Premium Essay

Governmental Policies

In: Social Issues

Submitted By robins0998
Words 918
Pages 4
Law Day Essay
“No Courts, No Justice, No Freedom”

How Do Courts Protect Our Liberties?

--- For hundreds of years the forefathers of the United States of America had been undertaking the task of creating and constantly amending a constitution that all men shall abide by. Alexander Hamilton, along with other contributors of the constitution, created essays which are better known as the federalist papers. These documents were created as a form of mutual interpretation and moral assurance between the government and its citizens with one major objective, to gain and retain the trust of its citizens. --- It is said within that no state "shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States. A civil liberty is defined as an individual right protected by the Constitution against the powers that be of the government. When our forefathers assimilated to draft the Constitution they anticipated certain belligerencies that might occur between the Federal Government and the individual citizen. It was cause for these concerns that enabled them to include certain civil liberties in the Constitution endowing its citizens with certain inalienable rights. Though civil liberties were put in effect over 200 years ago, over time they have been challenged up until the present day. It wasn’t until the 14th amendment that civil liberties were finally incorporated into state governments. The primary source of civil liberties is found within the first ten amendments to the constitution also known as the Bill of Rights. The purpose of the Bill of Rights is to protect the individual citizen from certain actions of the US Government. Amendments I-VIII correlates with civil liberties such as freedom of speech, and the right to a fair trial. Freedom of Speech is not absolute though. There are…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Health Law, Regulation, and Policy

... Health Law, Regulations, and Policy Paper Michelle Hobbs HCS/545 June 13, 2016 Qiana Amos Health Law, Regulation, and Policy Paper Today’s health care industry is more than just providing medical services to individuals in need; it encompasses various laws, regulations, and policies that direct how care should be provided and what the ramifications of non-compliance will have on the health care provider and the organizations where services are rendered. There are various kinds of laws, regulations, and policies that affect the health care industry. Some may believe that laws, regulations, and policies all have the same requirements, benefits, and implications, but there are differences between the three and the impact they have on health care. As the ability of the health care industry continues to expand, the need for additional laws, regulations, and policies will be necessary to ensure the quality and equitable delivery of medical services continues to improve alongside the medical services. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 One law that governs the manner in which health care services are rendered is Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law states “no person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance (United States Department of Labor, n.d.). For......

Words: 2400 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Hr Laws & Regulations

...Civil Rights Act of 1866 ( Summary of Act's Principle Requirements and Regulations Impacting HR - This law protects the equal right of all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States to make and enforce contracts without respect to race. Governmental Enforcement Agency - Enforced by individuals, not a federal agency Impact on HRM Functions and Policies - This includes all contractual aspects of the employment relationship, such as hiring, discharge, and the terms and conditions of employment. The Supreme Court has held that the statute also prohibits retaliation against persons who complain about race discrimination prohibited by the statute. ( Equal Pay Act of 1963 ( Summary of Act's Principle Requirements and Regulations Impacting HR - Requires that male and female workers receive equal pay for work requiring equal skill, effort and responsibility, and performed under similar working conditions. ( Governmental Enforcement Agency - EEOC Impact on HRM Functions and Policies - Pay differentials are permitted when they are based on seniority, merit, quantity or quality of production, or a factor other than sex. ( Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hr Laws and Regulations

...Civil Rights Act of 1866 ( Summary of Act's Principle Requirements and Regulations Impacting HR - This law protects the equal right of all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States to make and enforce contracts without respect to race. Governmental Enforcement Agency - Enforced by individuals, not a federal agency Impact on HRM Functions and Policies - This includes all contractual aspects of the employment relationship, such as hiring, discharge, and the terms and conditions of employment. The Supreme Court has held that the statute also prohibits retaliation against persons who complain about race discrimination prohibited by the statute. ( Equal Pay Act of 1963 ( Summary of Act's Principle Requirements and Regulations Impacting HR - Requires that male and female workers receive equal pay for work requiring equal skill, effort and responsibility, and performed under similar working conditions. ( Governmental Enforcement Agency - EEOC Impact on HRM Functions and Policies - Pay differentials are permitted when they are based on seniority, merit, quantity or quality of production, or a factor other than sex. ( Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

“Why Governmental Accounting and Financial Reporting Is—and Should Be—Different”

