Premium Essay


In: English and Literature

Submitted By gsettecasi04
Words 605
Pages 3
Gino Settecasi GREEK DBQ ESSAY 12/16/12
1. Socrates was an ancient Greek stonemason and legendary philosopher, he also was one very outspoken critic of Sophists. In the quote, “The unexamined life is not worth living” Socrates meant that in other words, if you do not stand for something in life, you may as well just be wasting a life.
2. Aristotle was the most famous student of the great Greek philosopher Plato. Aristotle was also a Greek philosopher who developed his own ideas about government. He was extremely specific about democracy which he felt would lead to mob rule. He also felt that human reason is the most godlike part of human nature
3. In this document, Pericles is describing the complex government know as democracy. He had expectations for citizens in this type of government. For example, an expectation was that he wanted people, no matter what social class, to speak up for their political decisions no matter what the social scale.
4. Hippocrates was a Greek physician who studied the causes of illness as well as looked for cures. The Hippocratic oath states that he was promising to not give any harmful or deadly medicines to his patients. He also promises to not advise people to get any deadly nor harmful medicines.
5. Euclid was a highly-known famous Greek mathematician, he was also referred to as “The Father of Geometry”. He is best known for his work titled Elements, a thirteen-volume textbook on the principles of mathematics. They include treatises on plain geometry, proportion, and music.
6. According to the article, there are several values that are expressed in this Greek play. For example, Antigone claims that for him, Zeus has not made the order. He also feels that a mortal man could overrun the gods’ unwritten and greatly unfailing laws. Antigone would not allow his brother be dead and...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Greeks

...Hail them who fought for glory and honour by the use of their bravery and intelligence that brought them to excellence. The movie Odyssey showed many Greek qualities perfectly. It also manifested and gave more colors and meanings to their mythology. The bravery of Odysseus mirrored how the Greeks stood for their own civilization. His intelligence manifested the Greek’s intelligence – their culture, their artworks and how they worked for their society’s growth were the products of this. Same as Odysseus, the Greeks loved their own society that they’re ready to sacrifice even their own lives. They had their very strong faith to their gods as their foundation in living. Greek’s unity leads them to excellence that no one could ever surpass. Odyssey tried to prove to their gods that he could achieve victory and honour without their help but he got it wrong. He then realized that without Poseidon, he can’t cross island from island; without Athena, he can never have his wisdom to conquer challenges; without Ionnus, he can’t have air to breath and so sail across oceans; wholly, without their gods, his life would never exist – the Greeks had this belief in their lives. They also can’t have their very well-known civilization without gods. Greeks had their unsurpassable love for their society as well as Odyssey. They had their lives that they’ve wanted and worked hard for. They accomplished many incomparable things and they became supreme in every artwork that had ever......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Greeks

...innovation of the Greek phalanx, it was also the first time cavalry was intertwined with the combination of light infantry, slingers, archers, and javelin men. Phillip also built an admirable corps of engineers, which conducted research alongside sieges—produced weapons such as catapults and “ram tortoises,” battery rams mounted on protected carriers. The diversity of all these forces especially the coordination between infantry and horsemen was far beyond tactical capacity during their time. According to Parker, for more than twenty years (359-338) Phillip crafted a grand new army, supply, led, and organized quite differently from anything in past Greek practice. This was a unique military force that will eventually dominate the Greek city-states and later confronted the current superpower, the Persians. While the new face of the military is being forged, it is now being sustained and improved by logistical planning. According to Parker, soldiers during one summer campaign were ordered to carry thirty days’ provisions on his back. Well supplied soldiers with food, equipment, etc., is the only way to advance such a speedy conquest throughout the world. These bolster the long range of road marches that soldiers had to endure while fighting in multiple battles. The prolong Peloponnesian War severely weakened the Greek city-states. The vulnerability of the Greek city-states was the perfect timing for King Phillip to invade and conquer all of the Greek......

