with the samples from the start. A delightful experience when combined with lights out, alone and at midnight. It would seem that with the level that technology is currently at, and with the accessibility people have to it these days, any form of Electronic Music is in a position to take charge in the musical battlefield. Any kid with a computer at home now has the ability to easily access multitudes of DAW’s and start creating and manipulating music, and with the accessibility of the internet, there are literally millions of new tracks being released globally every month. The genre of Experimental/Electronic Music, is the leading contributor to genre bending and subgenre creation, don’t be expecting the genre to be going anywhere soon.

5|Page

Joshua Kelly 205496

REFERENCES
All Music [online]. (2012). Available from: . [Accessed 19 August 2012]. TEC Foundation [online]. (2008). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Wersja Polska (2007-2008). ECP Studio Cosmic Sound Factory [online]. Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. 120 Years of Electronic Music [online]. (2005). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Kembrew McLeod (2001). Genres, Subgenres, Sub-Subgenres and More: Musical and Social Differentiation Within Electronic/Dance Music Communities. JOURNAL OF POPULAR MUSIC STUDIES. 1, pp.18. Simon (2001). Rolling Stones Artists [online]. Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. NTL World [online]. (Year Unknown). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Bio [online]. (2011). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Sing 365 [online]. (2006). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Experimental Music [online]. (2010). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. John Cage - Experimental Music [online]. (Year Unknown). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. John Cage Database [online]. (2012). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Star Pulse [online]. (2012). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012].

6|Page

Joshua Kelly 205496

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Paul Doornbusch (2008-2012). A Chronology / History of Electronic and Computer Music and Related Events 1906 - 2012 [online]. Available from: . [Accessed 18 August 2012]. All Music [online]. (2012). Available from: . [Accessed 19 August 2012]. Thom Holmes (2008). Electronic and Experimental Music. 2nd. ed. New York: Routledge. Trevor Pinch and Frank Trocco (2002). Analog Days: The Invention and Impact of the Moog Synthesizer. 1st. ed. USA: President and Fellows of Harvard College. MidiWorld [online]. (2009). Available from: . [Accessed 19 August 2012]. TEC Foundation [online]. (2008). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Wersja Polska (2007-2008). ECP Studio Cosmic Sound Factory [online]. Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. 120 Years of Electronic Music [online]. (2005). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. 120 Years of Electronic Music [online]. (2005). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Kembrew McLeod (2001). Genres, Subgenres, Sub-Subgenres and More: Musical and Social Differentiation Within Electronic/Dance Music Communities. JOURNAL OF POPULAR MUSIC STUDIES. 1, pp.18. Simon (2001). Rolling Stones Artists [online]. Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. NTL World [online]. (Year Unknown). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Bio [online]. (2011). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Sing 365 [online]. (2006). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Experimental Music [online]. (2010). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Future Producers [online]. (2012). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012].

7|Page

Joshua Kelly 205496
Zenapolae [online]. (2012). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. John Cage - Experimental Music [online]. (Year Unknown). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. John Cage Database [online]. (2012). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Star Pulse [online]. (2012). Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012]. Hiphoptools (2007). Akai MPC500 Drum Machine Video. [online]. Available from: . [Accessed 20 August 2012].

8|Page…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Experimental Typography

...étudiant en sociologie de la San Diego State University, le jeune visionnaire commence à aborder le design par le biais de sports extremes et travail comme directeur artistique auprès de Transworld Skateboarding (1983-1987), un magazine culturel qui s’adressant à un public de 15 à 25 ans. « Il réussi à véhiculer l’attitude de chaque sous-groupe culturel, à l’image de ce que Neville Brody et Terry Jones ont fait dans les années 1980 en Grand-Bretagne dans des magazine pour jeunes. » 1 Il ferra ensuit le bond vers d’autres magazines comme Surfer (1989-1991), Beach Culture (1889-1991) et son bijoux Ray Gun (1992-1995) « Ray gun magazine was very much, completly experimental, every issue I try alot of things, alot of them work, and alot of them didn’t work. » 2 L’approche de Carson est très expérimentale. « Le terme expérimental qualifie pour moi quelque chose que je n’ai pas encore tenté ; c’est quelque chose qui n’a encore été ni vu ni entendu. » 3 N’ayant pas de formation comme designer graphique, beaucoup de spécialiste du design ont critiqué ses expérimentations rejettant les règles typographiques conventionnelles et la grille structurée des mordernistes. Son travail est reconnu pour sa richesse de formes, de couleurs, de spontanéité et se rapproche également d’un jeu perpétuel entre le médium et le message, entre le texte et l’image, entre le visuel et son lecteur. Il est important de mentionner que parallèlement aux innovations de Carson, Rudy Vanderlans et Zuzana Licko......