...“Why Governmental Accounting and Financial Reporting is—And Should Be—Different” The paper “Why Governmental Accounting and Financial Reporting is—And Should Be—Different” compares governmental accounting and financial reporting to that of the approach used in for-profit business enterprises. It also states specific reasons why governments should be different. There are environmental differences between governments and businesses that call for a different approach. First, governments have different purposes for their operations. For-profit entities strive to create wealth and to meet return on investment goals. While governments on the other hand are actually trying to enhance or maintain quality of life with services that are dictated by public policy goals. They also must consider efficiency, effectiveness, and economy when they evaluate public policy. Secondly, governments and for-profit business entities differ in the way they generate revenue. Governments generate income through involuntary taxes. Customers of for-profit business entities have a choice of what services they purchase and where they buy. The same does not apply for the governmental customer. The users of their reports also differ. Citizens and their elected representatives are users of government reports. They are as interested in the “why” as they are the “how much” when they read a financial report. They use governmental financial reporting to support their discussions of public policy such as......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The System of Public Administration in Poland

...structure. It includes a fairly complex organizational and functional mechanism composed of various organs, offices, agencies and institutions {e.g., governmental agencies or special funds) set up to fulfill the respective tasks of public administration throughout the entire country. The shape of this mechanism is outlined in general terms by the Constitution and specified in more detail by ordinary legislation and executive orders issued on a statutory basis. Central administration is internally diversified. It is divided into two basic segments, the political-governmental and the administrative-executive. To distinguish these two principal components of the central apparatus, they are traditionally called the ‘main’ and ‘central’ organs (the so-called central offices). The political-governmental component consists of the Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister, ministers (usually heads of specific departments) and chairmen of certain committees designated by law as being of ministerial rank. Academic writers often also include the President of the Republic in the category of high administrative organs. These are the key elements of the entire country's administrative apparatus. Their dominant position is reflected in the way these elements are aligned in a machinery of political power and participate in the determination of state policy, thus assuming a superior position in relation to other organs, including various central administrative organs. In turn, the......

Words: 5129 - Pages: 21

Free Essay


...lobbyist; discuss how her position affects social policy changes; will touch on how human service dollars are acquired, and what role that money plays in direct services; examine how Ms. Raspberry sees herself, as a policy changer or a funding advocate; and allow for her personal view on the future of human services. The Role of the Social Services Lobbyist The lobbyist plays a vital role in the equitable distribution of governmental funds to non-profit agencies that have a mission to assist those who have been oppressed or suffered some form of injury (legal or physical). The lobbyist must communicate to individual politicians, or to entire groups of legislators, exactly how and why funding dollars should be allocated to their clients (Raspberry, 2012). How Does the Lobbyist Affect Social Policy Changes Contrary to popular belief, the lobbyist is not always interested solely in governmental funding. There are many instances in which the lobbyist is hired by an organization, or a group of agencies for the purpose of changing or creating legislation. For example, Ms. Raspberry was hired to advocate with the New York State Legislature on behalf of the same-sex marriage bill. There was no funding attached to this vote, it was exclusively an issue related to social change and equality (Raspberry, 2012). Acquiring Funding & How it is Used Ms. Raspberry is hired by non-profit organizations that are either seeking governmental funding that will be designated directly......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Governmental Role in Economy and Commerce Across Chinese History

...Governmental Role in Economy and Commerce Across Chinese History Throughout Chinese history, the appropriate role government should play in economy and commerce has been a prevailing question that always incurs debates and disagreement. Over the centuries, a wide range of different opinions—from one-sided view to relatively neutral position—prevails. Each point of view contains its own unique understanding and suggestions on the issue of governing the economy. Despite of the variety of views, the grounds that those arguments based on are less diverse—from either an ideological or practical perspective. From the early stage of Chinese history, absolute unanimity was rarely found in the issue regarding governing the economy and commerce. In fact, disagreements or ambivalent views prevail. For example, Discourse on Salt and Iron from Han dynasty reveals, officers believe government interventions in industry like salt and iron are beneficial to the welfare of the entire country and “are intended to circulate accumulated wealth and to regulate consumption according to the urgency of need” (Ebrey, Chinese Civilization 63). As each side lists either the benefit or the shortcomings, it is clear that the learnt men and the minister hold completely different perspectives with learnt men oppose effective government regulation whereas the officer supports. As the record of this debate contains twenty-four chapters and the first chapter included in Chinese Civilization contains four......

