Free Essay

Geography Notes

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By hahahahsyourock
Words 374
Pages 2
a. Outline the basic ideas of the topic i. Poverty in canada 1. Build environment and social ecology b. Define all terminologies: ii. Build environment: built environment refers to the human-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from buildings and parks or green space to neighborhoods and cities that can often include their supporting infrastructure, such as water supply, or energy networks iii. Social ecology: social ecology describes the social and demographic make up of a society or neighborhood. c. Explain the Global and the local contexts d. Explain the spatial “Outcome” with examples iv. Ex1. a community in Markham (news article) v. Social ecology in this article is described through the changes that occur in this community, and the outcomes of poverty ( drugs, violence etc) <> vi. Ex 2. Poverty in canada ‘s top cities “Visible minorities make up roughly the same proportion of the population in the Vancouver CMA as in the Toronto CMA. Yet, Vancouver is slightly less segmented than Toronto, by virtue of having a smaller proportion of its population living in both isolated and mixed/polarized tracts in 2001 (Table 8). The growth of visible minority populations has also translated into increasing minority concentration in Vancouver, except that the trend is towards polarized rather than mixed tracts. As in Toronto, it is South Asians that are more likely to live in both polarized and mixed neighbourhoods, followed by all East Asians and then Filipinos. Other visible minority groups, including blacks,Arabs/West Asians and Aboriginals, were disproportionatelylikely to live in isolated and nonisolated neighbourhoods.” (ghettosin Canadian cities, 286) vii. combination of vertical poverty and ghettoization, in don mills area. Article, Toronto star. <> this community is the closest thing Toronto has to a ghetto. Discrimination of minority is present, this environment is made by the people that live there and own the buildings. viii. e. You may want to use a video excerpt or any other visual aids ix. x.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Geography Notes

...February 25, 2013 Winds Aloft * Isobaric surfaces slope downward from the low latitudes to the pole * Atmosphere is warmer near the Equator, pressure gradients force pushes air poleward * Pressure gradient force increase with altitude, bringing strong winds at high altitudes * Friction increases from low latitude to high latitude * Decreases in upper atmosphere where wind speeds are high The Geostrophic Wind * At high latitudes, a moving parcel of air is subjected to: Pressure gradient force and Coriolis forces. * When forces balance, air moves at right angles to the pressure gradient, parallel to the isobars, as the geostrophic wind * Winds that move bulk of our air mass around the planet * Heavy lifting of moving heat Global Circulation at Upper Levels * General pattern global circulation at upper levels * Bands of equatorial easterly winds (result of downward air) * Bring air into the equator * Found at higher latitudes * Tropical high-pressure belts * Zone of westerly winds – come from est and blow to east * Polar lows * Lack of land mass and lack of friction fast winds speeds in southern hemisphere Jet Streams and the Polar Front * Jet streams are streams of fast-moving air at high altitudes that occur where atmospheric temperature gradients are strong * Each hemisphere normally exhibits westerly polar and subtropical jet streams. * An easterly jet......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Alevel Geography Revision Notes

...[pic] Information on the exam: Unit 3 – GEOG3 - Contemporary Geographical Issues • 30% of A Level • 2 hour 30 minutes written examination • 3 questions: o 1 from Section A – Physical Geography Structured Questions o 1 from Section B – Human Geography Structured Questions o 1 from Section C – Essay Questions (You must not answer the option answered in either Section A or Section B) [pic] |Plate tectonics and associated hazards |Ecosystems: Change and Challenge | | | | |Plate movement |Nature of ecosystems | |Earth structure, plate tectonics theory: convection |Structure of ecosystems, energy flows, trophic levels, | |currents and sea-floor spreading. Evidence: |food chains and food webs. | |continental drift and palaeomagnetism. | | |Destructive, constructive and conservative plate ...

Words: 2405 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Economic Geography

...ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY Y U K O A O YA M A J A M E S T. M U R P H Y SUSAN HANSON KEY CONCEPTS IN key concepts in economic geography The Key Concepts in Human Geography series is intended to provide a set of companion texts for the core fields of the discipline. To date, students and academics have been relatively poorly served with regards to detailed discussions of the key concepts that geographers use to think about and understand the world. Dictionary entries are usually terse and restricted in their depth of explanation. Student textbooks tend to provide broad overviews of particular topics or the philosophy of Human Geography, but rarely provide a detailed overview of particular concepts, their premises, development over time and empirical use. Research monographs most often focus on particular issues and a limited number of concepts at a very advanced level, so do not offer an expansive and accessible overview of the variety of concepts in use within a subdiscipline. The Key Concepts in Human Geography series seeks to fill this gap, providing detailed description and discussion of the concepts that are at the heart of theoretical and empirical research in contemporary Human Geography. Each book consists of an introductory chapter that outlines the major conceptual developments over time along with approximately twenty-five entries on the core concepts that constitute the theoretical toolkit of geographers working within a specific subdiscipline. Each entry......

