Free Essay

Greek Theater Essay

In: English and Literature

Submitted By MissyMouse123
Words 605
Pages 3
ENG 209-001
Greek Theater Essay

Medea by Euripedes and Lysistrata by Aristophanes are two different Greek plays in which the main characters are both strong females with goals to accomplish. Medea is a tragedy written about a woman driven by revenge. Lysistrata is a comedy about a woman who wants to take a stand. Greek tragedies and comedies usually did not have too much in common, besides the general moral background instilled in the people of that time period. Although tragedies always ended in death and comedies often ended in marriage or love, the two characters from opposite genres of theater share many of the same qualities. Both main characters, Medea and Lysistrata, are very strong, smart, determined women whose main goals are to be happy. When first reading Medea you might not think that her goal is to find happiness because it is masked by her want and need for revenge as well. Medea is a very sad story because many characters dead by the end of the play, as is typical in a tragedy. Medea murders Glauce and Creon and then her own two children so that her husband, Jason, must suffer their losses. She did so to get revenge on him for leaving her for the Princess. Medea was so determined to make Jason pay for what he had done to her that she had no restrictions on her actions. She murdered her children only to seek revenge on her ex-husband and to cause him suffering as he did to her. Medea would not be happy until Jason was seeing a consequence for is actions so she did the worst thing she could possibly do and killed their children. She was heartless but also very determined to follow through with her plans. Lysistrata is about a woman’s struggle to make a stand for what she believes in by trying to end the Peloponnesian war. Lysistrata does not want the war between Athens and Sparta to continue anymore but being a female at this time she had no say in what goes on politically. She was a smart woman because she devised a plan to break down the men by refusing to have sex with them. Lysistrata shows that even though they had no political status at all, the women had great power over the men by devising a plan and accomplishing their goal of ending the war. She was extremely intelligent to come up with such a plan and determined to get all of the women on board with her. Lysistrata was driven by her desire for peace but also her desire to make a stand for what she believed in during a time where women’s thoughts or ideas would never be considered. Both Medea and Lysistrata are extremely rash but determined women throughout the course of the plays. Medea, determined to eternally punish Jason, commits the worst crime of all by murdering her own children. She makes rash decisions driven by her want and need for revenge for what her husband had done to her. She was protesting against the normal life-style for that time where women obey their husbands and have no say in pretty much anything. In Lysistrata the same struggle to be heard is present. Lysistrata had no say in politics or how the state/country should be run but she was determined to do something about it and get her opinion heard. Both extremely intelligent women Medea and Lysistrata, although in very different situations, share a common desire for happiness and a common determination to do anything it takes to achieve their goal.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Humanities

...Cultures The in-class portion of the exam will consist of 30 objective questions (multiple-choice and matching) and 2 short answer questions (no more than three sentences per answer). The in-class portion of the exam will be worth 100 points. The out-of-class essay will be worth an additional 100 points. See below for the out-of-class essay questions. Ancient Near Eastern & Greek Culture Terms: Trojan War, anthropomorphism, polytheism, monotheism, Archaic Age, Classical Age, Hellenistic Age Art & Artworks: Sculpture: relief sculpture, free-standing sculpture, idealism, naturalism; characteristics of Archaic sculpture, kouros, kore; characteristics of Classical sculpture, Myron, Discus Thrower, Polycleitus, Spear-Bearer, Canon, unknown sculptors, Zeus, Three Goddesses,, Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos; characteristics of Hellenistic sculpture, Laocoon and his Sons, Old Shepherdess ; Architecture, frieze, pediment, entablature, capital, metope, triglyph,; Characteristics of Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles, Parthenon, Temple of Athena Nike, Erectheion (with Porch of the Maidens), Propylaia Literature & Drama: epic poetry, Epic of Gilgamesh, Homer, Iliad, Odyssey; Hesiod, Theogony; Theater of Dionysus, tragedy, comedy, Oresteia of Aeschylus, Antigone & Oedipus the King by Sophocles, Medea by Euripides, Lysistrata by Aristophanes, characteristics of tragedy, hubris, hamartia, catharsis Thought: Pre-Socratic Philosophers, Thales, water,......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

