Free Essay

Grid Connected Pv System

In: Science

Submitted By tazin
Words 280
Pages 2
Production of solar energy on a household basis for consumption and sale.

The objective of the project is to reduce the global energy crisis, using manpower.
The world is in a very critical situation in the sector of energy. All the natural resources are limited, and they are running on. That’s why everyone is searching for new sources of energy. We will now discuss on only electrical energy.
We know that energy can’t be produced. It can only be transformed form one kind to another. The cheapest and the most available source of energy is the sun. We can use the solar radiation, which is transformed in to electrical energy directly using PV cells.
Now, to solve the electric energy crisis, we need to do a few things. * Increase the production * Decrease use, specially misuses * Reduce dependency on bio energy
We will try to work on all the solutions altogether to solve the energy crisis in our project.
The main idea of the project is consumers of electricity will turn into the producers of electricity. Every house will turn into a mini power plant using PV panel. It will produce electricity for that house, and whatever will be left after using in the house will be supplied in the national power grid. Government will pay the owner of the house, as well as the owner of that Mini Power Plant. The power meter will run in the opposite direction, and the producers will get cash payment from the government.
Where to work: * We can make the model more effective. * The way of supplying the electricity to the national grid. * We can work on making the system cheaper.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Design and Cost Benefit Analysis of Grid Connected Solar Pv System for the Aust Campus

...Design and Cost Benefit Analysis of Grid Connected Solar PV System for the AUST Campus A. Muntasib Chowdhury1♦, I. Alam2♦, M. Rahman3♦, T. Rahman Khan4♦, T. Baidya5♦, A. Hasib Chowdhury6# 1 Department of EEE, AUST, Tejgaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh shovon_eee_aust@hotmail.com, 2imtialam@ymail.com, 3lemon_eee@yahoo.com, 4 tarek_eee666@yahoo.com, 5tonmoy_strings@yahoo.com # Department of EEE, BUET, Dhaka, Bangladesh 6 hasib@eee.buet.ac.bd ♦ Abstract— This paper describes a design and detailed analysis of a grid connected solar PV system for the Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST) campus. Various design considerations are discussed including the factors and parameters with limited data and information resources available for Bangladesh. Cost analysis reveals that the proposed design is economical and cost effective for the AUST campus. Keywords— Grid-tie solar, solar insolation, sunshine duration, commercial solar power system, Bangladesh. TABLE II DAILY AVERAGE BRIGHT SUNSHINE HOURS AT DHAKA CITY Month January February March April May June July August September October November December Average Daily Mean 8.7 9.1 8.8 8.9 8.2 4.9 5.1 5.8 6.0 7.6 8.6 8.9 7.55 Maximum 9.9 10.7 10.1 10.2 9.7 7.3 6.7 7.1 8.5 9.2 9.9 10.2 9.13 Minimum 7.5 7.7 7.5 7.8 5.7 3.8 2.6 4.1 4.8 6.5 7.0 7.4 6.03 I. INTRODUCTION Energy is an essential element for industrial and socioeconomic development of a country....

Words: 2193 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Proposal

...The specific objectives are as follows: To come out with a standard procedure for the development grid connected solar PV system. This would include To study the components of Grid-Connected Photovoltaic and how they are connected together. To simulate the performance of the 2MW grid-connected solar PV system using appropriate software packages and conducting technical as well as financial analysis based on the software simulation results. BACKGROUND...

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Design and Implementation of Solar System Simulation

...Alternative power sources that can deliver output currents in absence of grid supply are now automatic choices in home grid-connected system. In urban areas, IPS (Instant Power Supply) system is being used massively to cope up with load shedding. Increasing interest and investment in renewable energy give rise to rapid development of high penetration solar energy. There are multiple ways to interface PV arrays with the power grid. Solar energy has become a promising alternative source because it has many advantages such as abundance, pollution free and renewability. The solar photovoltaic (PV) power will play an important role in alleviating the energy crisis and reducing the environmental pollution and has a bright prospect of applications. Due to the nonlinear relationship between the current and the voltage of the photovoltaic cell, it can be observed that there is a unique maximum power point (MPP) at a particular environment, and this peak power point keeps changing with solar illumination and ambient temperature. In recent years, a large number of techniques have been proposed for maximum power point tracking (MPPT), such as the constant voltage tracking (CVT), the incremental conductance (INC) method, the perturb-and-observe (P&O or hill-climbing) method (Basso, 2008). Perturbation and Observation (P&O) method has a simple feedback structure and fewer measured parameters (Feng, 2010)....

