Free Essay

Germany

In: Business and Management

Submitted By RHennis10
Words 2148
Pages 9
International business thrives in the country of Germany. They have a variety of characteristics and features of tradition within the country. Taking an overview of areas such as culture, legal system, geography, political system, and history is just the beginning to this unique country. Through the research provided, it should be a useful indicator of whether or not Germany is a desirable place to pursue international business in.
The national flag of Germany consists of three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red (middle), and gold (bottom). The colors of black, red, and gold have played an important role in German history and can be traced all the way back to medieval times where there was a banner of the Holy Roman Emperor. This original banner had a black eagle with red claws and beak on a gold field. The Holy Roman Empire was a German-majority, multi-ethnic empire in central Europe until 1806, when it was defeated at the Battle of Austerlitz. After this battle, German-states that were part of the Holy Roman Empire came under French rule and several German organizations began agitations to free Germany from foreign rule and create a unified country. Among these organizations were two prominent ones by the names of Lutzow Free Corps and Jena Student’s League. The members of these two organizations wore uniforms of black with gold and red accessories and used flags of those colors as well. When Germany was unified in 1871 under Otto Von Bismarck, it chose a national flag with horizontal stripes of black-white-red. However after Germany’s defeat in the First World War, a republic was declared in 1919 and the black, red, and gold flag was restored. After the Nazi government took power in 1933, West Germany restored the old black-red-yellow flag on May 23, 1949 and East Germany used the tricolor flag with its coat of arms. In 1990, the two Germanys were reunited and the Unified Germany continued to use the black-red-gold flag that we see today (Hooper, 2011).
Germany is a neighbor to nine other countries and two seas. Going around Germany clockwise, starting on the North side, is the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea. On the East side of Germany is home to Poland and the Czech Republic. On the South side is Austria and Switzerland. Finally, on the West side of Germany, there is France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands (Jelski, 2015).
The population of Germany is 82,490,000 people (Carroll, 2005) who live on 135,200 square miles of land. With those facts in mind, this means that about 611 people live in one square mile (Population Density, 2007). The land area of Germany has lots of variation by location. Topography of Germany includes a quarter of the land is around sea level and under 100 meters in height. This flat region is the Northern area of Germany. As you go more south, there is more hills and height reaches 1,000 meters. Farther south there are mountains that are about 3,000 meters high. On the West side of Germany, is the Black Forest. And on the East side of Germany is the Bohemian Forest. Towards the center of Germany is the Thuringian Forest (Germany Topography, 2015).The main rivers of Germany are the Oder River, which leads to the Baltic Sea. This is located in the north-east region of Germany. Another main river is the Danube River which flows into the Black Sea, which is located at the south-east region. The last important river located in Germany is the Rhine River which flows from the southwest region up to the northwest region of Germany and flows into the North Sea (Germany, 2015). The climate in Germany is colder in the winter and warmer in the summer. In the summer there is usually lots of rain. It gets colder the more West you travel, and near the highlands. Extreme hot in the summer and extreme cold in the winter is rare. The weather varies between the years. One summer it will be rainy and the next would be mostly sunny (Weather, 2013).
Germany’s natural resources are lignite, which is coal, along with timber, iron ore, potash, salt, uranium, nickel, copper and natural gas (Gurtler, 2010).These resource are produced all over Germany with the largest industries located in Hamburg, Berlin, Hannover, Dresden, Munster, Erfurt, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, and many other locations. These locations also specialize in different categories such as Healthcare, Engineering, Transportation, Pharmaceuticals, Technology, Energy, and Financial Services (Germany Success, 2015). Germany is also one of the nation’s largest producer of automobiles, machines, electrical equipment, and chemicals (Germany Exports, 2013). Germany can easily produce these goods with the natural resources and environment it has.
The political system of Germany is the second democratic system in German history. They follow the constitution of Basic Law which was adopted in 1990. The purpose for Basic Law is to have the people participate in the political formation of the people. The legal system of Germany is a civil law based of statues, as compared to other common law systems. Germany uses an inquisitorial system where judges are involved with the facts of the case as well as the investigating (Hartmann, The State, 2011). Free elections take place and are a part of the fundamental principles of the parliamentary democracy. Free elections are a section of Basic Law, article 20 paragraph 2. This states that the people vote through the electoral system. In article 38 of Basic Law, it reads, “The Members the German Bundestag shall be elected in general, direct, free, equal and secret elections they shall be representatives of the whole people; they shall not be bound by any instructions, only by their conscience”(Dannemann, 1998).
The government plays a crucial role in the German economy. They directly and indirectly affect the policies in several ways. There are three figures that play a big role to the economy. These figures include the chancellor, the minister of finance and economy, and the Bundeskartellamt. Again, depending on which party is elected, the government involved in the economy is varied. The chancellor’s role deals with how the interest and style of the specific chancellor, who will create policies that deal with the financial community. The minister of finance and economy are responsible for the federal budget and policy maker. The Bundeskartellamt are to prevent monopolies and cartels. As of now, it is declared non-active due to the change of times as the position was created in the 1870’s (Solsten, 1996).