Words: 94626 - Pages: 379

Free Essay


...GEOGRAPHY MATTERS BY MASSEY | NOTES | PAGE NUMBER | COMMENTS ON INFORMATION | - "The impression given by all this excited talk is of the emergence of a borderless world, a world of total inconnection. It is not so. This is an inaccurate geographical imagination, though one which is useful to some. In fact what is going on is far more complex. To give some examples of this greater complexity; first at the same time as some barriers are falling we are also building a newly regionalised world of Europe, of the Far East, and of the countries of NAFTA." Using this quotation the complexity is the creation of new types of borders (i.e. while some barriers are falling, others are being put up). What you need to do then, is think about what types of challenges this complexity might create in future. For example, perhaps the challenge will be the inaccessibility and exclusivity these barriers might pose to some. Or perhaps the challenge is the management of those barriers? Another way of conceptualising the challenges presented by this complexity may be to consider the way in which it fosters isolated cooperation or understanding amongst peoples. Does this make sense? The readings cite a number of complexities associated with globalisation - they are present conditions that have resulted from global processes. The challenges are things that we will face in future, as a result of these complexities. We cannot know definitively what those will be, but we can certainly think......

Words: 282 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Essays on Economy

...Paper-I Principles of Geography Physical Geography i) Geomorphology : Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development ; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development ;Appl ied Geomorphology: Geohydrology, economic geology and environment ii) Climatology : Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronto genesis, Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s, Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climates; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change and role and response of man in climatic changes, Applied climatology and Urban climate. iii) Oceanography : Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents and tides; Marine resources: biotic, mineral and energy resources; Coral reefs, coral bleaching; sealevel changes; law of the sea and marine pollution. iv) Biogeography......

Words: 1084 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Geology 101 Final

...Geography 101 University of Mississippi FAll 2010 Final exam: essay questions Please prepare a typed answer to each of the two essay questions below. Your answers are due in class on the day of the scheduled final exam. Each essay question is worth 30 points on the exam (total of 60 points). Answers for EACH question should be at least 500 to 750 words (2-3 pages). NOTE: you may not use the same example for different essay questions. Please be diverse in the examples that you use to illustrate your answers. Be sure that you address ALL parts of each question. Format Each answer should be in the form of a typed, double-spaced document (12-point Times/Times Roman font) with margins no greater than 1 inch. Please include a title page (one for both answers is fine) and a complete and proper list of the sources (bibliography or references cited) that you used on a separate page. You should also include in-text citations for these sources as appropriate (any recognized academic format, such as MLA, is acceptable; for examples of MLA citation and bibliography formatting see Indicate the source of specific data in the body of your answer where appropriate. Please do not repeat the questions in your answer. Please do your own work. Copying from another student’s work (past or present) or any other form of academic fraud will result in failure in the course and......

Words: 2028 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Concept Note - Environmental Determinism

...Environmental Determinism – A Concept Note Environmental determinism was described by Semple (1911, p.620) as ‘the influence of climate upon race temperament’. It formed a notion that sparked debate in the 19th and 20th century, as to whether human society and activities are controlled by the physical environment in which they take place (Goodwin et al 2005). Scientific thinkers of the 19th century, Larmarck and Darwin looked at the environmental impacts on organisms’ biology and their subsequent behavior. In Lamarck's (1914 ed.) theory, he outlines how an organisms’ shape and organisation is caused by environmentally induced habits – ‘the giraffe actively stretched its neck reaching for the upper leaves of trees in semiarid regions’ (Peet, 1985, p.312). Fredrich Ratzel, although still “convinced of the importance of the idea of evolution” (Wanklyn, 1961, p.19), saw development of societies as dependent on what the land provides. To some extent there are modern day examples of where this is true, the UAE is a country located on land containing vast amounts of valuable oil, in 2009 it exported 2.395 million bbl/day (CIA World Factbook, 2012) – one the highest amounts of any country. Subsequently its GNP per capita in 2009 hit $48,900 (CIA World Factbook, 2012). It could be argued therefore, a society’s development is determined by the quality of the land that it resides on. Debatably there is more to environmental determinism then this. Ellen Semple (1911)......