Words: 888 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Greek Immigration

...uniqueness of the world we live in. Greece is a country of a great interests and diverse cultures. The Greeks are particularly proud of their culture and speak of their country with an intense passion, feeling that their Greek culture is a definition of their national and ethnic belonging. Traditions, religion, music, language, food and wines are the major composites of the Greek culture. Greek culture began in Greece located in the southeastern region of the European continent, on the far southern edge of the Balkan Peninsula. The country is well known for the thousands of islands. It is surrounded by mountains and in the north by water. The mountains, which surrounded Greece, gave them the advantage of being well protected. The Ionian and the Aegean seas, together with natural islands and bays, gave the Greeks the opportunity to develop their high level of commerce and their rich culture. They relied on the Aegean Sea for trade and supplies. The Greeks were introduced to many other cultures and they were exposed to western benefits of agriculture and various techniques of metalwork. In addition, they shared their culture with other countries as well. Western culture has learned a lot from the Greeks. Greece is one of the oldest civilizations in the world and the cradle of Western culture as we know it. The Greeks’ have made countless contributions that have made Greek Culture a part of western society in the areas of art, literature, philosophy, drama, architecture and......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...3/13/2013 Humanities Dionysus, in Greek mythology is a god of wine and vegetation, who showed mortals how to cultivate grapevines and make wine. He was good and gentle to those who honored him, but he brought madness and destruction upon those who spurned him or the orgiastic rituals of his cult. The yearly rites in honor of the resurrection of Dionysus gradually evolved into the structured form of the Greek drama, and important festivals were held in honor of the god, during which great dramatic competitions were conducted. The most important festival, the greater Dionysia, was held in Athens for five days each spring. It was for this celebration that the Greek dramatists Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides wrote their great tragedies. Also, after the 5th century B.C. Dionysus was known to the Greeks as Bacchus. Dionysus is the son of Zeus and Semele. He is the only god to have a mortal parent. The birth of Dionysus began when Zeus came to Semele in the night, invisible felt only as a divine presence. Semele was pleased to be a lover of a god, even though she did not know which one. Word soon got around and Hera quickly assumed who was responsible. Hera went to Semele in disguise and convinced her that she should see her lover as he really was. When Zeus visited her again, she made him promise to grant her one wish. She went so far as to make him swear on the River Syx that he would grant her request. Zeus was madly in love and agreed. She then asked him to show her his......

Words: 1261 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Greeks and Helenistic Empire

...How were the Greeks similar and different to the Hellenistic empire? The Greeks and the Hellenistic empire were similar in dependence on slave labor, where in Hellenic era, “ virtually every household had a few” (Sherman & Salisbury, 2013), and “every household had one or two domestic slaves, and most manufacturing and other labor was done by slaves” (Sherman & Salisbury, 2013), which in both eras, “it was customary to enslave losers in battle” (Sherman & Salisbury, 2013). On the other side, the differences could be found in the status of women living in either era. As the textbook suggests in the Greece chapter: “While respectable women stayed carefully indoors, some women – slaves or foreigners – who had no economic resources or family ties became prostitutes and courtesans who shared men’s public lives at dinners and drinking parties” (Sherman & Salisbury, 2013). The Hellenistic World chapter, “It suggests that women worked and earned money instead of staying carefully guarded within the home. It also shows a loosening of the tight family ties that had marked the Greek poleis and the ancient Middle East civilizations” (Sherman & Salisbury, 2013). Athens supposedly experienced “a developing democratic form of government… that allowed them to run and control the growing city” (Sherman & Salisbury, 2013), while during Hellenistic era, ”Society, economy, and politics all played out on a larger scale, and kings, rather than citizens, now ruled… It indicates people’s view......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Reaction on Greek and Egyptians