The German legal system is effective for German citizens and other foreign businesses. The German legal system is impartial because people are not judged unfairly (German, 2015). It was ranked 5.0 out of 7.0 in 2011 for International Legal System Efficiency Assessment (Bukowski, 2011). The political and legal conditions suggest that the country could be a potential market. Germany’s average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita according to OECD is $7000 USD, which is higher than the average household income per capita (Pascal, n.d.). According to German laws, there is no difference between German citizens and foreign citizens regarding investing or starting a company. This shows the fairness we would prefer when starting our company in a new country (Ease, 2014). Germany’s ease of doing business ranking is 14 out of 189 and they have been consistently ranked in that position.
Corruption is an improper and usually unlawful conduct for someone or in this case, a country’s benefit. If a country has a great amount of corruption, citizens will continue to flock to other locations and business deals will be moved to safer locations. In 2014, Germany ranked 12 out of 174 countries on the corruption perceptions (Ugaz, 2015). With this low of a score, other countries should feel safe doing business in such a non-corrupt place. Officials and leaders are not easily bribed in Germany and people play by the rules, which in turn entices more businesses to enter into their business market.
In Germany, a lot of new legislation went into effect on January 1st, 2015. One of these includes the German Parliament approving minimum wage of €8.50 ($11.61) an hour. This had some impact on businesses overall. This showed a huge landmark for Germany, where wages had previously been negotiated by employers and trade unions and the government was not actively involved. Now they have switched to having a statutory minimum wage. From observations, their have not been any pending legislation that is relevant to international companies (Thomas, 2014).
Germany has a mixed economic system. The German economy is essentially a social market economy. It was originated and implemented by Christian Democrat Ludwig Erhard, Minister of Economics in the early 1960’s in former West Germany (Soros & Sachs, 2010). A social market economy guarantees the free play of entrepreneurial forces, while at the same time endeavoring to maintain the social balance (Hartmann, Successful, 2011). Before Germany engaged in a mixed economic system, East Germany had a different type of system: a centrally planned economy. Beginning in 1945, large tracts of real estate and factories were taken over by the state under reform programs for agriculture and industry. After this time, the first Five-Year Plan of 1951 and the second Five-Year Plan of 1956 were conducted. By the early 1960s, Kombinate (collective farms) accounted for about 90 percent of all farm production. The private farmers who resisted collectivization were arrested. When production began to decline, the Socialist Unity Party of Germany introduced the so-called New Economic System of decentralized planning. Production declined even further, however, and it became increasingly evident to many East Germans that their "planned economy" had lost the economic battle with the capitalist West (Eric, 1995).
Today, Germany is considered a developed country. This means that they are highly industrialized, highly efficient, and whose people enjoy a high quality of life. The gross domestic product is a primary indicator to gauge the health of a country’s economy. It represents the total dollar value of all the good and services produced within the country during a certain time period. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Germany was worth 3,634.82 billion US dollars in 2013. If you compare this to the United States, their GDP in 2013 was worth 16,800.00 billion US dollars. The U.S. is nearly four and a half times as much. In the standpoint of the total world economy, the GDP value of Germany represents 5.86 percent of the world’s GDP (Germany GDP, 2013). The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic of life expectancy, education, and income used to rank countries on human development. The HDI of Germany in 2013 was 0.911 and their rank was 6. If you compare this to the United States, their HDI in 2013 was 0.914 and their rank was 5 (Germany Human, n.d.).
The German economy has endured a transition of economic freedom with the Rule of Law, the size of the government, regulatory efficiency, and market openness. In regards to the Rule of Law, you are able to be protected, which gives a motivating force for workers and investors. With the ability to have private property, corruption cannot infect the economy in straight away paths and citizens have more confidence to undertake entrepreneurial activity. Germany is on the verge of decreasing costs of production which allows for more open business that will bring value to the society and help maintain and keep a stable currency. Lastly, with market openness, they deal with trade, investment, and financial freedom. Trade freedom can open up a realm of doors for investments and other financial cases. With investment freedom it creates entrepreneurial opportunities and incentives for the economic activity to expand, greater productivity, and job creation. Regarding financial freedom, this provides availability to citizens to have savings, credit, payment, and investment services available and in the area. In able to allow for the economy to grow, the market has to expand overtime and prosper for society as a whole (Miller & Kim, 2015).
In conclusion, West Germany and East Germany came together in 1990 to form what we know as Germany today. It has several geological features including many Forests, rivers, and seas. Germany has several natural resources, the main one being lignite and is considered to be a developed country with high industrialization, high efficiency, and a high quality of life. The economy has went through several transitions and is now considered to have a mixed economic system with a high corruption ranking. Germany has brought about a lot of change and went through several transitions that most countries could learn from and establish new grounds to operate in a more efficient and effective manner throughout our entire world.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Germany Swot

