Free Essay

Guantanamo Bay

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kaylawooten0333
Words 1521
Pages 7
Guantanamo Bay A seemingly endless war is upon us, between the United States and the countless terrorists of ISIS, Al Qaeda and others. The Naval Station detention camp located in Cuba, referred to as Guantanamo Bay or Gitmo (GTMO), holds prisoners, or detainees, who have been involved in terrorist activities. Some believe that Gitmo should be closed because of recent torture stories involving U.S. officials on the prisoners of the camp. They surmise that by closing Gitmo, tensions with the terrorists will lessen, which is far from true. Closing Guantanamo Bay would have a negative effect on the overall position of the United States in this arduous battle with the terrorists. President George W. Bush decided to transfer high value detainees from Central Intelligence Agency sites in the summer of 2006. Usually, captured soldiers would have protection under the Geneva Convention, which establishes the standards of law for the humanitarian treatment of war, or the basic rights of wartime prisoners. The detainees, being suspected Taliban and al Qaeda operatives, were not viewed as a part of a legitimate government, so it is not clear whether they should be protected under international law (Dahlstrom). The purpose of Guantanamo Bay was to capture any person who was involved in the terrorism that caused many U.S. deaths; it is a way, and maybe the only way, that the United States has in order to protect its citizens. In an article called, “The Historical Perspective on Guantanamo Bay: The Arrival of The High Value Detainees,” Morris D. Davis wrote, “Detainees were sent to Guantánamo Bay to be exploited for intelligence purposes, not to perfect criminal cases against them,” (Davis 115). The information gained from the radical Islamics could help in stopping American deaths, and it has. In 2007, Representative James Sensenbrenner stated, “Gitmo is a success. It keeps terrorists away from our shores and helps keep Americans safe. The prisoners at Gitmo were captured as members of al Qaeda and fought against American soldiers to defend the Taliban. Interrogations have brought invaluable intelligence that has helped President Bush prevent further attacks on American soil,” (Sensenbrenner 5). The last major terrorist attack on the United States was 9/11, and after Guantanamo Bay was opened in January of 2002, there have been no major attacks. In 2009, Obama gave a speech about how Gitmo will be closed, and that he would make sure it would be done during his presidency; that was 6 years ago. His reasoning was that “Meanwhile, instead of serving as a tool to counter terrorism, Guantanamo became a symbol that helped al Qaeda recruit terrorists to its cause. Indeed, the existence of Guantanamo likely created more terrorists around the world than it ever detained” (Obama 292), but yet Islamic terrorists had announced their intentions against the United States long before Guantanamo Bay was established as a terrorist detention center. In 1998, before Gitmo was made, “al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and leading Muslim militants announced the formation of a coalition called the International Islamic Front for Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders. They signed a fatwa (religious opinion) that called on all Muslims to ‘kill the Americans and their allies--civilians and military,’ wherever they may be” (Maginnis). Guantanamo Bay was created to protect U.S. citizens and stop the terrorist attacks by getting information about future attacks and plans, and it is doing just that. Inside Guantanamo Bay, there is a security department that includes the Antiterrorism & Force Protection office, the Joint Task Force (JTF), the Security Department, and many more areas of trained protection. The Antiterrorism & Force Protection office “writes, enforces and exercises the antiterrorism plan and coordinates efforts with all commands onboard to ensure compliance. Major antiterrorism drills and exercises, generating event plans and assisting the Joint Task Force with commissions and movement operations are also part of this office. The Security Department detects, deter and mitigate acts of terrorism while ensuring a safe working environment for all personnel onboard” (CNIC Navy). This Naval Station is well equipped with professionally trained soldiers and deeply researched plans to keep the camp safe and productive. Yet, the topic of torture is the reason that most people believe that Guantanamo Bay should be closed. Reports of torture have come from the released prisoners and from journalists that have visited. After President Obama closed the state department office responsible for finding countries