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Globalization and International Politics

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Submitted By tahmina19
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G;In what ways, and too what extent has globalization reshaped international politics?

In the recent history of international politics, globalization has become a dynamic concept. Martell (2010) key factors of identifying and defining globalization include the greater use of global communication and the decrease of space and time dimensions.. These factors will be explored in detail to obtain a better understanding of the role of globalization and its relationship to international relations. Historically the main actors have always been states, but with globalisation come the emergence of transnational companies, humanitarian organisations and political entities gaining prominence. The question of whether globalization secures greater equality or infact leads to more global inequality will be addressed.

Global politics prioritises the management of power, security and justice. The end of the cold war saw only one superpower America remaining. As a result of the collapse of communism, new countries formed with border lines being redrawn. The simple yet effective strategy was to strengthen international unity by receding national sovereignty to stand in agreement. This was an awkward agreement, as no nation wished to stand independent (Kettl, 2000). The emergence of globalization into world markets significantly increased. The term globalization only came into widespread usage in 1990s. Globalization itself is a contested term with many definitions being affirmed. One definition is “the world wide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas’ (Schaefer, 2012). The compression of space and time along with unknown and endless boundaries allow these transnational companies to make their goods readily available. Globalization in today’s world is regular and structured interconnections...

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