Premium Essay

HIV/AIDS In Bangladesh

Submitted By
Words 1625
Pages 7
Review Article HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh: Knowledge and Conception Md. Reyad-ul- Ferdous1, A. H. M. Mahmudur Rahman2


In the mid-1980s Bangladesh initiated an early retort to the HIV outbreak. People are unprotected to Sexually Transmitted Diseases-STDs and most importantly the Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome-HIV/AIDS in this Bangladesh because of lack of acquaintance about reproductive health issues when youngsters are more in danger than adults and among the youngsters, girls are more at risk. Information plays a vital role to have
…show more content…
The first National Strategic Plan; first one is National Strategic Plan (1997-2002) and the second one is National Strategic Plan (2004-2010) have been developed to offer the structure to guide response to HIV. Prevention and supporting services for those living with HIV/AIDS and reducing the impact of this disease were the broad objectives.

Knowledge and conception about HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh:

Most of the people in this country have very little knowledge and misperceptions regarding the causes and transmission of STIs/AIDS. The major number of them did not yet know the name of any sexual disease or its treatment. If we focus on street children same scenario is found. Some illiterate people think that to take drugs together and sharing kitchen materials and even to have food in a single plate AIDS could be transmitted from one person to another. There was a research conducted in Comilla district to assess the knowledge level. The table shows in detail:

Table-1(Distribution of knowledge about HIV/AIDS)

Variables Yes (%) No (%)
Knowledge on HIV/AIDS:

Have you ever heard about HIV/AIDS

Which virus spread AIDS

It is confirmed to death for AIDS

It is a communicable
…show more content…
A few of the people living in rural area state that condoms can prevent pregnancy and transmission of various sexual diseases. Also admit that they had learnt this information from their aristocrats and health workers.

Some Challenging Issues: HIV/AIDS and Gender injustice:
In this country social customs systematically treat a lower status to women while comparing to men. In Bangladesh, this also affects economically and social life. In relation to HIV/AIDS, this discrimination has adverse propositions and increases the surrounding risk activities.

Men who have sex with men (MSM):

The men who fall in love and have sex with people of the same sex or transgender; the term ‘homosexual/-ity’ is commonly used. Practical understandings forced them to hide their status as MSM in public even at home. For that reason they do not dare to seek information and try to get condoms or even go for testing for HIV.

Female sex

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Millennium Development Goals by United Nation

...Millennium development Goal Progress report of Bangladesh Millennium development goals are the 8 international development goals that are established by the United Nation in 1998 for developing countries.  All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently), and at least 23 international organizations, committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Millennium development goals are: 1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. To achieve universal primary education 3. To promote gender equality and empower women 4. To reduce child mortality 5. To improve  maternal health 6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. To ensure environmental sustainability 8. To develop a global partnership for development Now in 2016 if we analysis the Govt. progress report of Bangladesh we can see that Bangladesh had great achievements in these fields: * Reducing extreme poverty * Reducing prevalent of underweight children under 5 years * Reducing under five child mortality * Increasing enrolment in primary school * Increased ration of girls to boys in primary and secondary education * Improved maternal health Analysis of Bangladesh’s achievement in all eight goals of Millennium Development Program: Goal 1: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Bangladesh has made a praiseworthy progress in eradicating poverty and hunger. GDP growth rate of 6% and above has......

Words: 1576 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Population Police in Bangladesh

...the articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 of the constitution, the state has the responsibility to ensure to its citizens certain basic needs such as health, education, food and security. In order to translate these constitutional goals into reality, the Government had undertaken a wide array of public policies. The Policy stands out as one of the most remarkable achievements of the government. Since 1976, this policy emphasis has been reflected in all successive 5-year plans and programs. The population of Bangladesh is likely to grow up to 172 million by the year 2020 and will stabilize at 210 million by the year 2060, even if replacement level fertility (i.e. Net Reproductive Rate-NRR=1) is achieved by the year 2010. 15 MAJOR OBJECTIVES OF THE NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY: The objectives of the National Population Policy are to improve the status of family planning, maternal and child health including reproductive health services and to improve the living standard of the people of Bangladesh through making a desirable balance between population and development in the context of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (IPRSP). The following major policy objectives will help address the future challenges: 1. Reduce Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and increase the use of family planning methods among eligible couples through raising awareness of family planning; 2. Attain NRR equal to one by the year 2010 so as to stabilize population around......