...Based on the representations shown in Discovering the Global Past, chapter three, the Greek and Egyptian cultures both value strong men, and women who needed their men. However, one difference that the Egyptians and Greeks have in their values is simplicity. The Egyptians favored elaborateness and the Greeks preferred simplicity. Both the Greek and Egyptian cultures value strength in their men. The images of the Greek men show these men in the prime of their abilities. The well muscled bodies depicted in the images show vitality and power that men in their prime have. The image "Theseus and the Amazons" shows strong and militarily powerful men defeating the Amazons. Competition of any kind, athletic or militaristic, was a way for men to prove themselves in Greek society. If a man showed arete he had honor (Burger, 49). Because of the Greek's chase of arete, men had to be strong both physically and intellectually in order to win. When Greek artists depicted men, the only men worthy to make art of were strong men with arete, so looking at the Greek culture, strong men were valued. The Egyptian images two and three show powerful men as well. In image two, showing Nebamum hunting, Nebamum is larger than his wife and servant. He is also closer to the foreground of the image with the other two in the background. Another instance of the man being larger and more forward is with image three. King Ramesses II is much larger than his wife, with Nefertari only coming up to his...

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Greeks vs Romans

...6/16/2013   Greeks • Center point Athens • Mountainous, hilly landscape • Made great philosophical contributions • No ruler over individual city states • Realistic sculptures and paintings • Women couldn’t be citizens • Prided themselves on philosophy and science • Democratic Both • Civilizations began with city states • Helped shape the Middle East • Made contributions to Middle East • Worked in mines • Agriculture main economic base • Similar social classes • Great builders • Worked slaves • Used currency Romans • Influenced other empires • Set laws and had ruler • Started militaries to back ruler • Flat landscape surrounded by mountains • Women could be citizens • Center point Rome • Known for military and engineering • Semi democratic The Greeks and Romans have lots of similarities. Both helped shape the Middle East, made great contributions to shape today’s world, had similar social classes, used currency, are known for their architecture, and both flourished with the beginning of city states. Some ways they differed though. The Greek landscape was mountainous and hilly, somewhat rough terrain while Roman cities sat in the valleys between the mountains giving them a little extra protection. The Romans unintentionally appointed a king or ruler that then set laws and was backed by a military where the Greeks governed each individual city state and sometimes war arose between the Greek city states. Greeks......

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Greek Influences in Art

...AR 115 March 29, 2013 Greek Influences in Art The Greeks have had a prolonged effect on Western art. The statues and carvings, as well as their architecture, has withstood the test of time and cemented their place in history as the one of the most influential founders of modern art. All three of the periods in Greek history, Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic, have produced many marvels in the art world. Their methods of construction have been tried and true in withstanding thousands of years of destructive conflicts, wars, and weathering. The Kore and Korous, as well as the acropolis, are perfect examples of this. THREE PERIODS IN GREEK HISTORY The first period in Greek history is called the Archaic period. During this era, around the seventh century B.C., they produced naturalistic styles of pottery and statues that showed influences from Egypt as well as other Near East areas. The Kore and Korous were produced during this period. The Korous, a simple life size portrayal of a naked youthful man, was used as tributes to the male form. They were sculpted standing in a frontal pose with their left leg moved forward, their arms close to their bodies touching the side of their thighs. The high regard and admiration of the male form were perfectly portrayed in these sculptures. The Kore on the other hand were more basic and sculpted as clothed. The Kore was the clothed female version of the Korous. The statues were carved standing erect with their feet......

