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Globalization Effects on Environment

In: Social Issues

Submitted By chingpou
Words 2416
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Introduction
Globalization is a popular term used to describe the process of global expansion of economies and markets across borders, exchange of goods and services, mass movements of communities for better working conditions, multi-cultural exposures, exchange of technological know-how etc. The process of globalization is considered to be erasing transnational boundaries with people sharing common goods and services or adopting the cultures of another culture. Thus, the statement given above by Knox and Marston that globalization seems to lead to loss of originality or territorial identity can be considered as true in a way. According to definitions of globalization, the primary characteristics that it possess include movement of people and goods, improvement in technology and telecommunications, diffusion of knowledge and a spurt in multinational corporations.
There have been debates about the positive and negative aspects of globalization. Those who are in favour of globalization point out that economically weaker countries can have the opportunity to join the global market and export their goods and services and thereby improve their economies. Also, different governments can co-operate together for global welfare and citizens can experience other cultures and become global citizens. The positive aspects of globalization are again overshadowed by its negative aspects which include loss of territorial identity and original culture. International bodies like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund are often Western-focused in their finance policies towards developing countries and there is no real progress or profit for the borrowers.

The essay will discuss on the negative impact that globalization brings on the environment and highlight capitalism as its agent for impact on the environment. Beginning with a brief definition of globalization in human...

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