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Green Computing Project

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Green Computing Research Project

By James C. Frazier
Part1

The purpose of this Green Computing Research Project is to research possible applications of green computing for We Are Big Incorporated. First, I want to define what is Green Computing: Environmental responsibility and sustainability in computing and/or IT systems, including overall energy efficiencies, responsible disposal of electronic waste and recycling programs, telecommuting, virtualization of server resources, thin client solutions, using open source software, and the development of new software to address green computing. In an article Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices, by San Murugesan defines the field of green computing as "the study and practice of designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers, servers, and associated subsystems such as monitors, printers, storage devices, and networking and communications systems efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment.”
The applications being closely researched are as follows: * Data center and overall energy efficiency: Is a basic Energy Star program for organizations and using technology or data centers for multi-user/departmental uses. Cities teaming up with businesses to use tools like smart meters, data visualizations and even mobile technology to promote energy efficiency and urban sustainability. Quoting a report State of the World Report, by Diana Lind, April 2012, “In one instance, General Electric is helping the city of Rotterdam Germany to drastically cut CO2 emissions to half its 1990 levels by creating energy efficiency and improving water management.” Running multiple clients from one server allows a higher utilization of server processing power, smaller data center footprint, and also makes strides toward energy efficiency. In a recent study found that if companies adopt cloud computing, they can reduce the energy consumption of their IT departments and save money on energy bills. And in another development, Fujitsu unveiled its Esprimo Green, a full PC that uses zero watts in stand-by mode. * The disposal of electronic waste and recycling: Proper disposal of electronic equipment will save money and valuable landfill space. Recycling these products can be even more valuable. Not only does this save resources, organizations can make a profit from recycling efforts. In a two year period, Samsung recycled more than 41.5 million pounds of electronics. They are the first electronics manufacturer to fulfill the e-Stewards standard for responsible e-waste handling. . Samsung launched its Recycling Direct program in October 2008 with 1100 drop-off spots currently throughout the United States. * Telecommuting: Over the past decade, telecommuting has shown to deliver significant social, environmental and economic benefits. Many organizations have recognized these gains as a way to promote worker moral, sustainable business practices, and increase their bottom line. In “How Telecommuting Lets Workers Mobilize for Sustainability” by Daniel Walsh, he describes just how the organizations are utilizing this. “A recent survey found that less than 4 percent of U.S. private sector workers actually work from home, that figure could reach as high as 30 percent by 2019”, * Virtualization of server resources: Cloud computing has recently been getting attention. The term describes data-processing operations being outsourced to server farms, instead of being powered on-site. These vary from websites or remotely hosted networks to digital storage space or individual documents. Cloud computing can save large U.S. companies $12.3 billion on energy use while cutting carbon emissions by 85.7 million tons annually by 2020, according to a report that tracks climate change information and was commissioned by the non-profit Carbon Disclosure Project. * Thin client solutions: This term refers to reducing energy use, reductions in materials used, using virtualization servers, and open source software. Fujitsu unveiled a new thin client computer that cuts energy by about two-thirds. In a article by Greener Computing published in August 24, 2009. In addition to saving on procurement costs, thin client adopts cloud servers and data center computing. Thin client is a way to save on energy use from PC’s and data centers. * Use open source software: OSS is computer software that is available in source code form. In a nutshell, Open Source is an architecturally driven approach that is not linked to any vendor/supplier. Open source is an ideal development and business model for today's online participatory, collaborative, networked culture. The open source model offers liberties to users and developers and supports true collaborative innovation. Open source software can provides accessibility, low or no upgrade or switching costs, and provide a better value in an environment that allows for everyone’s participation and competition. Companies can monetize their innovations by building on the contributions of others. This source code and other rights that normally are reserved for copyright holders. Are provided under an alternate open source license that permits users to study, change, improve and distribute software. Open source software is often developed in a collaborative fashion. Open source software is the best example of open source development. Often compared to user generated content or other open content applications. The report by the Standish Group states that adoption of open source software models have resulted in the savings of over $60 billion a year to consumers. * Development of new software to address green computing for internal use and potential sale to other organizations: Creating a center of economic activity around technologies that benefit the environment. Testing building materials and studying chemical processes to reduce the use and generation of hazardous substances. Nanotechnology is also being used in an attempt to manipulate materials at the nanometer scale; scientists are hoping it can transform manufacturing on a global level, from government purchasing to a technological revolution. VIA is seeking to enable the next 1 billion people to get connected, by providing wider access to computing and communications technologies. The company is concentrating on empowering new, emerging markets, looking at models that reach beyond individual ownership of a PC, such as local pay-for-use facilities. Products built for such a use are characterized by ultra-efficient energy consumption and the ability to withstand heat and dust in harsh environments. Engineering higher performance computing like developing smarter software to explore parallel, multiprocessor architecture that will mean a more efficient use of hardware resources and better coding techniques. Lastly, another major aspect of green software is the development of sustainable software and the use of Open source methodologies.