Words: 1799 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Epia

...EPIA’s methodology includes only systems connected to the grid and not those that have been installed but not yet connected. The difference between installations and systems connected to the grid can be quite significant in some cases. Installed capacity considers all photovoltaic...

Words: 14757 - Pages: 60

Premium Essay

Rooftop Solar Power

...INTRODUCTION 1.1 Rooftop PV Systems : An Introduction 1.2 Overview of the Global and Indian Experience Initiatives 1.3 Central initiatives State Initiatives 2. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY LITERATURE REVIEW 3. 4. METHODOLOGY & KEY ELEMENTS 5. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SHIFT 5.1 Why Solar makes sense SOLAR RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN 6. DELHI Delhi’s Geographic Potential for Rooftop 6.1 Installations Methodology for calculating the solar rooftop 6.2 potential for different land areas in Delhi 6.2.1 Residential Buildings 6.2.2 Commercial Buildings 6.2.3 Industrial Buildings 6.2.4 Government Buildings 6.3 Consumer Categories for solar PV Factors that could impact the potential for 6.4 Rooftop Solar 6.4.1 Factors that could increase the potential 6.4.2 Factors that could decrease the potential 6.5 Delhi’s Existing Solar Policies and Incentives INTEGRATION OF SOLAR PV WITH THE 7. GRID (PROPOSAL) Case Study: Gandhinagar solar rooftop program 7.1 (2012 and on-going) 7.2...

Words: 24663 - Pages: 99

Free Essay

Chill

...The result of RETScreen analysis indicated that placement of the proposed 10MWPV-grid connected power plant was at the Wahat Kharga because of the highest Global solar radiation and profitability, with a NPV of US $144.3 million (El-Shimy, 2009). A Viability of solar photovoltaics as an electricity generation source for Jordan, the purpose of this study is to assess the proposed of 5 MW grid-connected PV power plant. To assess the distribution of radiation and sunshine duration over Jordan, monthly...

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Off Grid Renewable Energy

...Off-Grid Renewable Energy Applications- World Wide School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Abstract: About 1.4 billion urban and rural households around the world remain without electricity access today. 85% of these households are in rural areas and find it geographically challenging to benefit from grid-connected electricity for power supply. In the developing countries, rural areas mainly rely on inconvenient non-commercial resources like wood, agricultural residues etc. as sources of power generation. Hence, Off-Grid power, which can be generated on-site from renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and biomass, plays a major role for the future of rural electrification world-wide. To achieve universal access of electricity, International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that by 2030 about 171 TWh of Off-Grid electricity will need to be generated for providing power to approximately 210M or 20% of total rural households. This paper focuses on understanding the implementation and impact of three Off-Grid renewable energy systems in three different developing countries. Two of them are successfully implemented and the other is currently under implementation. The fully implemented Off-Grid systems selected for this paper are “Off-Grid Rural Electrification-Ladakh” in India and “Off grid Solar Power System for a rural village” in Malaysia. The system that is currently being implemented is the “Rural Renewable Energy Development Project” in Bhutan....