Words: 1559 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Global Environmental Governance

...altered many facets of the contemporary world. Areas of governance such as states’ policy making, the way companies do business, and how information is shared have all been affected by the increasingly globalized world. With all of these changes occurring at a rapid pace, state sovereignty has been challenged by a plethora of other actors who now can claim some form of governance in the global system. In the modern world sources of authority such as international governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, social movements, and multinational corporations all have joined the state in establishing governance on a wide array of issues: “Activist groups, business associations and policy research institutes now provide research and policy advise, monitor the commitments of states, inform governments and the public about the actions of their own diplomats and those of negotiation partners, and give diplomats at international meetings direct feedback (Betsill 243). In particular, one such area of global governance where there is a question of governmental authority can be seen in global environmental politics. Over the last few decades, the role of non-state actors in global governance has increased as citizens have taken their own initiatives to instigate environmental reforms: “Carefully orchestrated campaigns of environmentalists have proved to be able to change foreign policy of powerful nation-states…or to initiate global rules, such as the global campaign......

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Week 3 Assigment

...private laws (rules, regulations, and deed restrictions) appear to provide considerable aesthetic benefit as well as serve to preserve property value. However, these very laws and covenants work to advance government policy and foster continued segregation not promote community interest or protect ownership rights. Consequently, governmental and private leasing prohibition often significantly restricts a title holders exercise of property rights and use of capital. Additionally, rental restrictive covenants result in undue hardship for owners and potential tenants alike. Further, these frequently encountered universally accepted private laws disguised as property use tools work to control who is allowed to reside in a particular neighborhood not prohibit value impacting undesirable usage. More, the preclusion of leasehold estate alienation ultimately infringes on the freedom to contract, decreases availability of rental housing, and artificially raises market rents, as well as functions to segregate specific demographic groups (Boyack, 2014). However, establishing constitutional violation is arduous. More, the courts consider leasehold estate prohibiting covenants presumptively enforceable agreements. "Despite the involvement of governmental and quasi-governmental entities in CIC formation, courts unanimously treat CIC covenants as purely private, voluntary, and presumptively enforceable agreements" (Boyack, 2014, Judicial Treatment of Covenant Leasing Restrictions).......

Words: 1030 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Role of the Government in Policy

...There are three branches of government that was established by the U.S. Constitution: the legislative, the executive and the judicial. Each of these areas have different responsibilities and is to be independent of each other. There is a checks and balances system formed by the constitution, so that no one branch of government has complete power over the affairs of the United States. The legislative branch which consist of the Congress and the Senate job is to propose and enact laws, to legislate. The function of the executive branch to make sure these laws are put into effect through several governmental departments. The president is in command of all governmental departments and offices. Health and Human Services (HHS) is the relevant example for us here. And it is the business of the judiciary (the courts) to “adjudicate”—that is, to make judgments about who is right or wrong according to the law as in (a) disagreements between citizens (civil law), (b) deciding the guilt or innocence of citizens who disobey laws (criminal law), and (c) disagreements between citizens and government agencies (often administrative law). Court orders reinstating an (“unfairly”) terminated government disability benefit or revoking the commitment of a person to a mental institution are examples of checks and balances in action. Public programs are established through legislation, which usually begins with a group of people concerned about a growing issue within a community or even nationwide.......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Mekong Case

...Case Analysis Mekong Corporation Mekong Auto, a Joint venture with a Japanese industrial group, is Vietnam’s oldest vehicle manufacturer, granted a license on June 22, 1991. It is the pioneer of the local auto industry. The joint venture faced substantial changes due to the changed plans by Vietnam government policies. Complication for foreign business also increased due to the membership of Vietnam in ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations).Over the last thirty years, Vietnam evolved from “war after war” to an emerging economy with an attractive foreign investment policy and commitment to a liberalized economy. Poter’s Five Forces: Threat of new entrant In 1993, Vietnam government introduced new liberalizing reform, this action was taken due to the low e growth rates under centrally planned economy. Introduction of privatization eliminated trade barriers and Vietnam became open economy. This increased competition due to the new entrants in market. Many well-known automobile companies including Toyota, Chrysler, and Ford motors invested in Vietnam. Prior to this, Mekong motors were the only automobile industry in Vietnam. Prior to 1995, Vietnam motor corporation and Mekong corporation were the only automobile and truck assembler in Vietnam. Bargaining power of consumers Due to the new open economy, and resulting new entrants, consumers had more choices to buy. Also, Per capita income was also increasing and ASEAN trade agreements lead to competitive......

