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HIV/AIDS In Bangladesh

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Review Article HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh: Knowledge and Conception Md. Reyad-ul- Ferdous1, A. H. M. Mahmudur Rahman2
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Abstract:

In the mid-1980s Bangladesh initiated an early retort to the HIV outbreak. People are unprotected to Sexually Transmitted Diseases-STDs and most importantly the Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome-HIV/AIDS in this Bangladesh because of lack of acquaintance about reproductive health issues when youngsters are more in danger than adults and among the youngsters, girls are more at risk. Information plays a vital role to have
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The first National Strategic Plan; first one is National Strategic Plan (1997-2002) and the second one is National Strategic Plan (2004-2010) have been developed to offer the structure to guide response to HIV. Prevention and supporting services for those living with HIV/AIDS and reducing the impact of this disease were the broad objectives.

Knowledge and conception about HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh:

Most of the people in this country have very little knowledge and misperceptions regarding the causes and transmission of STIs/AIDS. The major number of them did not yet know the name of any sexual disease or its treatment. If we focus on street children same scenario is found. Some illiterate people think that to take drugs together and sharing kitchen materials and even to have food in a single plate AIDS could be transmitted from one person to another. There was a research conducted in Comilla district to assess the knowledge level. The table shows in detail:

Table-1(Distribution of knowledge about HIV/AIDS)

Variables Yes (%) No (%)
Knowledge on HIV/AIDS:

Have you ever heard about HIV/AIDS

Which virus spread AIDS

It is confirmed to death for AIDS

It is a communicable
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A few of the people living in rural area state that condoms can prevent pregnancy and transmission of various sexual diseases. Also admit that they had learnt this information from their aristocrats and health workers.

Some Challenging Issues: HIV/AIDS and Gender injustice:
In this country social customs systematically treat a lower status to women while comparing to men. In Bangladesh, this also affects economically and social life. In relation to HIV/AIDS, this discrimination has adverse propositions and increases the surrounding risk activities.

Men who have sex with men (MSM):

The men who fall in love and have sex with people of the same sex or transgender; the term ‘homosexual/-ity’ is commonly used. Practical understandings forced them to hide their status as MSM in public even at home. For that reason they do not dare to seek information and try to get condoms or even go for testing for HIV.

Female sex

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