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Rise of Greek Civilization

...the pyramids built? How did Gods get associated with morality, as in breaching law became impiety? What was the oldest legal code of Hammurabi, the king of Babylon? What was the Babylonian contribution to the growth of man? How was the Babylonian knowledge inherited by Thales in the 6th century? Points Sudden rise of civilization in Greece Role of Egypt Babylon (both around 2000 B.C) and the island of Crete(Minoan culture), called Mycenaeans on the mainland Greece (till 900 B.C.) in the Greek philosophy The 3 waves Ionians, Achaeans and last the Dorians Maritime commerce led to the very early contributions to civilization from Greece Coinage – 700 B.C Phoenicians, like other inhabitants of Syria were exposed to influence of both Babylon and Egypt and they held supremacy in maritime commerce till rise of Greek cities if Ionia, Italy and Sicily. Greek may have learned to write from the Phoenicians and added vowels. First notable intellectual product – Homer-ancient Greek epic poet of Iliad and the Odyssey,(8th century B.C.), ( product of Ionia), Confucius, Buddha and Zoroaster were probably from the same time, Homer wasn’t very religious, Gods completely human, represents a civilized aristocracy which ignores as plebeian various superstitions that are still rampant among the populace. Primitive religion was tribal rather than personal Greece was divided into a large no. of states and they had varied levels of civilization Sparta – culturally poor, great......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Greek and Roman Cultures

...University Topic of Cultural Studies June 10, 2012 Abstract This paper compares and contrasts the Greek and Roman Cultures. These are the different kinds of Greek columns that were used in there arhecture. The Doric column has no base at the bottom where the Ionic does to give more stability. This is roman art it depicts the realistic image of the person but used for more decorations than anything. This is Greek Art it portrays the same as the Roman’s Topic | Greek | Roman | Government | Ruled by aristocrats in a democracy setting. | Had a monarchy ruled by kings then adapt a mixed government around c.509 b.c. | Geographical Terrain | Hilly countryside that was near water | More inland near two mountain ranges the Alps to the north and the Apennine to the East. Stayed on one side of the Tibet River | Economics | Main wheat harvest then started wine and olive oil | Main focus was wine and olive oil but also participated in trade | Art | Was big and beautiful focus on artistic forms, | Realistic mainly for decoration copied a lot from the Greeks in the way it was portrayed | Architecture | Had two different types of columns they use 1.) Doric 2.) Ionic one had a base the other did not | Copied from the Greeks mostly | Religion | Worshipped many gods and felt that the gods had many human characteristics | Same as the Greeks | | | | References Culture and Society. (2012). Retrieved from......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Greek Mythology

...Greek Mythology Intro Greek mythology is the myths and legends the ancient Greeks centered their lives around. The ancient Greeks used these myths to explain the events and components of the world around them. Their religion included gods and heroes, creation stories, and the origins of their civilizations and rituals. It is topic that had been studied and examined in great depth for thousands of years. This fascinating religion's messages and influences are reflected in today’s modern society, and many similarities can be found between Greek mythology and modern religions, such as Christianity. The twelve Olympian Gods and their Myths To begin with, many of the beliefs that the Ancient Greeks believed in were based on the Olympians. The Olympians were a group of twelve gods who ruled after they overthrew the Titans. All of the Olympians are related in some way and they were named after their dwelling, Mount Olympus. The three major gods are Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. Their father, Kronos, was the leader of the Titans, he was cruel and was so determined not to lose his throne that he ate his children alive. But one child, Zeus was spared because his mother, Rhea, fed Krono’s a rock disguised as a baby instead of Zeus himself. Zeus defeated his father by chopping him up into little pieces and scattering his remains across the world. Then Zeus released all of Krono’s children that his father had eaten. These gods were Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Demeter,......

Words: 1242 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Greek Temples

...Greek temples were often designed to serve as protect statues within Greek sanctuaries in Greek paganism. The temples usually indirectly served as a cult purpose, meanwhile the sacrifices and rituals devoted to the respective divinity took place outside them. Temples were frequently used to store votive offerings. They are the most widespread and known building type in Greek architecture. There are artists today who have tried to mimic artists in ancient Greece, but have failed miserably. One of the most significant features to come out of Greek art is the architecture, most prominent the three architectural orders of ancient Greece, Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. The workings of this order has a systematic order of inter dependable parts whose scopes are based upon mathematical ratios. The basic components of all three orders are the columns. Although most of us do not know this order, they see it every day. The Doric order has shafts that composed of drums seated on top of a sty lobate. The shafts do not have bases in the Doric order like they do in the others. At the top of each column lies an entablature and at the top of each entablature lies a pediment. The Doric order was mainly used in Greek and Rome and was the earliest of the three orders. The Doric order came about in a definite form in 7th century B.C, but it was not widely used until the 19th century during the Greek revival which was an architectural movement that took place between the end of the 18th century and...

