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Gke 1 Task 1

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GKE Task one

GKE Task One

Michelle Alley

Western Governors University

Part A:

A significant physical geological factor that contributed to the rise of the great early human society of Egypt over 7000 years ago was the importance of the Nile River. None of the achievements of the remarkable ancient Egyptian civilizations would have been possible without the Nile. (ushistory, n.d.) It's population was contained, yet protected by a narrow 1,000 mile long stretch of highly fertile land. The Nile valley and the people that lived there were protected by geographical features. To the east and the west of the Nile were impassable deserts. North and south were protected by rugged highlands and deeply eroded valleys providing extra protection from outside forces.The Nile provided a means of food for early peoples being an area rich with fruit trees, vegetation and fish. It later became a center for agriculture. Having a fertile soil and long growing season the people of the area became excellent farmers. The Nile also provided a means of trade. Not only could goods be exported but lumber was able to be imported from Syria and the Lebanese woods that contributed to the great architectural structures of the period. (Orlin, 2007)

The Nile was a central factor in the early Egyptian culture. It was so significant that the calendar was developed around the flood cycle. Not only did the Nile provide food, water and transportation. The reeds from the Nile were used to make papyrus, an early form of paper. Reeds were also used to make boats, baskets and ropes, even sandals. (ushistory, n.d.) With all the provisions of the Nile and the protection of their geological area they were able to focus on the further development of their society. With their crops they learned to bake bread, use barley for soap and beer and cotton to make clothing. They also developed…...

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