Words: 713 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...(lab) BIO 101 Biology in Your World BIO 111* Understanding Bio Sys Through Inq. (lab only) BIO 121* General Biology I (lab) BMS 100 Concepts & Issues in the Life Sciences BMS 105 Concepts & Lab in the Life Sciences (lab) BMS 110* Intro to Biomedical Sciences (lab) BMS 111* Intro to Lab in Biomedical Sci (lab only) GLG 115 Life of the Past Physical Sciences (3-5 credit hours) AST 113 Modern Astronomy AST 114 Survey of Astronomy AST 115 Basic Astronomy (lab) CHM 107 Chemistry for the Citizen CHM 108* Chemistry for the Citizen Lab CHM 116* Fundamentals of Chemistry CHM 117* Fundamentals of Chemistry Lab GLG 110 Principles of Geology (lab) GLG 171 Environmental Geology GRY 135 Principles of Weather & Climate (lab) GRY 142 Introductory Physical Geography (lab) PHY 100 Survey of Physics (lab) PHY 101* Physics by Inquiry for Educators (lab) PHY 123* Introduction to Physics I (lab) PHY 203* Foundations of Physics I (lab) 4(3-3) 3(3-0) 1(0-2) 4(3-3) 4(4-0) 4(3-2) 4(3-2) 1(0-2) 3(3-0) 3(3-0) 4(4-0) 4(3-2) 3(3-0) 1(0-2) 4(4-0) 1(0-2) 4(3-2) 3(3-0) 4(3-2) 4(3-2) 4(3-2) 4(2-6) 4(3-2) 5(4-2) GEC 107 (no lab) GEC 106 (lab) HUMAN CULTURES 4 different course codes from these boxes Social & Behavioral Sciences (choose two, 6 credit hours) AGR 100 Food Security 3 ANT 125 Exploring Our Human Ancestry 3 CFD 155 Principles of Human Development 3 CFD 163 Relationships in...

Words: 999 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Physical Geo

...Physical Geography Chapter 1: The Discipline of Geography Principles of Geography Geography is the study of the distributions and interrelationships of earth phenomena. Geography is different from other disciplines in that it doesn't have a particular "thing" it studies. Botanists study plants, while geologists are interested in rocks. Geography is defined by its approach or methodology. Geographers describe their discipline as a spatial science. By "space" we aren't talking about celestial space. Geographers are concerned with answering questions about how and why phenomena vary across the surface of the Earth. For instance, geographers investigate patterns of vegetation as they relate to distributions of climate, soils, and topography. Geographers recognize the dynamic nature of Earth's physical systems. The physical geography of Earth changes in response to variations in weather and climate, the shifting of continents, and and the sculpting of coastlines by wave action. By recognizing the Earth system is dynamic, geographers take time into consideration when looking at the spatial patterns of Earth phenomena. Therefore, geographers are playing important roles in understanding the effects of climate change on earth systems. The role of geographers in assessing patterns of environmental change is a theme that reoccurs throughout this book. Figure 1.1 Folded Appalachian Mountains Linear folds of the Appalachian Mountains can be easily seen in this satellite image. (Source:......

Words: 8683 - Pages: 35

Free Essay

Sixth Grader

... You might be nervous about coming into six grades, but there is nothing too nervous about because 6th grade is just like 5th grade but you have to change classes and you have more teachers. But I have got to tell you that social studies class is awesome. Social studies are fun and you get to learn about different countries. I am going to tell you about six grade social studies. First thing you have to do in social studies is write down the geography question on that is one the board an write the answer in your steno because if you don’t have it then when has a daily quiz the you won’t have the answer. But you get to use your steno to help you that’s why it’s so important to write down question and the answer it. Second in social studies in the middle of the year you will have to study countries and there region. Then you will eventually have to take a map test and the map test is easy if you study the countries. Every day you will have to read about a country then write notes that is on the board, and then writes the notes in your notebook. After that you will have to take a map test. Projects are the most that count in social studies and there very fun to do. At the end of the year you will have to take a final that means you will have to take a test over the whole world and that’s hard to remember, meanwhile every day you will learn about a country. Third is you getting to do very fun activities in social studies, involving with the countries. You can even play......

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Teacher's Guide

...Explore 1 Teacher’s Guide John Pallister Contents Introduction to the series .................................................... 2 Introduction to Explore 1 ..................................................... 4 Chapter 1: What is geography? ........................................... 7 Chapter 2: Geographical Skills ........................................... 11 Chapter 3: Our Earth ......................................................... 15 Chapter 4: Atmosphere and weather ................................. 19 Chapter 5: Our World—the main features of the Earth’s surface ................................................. 25 Chapter 6: Asia—our region of the world .......................... 29 Chapter 7: Pakistan—our homeland.................................. 34 Chapter 8: Pakistan—economic activities ......................... 40 Introduction to the series Explore is a new, up-to-date geography series for secondary classes 6–8. The series covers all the geographical topics and learning competencies from the Pakistan National Curriculum for Geography. Guided by the structure of the Curriculum, from Book 1 to Book 3 the focus gradually switches from local (including the geography of Pakistan) to global (world issues such as forest clearances, population and big city growth, and globalization). However, this is done not by simply following the exact sequence of the written curriculum, but by identifying and developing particular topics and......

