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Geog- Ebola

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Submitted By chloehughes
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Ebola and the impact of development

Ebola is a disease of humans and other primates caused by ebolavirus. Symptoms start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain and headaches. Typically vomiting, diarrhoea and rash follow along with decreased function of the liver and kidney. Around this time, affected people may begin to bleed both internally and externally.
The virus may be acquired upon contact with blood and other bodily fluids of an affected human or other animal. Spreading through the air has not been documented in the natural environment. Fruit bars are believed to be a carrier and may spread the virus without being affected. Once human infection occurs, the disease may spread between people.
There are more than 1,300 people with Ebola in West Africa and is having a devastating impact on the economies of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The impact has spread thousands of miles to African countries that have never recorded an Ebola death.
Facts about Sierra Leone and the impact of Ebola: * The economy has deflated by 30% because of Ebola in Sierra Leone. * The agricultural sector is most impacted in terms of Ebola because the majority of people of Sierra Leone (66%) are farmers. * 12 out of 13 districts in Sierra Leone are now affected with Ebola. * Road blocks manned by police and military are preventing the movement of farmers and labourers as well as the supply of goods. * The president believes that they are definitely expecting a devastating effect not only on labour availability and capacity but also farms being abandoned by people running away from the epicentre and going to areas that don’t have the disease. * They are starting to see a rise in inflation and pressure on the national currency as well as a shortage of foreign exchange. * They are now coming to the planting season which means a lot of agriculture is not happening, so down the line that will create food shortages and pressures on food prices.

In Guinea and Liberia the economic predictions may be less catastrophic but they are still worrying. The World Bank said it was expecting GDP growth in Guinea to fall from 4.5% to 3.5%. The Liberian economy had been expected to grow by 5.9% this year, but the country’s Finance Minister said this was no longer realistic due to a slowdown in the transport and services sector and the departure of foreign workers because of Ebola.
The United Nations World Food Program and Food and Agriculture Organization announced that is had approved 65,000 metric tons of food assistance to nearly 1.3 million people affect by the outbreak in the past three months.

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