Words: 3419 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Hello Motto

...Title: SOLAR ENERGY: “SUNLIGHT into USEFUL ELECTRICITY” >Introduction< In today's climate of growing energy needs and increasing environmental concern, alternatives to the use of non-renewable and polluting fossil fuels have to be investigated. One such alternative is solar energy. Solar energy is quite simply the energy produced directly by the sun and collected elsewhere, normally the Earth. The sun creates its energy through a thermonuclear process that converts about 650,000,000 tons of hydrogen to helium every second. The process creates heat and electromagnetic radiation. The heat remains in the sun and is instrumental in maintaining the thermonuclear reaction. The electromagnetic radiation (including visible light, infra-red light, and ultra-violet radiation) streams out into space in all directions. Only a very small fraction of the total radiation produced reaches the Earth. The radiation that does reach the Earth is the indirect source of nearly every type of energy used today. The exceptions are geothermal energy, and nuclear fission and fusion. Even fossil fuels owe their origins to the sun; they were once living plants and animals whose life was dependent upon the sun. The sun is an inexhaustible source of energy. Solar energy is radiant energy from the sun caused by nuclear fusion in the sun’s core. The sun’s radiant energy reaches the earth in rays of sunlight. Solar energy in the form of heat and light sustains life on earth. Solar energy can...

Words: 4127 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Solar Outlook for India

...Technology Aspect 6 5.1 Issues with Development of Grid Interactive Technology 7 6. Finance 8 7. Risks and Challenges 9 8. Way Ahead 9 References: 10 1. 2. Introduction Energy is the prime factor for the generation of wealth and a significant factor for economic development of a country. Efficient and regular supply of energy is also critical for the economic growth. The limited fossil resources and the environmental problems associated with them have emphasized the need for new sustainable energy supply options. Development of newer energy sources thus acquires importance. The challenge is to ensure adequate supply of energy at the least possible cost. Another important aspect is to provide clean and convenient energy critical for the well-being of the poor, even when they cannot fully pay for it. Solar thermal power generation systems also known as Solar Thermal Electricity (STE) generating systems are emerging renewable energy technologies that can be developed as viable option for electricity generation in the future. This paper discusses the various options, their status and opportunities and challenges in developing solar energy in the context of India. 3. India’s Current Power Scenario India’s current electricity installed capacity is 1,67,278.36 MW. The peak demand and supply gap is around 12%. The 11th five year plan targets to add...

Words: 2264 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Risky Behaviour

...Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity, solar architecture and artificial photosynthesis.[1][2] Solar technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute solar energy. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic panels and solar thermal collectors to harness the energy. Passive solar techniques include orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favorable thermal mass or light dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air. In 2011, the International Energy Agency said that "the development of affordable, inexhaustible and clean solar energy technologies will have huge longer-term benefits. It will increase countries’ energy security through reliance on an indigenous, inexhaustible and mostly import-independent resource, enhance sustainability, reduce pollution, lower the costs of mitigating climate change, and keep fossil fuel prices lower than otherwise. These advantages are global. Hence the additional costs of the incentives for early deployment should be considered learning investments; they must be wisely spent and need to be widely shared" The Earth receives 174 petawatts (PW) of incoming solar radiation (insolation) at the upper atmosphere.[3] Approximately 30% is reflected back to space while......

Words: 1893 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Small Scale Renewable Energy in India

...SMALL SCALE ENERGY SECTOR IN INDIA HUL 736: Developmental Economics and Planning Abstract A study on the small scale energy sector in India and its impacts on development Saumya Mathur 2011ME10725 Sanjeev Ranjan 2011ME10724 Contents Small Scale Energy ......................................................................................................................... 4 Technologies and set-up............................................................................................................... 5 The power plant ......................................................................................................................... 5 Extra equipment needed besides the power plant ..................................................................... 5 Possible set-ups ......................................................................................................................... 6 Costs ............................................................................................................................................. 6 Grid parity ................................................................................................................................. 7 Differences from Traditional Energy .............................................................................................. 7 Advantages and Disadvantages.............................................................................................................