to take detainees, instead of actually closing Gitmo like he had promised 5 years earlier, over 100 detainees went on a hunger strike out of frustration. The detainees “became increasingly malnourished, [so] military officials decided to force-feed as many as 46 detainees on a given day” (Hansen 14). The only reason that the prisoners were in this situation was because they did not accept the food placed before them; they are not being mistreated unless they do not cooperate with the officials in Guantanamo Bay. Congressman James Sensenbrenner explains the camp by saying, “Each day the detainees are given three culturally appropriate meals. They have daily opportunities to shower, exercise and receive medical attention. Furthermore, the International Committee of the Red Cross is in Guantanamo, ensuring that detainees from Afghanistan receive fair treatment under International Humanitarian Law” (Sensenbrenner). The detainees have the best facilities in the history of war prisoner camps. Even some civil liberties and human rights groups have now agreed that Guantanamo Bay should stay open for the safety of U.S. citizens. They “have declared that they would rather see Guantánamo remain open than have the government detain prisoners without trial on U.S. soil,” (Gerstein). Keeping the terrorists contained is the best option for safety. Torture has happened and cannot be denied, but it does not mean that the terrorists should be rewarded with freedom for appearing weak and helpless in the eyes of the media. The so-called “religion of peace,” has brought more death than anyone could have ever imagined. Islamic terrorists have carried out more than 25,200 deadly terror attacks since 9/11, an unbelievably scary number to grasp (Roberts). A retired Army lieutenant colonel, a national security and foreign affairs analyst for radio and television, and a senior strategist with the U.S. Army, Robert Maginnis, stated, “Islamic extremists are trained to hate the West from an early age. The root of Muslim alienation is their discontent with their totalitarian regimes. America is often used by dictator-controlled media and radical Islamic clerics as a scapegoat. Recruiting among disenfranchised youth will continue with or without Gitmo” (Maginnis). No matter what the United States does, the terrorists will not give in, which is why it is unreasonable to assume that the fighting will stop when we give their people back. A man by the name of Abu Bakr al Baghdadi was released by Obama in 2009, and he became the leader of ISIS a year later (Greenberg). This simply proves that the detainees who have been released are likely to return to terrorist activities. The Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper Jr. announced before Congress in 2011, “There have been 599 detainees that have been repatriated from Guantanamo; some 161 of them either confirmed or suspected to be recidivists” (Kessler), meaning that they have returned to those terror attacks. Even just one prisoner who becomes a recidivist should be enough to conclude that Guantanamo Bay should not be closed. David Cole, the Nation’s legal affairs correspondent said, “What seems to drive Congress and the courts is the desire to eliminate any risk, no matter how remote, that a detainee might harm us in the future. Neither Congress nor the courts, however, seem to have any problem with the countervailing risk, namely that we may be needlessly and arbitrarily locking up human beings for years who pose no threat whatsoever,” (Cole 6). This is a valid and very concerning thought for many, but a bigger issue could be at hand; American lives at risk. The idea is that it is worth the risk in order to protect the United States. The sole purpose of Guantanamo Bay is to do anything in the United States’ power to keep its people safe from the realistic terrorist attacks that are a threat to not only the people, but the government as well. The war is continuing on, and the United States of America cannot back down. The Naval Base detention camp at Guantanamo Bay needs to stay open. In order for the U.S. to have any chance at defeating the terrorists of ISIS and Al Qaeda, Gitmo should stay open to continue interrogations and to use new information to further our knowledge on the fight at hand. By keeping Guantanamo Bay open, the United States government can have the upper hand with invaluable information that can help us in the war. By knowing more we can prepare and act on what we know, creating an advantage that can give us the ability to help each country under terrorist rule. Keeping Guantanamo Bay will have an undeniably positive effect on the overall position of the United States during this unabating conflict.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Guantanamo Bay