El Presidente Reaction Paper

...Literary Standards Universality Literature - appeals to everyone, regardless of culture, race, sex, and time which are all considered significant. Artistry Literature has an aesthetic appeal and thus possesses a sense of beauty. Intellectual Value It stimulate critical thinking that enriches mental processes of abstract and reasoning, making man realize the fundamental of truths of life and its nature. Suggestiveness It unravels man’s emotional power to define symbolism, nuances, implied meanings, images and messages, giving and evoking visions above and beyond the plane of ordinary life and experience. Spiritual Value Literature elevates the spirit and the soul and thus has the power to motivate and to inspire. Permanence Literature endures across time and draws out the time factor: Timeliness – occurring at a particular time. Timelessness – remaining invariable throughout time Importance of Literature • •Studying literature is like looking at the mirror of life where man’s experiences, his innermost feelings and thoughts are reflected. • Through literature, we learn the culture of people across time and space•We understand not only the past life of a nation but also its present. • Moreover, we become familiar not only with the culture of neighboring countries but also with that of others living very far from us Literary Approaches Literary Approaches Moral or Humanistic Approach • Literature is viewed to discuss man and its nature. • It......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Compairing Historical Communication

...the feelings and motives behind his speech. He delivers the speech without the correct intonation and volume. He doesn’t use effective wording and a rich tone of voice. I imagine witnessing this would be a catastrophe for any relations between two foreign nations. Without the study of behaviorism and the methods of elocution, we would still be living in hovels, and most likely living in fear of the people around us. My point of view about the interpretive studies or (humanism) would have to start with Classical Greek and Hellenistic Humanism. The classical period in Greece, and the Greek-influenced period that directly followed, was the wellspring for philosophy and art in Western Civilization. It featured: * Human-centered sculpture and painting, in an increasingly natural and realistic style * A fascination with mathematics and geometry, leading to advances in architecture * A development of the art of drama and the creation of great works of theater * Writings on the subject of virtue and excellence From this Era we gained some of the greatest...

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Sacrificial Role of Women

...Bwebwennang Kelese English 201 Professor Hancock 04/07/2014 Research Paper The Sacrificial Role of Women The source says that in A Doll’s House the author is trying to describe in a particular way the position held by women of all economic classes in his society. It mentions Nora’s claim when she speaks to Torvald in Act Three that women are always ready to sacrifice their integrity for men whereas men are not. In the case of Mrs. Linde, her true love is Krogstad but she leaves him and marries a richer man because Krogstad is poor. The nanny in this play has to leave her own child to support herself by working as Nora’s children. The nanny admits she’s been fortunate to find a joy since she’s been a poor lady who’s been led astray. Nora more fortunate than the other female lady characters in the play since she has providing advantages but society dictates that Torvald be the marriage’s dominant partner. Torvald give out orders and always show he is better and more intelligent to Nora, so Nora must hide her loan because she knows that Torvvald will never accept the idea that his wife (or any other women) has saved his life. Even though she doesn’t have to work, she finds a job so she can pay off her loan since it is against the law for a woman to get a loan without her husband’s approval. Nora’s deception, Torvald attributes – and society- leave Nora helpless to Krostd’s......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Random

...many important thinkers of American and French Revolutions. He later became known by his pen name: Voltaire; and proceeded to do what he seemed to well, write. He created works in almost every literary form, including plays, poetry, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works, producing 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books. In these works, he was known to be trenchant towards intolerance, religious doctrine and the French institutions of his day. LIFE The youngest of five, in which only 3 survived, François Arouet became a notary who was a minor treasury official, his wife, Marie Marguerite d’Aumart, came from a noble family in the province of Poitou. Voltaire received his education at the Collège Louis-le-Grand in 1704-1711 where he learned Latin, Greek, Italian, Spanish, and English—becoming fluent in all five languages. In the time Voltaire left school, he came to the conclusion that becoming a writer is what he wanted, which was against the wishes of his father who wanted him to become a notary. Despite his father’s will, he spent most of his time writing poetry—when his father discovered this, he sent Voltaire to school to study law in Caen, or Normandy. Regardless, he continued with his passion of writing: constructing essays and historical studies. Voltaire had trouble with the authorities for even mild critiques of the government and religious bigotry. These activities were to result in numerous imprisonments and exiles. “VOLTAIRE” THE......

