Free Essay

Geography Sba

In: Other Topics

Submitted By FaithHarris
Words 2170
Pages 9
What Processes Have Affected the Features on the Stretch of Coastline at Archer’s Bay, St. Lucy, Barbados?

Name: Shawana Harris
School: Harrison College
Candidate Number: 00300141645

Table of Contents


* Aim of Study......................................................................3

* Location of Study .............................................................4

* Methodology ...................................................................6

* Presentation of Data and Analysis...................................7

* Conclusion...................................................................... 16

* Bibliography ...................................................................17

* Appendix ........................................................................18

Aim of Study

This study aims to examine what processes have affected the features on the stretch of the coastline at Archer’s Bay, St. Lucy, Barbados.

Location of Study
Fig 1 A Sketch Map of Barbados

Fig 1.2 A Sketch Map of Archer’s Bay St. Lucy

Fig 2 A Sketch Map of Archer’s Bay St. Lucy Barbados

On Wednesday, 5th November, 2014, a group of geography students from Harrison College visited Archer’s Bay, St. Lucy Barbados to study the influence of wave action on the visited coastal landforms. The data was collected between 10:00 am and1:30pm.The used equipment were : a ruler, a compass, a protractor, a stopwatch, a camera, tape measure, clinometers, ranging poles pencils, a sketchpad and sample bags. To begin with, field sketch maps were drawn using a sketch pad and pencil and photographs were taken of Archer’s Bay using a camera. Next, data was collected to construct a beach profile. Using the ruler, ranging pole, protractor and compass, information for a beach cross section was collected. Using two one-metre poles, a compass and a measuring tool of over 50 feet a beach cross-section was done. The two poles were stuck into the sand parallel to each other and eight feet apart. The compass measurement of the second pole from the first pole was taken. Next, sediment analysis was done. Sand samples were collected and observed in sample bags along the transect, to establish the most common grain size and composition .The angularity of pebbles were also measured by sampling along the beach profile. After which the coastal features surrounding Archer’s Bay were observed and described. Next the waves were observed and the wave data was collected. A particular section in sea was observed and the amount of waves that passed by that section were counted with the time which began at 11: 34 am and ended at 11:44 with intervals of every two minutes. Finally weather conditions were taken.

Presentation of Data and Analysis Archer’s Bay is a bay and is located in Saint Lucy, Barbados. The estimate terrain elevation above sea level is 41 metres. Its Latitude is said to be 13°19'0.01 and its Longitude: -59°37'59.99. A bay is a body of water partially enclosed by land but with a wide mouth, affording access to the sea. Waves contain energy which may cause material to erode, transport it to a different place and deposit it there to build a new landform. Waves alter landforms through transport, deposition and erosion. Wave action describes the behaviour of waves. Waves can either be construction or destructive. Constructive waves act to build up the beach, this occurs when more sediment sand is deposited on the beach and less of it is removed with the receding waves. Destructive waves are the opposite of constructive wave. This is when more sediment is removed than is deposited onto the beach. Also, there is the wave frequency which describes the number of waves that pass a fixed place in a given amount of time and is one way to define how fast a wave moves. The waves at Archer’s Bay St. Lucy were moderately choppy are fairly ordered. When the bay waves are compared to headland waves, headland waves are more destructive than bay waves. The bay waves are bunched closer together and higher while the headland waves are further apart. Time | Number of Waves | 11:34am | 9 | 11: 36 am | 7 | 11:38 am | 7 | 11:40 am | 7 | 11:42am | 6 | Average 10 mins | 7 |
Fig 3 A Table Showing the Wave Frequency –Number of Waves every 2 Min
The wave height is estimated to be 1- 1 ½ m above the surface of the sea. Constructive waves were found to be in the bay and destructive waves beyond by the headlands. Additionally, when waves break at frequencies less than 10 per minute they are considered constructive and these waves are also able to break without interference from oncoming waves, so the swash is able to deposit material and build the beach. The weather conditions for Wednesday, 5th November 2014 were mostly sunny. Sunrise was at 6:15 am and sunset was 5:30 pm. The barometer readings were 9-1027 Mb and 3- 1009mb. The wind were said to be blowing at 26km/h while the maximum temperature was 30.4 ℃ and minimum temperature was 25.6 ℃. Hide tide occurred at 2:27 am & 2:27 pm and Low tide was at 8:12 am & 8:53 pm. Breeze was light and gentle. The Beaufort scale number was 2-3 (4-12km/hr).
Beach Profile