In figure 1 below, is the Decision Matrix showing the criteria, weights, and scores for the Project Manager position.

Summarize the findings: One page describing the weighted decision matrix and summarize the results.

Figure 2 below shows the Financial Spreadsheet to help calculate the NPV, ROI, and the year payback occurs.

Below in figure 3 is the Project Charter.
Project Charter

Project Title: Green Computing Research Project
Project Start Date: 9/26/12 Projected Finish Date: 3/21/13
Budget Information: $500,000.00

Project Manager: James Frazier, 937-252-2827, james_frazier2@student.owens.edu
Project Objectives: Research options on how to improve the environment, while increasing revenue and reducing costs.
Approach: Select project team A.S.A.P, Change Systems Manager & Process Systems Manager and 3 other members to be selected inside organization. -Signed: “Steering Committee” member Ben & Chairperson Natalie
Selecting best people In-House allowing them to work virtually on the project.
All changes MUST be approved prior to moving forward.
All Specific Times will be in G.M.T.
Roles and Responsibilities -------------------------------------------------
Role | -------------------------------------------------
Name | -------------------------------------------------
Organization/-------------------------------------------------
Position | -------------------------------------------------
Contact Information | -------------------------------------------------
Project Sponsor | -------------------------------------------------
Ben | -------------------------------------------------
C.I.O. | -------------------------------------------------
1-999 | -------------------------------------------------
Project Manager | -------------------------------------------------
James Frazier | -------------------------------------------------
Outside Contractor | -------------------------------------------------
937-626-2123/e-mail | -------------------------------------------------
Recycling | -------------------------------------------------
Matt | -------------------------------------------------
Technical Specialist | -------------------------------------------------
1-222 | -------------------------------------------------
Virtualization | -------------------------------------------------
Teresa | -------------------------------------------------
Senior Systems Analyst | -------------------------------------------------
2-333 + 2 time zone | Program Manager | Ito | Program Manager | 1-000 | Environmental Technologies | Natalie | V.P. Operations | 1-111 | Senior Consultant | James | Strategic Research | 4-444 + 4 time zone | Research/Theoretical Specialist | Le | Green Computing | 6-555 + 6 time zone |
Sign-off: Ben, Natalie, James, Matt, Teresa, Ito, James, Le

Comments: Other personnel to be recruited In-House on a as needed basis.-Signed: Ben
All communications must take consideration into time zone differences. –Signed James F

Request changes to the project will be 2 pages. How do I plan to manage change in a timely manner, How will be involved in change control system. Any other issues? Included is the paperwork/ e-form used to collect and respond to changes.
Change Request Form

Project Name:
Date Request Submitted:
Title of Change Request
Change Order Number:
Submitted by: (name and contact information) Change Category: Scope Schedule Cost Technology Other Description of change requested: Events that made this change necessary or desirable: Justification for the change/why it is needed/desired to continue/complete the project: Impact of the proposed change on: Scope: Schedule: Cost: Staffing: Risk: Other: Suggested implementation if the change request is approved: Required approvals: Name/Title | Date | Approve/Reject | | | | | | | | | | | | |

