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Globalization and Public Health

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GLOBALIZATION AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Although, recently there is a growing literature on the importance of globalization for health, the term globalization has for long been used in academic discourse, particularly within the social and political science but relatively new in the discussion within public health. While the processes of globalization are far from straight forward, the concept of health is as well a complex one, which result into no consensus either on the pathways and mechanism through which globalization affects the health of population or on the appropriate policy responses (woodward et al 2001).
However, there has been a significant increase interest on the issue of globalization within public health, although a contested one, since authors on public health are still undecided not only on the exact conclusion on the impact of globalization on public health, whether bad or good, but also as to whether globalization has actually cemented its place in the public health lexicon. Nevertheless, it is know that a broad-based public health should take note of significant economic, political and social changes that determine and shape people’s health, and this definitely will call for a proper theoretical approach to globalization in understanding the nature of these contemporary economic, political and social changes (Stuart McClean in Orme et. al. 2007).

This essay will describe the relationship between globalization and public health. It will first begin, by exploring history of Globalization to suggest how long this relationship has existed. Secondly, it will discuss about various concepts and perception on globalization, so as to arrive at some of its multiple definitions. Thirdly, public health shall be define in its global context. The fourth discussion will be identifying the determinants of health in a global context. The link between...

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