Fig 4 A Graph Showing the Characteristics of the Cross Section

The sand is coarse. Most of sediment is eroded limestone. Pebbles were found to be small and well rounded. A high energy wave action seems to be present as suggested by high attrition level in the sea. Sediment
Fig 5 Showing students doing sediment analysis

The Bay The areas where soft rock is eroded away, next to the headland are called bays. The bay on Archer’s bay has a v-shape and is located between two headlands-East and West. Due to deposition of the sand, a beach can be found in the middle.
Though Archer’s bay is small area, many landforms can be found at this site. These are: a bay, a stack, a cliff, a notch, a wave-cut platform, miniature arch, a headland, a beach and a cave.

Fig 6 Showing the Bay area at Archer’s Bay

A Stack
Stacks (tall rock columns) are formed by the erosion of an arch. When the arch becomes so big that it can support its top it will collapse leaving a headland on one side and a stack on the other. Three stacks may be found at the Archer’s Bay St.Lucy Barbados site. Two on the East with wave cut platforms and one on the west with 2 stomps.

Fig 7 Showing a Stack in the Water at Archer’s Bay
A Cliff-
Cliffs are formed by erosion and weathering.
There is a vertical cliff to the East with a notch at its base due to the erosion (hydraulic action) which is approximate 20 m tall. A horizontal cliff is located to the West. It appeared to be once a cave which formed a cliff as a result of the roof falling in.
In figure 8 the cliff is shown.

Fig 8 Showing a nearby Cliff at Archer’s Bay

Miniature Arch
A sea arch is a natural opening eroded out of a cliff face by marine processes. If a cave is formed in a headland, it may eventually break through forming an arch. A miniature arch is located on Westside of the bay on the headland. Little erosion has occurred.

Fig 9 Showing the miniature cliff at Archer’s Bay
Headlands are formed when sea attacks a section of coast with alternating bands of hard and soft rock. Soft bands erode more quickly than more resistant rock leaving a section of land jutting out into the sea i.e. a headland.
Three headlands may be found at Archer’s Bay St.Lucy Barbados. There they are formed on either side of the water course.

Fig 10 Showing the Headland at Archer’s Bay St.Lucy Barbados in the distance
The beach at Archer’s bay is a sandy one. From the appearance of the beach it can be determined that carbonation has affected the soft limestone from the back due to the water course. The deposition and waves are also found to be constructive.

Fig 11 Showing the Beach at Archer’s Bay St.Lucy

Caves are formed by the dissolution of limestone as well as weathering and erosion. Hydraulic action is a predominant process. Caves occur when waves force their way into cracks in the cliff face.
The cave at Archers Bay St.Lucy has collapsed off the headland. It was initially a cave but has eroded and the ceiling collapsed, now forming a cliff.

A Notch A notch is located at the bottom of the cliff. This could be a possible result of hydraulic action and abrasion. Hydraulic action is the force of the water itself acting on the bed and banks where as abrasion is the process by which stones, sand and other particles are carried and thrown against the bed and bank to help erode them.

Wave-Cut Platform This is formed when destructive waves crash against the cliff face cause undercutting high and low water marks mainly as a result of corrosion and hydraulic power. As seen in figure 12, a small wave cut platform on the East side of the bay. It is located at the bottom of the notch.

Fig 12 Showing the Wave Cut Platform at Archer’s Bay

Weathering Action Weathering is the break down but not the removal of rocks. Carbonation is seen at the Archer’s Bay St.Lucy Barbados. When carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is combined with rain water, it makes a weak acid called carbonic acid which infiltrates the soil then carbonic acid reacts with the limestone to form calcium bicarbonate which is insoluble and is then washed away. Evidence of Biotic Weathering is also evident at archer’s bay. Biotic weathering is caused by molluscs and plant roots extend downward deep into rock cracks in search of water and nutrients. When the rocks were observed, roots can be seen in the cracks and joints. This widens the joints creating a water path allowing carbonation. In addition hermit crabs and mollusc’ were found on the rocks. Such creatures may cause damage to the rock surfaces.
Plants roots penetrating rocks
Fig 13 Showing biotic weathering at the Archer’s Bay site Relief and Drainage
The presence of limestone proves that uplift has occurred because limestone is formed underwater. Therefore in order for it to be seen it has to be lifted out of the sea. Uplift causes a change in sea level and this may influence the relief in the St.Lucy area. The water course flows downward toward the bay and drains toward the North.