Words: 3640 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Genre Analysis

...management systems – fundamentals and vocabulary. The research is based on the Halliday framework and his language functions approach. The theoretical basis on this research is based on Halliday, Swales and Bhatia genre interpretations. In ISO 9000 standard appears transactional language function and the main purpose of it is to deliver information. Quality manual is message oriented because there are written standards which you have to achieve to get ISO 9000 certification. In conclusion the research shows that Hallidays framework completely reveals the generic structure of ISO 9000 quality manual. Key words: Genre analysis, generic structure, ISO 9000 quality system Table of Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………..1 1. Literature review………………………………………….……….…….3 1. Research design ……………………………………………….....5 2. Empirical part…………………………………………………………….6 Conclusions………………………………………………………………….8 Theses………………………………………………………………………..9 References…………………………………………………………………...10 Introduction Genre analysis has been a relevant part of text analysis for years and it is important to distinguish the generic structure of the text to understand it completely. The theme- Genre analysis of ISO 9000 quality management systems-fundamentals and vocabulary was chosen because nowadays it is very topical -if there is identified structure of the paper than it could be easier......

Words: 2118 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Music Genres

...Despite some differences on the surface, gospel music and R&B are actually lot alike in the sense they constantly reinvent themselves and continue to grow worldwide. Gospel music is very soulful just like R&B and can make you feel good and take you to other place when you hear the music. Gospel can reach a very large audience because there is no style restriction when it comes to this genre. Gospel music has much repetition which was carried over from the days when African Americans could not read. The repetition allowed them to participate in worship. Gospel can be traced back to the 18th century and were called “old negro spirituals” that slaves used to sing in the fields as they worked. There were not many instruments to use in the beginning. Gospel was mostly sung in cappella. The music started to use instruments such as drums, electric guitar, piano and saxophones to add to their sound. Since church was a place of worship for many people, this influenced R&B singers to use the same type of instruments in their music. As gospel started to emerge in the industry it was broken down into different genres such as gospel blues which is a mixture of blues guitar and evangelistic lyrics. There was urban contemporary and Christian country music and it was different because of the sound, lyrics and instruments used. There was much controversy over whether or not this could be considered to be church music because of certain hymns and there were different religions people......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Action Genre

...Action Lights, camera, action! Action is the genre I have chosen. There are many stand-alone action films such as Commando, 48hrs and Con Air. There are even more action film series such as Die Hard, Rambo, James Bond and Underworld. The movie I have chosen to suit this genre is the action RED: Retired and Extremely Dangerous In 1920’s and 1930’s, action films were often about swashbuckling heroes, involving a damsel in distress and featured a romantic element such as the 1920 silent film The Mark of Zorro. The 1940’s incorporated war and western action films including the 1955 war story The Colditz Story. In 1959, Alfred Hitchcock re-invented the spy-action genre with his film North by Northwest and introduced action-orientated set pieces with the crop duster scene and the finale on Mount Rushmore. This film, North by Northwest, helped inspire producers Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman film their own spy-adventure film. James Bond, inspired by Ian Fleming’s novels, took the world by storm and is still used today. James Bond introduced some of the common elements and features of an action film that are still used today. In the 1970’s, gritty detective stories and urban crime drama’s led to a number of police officer films. Asian martial-arts themed movies also appeared including Bruce Lee’s Enter the Dragon. Also popularized by the cross of martial arts and cops and robbers, Chuck Norris entered with films like the 1977 Good Guys Wear Black. Steven Spielberg and......

