Submitted By viyanah
The Judiciary The judiciary represents the third arm of government saddle with the responsibilities of interpretation and application of the laws of the land and with arbitration roles in disputes involving individuals versus individuals, individuals against the state, and even between and among states with the sole aim of dispensing justice in ways to maintain societal orderliness and peace. Thus, the judiciary is seen as the custodian of justice and the hope for the hopeless within any civilized human society. The judiciary achieves this by imposing sanctions on unlawful deeds and unconstitutional transgressions of social and political norms and regulations, and by putting a high premium on protecting the rights and liberties of citizens against overzealous and high-handed officialdom (Obasanjo, 1993: 133). The Judiciary Composition 1999 Constitution Thejudicial powers of any state are vested in the different categories of courts established by the constitution of that state and which can be designated broadly as superior and lower courts with stated jurisdiction on different matters (Ajayi, 1997: 123). The section 6 of the 1999 constitution vested the judicial powers of the Federation on Federal Courts and the judicial powers of states on the State Courts established under the constitution (FRN, 1999). These courts so established under the 1999 Constitution shall be the only superior courts of record in Nigeria (Ibid). The judicial powers of the courts shall extend to all inherent powers and sanctions of a court of law and shall extend to all matters between persons or between government or authority and to any person in Nigeria and to all actions and proceedings relating thereto for the determination of any question as to the civil rights and obligations of that person (Amupitan, n.d: 1). Specifically, Chapter VII of the 1999 federal constitution made provisions...