Words: 592 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ngos Regulation in Zambia

...concepts in the question. Thereafter give an analysis of why the NGO Bill and why it met with a lot of dissent from the NGO fraternity and other stakeholders. Furthermore, why government was so eager to enact such a law and what factors contributed to the NGO’s reaction towards Governments intention. 2.0 DEFINITIONS 2.1. Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) There are so many definitions of the Non-governmental Organisation. World Bank defines the NGO as many groups and institutions that are entirely or largely independent of government and that have primary humanitarian or cooperative rather that commercial objectives. They are private agencies in industrial countries that support international development; indigenous groups organized regionally or nationally; and member-groups in villages. NGOs include charitable and religious associations that mobilize private funds for development, distribute food and family planning services and promote community organization. They also include independent cooperatives, community associations, water-user societies, women’s groups and pastoral associations. Citizen groups that raise awareness and influence policy are also NGOs. It is also defined as an organization established by and for the community without or with little intervention from the government; they are not only a charity organization, but work on socio-economic-cultural activities. It is also an organization that is flexible and democratic in its......

Words: 2387 - Pages: 10

Free Essay


...When automobiles industry popularizes a technique of producing vehicles, and falls its cost, nowadays, an increasing number of people can afford to purchase a private car. Consequently, a challenge of excess cars on roads ensues. In virtually all cities, traffic congestion occurs every single day at the peak time. However, it is generally believed that this problem can be managed through governmental policies as well as individual behavior. The following essay will firstly outline three viable solutions, namely developments from taxes and road infrastructure, improvements in public transport services, and a decrease in the use of private automobiles, to solve the impact of traffic jams in most cities. It, furthermore, will discuss the pros and cons of each countermeasure. Finally, the evaluation of every method will be demonstrated. To begin with governmental policies, one possible method of reducing traffic congestion is to raise road pricing and to expand road infrastructure. Castle (1967) notes that charging fees on the main road at the rush hours can cut down a number of automobiles effectively because people do not want to spend extra money. Additionally, according to ideas of road pricing (Castle 1967) and park restrictions (Knoflacher 2006), it is believed that as long as governments impose road or parking fees, the usage of roads at the peak time can be reduced in metropolis, such as Singapore as well as London, and further authorities are able to spend the taxes......

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Corporate Political Strategies and Employment at Will

...that governments have on corporations is incentive enough for them to keep informed of the different governmental, social, public, and economic issues, regulations, policies, forums, tactics, and processes that will affect them now or in the future (Hillman, Zardkooh, & Bierman, 1999). Corporate Political Strategies Corporate political strategies are strategies used by corporations to influence public policy, hopefully in a favorable way. There strategic aims are to further specific interests by getting governmental officials to listen to and act in accordance with the preferences of the corporations. There is a very slim chance of finding any business today that has not been affected by the government in one way or another, even those with the best competitive strategies, abundance of resources, and/or superior products and services. Therefore implementing effective political strategies help corporations in obtaining and maintaining advantages against their competitors and to also achieve and maintain higher performance levels. Because of the uncertainties in the political systems (caused by the size and capacity of the government to regulate its policies, which are constantly growing and changing), management should also learn coping mechanisms to deal with these uncertainties. Corporation’s abilities to gain access to and influence the political processes and policies, increases their chances of surviving these uncertainties, and their large transaction and......

Words: 5828 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Mobile Phones and Driver Safety

...National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that the majority of mobile phone owners use the device while driving. According to reported, in USA today in 2007 about 11% of the population used a phone while driving during the day (O' Donnell, 2009). Graph Such fastest growth of mobile phone use while driving causes social, economical, political and environmental problems. This issue has increased awareness in many developed and developing countries and has received increasing scientific attention. A different group such as wireless communication industries, as well as traffic safety groups, have begun an educational campaign and urge the safe use of mobile phones while behind the wheel. Many governmental organizations, businesses organizations and policy makers understand the danger of cell phone use while operating motor vehicles and are taking actions to regulate or prohibit to decrease cell phone related accidents. The scope of this research paper is to assess the dangers of mobile phone use while operating motor vehicle and its consequence on traffic safety to increase the effectiveness of mobile phone regulation. The first and most dangers of mobile phone use while driving motor vehicle can cause thousands of death each year. Driver growing use of mobile phone while driving has inspired considerable scientific interest, with the most of the researchers focusing on the negative consequence of cell phone use on the driving skills and road safety.......

Words: 1623 - Pages: 7