Free Essay


In: Historical Events

Submitted By jaszy
Words 629
Pages 3
KPJ international college of
Nursing and health science (jb)


NAME: norjaswana binti jamil
Matrix number: j11dn0094
LECTURE NAME: Nurul atiah ilyia

I Choose this topic because I just want to shared knowledge regarding about how important calcium for body for every person. Also to support awareness campaign about prevention of Osteoporosing for elderly women in Malaysia.

What is Calcium? Calcium a maetallic elements necessary for the normal development and functioning of the body. ( Bailiere`s Nurses Dictionary 25th Edition , pages 64 )
Or in other definition calcium is a mineral found mainly in the hard part of the bones. ( , view October 2013)

Process of absorbing calcium food by bones and body ( , view October 2013)

FUNCTION OF CALCIUM FOR BODY: 1. To strength the bones and teeth.

2. Muscle contractions ( Including the heart )

3. To increasing blood for coagulation or forming clots.

4. Transmission of neural impulses

5. For call membrane stability and permeability.

( 203902 .article

From articles Figure 1, On 20 October 2013 already celebrated Osteoporosis day in the world for given awareness to all of the people about important of calcium for every person.That article also showed how can calcium will be loose everyday and how to appreciated bones.In figure 1 at paragraph 2 Dr Lee Joon Kiong ,the president of Osteoporosis Awareness Society in Kuala Lumpur said that calcium absorption is effected by age,lifestyle and dietary component.So that everyday in diet must be taken calcium is needed followed by age a person.Other than that according to David Ross, managing director of Fonterra Brands (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd, although awareness of the importance the calcium in one`s diet has improve amongst Malaysians, many are still not consuming more than one serving of calcium rich food on a daily basis. And what I read from that article new formulated is Fructooligosaccharide inulin (FOS inulin) already mixture in Anlene products with aims to reduce of absorption toxic ammonia and increasing the bioavailability of dietary calcium.

RECOMMENDED CALCIUM INTAKES BY AGE FOR DAILY Age rates | Calcium intakes in daily | Infants to 6 months | 200mg / day | 7 months to 12 months | 260mg / day | 1 years to 3 years old | 700mg / day | 4 years to 8 years old | 1000mg / day | 9 years to 13 years old | 1300mg / day | 14 years to 18 years old | 1300mg / day | 19 years to 30 years old | 10000mg / day | 31 years to 50 years old | 10000mg / day | 51 years to 50 years old | 1200mg / day |

( health/nutrition/ view on October 2013 )


1. Dairy products: Milk , yogurt and cheese.

2. Leafy green vegetables: Brocoli , cabbage and spinach.

3. Fish: Salmon and sardine.

4. Nuts and seeds: Almonds and brazil nuts.

5. Calcium fortified foods: Cereal , orange and bread.

6. Vitamin D2 ( Ergocalciferol) and vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol).

7. Calcium supplement prescribe by doctor.

( view October 2013 )

From my view and knowledge,calcium one the important diet to all of people because make their bones health when enough to take calcium.A person must taken calcium with enough followed by age needed to prevent complication example most popular disease to women in Malaysia is osteoporosis with percentage 35% to 50% with age from 40 years to 80 years old present graph by Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysian compared then men only 20% to 30%.Others complication also can occurred is easy to fracture and and weaken of mucle and nerve.So lets to being healthy life style and love your bones functioning.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Halloween ever done “Trick or Treat” before? Halloween is biggist holliday in America specially for children. Halloween has been celerbrated since a long time ago. Every the end of October, children dress up like a ghost or whatever they want and go to their neighbors. As you can see, Halloween has been main holliday in America. Halloween was traditional scary thing, But now it’s traditional fun celerbration for everyone. I want to tell you more about what American do on Halloween. Halloween has been celerbrated in America. Most of american celerbrate on halloween even adult enjoy their halloween. Now, Halloween is most important holliday for them. They usually have a party at their own house or sometime they lent the bar or some place to have a party with their friends. They dress up whatever they want. It can be anothing like witch, ghost, minion, mario, etc. They decorate party place with pumkins, spider’s house, a lot of scary things. They record video or take a picture of their custom and pick the best dresser at that night. Halloween seems celerbration day for everyone and everyone enjoy their day. Have you ever done trick or treat before when you were young? Young children enjoy their halloween with trick of treat. They can’t wait every halloween to get candy or chocoletes. Little children dress up like scary and prank their neighborhoods. They go to neighbors and knock the door and say “Trick or Treat” on Halloween. Then, Neighbors give them candy for......