Part 2 REQUIREMENTS TRACEABILITY MATRIX | | Project Name: | | Green Computing Research Project | | | National Center: | | Headquarters, Dayton, Ohio U.S.A. | | | Project Manager Name: | | James C. Frazier | | | Project Description: | Green Computing Research Project is to research possible applications of green computing for We Are Big Inc. | ID | Assoc
ID | Technical Assumption(s) and/or Customer Need(s) | Functional
Requirement | Status | 001 | 2.2.2 | Energy efficiency | How low can we go | Testing | 002 | 3.3.3 | Responsible disposal of electronic waste and recycling programs | infrastructure | Testing | 003 | 4.4.4 | Telecommuting | Communication, schedule, deadlines | In Progress | 004 | 5.5.5 | Virtualization of server resources | availability of resource, cost | Testing | 005 | 6.6.6 | Thin client solutions | requirement of clients, does it fit us | Testing | 006 | 7.7.7 | Use open source software | availability of resource, cost | Testing | 007 | 8.8.8 | Develop software to address green computing | compatibility | Testing |

Scope Statement (Version xx)

-------------------------------------------------
Project Title: Green Computing Research Project-------------------------------------------------
Date: 10-5-2012 Prepared by: James C. Frazier | -------------------------------------------------
Project Justification: To help improve the environment while increasing revenue and reducing costs. -------------------------------------------------
. | -------------------------------------------------
Product Characteristics and Requirements: 1. ------------------------------------------------- Address overall energy efficiency 2. ------------------------------------------------- Responsible disposal of electronic waste and recycling programs 3. ------------------------------------------------- Telecommuting 4. Virtualization of server resources 5. Thin client solutions 6. Using open source software 7. Develop software to address green computing------------------------------------------------- | -------------------------------------------------
Summary of Project Deliverables-------------------------------------------------
Project management-related deliverables: business case, charter, team contract, scope statement, WBS, schedule, cost baseline, status reports, final project presentation, final project report, lessons-learned report, and any other documents required to manage the project.-------------------------------------------------
Product-related deliverables: research reports, design documents, software code, hardware, etc. 1. -------------------------------------------------
Compatible with windows and / or apple O/S systems 2. -------------------------------------------------
Consumer price (increase or decrease) & % 3. How much energy efficiency is currently feasible with current technology 4. Can the project get government funding / tax credits for any / all parts of this project? | -------------------------------------------------
Project Success Criteria: helping improve the environment while increasing revenue and reducing costs. |