...Thomas Fiedler 12-17-14 Civics Thomas Fiedler 12-17-14 Civics Guantanamo Bay and the War on Terror Due to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in the United States of America, the U.S. military has captured hundreds of suspected terrorists on battlefields across the Middle East. These detainees have been interned at a detention camp on the Guantanamo Bay Naval Station in Cuba without trial. This has created a lot of controversy between the United States and those who believe the prisoners were apprehended unlawfully and deserve a fair trial. The Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp was established in 2002 with the purpose to detain extraordinarily dangerous persons, to interrogate detainees in an optimal setting, and to prosecute prisoners for war crimes. The camp is made up of two main facilities: Camp Delta, which is a 612-unit detention center finished in April 2002 and includes detention camps 1 through 6, as well as Camp Echo, where pre-commissions are held; and Camp X-Ray, which was a temporary detention facility and was closed in April 2002. One of the principal advantages to placing the detainees in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba is the legal status that non-U.S. soil provides. If the detainees are not in the U.S., then they don’t have the same rights under American laws. Some of these include the right to legal representation, rights of prisoners, and rights to the American legal system. One government official......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Guantanamo Bay

...Guantanamo Bay sits on what was once called Oriente Province. Located on the southeast corner of the island country of Cuba. Oriente Province has since been divided into five distinct provinces, Las Tunas, Holguin, Granma, Santiago de Cuba, and Guantanamo. Guantanamo Bay is situated in the belt of the Caribbean trade winds; it receives sea breezes from the southeast during the afternoons, and shortly after sunset, the wind changes to a northerly direction and becomes a land breeze. The constant breezes help to keep the bay cooler than most semi-arid deserts. However, the mountains that surround the bay to the west, north, and east shelter it from cloud systems, thus producing less precipitation and maintaining the lands aridity. The Guantanamo Bay area is a semi-arid desert very similar to the climate found in San Diego, California. With predominantly dry, sunny days ranging from 80 degrees to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, nearly one-fourth of Guantanamo’s total average annual rainfall of 24 inches, which occurs in October. The region contains parched, brown land and woody plants and succulents capable of enduring the scarcity of water. The terrain and climate of Guantanamo Bay make it a haven for iguanas and banana rats. Guantanamo Bay was named by the Taino Indians, which is a subgroup of the Arawakan Indians, which inhabited the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea, consisting of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola ( Haiti and the Dominican Republic ), and Puerto Rico. ...

Words: 1455 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Torture In George W. Bush's Guantanamo Bay

...Guantanamo Bay is a United States naval base/detention camp located off of the coast of Cuba. The camp was established by the Bush administration in 2002, and has been in the mainstream media ever since. What draws the media to this specific base is the ongoings there. People have been held there indefinitely without trial and been relentlessly tortured. This is seen as an extremely controversial breach of human rights by Amnesty International, which is one of (if not the) biggest human rights groups focused on the equality of all human beings. George W. Bush’s administration opened Guantanamo Bay as a detention center during the “War on Terror”. Bush coined this term after 9/11 as a promise to stop terrorism in the U.S. Since it’s opening,...

Words: 513 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

World Issues

...The Case of Omar Khadr: Summary + Timeline Omar Khadr is a Canadian citizen born in Ottawa, Ontario in 1986. Omar has been in the custody of the United States Department of Defense since he was 15 and has been detained at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba since he was 16 years old. The United States alleges that Omar’s father took him to meet Al-Qaeda leaders when Omar was ten years old, that he received military training, and fought in Afghanistan. In July 2002, Omar was captured by the U.S. military after its forces bombed and assaulted the compound in which he was living. The U.S. raid and subsequent firefight resulted in the death of a U.S. soldier and Omar being severely wounded. Thereafter, he was detained at Bagram Air Base and was subjected to cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment and torture. At the age of 16, Omar was sent to the U.S. detention facility in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. While detained, Omar was subjected to excessively harsh interrogation methods in violation of international law, including: shackling in painful stress positions for hours on end; beatings by guards; express threats of rendition to third countries for the purposes of torture; solitary confinement for lengthy periods; and confinement in extremely cold cells. While other minors at Guantánamo were segregated from the adult population and ultimately repatriated, Omar has never received any age-appropriate treatment. In nearly five years of imprisonment, Omar has only once been permitted contact with......