Mass Wasting: Rock fall Mass wasting is the movement down slope of rock fragments and soil under the influence of gravity.
Evidence of mass wasting on the St. Lucy site was evident in the cliff. Mass wasting occurred destroying the slope and thus causing the retreat of the cliff backward.

Human Activity
Man’s impact rate on the Little Bay area proved to be quite low. At the Archer’s Bay St.Lucy Barbados site a stair case was built for easier access to the beach. Littering levels were very low.
In addition the bay may be used for recreational purposes such as picnicking .Trees were possibly planted for shade and Bricks were found in the watercourse.
A plastic bottle

Fig 14 showing an example of litter found on the beach

Conclusion From careful observation of Archer’s Bay St.Lucy Barbados, many processes such as carbonation, weathering and mass wasting have affected the features on the stretch of the coastline. The cliff eroded, forming caves, arches and other landforms. The formation process of the landforms commences, when the sea water attacks minute cracks in a headland and widen them. The cracks gradually become larger and transform into a small cave. An arch is formed when the cave wears through the headland. Further erosion results in the arch collapsing, leaving a stack which is a pillar of hard rock standing away from the coast. Eventually the stack will collapse due to further erosion leaving a stump. There was still a constructive type environment. Additionally, the waves in the bay were constructive. Destructive waves occur during storms. There was also hardly any human activity and man’s impact was rated to be moderate because though there was no litter a staircase was built for easier access and trees were planted. Sand particles were coarse but round. Alot of attrition occurred in the sea suggesting a high wave energy action in the area. The weather was mostly sunny and there was a light breeze. All in all, we discovered that there are many different processes which have affected the features on the stretch of the Archer’s Bay coastline and they all play a very important part in the formation of beaches, bays and the many different coastal landforms.



Bunnett B.R., Physical Geography in Diagrams, Carlong Publishers (Caribbean) Limitied, 1965 - Thursday, 13th November, 2014

Wilson M., The Caribbean Environment for CXC Geography, Oxford University Press, 1997 - Monday, 17th November, 2014

Internet Sources
Google Maps,,-95.677068,4z –Wednesday, 12th November, 2014

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Geography Sba

...f study Methodology Location of study area Presentation and analysis of data Conclusion Bibliography AIM OF STUDY The aim of this study is to discover and describe problems faced by peasant farmers in the geographical area of Ewarton; St. Catherine. METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION On Tuesday, December 3, 2013, a field study was implemented in Ewarton in the parish of St.Catherine, Jamaica. The locations of study were scheduled to be Worthy Park Estate in Liuidas Vale and Farmer Roy’s Farm in Ewarton, St.Catherine. The weather was hot and very sunny thus there was no disturbance in this field study .The materials used to carry out the observation were: notebook, pen, pencils, camera, recording devices on phones and textbooks. A few of my friends also students participating in the field study formed a small group to gather primary information using questionnaires and interviews accordingly by conducting informal interviews and written questionnaires . Data was also collected through textbooks and the internet. Our first location was Worthy Park Estate .Worthy Park Estate is a sugar factory and distillery. It is surrounded by Cockpit Mountains and is 1200 ft. above sea level. It is a suitable place for study because it is cooler than most places although quite sunny during the daytime .The climate provides the best growing conditions for the growth of sugarcane it is also considered a commercial farm. Our second location was a subsistent farm owned by......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