Words: 15071 - Pages: 61

Free Essay

Chapter 1 Human Geo Notes

...Chapter 1 - Geography Matters: Definitions: * Human geography the study of the spatial organization of human activity and of people’s relationships with their environments * Cartography: the body of practical and theoretical knowledge about making distinctive visual representations of Earth’s surface in the form of maps * Map projection: a systematic rendering on a flat surface of the geographic coordinates of the features found on Earth’s surface * Ethnocentrism: the attitude that a persona’s own race and culture are superior to those of others * Imperialism: the extension of the power of a nation through direct/indirect control of the economic and political life of other territories * Masculinism: the assumption that the world is and should be shaped mainly by men for men * environmental determinism: a doctrine holding that human activities are controlled by the environment * globalization: the increasing interconnectedness of different parts of the world through common processes of economic, environmental political and cultural change * ecumene: the total habitable area of a country. Sine it depends on the prevailing technology, the available ecumene varies over time. Canada’s ecumene is so much less than its total area. * Geodemographic research: investigation using census data and commercial data (i.e. sales data and property records) about populations of small districts to create profiles of those populations for market......

Words: 24912 - Pages: 100

Free Essay

Ap Human Geography

... - Italy faces serious devolutionary forces on its mainland peninsula as well one is the growing regional disparity between north and south. The wealthier north stands in sharp contrast to the poorer south. - The most recent of Italian politicians was the Northern League which raised the prospect of an independent state called Padania. The Northern League’s Efforts fell short. - Devolutionary events most often occur on the margins of states. - Distance, remoteness, and marginal location are allies of devolution. - The regions most likely to seek devolution are those far from the national capitol. Many are separated by water, desert, or mountains from the center of power and adjoin neighbors that may support separatist objectives. - Note also that many islands are subject to devolutionary processes: Corsica (France), Sardinia (Italy), Taiwan (China), Singapore (Malaysia), Zanzibar (Tanzania), Jolo (Philippines), Puerto Rico (United States), Mayotte (Comoros), and East Timor (Indonesia) are notable examples. As this list indicates,...

Words: 1523 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Something Borrowed Malcolm Gladwell Analysis

...Those notes can only be sequenced so many times before they are repeated by a new musician and called “original”. Intellectual property has been protected in the courts systems, but has favored personal interest over creativity and borrowing. In the case of Weber vs. Repp for example, Repp was claiming to be the owner of the copied Catholic folk music stolen to create music by Weber. With help from a lawyer, it is proven that Weber wrote a song previous to the music and songs by Repp. It was demonstrated that Weber wrote a song, Repp wrote another song sounding similar, and then Weber wrote the song in question. This showing that Weber borrowed from himself and Repp borrowed from him. The musical notes played in the same sequence were copied by both composers and therefore the courts dismissed the case, musical notes are not owned by any one composer. It does not matter what you copy but how much you choose to take. The idea behind Gladwell’s argument is that borrowing some to be creative is and needs to be acceptable in the eyes of “plagiarism...

Words: 1296 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...The urban in fragile, uncertain, neoliberal times: towards new geographies of social justice? R. ALAN WALKS Department of Geography, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Cananda L5L 1C6 (e-mail: Canadian cities are at a crossroads. The neoliberalization of governance at multiple scales, inadequate re-investment in urban infrastructure, increasing reliance on continental and international trade, and the restructuring of the space economy have combined to weaken Canada’s cities just as the global economic system is undergoing transformation. Canadian urban geographic scholarship has much to offer under current conditions, and is already making significant contributions in key areas. In particular, research on what might be called the contours and impacts of urban restructuring and the neoliberal city, immigration and cities of difference, and urban environmental justice show much promise and are likely to define the core of Canadian urban geography into the future. Key words: cities, urban geography, Canada, economic restructuring, neoliberalism, social justice L’urbain ` une ´poque fragile, incertaine et a e n´olib´rale: vers de nouvelles g´ographies de la e e e justice sociale? ` Les villes canadiennes sont a la crois´e des chemins. e Alors que l’´conomie mondiale traverse une p´riode e e de transformation, la situation des villes au Canada se pr´carise avec les effets de la restructuration e ` n´olib´rale de la gouvernance a......

Words: 8534 - Pages: 35