...location lead to reduce cost in transportation - Leader in manufacturing on technological products ( http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/industry-and-services/total-employment-in-manufacturing_20743882-table1) - Investment is going up (Inflows of foreign direct investment called FDI are continuing to rise as the world sees potential in Germany's knowledge in technology and manufacturing) - Market o Large market in Europe. With a GDP of more than 3 trillion (2011 est. Mergent online) it is the strongest economy in Europe and the third strongest in the World. o Germany is an open market and warmly welcome foreign investors. That is demonstrated by the 22,000 foreign enterprises that have established business in Germany and now employ more than 2.7 million people (http://www.germany.info/Vertretung/usa/en/07__Climate__Business__Science/02__Bus__w__Germany/Feature__01/__Feature__01.html) Threat - High fuels price o Germany is a manufacturing hub for auto industry. The high gas price will drive the customers away since people are looking to buy more fuel efficient vehicle such as Korean and Japan vehicles. Most German cars are luxury car, and luxury car usually require more fuel to operate. - Euro currency: Euro is on verge of another recession - Skills replacement and products substitution from developing country - Debt (about 44% of GDP 2010 EST.) The government debt continues to increase with the Euro zone crises with the large bailouts is being hand out.......

Words: 496 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Germany

...INSTITUTE OF LANGUAGES NAME: HUSSAIN NIZZAMI SESSION: 2012-2013 SUBMITTED TO: MAM MARIA MALDONADO TOPIC: GERMANY HISTORY & CULTURE UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB Table of Contents: Item Topic Page Geography 3 History 5 Government 10 Economy 12 Industry 15 Educational System 20 Famous Historical Germans 23 Culture ...

Words: 9395 - Pages: 38

Free Essay

Germany

...Germany Demographics Profile 2013 Home > Factbook > Countries > Germany Population 81,305,856 (July 2012 est.) Age structure 0-14 years: 13.2% (male 5,499,555/female 5,216,066) 15-24 years: 10.9% (male 4,539,977/female 4,339,221) 25-54 years: 42.2% (male 17,397,266/female 16,893,585) 55-64 years: 13% (male 5,236,617/female 5,354,262) 65 years and over: 20.7% (male 7,273,915/female 9,555,392) (2012 est.) Median age total: 45.3 years male: 44.2 years female: 46.3 years (2012 est.) Population growth rate -0.2% (2012 est.) Birth rate 8.33 births/1,000 population (2012 est.) Death rate 11.04 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.) Net migration rate 0.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.) Urbanization urban population: 74% of total population (2010) rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) Major cities - population BERLIN (capital) 3.438 million; Hamburg 1.786 million; Munich 1.349 million; Cologne 1.001 million (2009) Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.) Infant mortality rate total: 3.51 deaths/1,000 live births male: 3.81 deaths/1,000 live births female: 3.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.) Life expectancy at birth total population: 80.19 years male: 77.93 years female: 82.58 years (2012 est.) Total fertility rate 1.41 children......

Words: 14592 - Pages: 59

Premium Essay

Unification of Germany

...Coercive Diplomacy: Otto von Bismarck and the Unification of Germany by Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth R. Kassner United States Marine Corps United States Army War College Class of 2012 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT: A Approved for Public Release Distribution is Unlimited This manuscript is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Master of Strategic Studies Degree. The views expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. The U.S. Army War College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, (215) 662-5606. The Commission on Higher Education is an institutional accrediting agency recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing this collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden to Department of Defense, Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for......