My Geography Sba

...What Coastal Features are formed by waves along a section of the Palisadoes Tombolo in Kingston and Green Wall in St. Thomas, Jamaica? By Kashaun Smith School: Wolmer’s Boys School Territory: Year: 2013-2014 Table of Contents Page Title Page Number Aim of Study Location of Study Area Methodology Presentation and Analysis of Data Conclusion Bibliography Aim of Study The aim of study is to determine and describe the coastal features observed along a section of Palisadoes Tombolo and Green Wall in St. Thomas, Jamaica. Location of Study Area Methodology On Monday, May 20, 2013, the Geography Department of Wolmer’s Boys’ School organized for students to visit sections of the South East coastline of Jamaica. The locations of study were scheduled to be Palisadoes Tombolo in Kingston and Green Wall in St. Thomas. However, due to the rainy weather we only studied the features of the Palisadoes Tombolo in Kingston on the 20th of May. The materials used to carry out the observation were: notebook, pen, maps, camera, stopwatch and textbooks. At each location, the first instruction given by the teacher was to observe and take photos of the features of the area that was being studied. This helped us to understand the structure of the area and special features and processes taking place. At all the locations a stopwatch was used to time the number of waves per minute. However, the height of the waves was all estimated at the......

Words: 1036 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Geography Sba Robin; S Bay

...Coastal Geomorphology Title: To identify and describe the main coastal erosional and depositional landforms produced by wave action observe at Peyton’s Cove, Don Christopher Cove and Blowing Point along the coastline at Robin’s Bay, St. Mary, Jamaica Name: School: School Center: 100107 Teacher: Year of Examination: 2016 Due Date: Table of Content Title Page Aim of Study………………………………………… Location of Study …………………………………… Method of Data Collection…………………………... Presentation and Explanation of Data……………….. Analysis and Discussion of Data…………………….. Conclusion…………………………………………… Bibliography…………………………………………. Aim of Study The aims of the study were to: * Describe the main coastal erosion and depositional landforms produced by wave action or processes at Peyton’s Cove, Don Christopher Cove, Blowing Point along the coastline of Robin’s Bay in St. Mary, Jamaica * To study the effects of constructive and destructive wave processes on coastal landforms development * To determine the influence of the local rock and structure on the development of......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Geography Sba

...CXC GEOGRAPHY SCHOOL BASED ASSESSMENT YEAR 2013-2014 NAME OF CANDIDATE: JUSTINE BROWN SCHOOL: HOLYCHILDHOOD HIGHSCHOOL TERRITORY: JAMAICA CENTER #: 100049 CANDIDATE #: TEACHER: MRS.DUN-GREENE TITLE: WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS FACED BY PEASANT FARMERS IN THE AREA EWARTON; ST.CATHERINE TABLE OF CONTENTS Aim of study Methodology Location of study area Presentation and analysis of data Conclusion Bibliography AIM OF STUDY The aim of this study is to discover and describe problems faced by peasant farmers in the geographical area of Ewarton; St. Catherine. METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION On Tuesday, December 3, 2013, a field study was implemented in Ewarton in the parish of St.Catherine, Jamaica. The locations of study were scheduled to be Worthy Park Estate in Liuidas Vale and Farmer Roy’s Farm in Ewarton, St.Catherine. The weather was hot and very sunny thus there was no disturbance in this field study .The materials used to carry out the observation were: notebook, pen, pencils, camera, recording devices on phones and textbooks. A few of my friends also students participating in the field study formed a small group to gather primary information using questionnaires and interviews accordingly by conducting informal interviews and written questionnaires . Data was also collected through textbooks and the internet.         Our first location was Worthy Park Estate .Worthy Park Estate is a sugar factory and distillery. It is surrounded by Cockpit......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Geography Sba

...Psicológica (2010), 31, 647-657. The law of elasticity Alberto Cocco* & Sergio Cesare Masin University of Padua, Italy Participants estimated the imagined elongation of a spring while they were imagining that a load was stretching the spring. This elongation turned out to be a multiplicative function of spring length and load weight—a cognitive law analogous to Hooke’s law of elasticity. Participants also estimated the total imagined elongation of springs joined either in series or in parallel. This total elongation was longer for serial than for parallel springs, and increased proportionally to the number of serial springs and inversely proportionally to the number of parallel springs. The results suggest that participants integrated load weight with imagined elasticity rather than with spring length. Intuitive physics refers to the cognitive laws of our tacit knowledge of the ordinary physical world (Anderson, 1983; Lipmann & Bogen, 1923; McCloskey, 1983; Shanon, 1976; Smith & Casati, 1994; Wilkening & Huber, 2002). In the following we report an investigation of the intuitive physics related to Hooke’s law of linear elasticity. We begin with a description of this law. HOOKE’S LAW Consider a close-coiled helical spring with length L and external diameter D, suspended from a fixed support. After an object with weight W is suspended from the lower end of the spring, Hooke’s law says that the spring elongation (increment in L) is E = k0 + k · W (1) with k0 a measurement......