Words: 465 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Halloween Halloween is the last day of October, when according to Christian tradition, the spirits of the dead return to where they lived and witches and demons become real that day. But why is Halloween celebrated around the world? Some people view Halloween as a time for fun - putting on costumes, trick-or-treating, and having theme parties. Others view it as a time of superstitions, ghosts, goblins and evil spirits that should be avoided at all costs. But what are the real origins of Halloween? Halloween is on October 31st, the last day of the Celtic calendar. It was originally a pagan holiday, honouring the dead. Halloween is referred to as All Hallows Eve and dates back to over 2000 years ago. All Hallows Eve is the evening before All Saints Day, which was created by Christians to convert pagans, and is celebrated on November 1st. Halloween is related to the scarier aspects of life such as like death, magic, and mythical creatures in the life. Halloween activities include trick-or-treating, bonfires and costume parties, visiting haunted houses, reading scary stories, ghost tours, and watching horror movies. There are various famous Halloween personalities available in our stories and movies such as like Ghosts, spiders, gnomes, skeletons, ghouls, black cats, and Dracula. Traditional Halloween colours are black and orange. People like to use those colours for things such as clothes, cars, masks, accessories and decorations. Pumpkins and scarecrow decorations......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...The Halloween Festival Halloween is a time of celebration where people wear costumes and party while in masks every once a year. It is a traditional holiday that takes place in most countries around the world. Halloween’s tradition began in Northern Ireland and Modern Britain, and it has spread to most of the countries all over the world. To some countries, Halloween is a formal holiday while to others it is still an informal break. The popularity of this festival continues to increase year after year. Media outlets such as radio, television, and movies have helped the festival to grow into America’s second largest commercial holiday. This growth contributes to bringing in an estimated revenue of around $6.9 billion dollars annually. Most people spend the day watching horror movies, visiting important attractions, theme parks, and having snacks at Halloween theme restaurants. I interviewed an American citizen who has quite a lot of information concerning other countries and his country’s Halloween parties. His name is Trevor A. Jonathan, and he was born in the year 1976 in California, United States of America. He joined Harvard University in the year 2002 and undertook a Bachelor of Arts in Development Studies where he graduated in the year 2005 and joined the United Nation’s travel team. He has participated in a few countries’ Halloween’s holiday such as Russia, South Africa, Brazil, and China during his travel assignments around the world. a) What do......

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Like Christmas, New Year’s Day, Ramadan, or Yom Kippur, Halloween is celebrated almost in every country, even if the celebration implies only external attributes, such as pumpkins, costumes, and children asking for candies. Though the initial meaning of Halloween had a lot to do with occult powers, spirits, and protection against evil forces, today it is more of a merry holiday, a little bit spooky, but still enjoyed both by adults and children. So, what are the origins of Halloween? Historically, the word Halloween is a contraction from the phrase “All Hallows Even,” which meant the day before All Hallows Day (more known as All Saints’ Day) ( It was a Catholic holiday dedicated to the commemoration of saints and martyrs for faith; today, though, we know it more as a holiday of trick-or-treating, scary costumes and entourage, and funny pranks. Gradually, Halloween has lost its religious connotations, and has turned into a holiday gladly celebrated by youth and adults across the Western world on October 31. Though it is considered that Halloween has its origins in the early Middle Ages, some scientists think that it is even more ancient. Peter Tokofsky, an assistant professor in the department of folklore and mythology of UCLA, believes that Halloween as we know it today arose from the Celtic festival Samhain ( Samhain was demarcating the end of summer; on this day souls of the dead were believed to be penetrating the real world. This was also the......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Halloween Essay

...I was walking in the dark room and a man jumped out at me so I ran. Last year a week before Halloween my family hosted a Halloween party. It was really fun because all of my friends were there with me. It took us around two months to set up for the party. Mostly because of the haunted house taking so much time. Also we had to get a bunch of food and put up all of the decorations. The last thing we had to do was to get all of the pumpkins for the pumpkin patch. When my family first arrived at the party I was amazed to see how many people where already there. We got the bouncy house, slide, and obstacle course set up. Then I went over to the haunted house because I was going to help out. I got my part but I didn’t need to do anything yet because it started at dark. I walked back over to the house and the extraordinary pumpkin pie sitting there. I got myself a piece and when I took a bite an explosion of sweetness and cinnamon blew up I my mouth. Once iu finished it all of my friends started to get here. I walked around with all of them for a while. We just talked most of the time. Then it started to get darker. Everyone met up in front of the haunted house so just to make sure we all knew our parts. Everyone did so we got into place, at this time the line already had about fifty people in it. I was working outside in the woods. That was the part in the front of the haunted house. I could smell the smoke of the fire rising from where I was at. The people started to come......