Words: 1430 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Alexander the Great

...Tamara Wilkerson AC 1105565 HS 150 World Civilization Assignment 02 December 29, 2012 Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was one of the greatest conquers in all of the history of Rome. His genius and ability to think in hard situations helped greatly to the country of Macedonia, which he ruled. Most of his life he lived as a fighter and warrior. Alexander was a smart, brilliant man who used his brains when it came down to fighting. Alexander was born in an age of violence, conquest, and civil war. Alexander was born in 356 B.C. in Pella. His father was Phillip the second who ruled all of Macedonia. He was a shrewd king and general who conquered Greece. He stole the reign of Macedonia from his brother’s son. Alexander’s mother was Olympias. She was brilliant yet hot-tempered. Her father was King Neoptoelemus the first of Epirus. Alexander’s sister was Cleopatra (but not the Egyptian queen.) Alexander’s ancestor was a man known as the hero Achilles. Alexander through his life carried a copy of “Iliad.” Phillip taught Alexander that all the Macedonian kings were descendents from the hero Hercules, son of Zeus, and the high god. Alexander’s parents hated each other. Philip had lesser wives and children. One child was Philip Arridaeus who was retarded. The rumor was that Olympias had poisoned the mother of Arridaeus. Olympias once told Alexander that Philip was not his real father. Philip never admitted to it though. Yet he...

Words: 1295 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Alexander the Great

...Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was one of the greatest conquers in all of the history of Rome. His genius and ability to think in hard situations helped greatly to the country of Macedonia, which he ruled. Most of his life he lived as a fighter and warrior. Alexander was a smart, brilliant man who used his brains when it came down to fighting. Alexander was born in an age of violence, conquest, and civil war. Alexander was born in 356 B.C. in Pella. His father was Phillip the second who ruled all of Macedonia. He was a shrewd king and general who conquered Greece. He stole the reign of Macedonia from his brother’s son. Alexander’s mother was Olympias. She was brilliant yet hot-tempered. Her father was King Neoptoelemus the first of Epirus. Alexander’s sister was Cleopatra (but not the Egyptian queen.) Alexander’s ancestor was a man known as the hero Achilles. Alexander through his life carried a copy of “Iliad.” Phillip taught Alexander that all the Macedonian kings were descendents from the hero Hercules, son of Zeus, and the high god. Alexander’s parents hated each other. Philip had lesser wives and children. One child was Philip Arridaeus who was retarded. The rumor was that Olympias had poisoned the mother of Arridaeus. Olympias once told Alexander that Philip was not his real father. Philip never admitted to it though. Yet he always had made fun of Alexander because of his high voice. There were many legends about Alexander. As a boy Alexander tamed a......

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Leagally

...and Richard H. Blake as Warner. I also tried to include all the musical numbers in the sequence that they occurred and they will be in parenthesis. This was my second musical that I have attended, what was really cool was when I attended this one they had the musical production on DVD copy. After the musical was over, I of course purchased the DVD copy. I was fortunate enough to travel to the Palace Theater, in the ninth grade to witness what I still believe to be the best Broadway production yet! I was hesitate at the beginning do to all the critics and their stereotypical views that this production, was going to be a modern chick flick sitcom. It was girly and pink, but I believe that the female to male ratio was around 14:10. Jerry Mitchell did an amazing job directing and choreographing this musical, the only thing that it lacked was the timing and a sense of direction for a couple of the minor parts ( basically, the fill in in the Delta Nu Sorority in the opening act). I remembered like it was yesterday, walking through the huge doors to find my seat in this massive theater. When the musical opened we was taking to the courtyard of the Delta Nu Sorority House. Were the girls of UCLA's sorority Delta Nu, led by Margot,...