Words: 7938 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Germany

...tacit control. Germany does not fit that mold, however. This is a country who was globally defeated twice by several antagonistic powers and rose again to become a rich and influential state. A nation, who was responsible for some of the most reprehensible war crimes known to man within the last century, sits among its contemporary peers in the UN and decries similar actions perpetrated by other states. Germany has been able to replace its power in the region from military dominance to economic and political dominance, allowing it to become one of the most influential member-states of the EU and a model for peaceful democratic capitalism. Germany has played a central role in the history and major events within the European continent for the past hundred years. Germany invaded neutral Belgium in 1914 following the assassination of Austro-Hungary Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Due to complex diplomatic alliances within the region and globally, the result of this action spiraled into a global conflict. This conflict split the region into two sides, the Triple Entente and the Central Powers. The Triple Entente originally consisted Britain, France and Russia. The United States and Japan would later join. The Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers shortly after the breakout of war. Know at the times as was “to end all wars,” the conflict lasted from 1914-1919. The defeat of the Central Powers and Germany and the......

Words: 1878 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Germany

...Germany Vs United States Health Care Systems Tarrah Schefke Mary Dunbar HSC 111 Paula Dixson Germany Vs United States Health Care Systems Mention European health care to an American, and it probably conjures up a negative stereotype — high taxes, long waiting lines, rationed care. It's not that way in Germany. Very little tax money goes into the system. The lion's share comes, as in America, from premiums paid by workers and employers to insurance companies. German health benefits are very generous. And there's usually little or no wait to get elective surgery or diagnostic tests, such as MRIs. It's one of the world's best health care systems, visible in little ways that most Germans take for granted. Dental Care in Germany vs. United States Dental care in Germany is very similar to the dental care that we have in the United States. In Germany, costs for dental care is ranked amongst the highest in Europe, while public healthcare costs consume a large portion of their national budget (Going to the Dentist in Germany, 2012). The downside to this is that an increasing number of dental treatments are excluded from reimbursement by public health care plans. Also, in Germany there is a two-tier insurance program, which offers different levels of dental insurance coverage. The costs of your yearly dental health routine are covered by all standard dental health plans. This includes two annual check-ups, teeth cleanings, and basic fillings (Going to the Dentist in......

Words: 2444 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Germany and Canada

...Name Professor Institution Course Date Germany and Canada; Why they are different? Introduction The economic status of a country is determined by various factors and various measures that are compared to other countries. The economic stability of countries is measured with consideration of various elements such as the general income of the citizens, and also the productivity of various groups and organizations in the nations. The economic contributions of economic institutions such as banks, private and public financial institutions are also used to determine the position of nations’ economic status. The index heritage scale is an essential parameter in determination of a country’s economic position in comparison with other nations across the world. The global economy ranking is therefore achieved after a comprehensive analysis of the economic positions of various countries, and this is with comparison of the pillars of the economy of the respective nations. Poverty, poor health and ignorance are considered to be the fundamental contributors of low index heritage scale due to their negative contributions towards the economy of a country. It is the responsibility of the government and key players in the economy of a country to ensure that the economic strategies and activities that they engage in positively help in eradication of poverty, reduction of ill health and control of unawareness among people and organizations. This paper aims at drawing a comprehensive and......

Words: 1870 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Germany Revision

... | |1926 |Germany joins League of Nations | |1928 |Kellogg-Briand Pact | |1929 |Young Plan | |October 1929 |Stresemann dies, Wall Street Crash | |1930-1932 |Great Depression | Who took over from the Kaiser? What was Germany like before World War I? ■ Industry and factories developing rapidly – dominated European market. ■ Strong army and growing navy. ■ Starting to conquer colonies (land abroad) – wanted more ■ Led by Kaiser (Emperor) of Germany who was the most powerful figure. What effect did World War I have on Germany? ■ Opposition to Kaiser developed. However, opposition leaders were imprisoned and Germany run as a dictatorship by Kaiser and army generals. No freedom of speech. ■ Became very unstable – anarchy (breakdown of law and order)......