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Greek Gods

...certain things happened. Without scientific answers, like we have today, the Ancient Greeks created their own answers about the world and an individual’s place in it. These tales were known as myths. They described the feelings and values that bound the members of society. There are two types of myths -- creation myths and explanatory myths. A creation myth explained the start of many events such as the origin of the world and the creation of human beings. An explanatory myth explained a natural process or event such as illness and death. Most myths concerned divine beings such as gods, goddesses and other heroes with supernatural powers. These characters had many human characteristics, aside from their special powers, that included birth and death and the presence of emotions such as love and jealousy. These human qualities of the divine beings reflected the values of society. Such characters are called anthropomorphic, derived from two Greek words meaning “in the shape of man”. Gods and goddesses that resembled animals were referred to as theriomorphic, derived from two Greek words meaning “in the shape of an animal”. The last group of mythical characters has no name. They didn’t take the form of a complete human or animal, such as a figure with a human body and an animal head. As well as being entertaining and interesting to read, myths played an important role in Ancient Greek society.      The Greeks honored their gods with different kinds of festivals. Their......

Words: 325 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Greek Tragedies

...secured. The tragedies also reveal to the audience the difference between good and evil; quite often the individual’s good intentions are misconstrued and in turn cause them to do evil. Another common theme in the tragedies is the responsibility of humanity; although often tempted or controlled by the gods individuals need to learn to control their emotions and take responsibility for their own actions. The role the gods play is an essential part of the Greek tragedies and without them the stories would be drastically different. The role of the gods is to watch over the people and ensure that they fulfill their destiny. In the ancient times, they believed that each person’s life was determined by destiny or fate, which they could not escape; no matter what a person does to avoid their fate, the gods made sure that their destiny was fulfilled. An individual’s destiny is planned and organized, and it is the role of Zeus to supervise the mortals and ensure that each individual follows their destiny. In the book The Poetry of Greek Tragedy, Richmond Lattimore comments regarding Zeus, “he is the armed master, supreme because he possesses, and can wield the heaviest weapons. With such, in his rages, he can not only overthrow […] he can also...

Words: 2290 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Ancient Greek

...Ancient Greeks coins are gold and silver and got the king and queen and the coins have got a crab on the coin. Ancient Greeks do not numbers on There coins like we have coins with numbers on them .On some of the coins have some writing on them and some don’t have writing on the coins. One of the coins have a crab on the coins have got lots pictures on the coins some of them have the king and queen on the coins and some have animals on them on the coins have writing on them but we do not und stand the writing because it is in ancient Greeks writing but some of the writing is in English. All the coins THE COIN DO NOT HAVE WRITING ON Them AND THEY DO NOT ALL HAVE ANIMAL AND SOME HAVE NOT HAVE THE KING AND QUEEN not all coins are the same and all the coins are different All the pottery are not the same some are big and small and not all pottery have handles AND THEY ALL HAVE PICTURE THEY ALL HAVE DIFFERENT COLUERS THEY ALL ARE NOT THE SAME PICTURE THEY ARE VERY BREAK A BULL BECAUSE IT IS MADE OUT OF GLASS AT THE TOP SOME OF THEM ARE VERY LONG AT THE TOP AND SOME ARE VERY SMALL THEY ALL ARE NOT THE DIFFERENT. PEOPLE DIZEN THESE ARE VERY GOOD people some of them are flat at the BOTTOM ON THE POTTERY THE THING I LIKE THE POTTERIT IS DIZEND LIKE THE ANCIENT GREEK POTTERY REMBER THEY ARE...

Words: 266 - Pages: 2