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Grand Canyon University: Nrs-429v

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Health Status of the Hispanics
Introduction
Hispanics represent the largest contingent of the minority population in the U.S. The CDC (2015) asserts that approximately 1 in 6 people staying in the U.S are Hispanic. While Hispanics are a considerable part of the U.S., the group faces significant health disparities.
Current health status
Lifestyle diseases are the leading cause of death among Hispanics. According to the CDC (2015), every 2 of 5 deaths among Hispanics are caused by cancer and heart disease. Equally, a large percentage of Hispanics lack health insurance. The CDC (2015) estimates that Hispanics are nearly 3 times as likely to lack insurance as whites. The inadequate insurance of Hispanics can be ascribed to the economic status of the group. As a result of immigration, most Hispanics are more likely than whites to hold menial and low paying jobs. Even if Hispanics may have the ability to purchase health insurance, the requirements of ACA (2010) exclude undocumented immigrant from doing so (Hummer & Hayward, 2015). Since some Hispanics are undocumented immigrants, it becomes difficult to purchase insurance. Regardless of the fact that Hispanics have low levels of insurance, they have high life expectancy.
Hispanics live longer than other populations in the country. Notwithstanding having a considerably lower level of health insurance and educational attainment and a much superior level of poverty, Hispanics presently have high life expectancy than their socioeconomically privileged counterparts in the country (Hummer & Hayward, 2015). While Hispanics live longer than whites, they have a high level of physical disability. Hummer and Hayward (2015) posit that the levels of physical disability in older Hispanics are worse than those of whites. Similarly, examining how the group defines health promotion may help one to understand the current health status of Hispanics.
Health promotion
Hispanics associate health promotion with eating the right foods and exercising. When asked what should be included in a health promotion plan for Hispanics, several of the respondents asserted that they would focus on physical exercise and eating the right foods as a way of curbing the negative impacts of obesity (Guarnero, 2013). However, socioeconomic factors hamper the efforts of Hispanics to maintain a healthy lifestyle. For instance, several Hispanics have limited time to engage in physical exercise because of work-related reasons. Consequently, being Hispanic is associated with several health disparities.
Health Disparities
Hispanics are an increased risk for heart disease because of the several socioeconomic challenges faced by the group. Limited economic and educational opportunity impacts the ability of Hispanics to get a steady job and health insurance (Guarnero, 2013). The socioeconomic challenges and education combine to increase the rates of heart disease among Hispanics. As aforementioned, several Hispanics lack access to insurance because of the ACA (2010). Consequently, the Affordable Care Act is a sociopolitical barrier to health for Hispanics. Guarnero (2013) asserts that the absence of health insurance compels Hispanics to forego health screening and treatment. Foregoing screening augments the risk of cardiovascular disease among Hispanics compared to other groups within the country. Equally, Hispanics are more likely to have uncontrolled high blood pressure (HBP) than the national average.
Hispanics are disproportionately affected by HBP. Statistics from the CDC (2015) indicate that Hispanics are 24% more likely than whites to face a problem of poorly controlled HPB. Poorly controlled HBP among Hispanics as opposed to whites may be ascribed to the cultural barriers to health among the group. Ransford, Carrillo, and Rivera (2010) assert that Hispanics are more likely to seek medical attention from folk healers and herbal remedies. By the time the Hispanics decide to consult a doctor, their HBP may be too hard to treat. Similarly, diabetes is a serious health disparity experienced by Hispanics.
Diabetes is a leading cause of death among Hispanics. While Hispanics have an overall low death rate compared to whites, they have a 50% higher mortality rate from diabetes (CDC, 2015). The high deaths among Hispanics as a result of diabetes may be as a result of the easy availability of fast food. Since a considerable proportion of Hispanics are poor, they are unable to purchase the required quantity and quality of healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. Equally, cervical cancer is a worrying health disparity among Hispanics.
Cervical cancer is prevalent among Hispanic women. Research findings indicate that Hispanic women have an incidence rate of cervical cancer that is twice higher than that of non-Hispanic women (Percac-Lima, Benner, Lui, Aldrich, Oo, Regan, & Chabner, 2013). Limited educational levels and socioeconomic factors combine to increase the cervical cancer health disparity among Hispanic women. Percac-Lima et al. (2013) posit that the uneven disease burden among Hispanics can be ascribed to diverse factors, such as language barriers, lack of awareness, and inadequate access to health care. Without awareness and inadequate access to health care, Hispanic women cannot access screening services for cervical cancer. The effect of limited access to screening services is the increase in cervical cancer cases among Hispanic women.
Conclusion
While Hispanics represent a large proportion of the U.S population, the group faces multiple health disparities. For example, compared to other groups, Hispanics have high incidences of diabetes and cervical cancer. Language barrier, limited access to insurance, and education are some of the socioeconomic factors that combine to worsen the health status of Hispanics. References
CDC. (2015). Vital signs: Hispanic health. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/pdf/2015-05-vitalsigns.pdf
Guarnero, P. (2013). Latino young men and health promotion, emerging adulthood, and acculturation: A qualitative exploration. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 34, 796-802.
Hummer, R., & Hayward, M. (2015). Hispanic older adult health & longevity in the United States: Current patterns & concerns for the future. The American Academy of Arts & Sciences, 144(2), 20-32.
Percac-Lima, S., et al. (2013). The impact of a culturally tailored patient navigator program on cervical cancer prevention in Latina women. Journal of Women’s Health, 22(5), 426-431.
Ransford, E., Carrillo, F., & Rivera, Y. (2010). Health care-seeking among Latino immigrants: Blocked access, use of traditional medicine, and the role of religion. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 21(3), 862-878.

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