Words: 945 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

War on Terror

...Hawke, A. (2007, June 29). Primer: Guantanamo detainees’ rights. National Public Radio. Retrieved from http://www.npr/templates/story/story.php?storyId=11600605 Habeas corpus was used as a reference to a judge’s order to expedite a detainee before the court to see whether or not the detainee deserves to be in prison. While these detainees were restrained to Guantanamo Bay prison, their rights had become abolished by the Supreme Court in 2006. It was not till October of 2006 when Congress stepped in and designed the new Military Commission Act, so that detainees may receive a fair trial. During that time the Federal court was using the Detainee Treatment Act, which was only being used if an detainee felt that they were being categorized as a criminal in a war crime even though they done no such thing and have proof to back up their claim. Our Congress had to jump in and derail any hope for the detainees’ at Guantanamo Bay to be able to use Habeas corpus. All of the problems the detainees’ are having are caused by the Bush Administration and the Republicans; because they feel that the detainees’ have no constitutional rights in the United States since they are not citizens. The Democrats feel that taking away Habeas corpus from the detainees. From Guantanamo Bay is very much unconstitutional. Question: What does the word “Combatant” means? Thesis Statement: The United States has certain laws protecting both civilians and prisoners. There is one certain law that was......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Pros And Cons To Keep Guantanamo Bay Prison

...I believe that The United States should keep Guantanamo prison open. Because if the United States closed Guantanamo bay prison then they would have to move high value terrorists. Also, a few terrorist that were involved with 9/11. Guantanamo bay prison has played a big part in the war against terrorists and without Guantanamo prison it would have left dangerous terrorist on the battlefield that could target and kill lots of people. Until the Government can come up with a good alternative to Guantanamo bay prison it should be kept open. Guantanamo bay prison in cuba isn't easy to escape from. Guantanamo prison has interrogated lots of terrorist and found out information. Guantanamo bay prison has military guard towers guarding the prison....

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Court Case

... Lakhdar Boumediene also served as an director humanitarian, providing assistance to children who lost family members during Balkan attacks and conflicts, and this is when he became a citizen of Bosnia in 1998. “In early October 2001, less than a month after the al Qaedas attacks of September 11, 2001 in the United States”(My Guantanamo Nightmare). Intelligence Analysts officers of the United States Embassy had concerns about a plot on another al Qaeda attack on the embassy in Sarajevo. As the Intelligence Analysts Officers request Bosnia arrested Boumediene and five other Algerian born, but Bosnian citizen acquaintances. In January of 2002 Supreme courts of Bosnia explained the there was no evidence to incarcerated the six men and ordered that the charges are dropped and the six men released. Once Boumediene and the five men were released from Bosnia custody the American Forces seized the six men and transported them to the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp which was on a United States Navy base in Cuba. Boumediene was held there and interrogated with out being charged. During the Summer of 2004 while in placement at the camp in Guantanamo Bay, Lakhdar Boumediene “ filed suit against the United States government...

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, and War on Terror

...“The government may not deprive citizens of “life, liberty, or property without due process of the law” (N.A, 2010). When interpreted this means the government has laws to follow before a person can be determined innocent or guilty if either aren’t proven the detainee must be let free. This paper is going to attempt to analyze the historical evolution of Habeas Corpus; give examples from history of the suspension of Habeas Corpus, as well as analyzing it relevance. Habeas Corpus derived from English common law and first appeared in the Magna Carta of 1215 and is the oldest human right in history. Habeas Corpus translated means “you should have the body” habeas corpus is a legal action, or writ, by which those imprisoned unlawfully can seek relief from their imprisonment” (N.A, Habeas Corpus-The Rutherford Institute, 2015). Habeas Corpus was extremely important to the Framers of the Constitution from their personal experiences. When one was capture they were considered either an enemy combatant, imprisoned indefinitely and denied the opportunity to have a fair trial. It became increasing to the founders to protect the American people from such atrocities. March 4, 1801 President Jefferson in his first inaugural addressed the necessity of habeas corpus. President Jefferson belief was found the “freedom of person under the protection of the Habeas Corpus; and trial by juries impartially selected” (N.A, Habeas Corpus-The Rutherford Institute, 2015). There have been only......