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Experimental Music

...Experimental music in the English –language literature refers to a compositional tradition which started in the mid 20th century, particularly used in North America to music composed in such a way that the outcome is unforeseeable. Famously known for the exposure of this genre was John Cage (1912-1992), an American composer, philosopher, poet and music theorist. According to Cage’s definition “an experimental action is one the outcome of which is not foreseen”. He had a great interest in completing works that performed an unpredictable action. “Experimental music” has also been used in music journalism as a general term of condemned or disapproved music departing from traditional norms. From the “experimental music” there came the following concepts of Aleatoric Music, Indeterminate Music, Graphic notation and Microtones. Aleatoric Music, a form for which Cage was known to be the pioneer of is referred to as a strictly limited form of indeterminacy, also called “controlled chance”. Indeterminate music, “chance music”, is one in which composers introduce the elements of chance or unpredictability with regard to either the composition or its performance. Graphic notation is music written in the form of diagrams or drawings rather than using “conventional” notation (staves, clefs, notes, etc). Microtone refers to a pitch interval that is smaller than a semitone, it includes quarter tones and intervals even smaller. At the end of the 1960’s rock groups like the Beatles and the...

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Genre Analysis

...WRT 104 March 6th, 2014 Genre Analysis Today’s world is unimaginable without Internet. It has brought the world in our fists. Most people use Internet in their day-to-day lives for looking up something, watching videos, and what not. But for the teens, Internet is all about social-networking. Most of them are always besides a laptop or mobile phone chatting on Facebook, tweeting about their new experience, or sharing photos on Instagram with friends. I am going to talk about Facebook. Facebook is the most used social-networking website today. It connects almost 1.2 billion people out of the total of 7 billion people living on the earth today. Mark Zuckerberg created Facebook on February 4, 2004 with his college roommates and fellow Harvard University students Eduardo Saverin, Andre McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. On February 1, 2012 the company applied for 5 billion US dollars Initial Public Offering (IPO), making the company one of the biggest in history of technology and the biggest in the history of Internet. Facebook valued its stock at 38 US dollars per share, which priced the company at 104 billion US dollars – the largest valuation to the date for a public company. I first joined Facebook on January 7, 2011. During first ten days or so I explored the features of Facebook. There are many factors that makes Facebook as the number one social-networking website. It revolutionized the world with it games, picture sharing feature, status......

Words: 1470 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Experimental Designs

...EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS FOR RESEARCH Causality Experimental Designs Control Group Pre-test/Post-test Design Threats to Internal Validity Threats to External Validity Post-Test only Control Group Design CAUSALITY To establish whether two variables are causally related, that is, whether a change in the independent variable X results in a change in the dependent variable Y, you must establish: 1) time order--The cause must have occurred before the effect; 2) co-variation (statistical association)-- Changes in the value of the independent variable must be accompanied by changes in the value of the dependent variable; 3) rationale-- There must be a logical and compelling explanation for why these two variables are related; 4) non-spuriousness-- It must be established that the independent variable X, and only X, was the cause of changes in the dependent variable Y; rival explanations must be ruled out. To establish causality, one must use an experimental or quasi-experimental design. Note that it is never possible to prove causality, but only to show to what degree it is probable. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS True experimental designs include: Pre-test/Post-test control group design Solomon Four-Group design Post-test only control group design Pre-test/Post-test control group design This is also called the classic controlled experimental design, and the randomized pre-test/post-test design because it: 1) Controls the assignment of subjects......

Words: 1259 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Genres and Genre Film – the Movie "The Help"

...These black women raised white children and the children loved them and they loved them back, but yet were not allowed to use the toilets in their employer’s house. These are the moments of the black maids in 1963 in Jackson, Mississippi. These moments come when you see a black maid absurdly vacuuming a large stuffed bear or when one states: “Love and hate are two horns on the same goat.” Now that’s the spirit!” (The Help, 2011). Audiences know what to expect from movies from their Genres,” they tell their audience up front what to expect from the product they are buying. If they like a particular kind of story, chances are they will like this particular film, especially if the writer and director give the expectations a little twist” (Truby, 2010). Genre theory is used in the examination of films in order to enable the classification of films. Genres are dependent on many influences, such as story line, what the audience expects and who the director is. Genre theory is how we describe films; it is the method of shortening literary works. Plot and Story The feature-length film I chose was The Help (2013), which is an American Drama film depicting the lives of black maids and their white employers exposing the racism that the black maids faced on a daily basis. The time is 1963 set in Jackson, Mississippi during the civil rights movement. The film that follows the lives of two black maids and a southern society girl (Emma Stone), who returns home from......