Words: 1571 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Mr Emilian

...MANISHIMWE EMILIAN PROFESSIONAL PROFILE |Name & Address |Qualifications and Training | | |MA-Dev’t Studies(Candidate) 2011-2013 -UMU | |NAMES: Emilian Manishimwe |B.A (SS)HONS Sociology and social administration –Makerere University) | |DATE OF BIRTH: 7th Oct, 1973 |Diploma Secondary Education | |SEX: Male |PMD pro stage 1 | |HOME DISTRICT: Kisoro |Anti-corruption course carried out by TCDC-Arusha Tanzania | |HOME ADDRESS: P.o.Box 5319 |Governance accountability training carried out by TCDC- Arusha Tanzania | |CONTACT ADDRESS: World Vision International-Uganda |Security management and Protection training part 1 and 2 | | |Training of Trainers (TOT) MA Peace and conflict studies department and peace civil | |CONTACT......

Words: 1699 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Mdg and Bd

...The Millennium Development Goals: Where Bangladesh Stands? Six countries including Bangladesh received the UN Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Awards for their significant achievements towards attaining the goal. Three of these countries are from Asia and three from Africa. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina receiving the UN MDG Award in New York’s Astoria Hotel on Sunday 19 September 2010 Bangladesh received the UN award for its remarkable achievements in attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) particularly in reducing child mortality. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina received the award at a colorful function at New York's Astoria Hotel on Sunday (19 September 2010). Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina with other Ministers in a photo session following receipt of UN MDG Award 2010 (19 September 2010, New York) 1 | MDGs and Bangladesh In September 2000, world leaders endorsed the Millennium Declaration, a commitment to work together to build a safer, more prosperous and equitable world. The Declaration was translated into a roadmap setting out eight time-bound and measurable goals to be reached by 2015, known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): They include goals and targets on poverty, hunger, maternal and child mortality, disease, inadequate shelter, gender inequality, environmental degradation and the Global Partnership for Development. The proud Minister for Health and Family Welfare of Bangladesh Professor Dr AFM Ruhal Haque, MP with the UN MDG Award......

Words: 1645 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Development of Health in Bangladesh

...RESEARCH PAPER ON DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH IN BANGLADESH Introduction: Bangladesh is a developing country with a population of 152,518,015 (approx.) Since our war of independence we have face numerous amount of health and nutrition issues in our country. Although Bangladesh has seen impressive progress in health and nutrition in the last few decades. Despite still low social indicators and continuing prevalence of poverty (40% of the population lives below the poverty line), the health sector in Bangladesh has shown impressive progress. We improved in sectors such as pharmaceuticals, increasing number of doctors, increasing number of hospitals and medical colleges. ICDDR’B etc. The government of Bangladesh has shown policy continuity and commitment to improving health conditions, placing particular emphasis on improving the health conditions of its citizens and targeting the poor, women and children. Where as many of the problems still remains unsolved. The ministry of health and family planning is responsible for the health service of the country should take necessary steps to solve those problems. Objective: The main objective of this whole research is to evaluate the health condition of Bangladesh. From 1971 to 2013 health condition of Bangladesh has radically changed. We are here to present that the number of health centers, hospitals, medicals colleges and other institutions related to health development of our country. We have also seen numerous amount of......

Words: 6443 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Term Paper

...operation in the country on June 3, 1996, and have been involved in philanthropic and social activities since then. It established Dutch-Bangla Bank Foundation (DBBF) in June 2001 to conduct humanitarian activities including rehabilitation of the destitute. The bank has so far taken various Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programmes including scholarship programme for the meritorious and needy students, blind education and rehabilitation organisation, HIV/AIDS assistance programme, smile brighter programme, support to acid and dowry victims, vesico vaginal fistula (VVF) operation to improve women’s reproductive health, disaster management programme, and donation to different organisations. The DBBL received an international award on CSR from Asian Institute of Management, Manila in the 3rd Annual Asian CSR Award ceremony. Dutch-Bangla Bank Limited a Bangladeshi-European joint venture scheduled bank with equity participation from the Netherlands Development Finance Company. It started banking operations in Bangladesh on 3 June 1996. The authorised and paid up capital of the bank is Tk 400 million and Tk 180 million respectively. The paid up capital represents the face value of 1.8 million ordinary shares of Tk 100 each and is fully...

Words: 3110 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


...Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA)   Introduction:   The Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) is the apex trade body that represents the export oriented woven, knit and sweater garment manufacturers and exporters of the country. Readymade Garment (RMG) is the leading sector of Bangladesh in terms of employment, production and foreign exchange earning. Readymade garment (RMG) alone earned about 78% of the yearly foreign exchange earning of the country. About 3.6 million people are employed in the garment sector. The growth rate of RMG export was over 20% per over the last two decades.   A Success Story of RMG Sector:   The importance of RMG sector can hardly be over emphasized. There has been a steady growth in the field of RMG during last two decades. The RMG industry enjoyed a meteoric rise from 30 enterprises in 1980 increased to about 5150 in 2010-11 fiscal year. The growth of the industry in terms of number of units and employment generation is shown in table - 1 below:   Table 1: Growth of the industry and Employment   |Year |Number of Garment Factories |Employment in Million Workers | |1983-84 |134 |0.040 | |1984-85 |384 |0.115 ...