Words: 1713 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Civil Rights

...Do foreign born terrorists deserve the same rights that American citizens have, even though they the very reason they plan their attacks is because of these very rights. There are many things that need to be considered on this highly debated topic. As the war on terror continues in Afghanistan and around the globe, people are taking up arms and planning attacks on U.S. soil. If we do not take quick and decisive action against these individuals their ideology will spread rampant throughout the world. America is tired of the war on terrorism and it needs to consider a more direct approach in dealing with individuals who wish to destroy everything that has been created in our country. Should America grant rights to those who do not value life, is there enough funding to house and feed these individuals for extended periods of time, will they be set free in our revolving door justice system to return to fight another day, advanced interrogation techniques have saved American lives in the beginning of the war on terror why should we stop now, and is America lowering itself to the standards of the terrorists by not granting them rights. These are just a few questions that must be answered and taken into consideration when deciding how to treat a terrorist. On September 11th 2001, nineteen foreign born terrorists hijacked 4 commercial airliners and crashed them into the World Trade Center towers, the Pentagon, and on one aircraft the passengers fought back and crashed the...

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Measuring Diameter

...Objective A highly organized, take charge professional with twenty years management experience. Strong problem solving and decision making skills with the ability to develop and implement effective action plans. Commitment to detail in doing the job right the first time in completing all projects. Excellent communication and presentation skills. A team leader, providing motivation and training by example. Skills summary: Program Management Master Training Specialist Instructor Management Technical writing Acquisition/reporting Education and Training: Bachelors of Science (BS), Information Systems Management, University of Maryland University College (UMUC), graduation fall 2014 Associate Applied Science (AAS), electro mechanical engineering, Excelsior University, Albany NY Military Basic Signals Collection Course Military Intermediate Signals Collection Course Master Training Specialist (MTS) certification, Pensacola FL Combat Direction Finding System operator (CDF) certification Ships Signals Exploitation Space (SSES) equipment operator certification Basic Instructor Training (BIT) certification Employment History Systems Data Analyst 4: Boeing, Annapolis Junction 2013-Present Responsible for planning, developing and conducting Program customer outreach and relations efforts. Provide strategic communications support to the program and Program Management. Prepare, develop, and implement strategic communications plans and......

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Criminal Courts Course Brief

...Hamdan v Rumsfeld 548 U.S. 557 (2006) Facts: Petitioner, Salim Ahmed Hamdan, following the United States invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, was captured by militia forces and turned over to the United States. Hamdan was recognized as the bodyguard and personal driver for Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden. Following his capture, Hamdan was sent to Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba in 2002. On November 13, 2001, President George Bush issued a military order intended to govern the overall treatment of Non-Citizens related to the War on Terrorism. In July 2003, the Bush administration deemed Hamdan, alongside 5 other detainees, eligible to be tried in front of a military commission affiliated with this military order. Hamdan and his counsel, Neal Katyal, requested charges and a speedy trial as required by Article 10 of the UCMJ. The Appointing Authority responded by stating that Hamdan was not entitled to any protection by the UCMJ therefore denying these requests. Hamdan, being charged with conspiracy in the United States District Court in the Western District of Washington, argued against the procedural safeguards he was guaranteed under UCMJ and the Geneva Conventions. Hamdan filed for a writ of habeas corpus and was granted so by the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. As proceedings before military commission commenced, the Combatant Status Review Tribunal, held Hamdan for the time being as an “enemy combatant”, after review in compliance......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...segment Subway has more restaurants in North America than any other fast food franchise. Subway is the 2nd largest QSR chain in the world in numbers of units. 22,500+ restaurants in 78 countries. 4500+ restaurants located outside US. Subway in C-Store Locations 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Open C-store/Truck Stop Locations Subway® Restaurants in Convenience Store/Gas Station Locations Stop-N-Go Convenience Store, Quincy, MI USA Esso C-store/Gas Station Exterior, Brampton, ON, CAN Esso C-store/Gas Station Drive Thru, Brampton, ON, CAN Shell C-Store/Gas Station, Interior and Exterior, Ennis, TX Shell C-Store, Interior and Exterior, Bushnell, FL Jared with the Troops in Cuba Guantanamo Bay Naval Base The “eat healthy” message spans the globe! QSR Best Practices that C-Stores Can Leverage National brand awareness National “top of mind” consumer credibility Complement “brand” of c-store/truck stop Product familiarity Overall quality/health benefits Success history QSR Best Practices that C-Stores Can Leverage (cont.) Purchasing Product consistency Portability of product Operational simplicity Start – up assistance Training and support QSRs and C Store-Gas Station Locations Criteria for Success Varied menu – including wide range of choices Signage and seating – cannot be compromised Separate staffing & training – cannot step-child & succeed! Store design – provide restaurant “feel” with flow......