Words: 1199 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Experimental Study

...Sta. Cruz Elementary School in Sto. Tomas, Batangas. The population is divided into two groups by randomization: 24 pupils in the control group and 24 pupils in the experimental group since the researchers used the between subjects design. The control group received the normal way of giving spelling activity, the oral dictation of words. The experimental group received also the oral dictation of words but they are also shown flashcards with jumbled letters of the words that are being spelled. The computed value of t was – 1.7 and is less than the tabular value, 2.021 with df of 46 and the α of .05. This means that the presence of flashcards with jumbled letters has no significant effect on the word formulation of Grade 3 pupils. Word Formulation 3 Methodology This experiment was conducted at Sta. Cruz Elementary School in Sta. Cruz, Sto. Tomas, Batangas. The subjects of the experiment were taken from the total population of 48 pupils of Grade 3. They were randomly divided into two groups: 24 pupils for the control group and 24 pupils for the experimental group. The experimenters used the normal way of giving spelling or the oral recitation of words to the pupils on the control group. Materials such as flashcards were used by the experimenters to show the jumbled letters for word formulation. The experimental research of the experimenters started on March 13, 2014 at Sta. Cruz Elementary School in Sto. Tomas, Batangas. The first activity conducted was giving the......

Words: 3022 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Genre Awareness

...In this paper I will be talking about three different movie posters of the American War genre. First I will describe where I found the movie posters, and then I will state the results of the visual elements. Then I will analyze, and critique the results of the findings. Introduction When someone walks along the hallway of a movie theater, they will see a series of movie posters which are there to advertise the movie. Humans are known to act on their first impression, and this is important in advertising because it will either attract or defer a potential viewer. Most people have a favorite movie genre, so they’re more inclined to watch a movie that appears to fit under their genre. Through the movie posters a patriotic theme is given off, which will invite in the intended audience. American War movies have very similar posters, although they will have different stories. Today I will be talking about three different movie posters of the American war genre: “American Sniper” (See Fig.1), “Fury” (See Fig.2), and “Lone Survivor” (See Fig. 3). The main purpose of this report is to find and analyze the visuals of the three movie posters. Methodology In order to try and test my hypothesis, I will need to find material that will allow me to gather the appropriate information. I am going to use the internet to find three movie posters of the same genre, and that genre is American war movies. First I will search on google images for American War Movies.......

Words: 1449 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Experimental Experiment

...Experimental Experiment In this short report I will be utilizing the scientific method to help solve problems that I have been having with my mode of transportation. I will be starting with a question and moving through the method to produce an experiment that I will conduct on my Honda CBR 600RR to attempt to fix a coolant leak. I have already started my process of elimination by checking, testing, and replacing key components of the coolant system the runs through the front end of my motorcycle. Some of the things I have tried is pulling out the radiator to check if there has been any damage done due to weather or rock chipping from high speed travel, after that proved not to be the problem I started going down the line. The question I imposed when first starting was “Why and where is this coolant leak and how can I fix it?” My hypothesis this time around is that maybe the coolant reservoir is compromised from overheating, damage or old age. So first I must do some research and find a new reservoir to put into my motorcycle, after removing the reservoir I was able to find a part number that I could give to Honda Motor Sports in order to find a fitting part. Now to design and conduct the experiment, this will require a specific set of tools, some spare parts and 4 hours of time. First I will follow a method that is used as part of a lean production system call PDCA (Plan, Do, Check, Act), this is a check list I use to help me solve various problems I have had and......