Words: 3753 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Geography Sba

...Hurricanes a tropical cyclone with winds > 64 knots Hurricanes are tropical cyclones with winds that exceed 64 knots (74 mi/hr) and circulate counter-clockwise about their centers in the Northern Hemisphere (clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere). Image by: the GOES Project Hurricanes are formed from simple complexes of thunderstorms. However, these thunderstorms can only grow to hurricane strength with cooperation from both the ocean and the atmosphere. First of all, the ocean water itself must be warmer than 26.5 degrees Celsius (81°F). The heat and moisture from this warm water is ultimately the source of energy for hurricanes. Hurricanes will weaken rapidly when they travel over land or colder ocean waters -- locations with insufficient heat and/or moisture. This is a sea surface temperature map for the northern hemisphere summer. The yellow, orange, and red colors show water temperatures warm enough to sustain hurricanes (> 26.5°C). Image by: OSDPD Related to having warm ocean water, high relative humidities in the lower and middle troposphere are also required for hurricane development. These high humidities reduce the amount of evaporation in clouds and maximizes the latent heat released because there is more precipitation. The concentration of latent heat is critical to driving the system. The vertical wind shear in a tropical cyclone's environment is also important. Wind shear is defined as the amount of change in the wind's direction or speed with......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Themes and Traditions of Geography Jennifer Friedrichsen Geography 100 4/20/2012 Dr. Siri Nimal Wickramaratne Themes and Traditions of Geography “Geography is the science that studies the relationships among natural systems, geographic areas, society, culture activities, and the independence of all of these over space.” (Christopherson, 2010, p. 4) Over time there have been two attempts that have influenced the basic understanding of geographic information, which allows us to gain additional and improved knowledge as well as appreciation for environmental changes and the different cultures around the world. These attempts are The Four Traditions of Geography and The Five Themes of Geography. Four Traditions of Pattison The four traditions consist of the spatial tradition, area tradition, man-land tradition and earth science tradition. Spatial Tradition is an “academic tradition in modern Geography that investigates geographic phenomena from a strictly spatial perspective” (Pidwirny, 2006). Spatial Tradition focuses on the mapping, positioning, direction, and distance, the characteristics of the form and movement related to these aspects or the distribution of phenomena. Area Studies Tradition is “an academic tradition in modern Geography that investigates an area on the Earth from a geographic perspective at either the local, regional, or global scale” (Pidwirny, 2006). This is the descriptions of different areas or regions. The nature of......

