Golden Poppy

In: Science

Submitted By LopezJ
Words 900
Pages 4
Jessy Lopez
May 12, 2014
The Golden Poppy The California poppy (Eschscholzia Californica) is a beautiful orange-golden flower well known in California not just by being common in our gardens but by being the state’s flower. Eschscholzia Californica is known by many names; La Amapola, the flame flower, and the golden puppy. In the past the golden puppy was valued by Native Americans for its oils, food source, and medical use. Even today it is a great importance in medicine by relieving stress and a great remedy to calm insomnia. The Eschscholzia Californica belongs in the kingdom Plantae, it is in the order Ranunculales, family Papaveraceae, genus Eschscholzia, and species Californica. It has a perigynous anatomy of the ovary and the sepals cover the bud except when it flowers. It has 2 functional carpels with 2 rudimentary ones, 4 stamens, 2 fused sepals located above the receptacle surrounding the bud, and has alternating branching blue-green foliage leaves. It does reproduction by seed dispersion. It has C3 photosynthesis meaning that it requires optimally 12 hours of sunlight to grow properly. The golden poppy is a plant that is: herbaceous, a basal dicot, drought tolerating, annual that grows from 5-60 inches tall, has intermediate flowering, and closes its petals at night and at cloudy nights. Its flowers are actinomorphic and exhibit radial symmetry (California Academy, 2007). The golden poppy is related to buttercups and mustard families. It is different from other species by having a pedestal at the receptacle. It grows in grasslands, valleys, foothills, mountains, and deserts. The poppy grows well in sunny sites with well-drained poor soil. The golden poppy is able to survive in the deserts by shifting to an annual reproductive stage and minimizing taproot development. When optimal conditions are not met the golden poppy enters a dormancy stage in…...

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