Work Breakdown Structure Template for Green Computing Project

Prepared by: James Frazier Date: 10-12-2012

1.0 Initiating
1.1 Select Team
1.2 Kickoff Meeting
1.3 Develop Project Charter
1.4 Charter Signed 2.0 Planning 2.1 Develop Project Plans 2.1.1 Coordinate with Environmental Technologies Program 2.2 Review Project Plans 2.3 Project Plans Approved 2.4 Executing 3.0 Analysis 3.1 Energy Efficiency 3.2.1 How low can it go? 3.2.2 What is current efficiency? 3.2.3 Prototype I & Prototype II 3.2 Virtualization of server resources 3.3.4 Thin client solutions
3.2.2 Using open source software
3.3 Responsible disposal of electronic waste and recycling programs
3.3.1 In-house 3.3.1.1 Cost vs. Benefit 3.3.1.2 Infrastructure
3.3.1.3 Outsource
-------------------------------------------------
3.4 Telecommuting 3.4.1 Savings
3.5 Virtualization of server resources 3.5.1 Thin client solutions 3.5.2 Using open source software
3.6 Design
3.6.1 Develop software to address green computing 3.7 Implementation 3.8 System Implementation 3.9 Controlling
4.0 Report Performance 4.1 Control Changes
5.0 Closing 5.1 Prepare Final Project Report 5.2 Present Final Project Report 5.3 Project Complete
Gantt Chart Task Mode | Task Name | Duration | Start | Finish | Predecessors | Resource Names | Auto Scheduled | 1.0 Initiating | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 1.1 Select Team | | | | | | Manually Scheduled | 1.2 Kickoff Meeting | | | | | | Manually Scheduled | 1.3 Develop Project Charter | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 1.4 Charter Signed | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 2.0 Planning | 0 days | Sat 10/13/12 | Sat 10/13/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 2.1 Develop Project Plans | 0 days | Sat 10/13/12 | Sat 10/13/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 2.1.1 Coordinate with Environmental Technologies Program | | | | | | Manually Scheduled | 2.2 Review Project Plans | | | | | | Manually Scheduled | 2.3 Project Plans Approved | | | | | | Manually Scheduled | 2.4 Executing | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.0 Analysis | 1 day | Sat 10/13/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.1 Energy Efficiency | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.1.1 How low can it go? | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.1.2 Current efficiency | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.1.3 Prototype I & Prototype II | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.2 Virtualization of server resources | 0 days | Sat 10/13/12 | Sat 10/13/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 3.2.1 Thin client solutions | | | | | | Manually Scheduled | 3.2.2Using open source software | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3 Responsible disposal of electronic waste and recycling programs | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1 In-house | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1.1 Cost vs. Benefit | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1.2 Infrastructure | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 3.3.1.3 Outsource | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.4 Telecommuting | 0 days | Sat 10/13/12 | Sat 10/13/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 3.4.1 Savings | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.5 Virtualization of server resources | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.5.1 Thin client solutions | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 3.5.2 Using open source software | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.6 Design | 0 days | Sat 10/13/12 | Sat 10/13/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 3.6.1 Develop software to address green computing | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.7 Implementation | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.8 System Implementation | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 3.9 Controlling | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 4.0 Report Performance | 0 days | Sat 10/13/12 | Sat 10/13/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 4.1 Control Changes | | | | | | Auto Scheduled | 5.0 Closing | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 5.1 Prepare Final Project Report | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Manually Scheduled | 5.2 Present Final Project Report | | | | | | Manually Scheduled | 5.3 Project Complete | | | | | |

Part 3
Write a one page paper describing 3-5 new activities in the WBS/Gannt chart.
Review recycling program to add outsource policy as an issue/ possibility.
Communication issues (time zones) in Telecommuting
Deadlines being met in telecommuting
Open Source software security

Identify four min. milestones. Write 1 page describing these using SMART criteria.
Charter Signed
Project Plans Approved
Develop Software
System Implementation