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...kkkkk ? and ?Late Ferry?. Through poetic devices, Gray enriches our understanding of the concept of journeys and expands our knowledge. However, by contrasting ?Late Ferry... Save Paper  Inner Journey- Alibrandi, My Place, The Road Not Taken development towards a better understanding of themselves and the world around them. The growth we derive from such journeys can present us with an avenue for self... Save Paper  Statement Of Purpose I could engage with persons from diverse backgrounds and cultures to expand my understanding of the world I live in. I have a desire to go beyond the boundaries...  Testing extent has studying the concept of physical journeys expanded your understanding of yourself, of individual, and of the world? Peter Skrzyneckis Immigrant...  The Power Of Journeys along the way, and the experiences we possess. Journeys have the ultimate power to change our thinking, our ideas and concepts, inevitably changing us individually... Save Paper  Inner Journeys extent has studying the concept of inner journeys expanded your understanding of yourself individuals and of the world? Inner journeys are about the process in...  Journeys Lead The Traveller To Knowledge other end of the scale, Priscilla: Queen of the Desert also maintains the concept of Journeys lead the traveller to knowledge, but in a more clever and humorous way... Save Paper  Journey Speech story of Edwards view on himself from a different perspective as a......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Possible Questions National Geographic Society 1. Fahey remarks about magazine piles “ that has come to haunt people today don’t want clutter. Comment? 2. How can Fahey promote cross functional and cross divisional collaboration by bringing radical changes in business model from paper to digital. 3. What should be the best strategy for fahey to integrate the media and magazine by transforming the culture, behavior and value of a legacy organization. 4. In 1994 Fahey was CEO of ‘Life Time’ ironically facing same challenges with earlier generation of media and technology. Fifteen years later same person is seen as elite general manager at work in a completely different organization. Has his thinking and management style changed? 5. Whom should the e commerce boss report to? How to transform a 123-year-old cultural icon and prepare it for the digital world? Slowly, Key concepts include: 1. Practitioners need to understand the power of the history of their own organizations in order to effect change. 2. Making transformational changes at the National Geographic Society involved pulling management levers to alter a deeply ingrained culture, develop new organizational capabilities, and design a compensation structure aligned with new values. 3. A one-size-fits-all approach to management doesn't work. General managers encountering similar problems in different organizations may need different solutions to solve them. That has come back......

Words: 1523 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Bhutan Case

...Summary: The Bhutan country was an emerging market. They strived to instill innovative leaders who wanted to open up to foreign markets. The main industrial strive to increase its growing tourism business was in the form of Royal Bhutan Airlines. They experienced industry growth. This caused them to rethink their strategy of high value low volume. This was due to wanting to preserve the culture and geography of the small nation of under 700 thousand people. Royal Bhutan Airlines was contemplating how to increase size and lower costs by online booking, increased domestic travel, and alliance partnerships. Issues: The major issues that interfered with growth was corporate culture, tariffs, seasonal traffic, and logistical burdens. For starters, Royal Bhutan Airlines was a direct extension from the government since it was designed as a taxi service for Indian officials. They were set on preserving the pristine nature of the Bhutan culture, religious and geographically. Hence why they set small limits on tourists coming in and out of the country. Tariffs caused higher prices on people traveling to the country due to having to go through specific travel agents. Season trends were a large portion of the problem for Royal Bhutan Airlines. To solve this problem, consider buying smaller more economical planes that are only used during slower seasons. It would help with the load percentage. During peak seasons bring out the larger aircrafts. This would also reduce......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mapping of Javan Gibbon Habitat Suitability (Hylobates Moloch Audebert, 1798) in Gunung Tilu Protected Area Kabupaten Bandung with Geographic Information System Application

...Introduction Javan gibbon is an endemic species in West Java and it is categorized as endangered species now (IUCN, 2008). Javan gibbon habitat is sentralized in lowland forest and mountain forest, one of that are situated at Gunung Tilu Protected Area. However the area has been facing many problems which resulted from human activites such as stealing the forest products, and the existence of tea plantation in this protected area. The research objectives is to develop the habitat suitability map of Javan gibbon in Gunung Tilu Protected Area (GTPA) utilizing Geographic Information System (GIS). Method Javan gibbon habitat suitability mapping was initiated by collection the spatial and attribute data, such as digital map, data survey, and literature. This mapping was based on some habitat variable which determine the Javan gibbon habitat suitability, namely Leaf Area Index (LAI), accesibility (elevation and slope), and distance to road. Variables then were analyzed with GIS and produced thematic map for each variable. Javan gibbon distribution survey data in GTPA by KONUS (Konservasi Alam Nusantara) was used for determine the weight value of habitat variable using a Principal Componenet Analysis (PCA). Result of PCA were utilized as weight to determine Javan gibbon habitat suitability model. Furthermore, the model analyzed by using scoring and overlay methode. Result and disscussion The habitat suitability model: IKH = (2,154xFLAI) + (2,154xFjalan)......