Words: 13280 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

Entrepreneurship in Germany

...[pic] How Entrepreneurial is Germany? The Institutional Context of Entrepreneurship and Business Start Up Costs in Germany in International Comparison Abstract The importance of entrepreneurial activities is integral to a nation’s economic growth. This paper reviews the results of the 2000 Global Entrepreneur Monitor (GEM) country report with a sole focus on Germany in evaluating its degree of entrepreneurship. The factors examined include the costs, legal procedures, and institutional context via a look at the formal and informal entrepreneurial frameworks. The view of entrepreneurship in Germany will be explored as well as comparison to other countries in the GEM report. It is found that entrepreneurial activities differ within regions in Germany and the cultural and social norms place a barrier to start-ups despite the government effort in financing and state promotion programs. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction……………………………………………………………….3 2. Overview of Germany’s entrepreneurship and international comparison...4 3. Institution context………………………………………………………....6 The regulation of entry……………………………………………………6 Political context- government policies……………………………………8 Human Capital…………………………………………………………….9 Education…..……………………………………………………………10 Psychological and sociological context………………………………….12 Regional context…………………………………………………………15 4. Conclusion……………………………………………………………….18 5. Works cited……………………………………………………………...20 Introduction The German......

Words: 4897 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Germany

...Germany – people, culture, language A guide for businesses The country Germany today: Germany is the world's third largest economy after the USA and Japan, despite its recent economic and unemployment difficulties and the problems caused by the re-unification of East and West Germany in 1990. It has Europe's biggest population (83.5 million people) and a land area of 357,021 kilometres (137,828 square miles). It is a founder member of the EU and of NATO. Growth sectors: Germany's economy is famous for its industrial output in the automotive, machine tools, white goods and engineering industries, as well as textiles and finished goods. Environment: Germany has three main geographical areas, the lowlands in the north, the uplands in the centre and the mountains in the south. Politically and socially, Germany is quite regionalised and is organised in sixteen states or “Bundesländer” with the federal capital in Berlin. As a result, each major city has its own character and the cities and villages of Bavaria are quite different from the north. Germany has a temperate climate with average rainfall of 600-700 mm (23-27 inches) per year. The people Federalism: The Head of State is the President, elected every five years. The Chancellor, currently Angela Merkel, is the Head of Government, elected every four years and leader of the winning party in the election. The two main parties are the SPD (Social Democratic Party), and the CDU (Christian Democratic Union). North/South......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Germany

...1 GCSE HISTORY GERMANY 1918-1939 REVISION This awesome booklet has been designed to help you get exam-ready. It contains the ‘essential’, need-to-know points for the Germany unit, plus useful revision boosters and guidance on answering exam questions. Remember, getting your exam technique sorted is a must if you’re going to succeed in the exam - it’s just as important as knowing your stuff! CONTENTS....There are 4 sections to this booklet. 3 Hitler overcomes his opposition 1 The rise and fall of the Weimar Republic 1918 1929 1933 1934 2 The rise to power of Hitler and the Nazis 1939 4 The Nazi dictatorship 1 The rise and fall of the Weimar Republic 1918-33 Introduction If, just for fun, we were to make a graph showing the fortunes of the Weimar Republic, it would probably look like this…. B A Phase A 1918-23: The WR suffers from a few major teething problems, and struggles to survive. C Phase B 1924-28: ‘The Golden Twenties’. Things are on the up for the WR, as it recovers from its earlier problems. But beneath the surface, there are still weaknesses. Phase C 1929-1933: With the Wall St. Crash and the Great Depression, the WR comes ‘crashing’ down! Of course, during each phase, the Nazis were experiencing their own political rollercoaster ride. Broadly speaking, whenever the WR was enjoying success, the Nazis were not, and vice versa. More about that later. What was the Weimar Republic and why was it set up? A......

Words: 13770 - Pages: 56

Free Essay

The Tourism in Germany

...International Tourism “The tourism in Germany” Essay by Florian Otto BECKER Introduction: Germany is the seventh most visited country in the world with an estimated total of 31,5 Million visitors in 2014. It is a widely diverse country that has to show and offer vast numbers of attractions. From the North - and Baltic Seas with its coasts and islands to the Alps, this nation situated in the heart of Europe, offers nature parks, beautiful landscapes, strongholds from the medieval age and authentic Roman treasures as well as a well-developed infrastructure. But obviously there is not just nature or old notable things to see. Germany likewise offers also some of the absolute most energizing cities on the planet where one can appreciate shopping, celebrating, and the excellent restaurants and cafés in the heart of every city. History: The historical backdrop of tourism in Germany goes back to the ancient Romans who used Germanic healing springs and founded cities with spas as Aquae Granni (Aachen) and Aquae Mattiacorum (Wiesbaden). As a result of teachings of Balneology, the first German Spas like Bad Schwallbach established from 1581. From the late eighteenth century onwards, urban communities like Dresden, Munich, Weimar and Berlin were significant stops on a European Grand tour. In the 19th century, noble spa- and health resorts on the coast and inland established when major train routes were built to connect the seaside spas to urban centers. Main travel destinations...