Words: 1233 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sensitization and Well Being for the Urban Extreme Poor (Swbuep)

...(country, region): 15 Slums areas in Dinajpur town, Bangladesh. Short project description focusing on the expected outcomes Situation Analysis: (Bangladesh Context): Bangladesh is a small country in South Asia with a total land area of 147.6 thousand square km. The populations of the cities in Bangladesh are growing at more than 8 percent per year and they will be double in size in less than 10 years (IFPRI, 2002). Rapid inflow of poor migrants, mostly poverty ridden and environmentally induced, and growing urban population are creating continual pressure on health and livelihoods in urban areas. Around 40 percent of the total population nationally and 43 percent of population in urban areas consume less than 2122 kilocalorie per capita per day which is defined as absolute poverty. On the other hand, 24.4 percent of urban poor populations live on less than 1805 kilocalorie are referred as hard-core poverty (BBS, 2011). Reproductive health: Access to health care facilities is a constitutional right of citizens of Bangladesh. According to World Bank health statistics, there were 0.4 hospital beds and 0.3 registered physicians per thousand persons in Bangladesh in 2005. In comparison to other developing countries, these statistics of health services are lower. For instance, in India there were almost 1 bed and 0.58 physicians per thousand persons in 2003. Similarly, the out of pocket payment is also very high in Bangladesh, which accounts for about 97 percent of private......

Words: 3298 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay


...shaped by contextual factors will be seen. Learning outcomes: At the end of the course the students will know the fundamentals of how the human body functions and factors associated with illness and disease. They will know how health of people around the globe has been shaped over time with changes in sanitation, food consumption, and education, access to diverse kind of health facilities e.t.c. Students learn to engage in critical reflection of health related issues in any particular populations and take look into it with a diversified perspective in order to plan, implement and evaluate population health initiatives. Teaching: The teaching will be given through lectures, class room discussions/seminars of health related issues in Bangladesh/globally, group work and research. In addition readings will be assigned followed by group quiz in class. Assessment: Assessment will consist of: □ Mid Term 30 □ Assignment 20 □ Class Attendeance: 10 □ Final : 40 Total Marks: 100 Research project The whole class will carry out a research toward the end of the course. Each...

Words: 679 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Millenium Development Gap, gender equality, child mortality rates and maternal health and finally work towards combatting HIV, AIDS and other diseases. From figure 4 we can see that each country is at various stages of achieving the goals or not in some cases. An example of a succeeding country is Brazil, which has achieved all but two of the 5 goals by 2007 and is very likely to achieve the remaining two by the 2015 deadline. In contrast India is doing not so well with the unlikelihood of achieving any of the goals by the 2015 deadline (or however for a matter of many reasons no data has been issued). India may be in this state because of the really large population so its difficultly for any progress to trickle down from the richer to poorer areas, also the recent subjection to natural disasters postpone any attempts at achieving the goals. As we can see 3 out of the 4 countries are having difficulty at achieving goal 4, (combating HIV/ AIDS, malaria and other diseases). All are either not likely, no data issued or maybe likely to achieve it as only Brazil has accomplished it. This may be because of cultural taboos of not wanting to discuss and solve these diseases, however with enough aid and money invested should’ve been gradually achievable. With exception of India, all countries are making good progress or have achieved goal 2 (achieve universal primary education), even Bangladesh who are not getting anywhere fast with the goals. This goal is easy to succeed its fairly immediate......

Words: 602 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Gp Legalwith Contents and Other Add Ins

... 4 2.3 About Telenor 4 3. Corporate Social Responsibility 5 3.1 CSR at GrameenPhone 5 3.2 Community Information Center (Every opportunity counts) 6 3.3 CellBazar (Every enterprise counts ) 6 3.4 Healthcare (Every life counts) 6 3.5 Safe Motherhood and Infant Care Project 7 3.6 Education- In collaboration with Grameen Shikkha 7 3.7 First Online School in Bangladesh 7 3.8 Pilot project in Tongi 8 3.9 Helping Distress Community 8 3.10 Free Eye Camps (Every sight...