Words: 5287 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Design and Life Cycle Cost Analysis of Solar Pv Systems

...Design and Life Cycle Cost Analysis of Off-Grid Photovoltaic Power Systems Mounir Bouzguenda, Abdelkader Tami, Azzeddine Ferrah, and Jihad Al-Khalaf Faculty of Engineering, Sohar University PO Box 44 PC 311 Sohar-Oman Tel: +968-820-101 ext 233 Email:m.bouzguenda@soharuni.edu.om Abstract--The interest in off-grid photovoltaic (PV) solar energy systems in villages and remote areas is increasing. This interest stems from several factors such as improvement in living standards, reduced capital cost, stricter environmental constraints, and national programs that encourage renewable energy systems. To promote the usefulness of such renewable energy systems, a simple design and cost analysis method was developed. Its purpose is system sizing and life cycle cost analysis. Key parameters such as energy consumption, storage requirements, solar resources and financing options are entered into the program. Results such as system size and project cost are computed. For the financial analysis, Internal Rate of Return and Payback Period are used as project evaluation techniques. The method was tested for four PV systems with different geographical conditions and energy consumption profiles. Results show that the PV systems can be attractive on economic basis if governments provide sufficient funding and incentives. 1. INTRODUCTION Photovoltaics offer consumers the ability to generate electricity in a clean, quiet and reliable way....

Words: 2473 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Buisness

...Internship Report Submitted By: Poulami Dey MBA/June-July/2010 Semester 4th Roll no.: 50 Enrolment No: EIILMU/09/ F0741 Project A PROJECT REPORT ON CURRENT MARKET SENARIO AND FUTUREPROSPECT FOR SOLAR LAMPS AND LED PRODUCTS AT BAJAJ ELECTRICALS LTD Company ACKNOWLADGEMENT My summer internship or training with Bajaj Electricals Ltd is a life time experience that I will cherish throughout my carrier .This project has provided a great opportunity to experience the excellent and modern work culture and work process of Bajaj Electrical Ltd. I wish to thank my respective project guide at the organisation Mr. Kalyan Bhattacharya. His guidance was extremely useful throughout my project work in giving me the detailed understanding of the entire product portfolio and the overall industry overview. I would also wish to thank all the distributers and group of dealers who shared their extremely important time to equip me with the important and valuable organizational insights and helping me to prepare the project. Along with the corresponding people at the organisation, I am sincerely thankful to our internal guide Prof, Anirban Dutta, who has helped me with the adequate academic insight whenever it was required. I wish to give my warm regards to all the persons involved in the timely completion of my project, directly or indirectly. I would......

Words: 8494 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Hybrid System

...Several renewables have high growth rates, for example wind, Photovoltaic (PV) module manufacture and solar water heaters. New technologies like Tidal, OTEC, Solar thermal power plants and geothermal power plants are at the demonstration stage and future dissemination will depend on the experience of these projects. Ó 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction India had a population of 1.1 billion and a Gross Domestic Product of 33 trillion Rupees1 (728 billion US$) in 2006 [1]. A breakup of India’s primary commercial energy shows that more than 80% is supplied from fossil fuels. If we also consider traditional fuels and biomass,...

Words: 8425 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Research Project

...------------------------------------------------- Solar panel | | Solar PV modules (top) and two solar hot water panels (bottom) mounted on rooftops | From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Solar panel refers to a panel designed to absorb the sun's rays as a source of energy for generating electricity or heating. A photovoltaic (in short PV) module is a packaged, connected assembly of typically 6×10 solar cells. Solar Photovoltaic panels constitute the solar array of a photovoltaic system that generates and supplies solar electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each module is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions, and typically ranges from 100 to 365 watts. The efficiency of a module determines the area of a module given the same rated output – an 8% efficient 230 watt module will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt module. There are a few solar panels available that are exceeding 19% efficiency. A single solar module can produce only a limited amount of power; most installations contain multiple modules. A photovoltaic system typically includes a panel or an array of solar modules, a solar inverter, and sometimes a battery and/or solar tracker and interconnection wiring. The price of solar power, together with batteries for storage, has continued to fall so that in many countries it is cheaper than ordinary fossil fuel electricity from the grid (there is "grid parity")....

Words: 3369 - Pages: 14