Task Mode | Task Name | Duration | Start | Finish | Predecessors | Resource Names | Auto Scheduled | 1.0 Initiating | 3 days | Mon 10/15/12 | Wed 10/17/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 1.1 Select Team | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 1.2 Kickoff Meeting | 1 day | Tue 10/16/12 | Tue 10/16/12 | 2 | | Auto Scheduled | 1.3 Develop Project Charter | 1 day | Wed 10/17/12 | Wed 10/17/12 | 3 | | Auto Scheduled | 1.4 Charter Signed | 0 days | Wed 10/17/12 | Wed 10/17/12 | 4 | | Auto Scheduled | 2.0 Planning | 20 days | Mon 10/15/12 | Fri 11/9/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 2.1 Develop Project Plans | 16 days | Thu 10/18/12 | Thu 11/8/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 2.1.1 Coordinate with Environmental Technologies Program | 16 days | Thu 10/18/12 | Thu 11/8/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 2.2 Review Project Plans | 1 day | Fri 11/9/12 | Fri 11/9/12 | 7 | | Auto Scheduled | 2.3 Project Plans Approved | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 2.4 Executing | 1 day | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 10/15/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.0 Analysis | 113 days? | Mon 10/15/12 | Wed 3/20/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.1 Energy Efficiency | 16 days | Mon 10/15/12 | Mon 11/5/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.1.1 How low can it go? | 10 days | Mon 10/15/12 | Fri 10/26/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.1.2 Current efficiency | 5 days | Mon 10/29/12 | Fri 11/2/12 | 14 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.1.3 Prototype I & Prototype II | 1 day | Mon 11/5/12 | Mon 11/5/12 | 15 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.2 Virtualization of server resources | 25 days | Tue 11/6/12 | Mon 12/10/12 | 13 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.2.1 Thin client solutions | 10 days | Tue 11/6/12 | Mon 11/19/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.2.2Using open source software | 15 days | Tue 11/20/12 | Mon 12/10/12 | 18 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3 Responsible disposal of electronic waste and recycling programs | 17 days | Tue 12/11/12 | Wed 1/2/13 | 17 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1 In-house | 17 days | Tue 12/11/12 | Wed 1/2/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1.1 Cost vs. Benefit | 5 days | Tue 12/11/12 | Mon 12/17/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1.2 Infrastructure | 9 days | Tue 12/18/12 | Fri 12/28/12 | 22 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1.2.1 security | 9 days | Tue 12/18/12 | Fri 12/28/12 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1.3 Outsource | 3 days | Mon 12/31/12 | Wed 1/2/13 | 23 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.3.1.3.1 Contractor Policy | 3 days | Mon 12/31/12 | Wed 1/2/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.4 Telecommuting | 6 days? | Thu 1/3/13 | Thu 1/10/13 | 20 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.4.1 communication | 1 day? | Thu 1/3/13 | Thu 1/3/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.4.2 deadlines | 2 days | Fri 1/4/13 | Mon 1/7/13 | 28 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.4.3 Savings | 3 days | Tue 1/8/13 | Thu 1/10/13 | 29 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.5 Virtualization of server resources | 11 days | Fri 1/11/13 | Fri 1/25/13 | 27 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.5.1 Thin client solutions | 8 days | Fri 1/11/13 | Tue 1/22/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.5.2 Using open source software | 3 days | Wed 1/23/13 | Fri 1/25/13 | 32 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.6 Design | 11 days | Mon 1/28/13 | Mon 2/11/13 | 31 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.6.1 Develop software | 11 days | Mon 1/28/13 | Mon 2/11/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 3.7 Implementation | 1 day | Tue 2/12/13 | Tue 2/12/13 | 34 | | Auto Scheduled | 3.7.1 System Implementation | 1 day | Tue 2/12/13 | Tue 2/12/13 | | | Manually Scheduled | 3.8 Controlling | 5.65 mons | Mon 10/15/12 | Wed 3/20/13 | 37 | | Auto Scheduled | 4.0 Report Performance | 120 days | Mon 10/15/12 | Fri 3/29/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 4.1 Control Changes | 6 mons | Mon 10/15/12 | Fri 3/29/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 5.0 Closing | 8 days | Tue 3/12/13 | Thu 3/21/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 5.1 Prepare Final Project Report | 7 days | Tue 3/12/13 | Wed 3/20/13 | | | Auto Scheduled | 5.2 Present Final Project Report | 1 day | Thu 3/21/13 | Thu 3/21/13 | 42 | | Auto Scheduled | 5.3 Project Complete | 0 days | Thu 3/21/13 | Thu 3/21/13 | 43 | |

Write one page summarizing how I am assigning work/ activity.
Write contingency strategies for making up lost time and avoiding schedule slips in the future.

Part4

Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part8
Part9

Works Cited
Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices, San Murugesan, April 2012.

How Telecommuting Lets Workers Mobilize for Sustainability, by Daniel Walsh, February 17, 2011.

New Fujitsu Thin Client Uses Just 29 Watts at Full Utilization, by Greener Computing Staff, August 24, 2009.

Samsung Recycles 41M Pounds of E-waste In Two Years, Jonathan Bardeline, October 08, 2010.

The organic farming debate is about more than just yields, Marc Gunther, The Gunther Report, May 14, 2012.

State of the World Report, Diana Lind, April 2012.

Watch out Chevy, Nissan: EVs are going open source, by Morgan Peck, April 11, 2012.
.
Why the cloud is sustainability's silver lining by Richard Baillie, July 10, 2012.

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