Words: 1747 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Greek Inventions

...The people of ancient Greece lived nearly 4,000 years ago. Yet even today, their culture impacts our lives! We received many gifts from the ancient Greeks. Ancient Greek Inventions are in fact the original concepts of some of our most well known products, to this day. Those original concepts have just taken on a more modern form. OLYMPICS: The first Olympics games are usually given the start year of 776 BCE, but they probably began even sooner. The ancient Greeks loved competitions of all sorts, especially sporting competitions. The Olympics were not the onlycompetition games held in ancient Greece, but they were the most popular. The Greeks took the Olympic games quite seriously. Nearly all the ancient Greek cities sent teams to participate in the ancient Greek Olympics. If two or more Greek city-states happen to be at war with each other when the game date arrived, war was halted for the duration of the games. Everyone wanted their city-state to win! Sciences Greece has importantly influenced the Western science in many ways. The Ancient Greeks especially contributed many things to the scientific world, from medicine to astronomy. The most famous ancient Greek scientists and their work are briefly described below. Thales of Miletus (640-610 to ca 548-545 BC) had travelled widely in quest of knowledge, visiting Crete, Phoenicia, and Egypt. Ηe brought Phoenician navigational techniques into Miletus. Thales is also said to have tried to revise the calendar. He also...

Words: 2283 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Medival and Ancient Literature

...Monique M. Gomez Professor Dr. Heather Lusty English 231 Sections 1003, 1004 November 20, 2013 Formal Essay Assignment Throughout the years there have been different interpretations on medieval and ancient literature. Ancient Greek literature has seemed to stem from involving many stories about the interventions of the gods and the consequences they have on man. While medieval literature is consumed by religious writings that involve a romantic hero that faces a quest of chivalry and conquers an evil villain. Medieval literature also branches from knights behaving in a certain code of ethics that involve taking oaths and being loyal to their kings and individuals while in combat. While viewing medieval and ancient literature I perceived a couple interesting aspects that are influential with modern society. Honor and leadership are seen today not only from men, but also women. Also, fidelity and women have been The oldest poem in English language literature Beowulf is one of the most symbolic forms of medieval literature to be created. The poem depicts several emotions and characteristics that are still used today in modern society. While Beowulf is still on a conquest to help the good of his family heritage, he faces a dilemma with leadership and honor. He is constantly proving himself throughout the poem to be seen as a superior dominant figure for his people and at the same time, wants to be respected and seen in a heroic light. Although this poem depicts a glimpse...

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Max Reinhardt

...Max Reinhardt, a very influential Austrian director, could arguably be called the father of modern theatre. His innovations facilitate the direction and management of both plays and movies. Starting with a brief look at his early life and touching on the big moments in Reinhardt’s life, we will see that many of his beliefs and practices are still widely used today. Max Reinhardt, was born an Austrian Jew in 1873. Reinhardt was born under with the name Max Goldmann. Goldmann did not change his name until 1890, when he became an actor. After about 30 years of being involved with the theatrical world, Reinhardt and his colleagues created the Salzburg festival. By 1924 Reinhardt had made his way to America and he directed his first American production, The Miracle. In 1933, he is, “Forced by the Nazi government to give his theatres in Germany to ‘the German People”. In 1935 he opens his film adaptation of A Midsummer Night’s Dream for Warner Brothers. 3 years later, Reinhardt’s property in Austria was confiscated but he did open his own studio called, the Max Reinhardt Workshop for Stage, Screen and Radio in Hollywood. Finally, 1943 Reinhardt suffered a stroke and passed away. Otto Brahm, the most notable German producer at the time, introduced a more impressionistic realism to Reinhardt. The impressionistic realism consisted, not only of acting with the voice and with gestures, but with the entire body. Similar to naturalism, everything should be as it was in normal,......

Words: 1580 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Credit Card

...people have no car or go for a walk, the sidewalk plays an important role for them. Wherever people are staying, they always do some sport and leisure activities on the sidewalk. Hence, in order to deeply understand the sidewalk, the content could take Northbridge as an instance to discuss detailed. Northbridge, in fact, is an entertainment precinct in Perth where the government has built sidewalks outside restaurants; bars, nightclubs and shops and other attraction entertainments. Nowadays, under the condition of the developed urban city and citizens' life styles, Northbridge has gradually becoming a bridge between people and safety, and communication, and convenience, which significantly enhance the development of the local economy. This essay will also focus on the different functions of the Northbridge in Australian neighborhood. Generally speaking, one of the most primary function of common sidewalk is to offer pedestrians a pretty safe area where could prevent them from the danger of being hit by a moving vehicle on the street (Lee, Jang, Wang and Namgung, 2009). However, with the development of the Australian economy, most people really keen on the sidewalk with the comfortable and leisure style. In fact, those sidewalks are usually some walkable streets and better measured by how pedestrians act and feel when walking along them. When walking along healthy streets, people could certainly gain the relaxed and comfortable feeling. In the meanwhile, those......