Words: 3173 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Germany

...agreement was made, and the Treaty of Versailles was signed. This particular treaty placed blame on Germany for being responsible for the war thus it exerted significant punishments on the Germans that ended up harming the people and the country as a whole. The Germans protested almost immediately on the potential damage that the issues outlined in the treaty were causing. There were complaints which included; the fact that the treaty had the power to make Germany a debtor slave to all the others powers of Europe. Germany was also going to be treated like a bankrupt nation by the victorious countries such as France and England and was to pay reparation or penalties in amounts which were capricious and arbitrary in nature. Germans economic development was to be hampered by outside powers through the control of construction of infrastructure and Germans rivers. All of Germans property abroad was going to be annexed and not allowed to conduct trade with the rest of the civilised world. Question 2 Wilson's vision for peace was thwarted when the economic difficulty that German was to endure was outlined under the treaty. Some of the points that contradicted Wilsons expectations included; the fact that he did not place blame on any country for being responsible for starting the war, but rather those alliances and institutions that existed before, yet the treaty chose to blame Germany. Wilsons believed that peace would prevail if all countries in Europe were treated equally......

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cider in Germany

...Market Research Cider Germany Collection of Internet Links: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CiderСохраненная копия - Похожие  Cider Focus Presentation http://advertising.microsoft.com/uk/WWDocs/User/en-uk/ForAdvertisers/Retail.%20Premium%20Alcohol%20Insights.Cider%20focus.April%202011_External.pdf http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/features/3387668/Stella-Artois-launch-a-cider-to-tap-into-the-growth-in-the-UK-cider-market.html http://www.packagingeurope.com/NewsDetails.aspx?nNewsId=45882 http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2007/apr/20/advertising.drink http://www.sturmunddrang.de/en/practices/projects/cape-cide http://www.brewsnews.com.au/2011/09/the-apple-in-cider/ http://www.owensoundsuntimes.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=2578913&archive=true http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/finance/2011/1109/1224307250711.html http://www.just-drinks.com/news/aspall-sees-fy-exports-soar_id106599.aspx http://www.apfelbaum.net/ http://www.hellerauer-fruchtsaefte.de/faq.html http://www.thatcherscider.co.uk/product/the-cider/premium/thatchers-green-goblin-cider.ashx http://www.diningchicago.com/blog/2010/10/27/eat-this-fresh-apple-cider-the-toast-of-autumn/ http://agsci.psu.edu/tfpg http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/markets/article-1723712/CC-relishes-growth-in-Magners-cider-sales.html Market Players * KELTEREI POSSMAN GmbH & Co. KG * Kelterei Possmann KG Brand Volumes, 2006-2010 * RAPP’S KELTEREI GmbH * Rapps Kelterei GmbH Brand......

Words: 8155 - Pages: 33

Free Essay

Germany

...Economic Research Economic Briefing Germany: Analysts’ concerns are growing The ZEW Index for Germany tumbled again in October. Poorer economic data and a far from solved debt crisis are making analysts more skeptical about the future. How companies view the situation is more important though. This will be revealed by the Ifo business climate on Friday, which is also set to fall again. Financial analysts give an increasingly negative assessment of the outlook for the German economy. The ZEW index for the economic expectations in Germany dropped again in October. At -48.3, it came in slightly below expectations (Commerzbank forecast and consensus: -45.0). Well over half of the analysts surveyed meanwhile believe that the economic situation in Germany will deteriorate in the next six months. That said, Germany is the only country for which the index for the current situation is still clearly in positive territory, at 38.4. For the euro zone and the other surveyed countries, the figure is already in deep negative territory. These figures do not really bring much news; the fact that analysts have reduced their growth estimates again for next year – meaning they assess the outlook less favourably – is already in the newspapers. Furthermore, a look at the markets shows that the sovereign debt crisis is causing unrest on the financial markets (and therefore among the analysts working in this sector). What is more surprising is that 8% of those asked still anticipate an......

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7