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Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror

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I. Introduction
The Basseri are a nomadic, pastoral tribe of the Fars region of present-day Iran. They have formerly been part of the so-called Khamseh confederation. The areas that the Basseri migrate in are the steep mountains of South, East and North Shiraz. Due to their Pastoralist nature, there is no structure Basseri tribe follow in regards to their social and economic activities. There are several norms that play a key role in the different aspects of the tribe’s (existence, being, day to day life).

II. Body Paragraph (Political Organization) –The Basseri are a clearly delineated group, defined as like most groups in the area by political rather than by ethnic or geographical criteria. The Basseri speak a dialect of Farsi. The majority knows only the Basseri dialect, but a few also speak Turkish or Arabic. Most of the groups with which the Basseri come in contact speak Farsi, Turkish, or Arabic. Some of these groups claim a common or collateral ancestral link with the Basseri. Many people among the settled populations in southern Iran claim to have Basseri origins. There are also other nomadic groups namely the Yazd-e-Khast, the Bugard-Basseri, and the Basseri near Semnan east of Tehran who is believed to be genetically connected with the Basseri of Fārs. III. Body Paragraph (Economic Organization) - The Basseri pastoral economy is supported by essential, extensive pastures. However, these pastures cannot continuously support flocks their flocks year-round. Pastures are utilized by different Basseri groups in succession along their migratory routes. When the pastures in the mountains in Northern Shiraz are covered in snow, extensive yet poor pastures are available in Southern Shiraz. When it is spring, in the low and middle altitudes, good pastures are plentiful. However, around the beginning of March, pastures progressively dry up in the far south. During the summer, there are usable pastures available in areas that lie above 6,000 feet. However, due to the heat, these areas dry up later in the season. During the fall, the remains of harvested fields are available for pasturage.
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IV. Body Paragraph (Social Organization/Kinship) - Social units of the Basseri society consists primarily of the group of people who share a tent. According to Encyclopedia.com, “the Basseri keep a count of their numbers and describe their camp groups in terms of tents (sing, khune, and ‘house’). Each tent is occupied by an independent household, typically consisting of a nuclear family. Tents are units of production and consumption; each is represented by its male head.” The residents of each tent hold the rights over all movable property, to include the livestock. For political purposes, each tent has the ability to act on its own behalf. For more efficient herding, different tents combine their livestock in small. This composition doesn’t depend on kinship, but instead, depends on expediency.

V. Conclusion (Rephrase thesis statement)- Despite the Basseri’s tribal nature, their tribes possess proper kinship and sociological systems that guide their daily activities. Their political, economic, and social organizations play key roles in the different aspect of the tribe’s day to day life.

References

Amanolahi, S. (2003). Socio-Political Changes Among The Basseri Of South Iran. Iran & The Caucasus, 7(1/2), 261-277. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Barth, Fredrick (1964). "Capital, Investment, and the Social Structure of a Pastoral Nomad Group in South Persia." In Capital, Saving, and Credit in Peasant Societies, edited by R. Firth and B.S. Yamey, 69-81. Chicago: Aldine.

Bradburd, Daniel (1989). "Producing Their Fates: Why Poor Basseri Settled but Poor Komachi and Yomut Did Not." American Ethnologist 16:502-517.

Johnson, Ronald. "Basseri." Encyclopedia of World Cultures. 1996. Retrieved June 16, 2013 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3458001469.html

Nowak, B., & Laird, P. (2010). Cultural Anthropology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.

The Islamic Republic and the Pastoral Nomads. (2005). In Iran's Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/entry/abciran/the_islamic_republic_and_the_pastoral_nomads

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