Words: 1387 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Devry Hum 303 Entire Course

...Devry HUM 303 Entire Course (All Discussions+Assignments +Project+Final Exam) IF You Want To Purchase A+ Work then Click The Link Below For Instant Down Load http://www.hwspeed.com/Devry-HUM-303-Entire-Course-82382322147.htm?categoryId=-1 IF You Face Any Problem Then E Mail Us At JOHNMATE1122@GMAIL.COM QuestionCourse project This course will take you through huge chunks of human history from the Paleolithic era through the Vietnam War and into our postmodern world. Your course project will culminate in a nine-ten page paper. Your research paper will require a minimum of five academic-scholarly sources. Both in-text citation and an end reference page as specified by the APA style sheet are required. Scrupulous documentation plus high originality, analysis, insight, and fresh applications of ideas are highly prized. Mere reporting, describing, and finding others’ ideas are discouraged, and plagiarism is grounds for failure. Your paper is to be 70–80% original and 20–30% resourced (documented via turnitin.com). Details and milestones follow. Your final grade includes points accumulated for your discussions; proposal; a two-part annotated bibliography; a draft; and a final paper. The following are guidelines to assist you in completing the course successfully. Guidelines for the Proposal (100 points): A proposal offers a detailed and full description of your project (as best you know it at the time of writing) in no more than 2 pages. To succeed,......

Words: 2198 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

On the Origin of Evil

...On the Origin of Evil Where does evil come from? This is a question that I find most interesting. In our modern day civilization educated by liberal institutions everybody speaks as if they are certain of what evil is. So what is it? At first glance the thing that sticks out to me when I hear this question is: Asking where evil comes from is like asking where hunger comes from. Where does the desire for procreation, for sexual reproduction come from? Is a lion evil? I am sure it could be viewed as such in the eyes of a gazelle. Lions kill other lions indiscriminately. They will kill young and old alike in competition for food, mates, or territory. Should every creature have the disposition of a humble lamb? Is a human being killing another human being evil? What if it’s a matter of self-defense? What if one acquires glory or good fortune for oneself and one’s people by killing? King David rose to glory and won the battle for the Israelites by killing Goliath. As stated in 1 Samuel, “Saul has slain his thousands and David his tens of thousands” (ch.18 v.7: via Bible gateway.com) Israel’s prosperity was only made possible because King David was a masterful warrior king that won many battles. Likewise war and conquest played a vital role in the founding of our country. And we became an economic superpower because of the good fortunes that came as a consequence of World War II. In this light killing could be viewed as a good thing. Accordingly things are only good or bad......

Words: 1869 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Literature

...Poetry, prose, sonnets, drama, plays, short stories and novels are concepts that first came to my mind when I think in the question “What is literature?” The definition of literature has change over time. The only thing that is certain about the meaning of literature is that the definition will change. The concepts about what is literature about also change over time. In order to get a clear understanding of exactly what literature is, first we need to know its definition. According to the Merriam-Webster, literature is defined by “the body of written works produced in a particular language, country, or age; the body of writings on a particular subject: printed matter.”  Literature has to do with letters, but some people often think that literature is only one thing, not knowing that it is composed by several elements that we use every day. These important elements include poems, prose, sonnets, drama, plays, short stories and novels. Poetry is created from the soul. It comes from your emotions and it needs every piece of creativity inside you. It has been called the art of “saying the unsayable” because trough this you can express your feelings with no limit, and nobody can tell you that is wrong. If you make a poem and you think it is not good enough, well it is no good. You as the author or the reader, can only judge if it is good or but for you but maybe for some one else it is the opposite as it is for you. A good place to start when looking back at how......

Words: 4267 - Pages: 18