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...November 2015 Celebration of Halloween Halloween is a celebration that usually takes place on the night of October 31st. Before it evolved into this name it was once called “All Hallows Eve”. ”Today, Halloween is a festival of fun for kids. It is an occasion to dress up as little monsters, ghost or witches” (Why is Halloween Celebrated). Many religious people have their concerns and dislikes toward this holiday. “Over time the custom of adults dressing up as demons changed and the children took over. As they went from house to house they would knock at each house and cry ‘trick or treat’ ” (Why is Halloween Celebrated). But how did all this come about? Halloween dates back to 2,000 years ago. “In the eighth century, Pope Gregory III designated November 1st as a time to honor all saints and martyrs; the holiday All Saints Day incorporated some of the traditions of Samhain” (History of Halloween). During the Celtic festival of Samhain people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward of what they believed were roaming ghosts. “By 43 A.D., the Roman Empire had conquered the majority of Celtic territory” (History of Halloween).While the Romans were ruling the lands there were two festivals, Feralia, a day Romans traditionally commemorate the passing of the dead and the second was to honor Pomona , the Roman goddess of fruit and tree. An apple symbolizes Pomona which explains why the tradition of bobbing for apples is practiced on Halloween. “By the end of the 19th......

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...Alberto Escobar Lara” Maracay Edo- Aragua. Halloween. Halloween is the last day of October, when according to Christian tradition, the spirits of the dead return to where they lived and witches and demons make real that day. But why is Halloween celebrating around the world? Some people view Halloween as a time for fun, putting on costumes, trick-or-treating, and having theme parties. Others points of view it as a time of superstitions, ghosts, goblins and evil spirits that should be avoided at all costs. But what are the real origins of Halloween? Halloween is on October 31st, the last day of the Celtic calendar. It was originally a pagan holiday, honoring the dead. Halloween was referred to as All Hallows Eve and dates back to over 2000 years ago. All Hallows Eve is the evening before All Saints Day, which was created by Christians to convert pagans, and is celebrated on November 1st. Halloween festival is the part of best holidays around the world, it is related to the scarier aspects of life such as like death, magic, and mythical creatures in the life. Halloween activities include tricks, treating, bonfires and costume parties, visiting of haunted houses, reading scary stories, ghost tours, and watching horror movies. There are among the various famous Halloween personalities available in our stories and movies such as like Ghosts, spiders, gnomes, skeletons, ghouls, black cats, and Dracula. Halloween is a great festival holiday to center a party......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Fieldwork Project Anthropology Halloween So far anthropology 1300 has been an amazing really surprised me how much I have learnt from this course in just a short period of time and I am still eager to learn more of the interesting, awkward and weird story and also watch more videos related to the course. Considering the fact that I am not anthropology major my interest in the course is just so amazing and impressive to me. I am really happy I chose this course to fulfill my GE units. I started this fieldwork with a question in mind. What is Halloween? As far as I have observed, I have come to a conclusion that Halloween can be said to be generally about ghost and the spirit of the dead. it's a yearly celebration observed in a number of countries amongst certain group of people on the October 31st. the typical festive Halloween activity include trick-or-treating, costume parties, carving pumpkins into jack-o-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, visiting haunted attractions, playing pranks, telling scary stories and watching horror and scary films. Out of the listed typical festive Halloween activities, I participated in quite a good number of them and it was pretty good being the first time for me to observe Halloween and attend Halloween activities. Before I started my Halloween with my family, I had the opportunity to speak to some new people I met concerning the event (Halloween). speaking with them made me see and realize that some people most......