Words: 433 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...being homeless in the streets creating more chaos on the earth. Moral issues To make them understand the true meaning of life through bars with reading and learning wisdom and knowledge of the smart successful business people of the world cause after all they have nothing to do but waste time so why not put it to use if there inside burning time have you ever heard the expression time is wisdom learn it why you can. Well this gives these lost souls a chance at learning positive vibes of life to better themselves. This is also a better system then any other country jail system compared to Iraq/Afghanistan and gives them also the the freedom to keep there bodies mentally and physically in shape while doing time or lifetime in the Guantanamo bay prison so in that regards of all this its acutally helpful to keep this open for lost souls on earth to better themselves without harming others in...

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Terrorists Tried in Military Courts

...matter, Congress has enacted military commissions for enemy combatants. But I think in many cases, they seem to be more lenient than federal courts. One case and point was when a military commission’s handling of Salim Hamdan, a bodyguard and confidant of Osama bin Laden. After years of helping the al-Qaeda chief run his network, Hamdan was captured in possession of missiles intended for use against American troops. Military prosecutors asked for a 30 year term. The commission instead, handed down a stunning five and a half year sentence that resulted in Hamdan’s release and repatriation, since he had already spent more than five years in custody. In the news yesterday, Omar Khadr was transferred from the U.S. terrorist prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to Canada. Omar Khadr is an Al-Qaeda terrorist who killed one American soldier and maimed another. In a military-commission proceeding, he was permitted to plead guilty in a deal that capped his sentence at a mere eight years. The agreement is what provided Khadr to be returned to...

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Client Trends

...Economic and Political Events and How It Relates to Human Service Trends Team B BSHS/305 July 24, 2014 Jill Raichel This paper will convey economic and political events to recent trends in the human services field; also we will be identifying demographic trends that influence future needs in the delivery of human services. The team will concentrate on Military serving in foreign lands, distresses home owners Military and the Support of a Nation One of the major trends that affected the east coast Human Services professionals is the Terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 better known as (9/11). Without a doubt Americans everywhere will always remember the tragic events that took place on 9/11 at the World trade Center and the Pentagon. “The loss of lives and property on 9/11 was not large enough to have had a measurable effect on the productive capacity of the United States even though it had a very significant localized effect on New York City and, to a lesser degree, on the Washington, D.C. area” (Woodside & McClam, 2011, pg.? ) . The act of violence of 9/11 changed many lives and brought back many memories such as the bombing of the U.S.S. Cole, DDG 67 on 12 OCT 2000. As a result every day is a recap of how life has changed with longer lines at airports, concrete barriers, a greater police presence in cities, and increased emphasis on biological weapons research. The attacks on 9/11 has affected the work of human service professionals in a major way,......

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5