Words: 4123 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Millennium Development

...Millennium Development Goals Introduction: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that all 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015. They include eradicating extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics such as AIDS, and developing a global partnership for development. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide concrete, numerical benchmarks for tackling extreme poverty in its many dimensions. The MDGs also provide a framework for the entire international community to work together towards a common end – making sure that human development reaches everyone, everywhere. If these goals are achieved, world poverty will be cut by half, tens of millions of lives will be saved, and billions more people will have the opportunity to benefit from the global economy. Background: The aim of the MDGs is to encourage development by improving social and economic conditions in the world's poorest countries. They derive from earlier international development targets, and were officially established following the Millennium Summit in 2000, where all world leaders present adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The Millennium Summit was presented with the report of the Secretary-General entitled ‘We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the Twenty-First Century’. Additional input was prepared by the Millennium......

Words: 1098 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Third Genders in Cultural Societies

...Larissa Begley February 3, 2014 In society today should the Hijra and Two Spirit be recognized as gay men in their culture rather than Third Gender? Studies have shown that these Third Gender groups choose not to label themselves as male or female, but prefer a female appearance and male companionship. This way of life has resulted in a high rate of HIV/AIDS in their communities. There are many Third Gender groups in different cultures such as the Fa’afafine in Polynesia, Sworn Virgins from the Balkins and the Hijra’s from South Asia. Hijra who of the Third Gender have since the late 90’s been recognized as a third gender by their county but they are still dealing with acceptance in their society. Although a lot of these Third Gender groups been around for centuries and some hold a spiritual meaning, that is not much of the case today. Third Genders such as Hijra and Two-Spirits are not seen in society as spiritual beings anymore, they are being labeled transsexual, transgender, or gay. Because of their status and lack of money and education they have been forced into prostitution with the same sex, exposing them to HIV and AIDS which is plaguing their community. The hijras are a religious community of men who dress and act like women and whose culture centers on the worship of Bahuchara Mata, one of the many versions of the Mother Goddess worshipped throughout India. In connection with the worship of this goddess, the hijras undergo an operation in which their......

Words: 766 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Reproductive Health Seeking Behavior of the Young Female Tribal Workers in Chittagong: Implications on Fertility

...CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Promote the right of every woman, man, and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. Ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free from HIV/AIDS, every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect. Because every one counts. Thoraya Obaid, Executive Director, UNFPA 1.1 BACK GROUND OF THE STUDY Bangladesh though a small country in area, is one of the densely populated countries in the world along with136.7 (BDHS 2004) million people having 953 ( national economic review 2007) persons per square kilometer. But it is a country of variety with different landscapes and waterscapes. The south- eastern hill tracts of Bangladesh including three districts Rangamati, Khagrachari, and Bandarban are the biggest abode of different tribal communities which occupy one tenth of our land and more than one percent of total population of the country. In Bangladesh there are approximately 45 tribal communities (MOHFW 2004) like Chakma, Marma, Murang, Khumi, Hajong, Monipuri, khashia, Garo, Mog, Rakhain, and the majority of them live in these hilly districts. The tribals are the economically backward ethnic group. They are food gathers, hunters, forestland cultivators, and minor forest product collectors. They lived in isolation with near to nature hence, called son of soil. Tribes constitute separate socio-cultural groups having distinct customs, language, traditions, marriage, kinship, property inheritance......

Words: 4245 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Millenium Development Goal

...Journal of Pro Poor Growth. 01 (01) 2013. 19-28 ISSN: 2306-1669 (Online), 2310-4686 (Print) Journal of Pro Poor Growth An International Perspective ACHIEVEMENTS OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGS) IN SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION OF REGIONAL CORPORATIONS (SAARC) COUNTRIES: A CASE OF NEPAL Kushum Shakya* Central Department of Economics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. ABSTRACT South Asian Association of Regional Cooperative (SAARC) countries have achieved considerable progress in socioeconomic indicators like poverty reduction, educational attainment and improved health facilities. The progress, however, is not uniform across the countries. The aim of this paper is to assess the progress made by SAARC with regard to selected Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and its achievement and gap in Nepal. The paper shows; i) Status of SAARC countries with respect to selected MDGs, ii) Achievements of MDGs in the case of Nepal and iii) the gaps to achieving the targets. The paper shows that the most SAARC countries including Nepal have performed poorly with MDGs. It is therefore concluded that there is need to prioritize to meet all goals in post MDGs for Nepal. Keywords: SAARC, MDG, Post-MDG, socio-economic. INTRODUCTION The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world's main development challenges. The MDGs are drawn from the actions and targets contained in the Millennium Declaration......

Words: 5893 - Pages: 24