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Experimental Research

...Experimental Research Sherry Ramos Resurreccion PSY/285 10/12/2014 April Kindell Experimental Research When studying human subject the purpose of this type of research is so that we can gain knowledge of new things in our world, which we would obtain information that is beyond what our human minds already know. The objective of research is to extend the knowledge of our physical, biological and social world. I am a High School teacher that will be conducting a research to determine whether using antibacterial gels will prevent me from catching a cold or the flu. When conducting my Experimental research, the information that I will cover is a hypothesis, randomization of testing, a control group, a treatment group, and the results of the experiment that was conducted and the measurement, which is that variable that will be examined to determine the success of the experiment. My hypothesis is that "antibacterial gels will prevent teachers from getting a cold or the flu". A hypothesis is an informed and educated prediction and or explanation that explains the reason a certain things reacts that way that it does. When conducting an experimental research you will need to test your hypothesis, you can test your hypothesis by examining the results that were conducted and exam how they relate in our society. Having a hypothesis is important because they allow us to test a theory, and predictions give direction to research. The next process is randomization. In this......

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Experimental Measurement

...Article Astronomy December 2010 Vol.55 No.35: 4010–4017 doi: 10.1007/s11434-010-4197-x SPECIAL TOPICS: Experimental measurement of growth patterns on fossil corals: Secular variation in ancient Earth-Sun distances ZHANG WeiJia1,3,4*, LI ZhengBin2,3 & LEI Yang1 1 2 Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 3 State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems & Networks, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 4 Committee of Yuanpei Honors Program, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China Received June 3, 2010; accepted July 22, 2010 In recent years, much attention has been given to the increase in the Earth-Sun distance, with the modern rate reported as 5–15 m/cy on the basis of astronomical measurements. However, traditional methods cannot measure the ancient leaving rates, so a myriad of research attempting to provide explanations were met with unmatched magnitudes. In this paper we consider that the growth patterns on fossils could reflect the ancient Earth-Sun relationships. Through mechanical analysis of both the Earth-Sun and Earth-Moon systems, these patterns confirmed an increase in the Earth-Sun distance. With a large number of well-preserved specimens and new technology available, both the modern and ancient leaving rates could be measured with high precision, and it was found that the Earth has been leaving the Sun...

Words: 9003 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Genres

... Genre is a term which defines the different categories which things are categorized into. For example, when defining different forms of music; music is put into categories in which we use the term genre. Different music is put into these genres depending on the different rhythms used in it. It allows Rhythm and Blues to be differentiated from and Rock and Roll, and Rock and Roll to be differentiated from Gospel. In writing, a writer’s choice of style is the determining factor in how we choose his/her genre. When the genre of the writing is determined, then the particular audience can be determined to who its interest of reading might be. The audience in writing is defined by the person or group of people that is reading or listening to a certain choice of writing. Depending on what kind of writing genre is presented, determines the audience of the writer and how the writer choose to reach his or her audience. In order for a writer to reach a particular audience, the writer has to be able to compose his writing. The writer can do so in such a way that a rhetorical situation is formulated in a particular genre which reflects the type of audience that it interests. A rhetorical situation is situations in which a story and a scenario is presented and explains a situation that could possible occur in real life, therefore giving a situation in which the reader can assume the outcome; a certain form of communication to entail a situation. Different genres......

Words: 1571 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Experimental Eskimos

...The Experimental Eskimos It was in the 1950s that Canada started to look at the arctic regions and think about what they could get from that huge, icy and inhospitable region. Therefore, the government thought about the possibly cheapest way to achieve some control over this province: take three children, selected through an IQ test, and give them an education in order to create a Canadian-friendly political élite with the final objective of increasing the surface managed by the government. This is only the opening of the documentary “The experimental Eskimos”, born after the discovery of government documents that revealed how the experiment worked. One of the most curious aspects about these events is how such a radical and quick transition from a rural society to a metropolitan context can affect a man’s life. In the 1960s, Eskimos’ life was still pretty traditional. Though living in a part of Canada, they barely spoke English and the highest expectations for a grown up man were proper of a rural society: being a good hunter and own a kayak. Eskimos life was felt as incomplete, so the boys’ parents did not fight with the government project, probably thinking that it was a good opportunity for their children. Zebedee Nungak, Eric Tagoona and Peter Ittinuar, the three children, were then taken to Ottawa. The initial impact is how it can be expected from someone who lived in an underdeveloped society and observes a big city for the first time: the little Eskimos were......

Words: 673 - Pages: 3