Words: 316 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Cultural Geography Project

...English 269: Intro to Cultural Studies 30 September 2010 Cultural Geography Project The small piece of property between Torches on the Hudson and Gully’s Restaurant in Newburgh has become a cornerstone of revitalizing the city’s economy. Although it is only about half a mile long, in less than ten years the enormous facelift that has been given to the area has done wonders for the city’s revenue and tourist appeal as well as provided a much needed aesthetic boost to the waterfront area. Newburgh’s waterfront area has a rare appeal for this particular case study because it has aspects of providing a sense of community in the sense that it is often a focal point for local social gatherings, but it is also a place whose very existence is predicated upon the fact that it generates revenue for the city. As a young kid I can remember days where my father and I would drop my mother off at work and spend the rest of the morning running errands while stopping at the Newburgh Waterfront for lunch. By and large the place was decidedly unimpressive. In fact, there wasn’t much to be seen other than the old rickety piers and the folks ignorant enough of their state to trust their sturdiness (my father and I were quite often included in this class). There were sidewalks to nowhere, not much parking, very little landscaping was done, no shops, just a pier and the few people on it. It seemed, when looked at as a whole, very much like an area that had been almost forgotten by the......

Words: 1590 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...An organisation cannot satisfy the needs and wants of all consumers. To do so may result in a massive drain in company resources. Segmentation is simply the process of dividing a particular market into sections, which display similar characteristics or behaviour. There are a number of segmentation variables that allow an organisation to divide their market into homogenous groups. These variables will be discussed briefly below   Demographic Segmentation Demographics originates from the word ‘demography’ which means a ‘study of population’. The population can be divided into age, gender, income, and family lifecycle amongst other variables. As people age their needs and wants change, some organisations develop specific products aimed at particular age groups for example  nappies for babies, toys for children, clothes for teenagers and so on.   Gender segmentation is commonly used within the cosmetics, clothing and magazine industry. All Bar One within the UK have developed their bars to attract the female audience, taking opportunity of the rise in the number of women who now enjoy ‘social drinking’. In the UK we have also seen the introduction of Maxim, (  a male lifestyle magazine covering male fashion, films, cars, sports and technology. We have also seen the introduction of unisex cosmetic products like CK1  which works on the similarities between the two genders.   | ...

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Geography Db

...DB 1: Geography posted by Stacy Harris Thu Dec 9 23:48:28 2010 According to, Geography is defined as the study of the earth and all of its features. This also includes the human race and the effect that humans play on the earth. states that there are five themes in Geography. These themes are location, place, human/environment interactions, movement, and regions. If I would have not read this article, I would think that location, place, and region are just about the same. But as I read the article, I found this was not the case. Location refers to the latitude and longitude of an exact spot on a map or globe. Places are defined by the characteristics that distinguish them from other places. For instances, the animal population of certain place makes it unique, as well as other features like mountains and even human architecture. Region refers to an area on earth that is unified by a specific attribute. These attributes can be either human or physical and can include things like climate,religious, political, cultural, and many others. Movement is used to study the way people and products move from one place to another through interactions and travel. It is also used to study resources and where they are located around the earth and how these resources are dispersed throughout the world. Human interaction/environment is used to describe the way that people interact with the world around them. This interaction can be both positive and......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mcb Pp

...SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE GROUP MEMEBERS IFTAKHAR AHMED RIZWAN JAMEEL USMAN BUTT SULMAN SHEIKH E09MBA054 E09MBA041 E09MBA060 E09MBA062 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE INTRODUCTION SDLC – SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE Problem Definition SDLC - is the process of creating or altering systems, and the models and methodologies that people use to develop. Implementation Analysis Testing Design SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE PROBLEM DEFINATION • MCB was used in house development System MIBS • PROBLEMS  System Not Integrated  Each Branch have their own Server  Mostly Work done Manually and at the end of day a KPO entered the voucher  Each branch maintain separate customer account in separate SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE ANAYLSIS • After defining the Problems MCB requires a new System. • System which overcome all these problems • System which are fully integrated in the branch and also connected with the other branch • System which required no duplication of customer record • The customer account can be operated from any MCB branch • The system which have a less manual work Proposed System The Proposed system was AMBIT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN • AMBIT system was integrated extended enterprises banking system developed by a software company in SINGAPURE • MCB name the AMBIT system “SYMBOLS PROJECT” • In Symbols Project initially six modules and then additionally four modules was designed Branch Teller Deposits......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2