Words: 2307 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

History of Halloween

...1. In 1992 Halloween was on a Saturday and in 1993 Halloween was on a Sunday, but this year Halloween falls on a Thursday. 2. A lycanthrope is a werewolf. A werewolf is a creature of the night that scares kids. 3. Witch, Wolf, and Wizard are three words that have a W as there first letter. 4. The word is owl. The kitchen table is low to the ground. The word is bat .I have a tab in my folder. The word is night .I saw a big black thing. The word is spider. My brother prides his photo bombs. 5. Blood, Wizard, Ghost, Witch, Zombie, Wolf, Sharks, and snakes are eight scary words 6. Pins, pump, pin, pumps, in, pumpkin are six words made out of the word pumpkins. 7. The owl belongs to the bird group. There is about 200 different owl species. A group of owls can be called a parliament. 8. The term superstition means “a belief or notion.” 9. Some superstitions are when a black cat crosses your path you have bad luck, opening an umbrella inside and last but not least if you break a mirror it will give you bad luck. 10. There are about 206 in a human skeleton. 11. The book Dracula was written by Bram Stoker and it was based on a vampire. 12. A spider is in the arachnid group. Spiders are an arachnid not an insect. Spiders have around 40,000 different species. 13. Nocturnal means to be active during the night like owls and bats. 14. Mary Shelley was a short story writer, English novelist, and a biographer. 15. I would pick the seeds out and eat them, I could paint it,......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

History of Halloween

...Trick-or-treating is a customary celebration for children on Halloween. Children go in costume from house to house, asking for treats such as candy or sometimes money, with the question, "Trick or treat?" The word "trick" refers to a (mostly idle) "threat" to perform mischief on the homeowners or their property if no treat is given. In some parts of Scotland children still go guising. In this custom the child performs some sort of trick, i.e. sings a song or tells a ghost story, to earn their treats. The practice of dressing up in costumes and begging door to door for treats on holidays dates back to the Middle Ages and includes Christmas wassailing. Trick-or-treating resembles the late medieval practice of souling, when poor folk would go door to door on Hallowmas (November 1), receiving food in return for prayers for the dead on All Souls' Day (November 2). It originated in Ireland and Britain,[14] although similar practices for the souls of the dead were found as far south as Italy.[15] Shakespeare mentions the practice in his comedy The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1593), when Speed accuses his master of "puling [whimpering or whining] like a beggar at Hallowmas."[16] In Scotland and Ireland, Guising — children disguised in costume going from door to door for food or coins — is a traditional Halloween custom, and is recorded in Scotland at Halloween in 1895 where masqueraders in disguise carrying lanterns made out of scooped out turnips, visit homes to be rewarded with......

Words: 1751 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Halloween Film Critique

...John Carpenter’s Halloween: A Film Critique Michael Chapes Instructor David Hayes ENG 225 February 13, 2014 “It's Halloween, everyone's entitled to one good scare.” - Sheriff Leigh Brackett As long as there have been stories, there have been stories about the other, the unrealities we might categorize today as fantasy... Early myths in all cultures are populated by demons and darkness, early Egyptian mythology resounds with tales of a world beyond the physical, a realm of the spirits, to be revered and feared. Classical mythology is filled with monsters such as the Cerberus, the Minotaur, Medusa, the Hydra, the Sirens, Cyclops, Scylla and Charybdis, to name just a few. Every culture has a set of stories dealing with the unknown and unexplained, tales that chill, provoke and keep the listener wondering "what if..?" Horror films are the present-day version of the epic poems and ballads told round the fires of our ancestors. Horror movies of the 1970s reflect the grim mood of the decade. After the optimism of the 1960s, with its sexual and cultural revolutions, and the moon landings, the seventies was something of a disappointment. By 1970, the party was over; the Beatles split, Janis Joplin, and Jimi Hendrix died, while John Kennedy, his brother Robert, and Martin Luther King were all felled by an assassin’s bullet. These tragedies seemed to be just the first domino to fall, for then came Nixon...

Words: 3153 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Halloween Skit

...Tarandeep Chhajjal Ms.Kogut THE UGLY PUMPKIN All the puppets are sitting around with their arms wrapped around their knees (acting like a PUMPKIN) In front of a sign that says "PUMPKIN PATCH" Pumpkin 1: Man I HATE Halloween! Pumpkin 2: Ya, me too. Pumpkin 1 Why - what's the matter with halloween? Pumpkin 2: Don't you know? Pumpkin 1: First, they cut off your vine! (PUMPKIN 2 looks worried) Pumpkin 1: then they cut your head open! (PUMPKIN 2 GRABS HIS HEAD) Pumpkin 1: and pull out your guts! (PUMPKIN 2 GRABS HIS TUMMY) Pumpkin 1: then they cut you up with a saw! Pumpkin 1: or a knife! Pumpkin 1: or a drill! Pumpkin 1: THEN they put a candle in you to light you up! Pumpkin 1: and leave you on the porch to rot for months!! Pumpkin 2 (looking scared to death): NO WAY! How do we get out of it? Pumpkin 3: QUIET EVERYONE - I know a way - just be as UGLY as possible, then they won't pick you! ALL Pumpkins: OK - ya, let's do that! The pumpkins all say : shhhhh - here come some people everyone - BE UGLY! (The two people walk around the pumpkin patch shopping for a pumpkin) Shopper 1: man, all of these pumpkins are TOO ugly for halloween! Shopper 2: Ya, These pumpkins are REALLY ugly! Shopper 1: Even too ugly for a jack-o-lantern! Shopper 2: Ya, let's go look somewhere else! (all the pumpkins are giving each other the thumbs up and a WHEW!) Then Shopper 1 turns around and says: WAIT! They will be perfect for PUMPKIN PIE! All the......

Words: 278 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Production of Halloween

...The Production of Halloween The “New Hollywood” era was an era that stretched roughly from the late 60s to the early 80s where there was a wave of young filmmakers who brought a new style into the “New Hollywood” era. A new and improved way of presenting a story was brought, referred to as “post-classical cinema”. These new films were funded and financed by major film studios and introduced a style that wasn’t seen as “traditional” (Hitchman). The “New Hollywood” era films were known to redesign the classic genres of Hollywood like the crime and war films, thus showing a more critical view of society in the past and present. The change in market during the period went from a middle-aged high school educated audience in the mid 60s, to a younger, more affluent, college-educated demographic and by the mid 70s, a majority of all moviegoers were at least under 30. There was desperation in studios during this period due to status of the economy. The best thing that happened to the filmmakers was that they brought an emphasis on realism (Citation 1). The movie “Halloween” is known as one the greatest independent slasher films ever, created off of a budget of $300,000 and brought $70,000,000 in revenue. Halloween was directed by John Carpenter, produced by Debra Hill and written between the both of them. The movie was set in Haddonfield, Illinois, mainly on Halloween 1978. This movie was the break for “New Hollywood” actress Jamie Lee Curtis (Laurie Strode). John...

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Halloween vs. Day of the Dead

...Halloween vs. Day of the Dead Amy Barrows Com/170 10/31/2012 Margaret Munger Similar traditions are held between the Day of the Dead and Halloween, yet they have very different origins. They both started out as their own separate festivals/celebrations but over time they gained either Catholic or Christian tendencies. Which only served to make them even more similar, leading confusion for many Americans now a days. Most people know of the similarities but do not know of the origins of either! Even most Americans who celebrate Halloween do not know of it is origins! Day of the dead was a celebration to celebrate the Aztec goddess Mictecacihuatl, Lady of the dead. They celebrated for about a month long in their calendar what all know as August. They had all the same traditions as they do now but back then the altars/shrines they made were at the graves themselves to bring the family/descend person back to the land of the living. Aztecs would spread the flor de muertos (flower of the dead) from the grave sites to their homes. A way of leading the lost souls to their families and loved ones. Aztecs would even make foods and treats with the deceased name on the calaveras de azucar (skull of sugar). This all went on for many centuries until the Spaniards came and influenced their religion with more Catholic ties. Example being they changed the month-long celebration to be only two days coinciding with November 1, All saints day and November......

Words: 1122 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Through the Smoke Screen of Halloween

...Through the Smoke Screen of Halloween On October 31 every year, the majority of the country and several other countries celebrate the diabolized holiday of Samhain, otherwise more widely known as Halloween. Despite all the negative stigmas attached to this holiday, it is actually a very sacred and the holiest day to those that follow the Old Ways. Having known many pagans and being married to one, I have had the unique opportunity to gain a new insight into this holiday. It was and still is considered a celebration and reverent time to remember and honor the souls of family and friends who have died and departed this world. Before and especially during the Middle Ages, the new religion of Christianity was struggling to take hold on the people living throughout Ireland, Norway, the U.K. ranging to France and Germany. It was hard for the Church to convert those people and make them discard their gods, festivals and rituals. The Church resorted to assimilating the peoples' customs, ritual and beliefs into the Church's beliefs and then demonizing anything that didn't fit or they wanted to do away with. Samhain was one of those festivals that the Church would have done away with for the people revered this holiday a great deal. The time of Halloween, or Samhain, in an effort to eradicate these beliefs and practices, was depicted as a demonic evil time filled with horror with October 31 being the night of great dissonance and mischief. In actuality, Samhain is the......

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5