Free Essay

Hamstring Strain

In: Other Topics

Submitted By andreaadavila
Words 752
Pages 4
Hamstring strain Have you ever experience a hamstring strain? Do you know how unsafe it can be? One of the common groups of people to go through hamstring injuries, are athletes who indulge in sports that involve jumping and explosive sprinting. In addition of hamstring injuries, they can be very frustrating to deal and treat with. The hamstrings are composing of tendons that attach three large muscles, the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus. These three muscles helps one knee to bend and extend to his or her hip; however, when one or more of these muscles gets stretched too far and starts to tear, it may cause plenty of pain due to the pulled hamstring. In the circumstance of having to go through a hamstring strain, his or her may experience many symptoms and signs. For example, if his or her feels a sharp pain and possibly a popping sensation at the back of his or her leg, it is probably a sign of a hamstring strain injury. Some symptoms that one may go through during this incident, is pain in the back of his or her thigh when they flex or extend their leg, tenderness, swelling, and bruising in the affected area, and lastly weakness in his or her leg that lasts for a long time after the injury. In the event of a particularly severe strain or complete tear, the victim injured may feel a gap in the torn muscle, which may cause difficulties to run, jump, stretch and possibly walk. In order to know how a hamstring strain is diagnosed it is required to have medical attention, the doctor will examine his or her leg and ask questions about how the injury happened and how much pain you have. Not only will the doctor do what it was mention but also press on the back of ones thigh to check for swelling and tenderness. This will help the doctor to figure out what grade of strain his or her has. There are three grade levels to identify the injury; grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3. First level is a mild strain and may experience a minor pain in the use of the leg and minimal swelling. Second level is a partial tear of one or more of the hamstring muscles, which may cause one to limp when you walk and feel some pain during activity. Final level is a complete tear of one or more of the hamstring muscles that can cause Walking to be very difficult and may require crutches or another walking aid. It is however, important to know that hamstring strains are common injuries but there are things you can do to prevent them. In order to reduce the risk of a hamstring one should begin warming up, doing flexible activities, and using products. The reason why warming up is important for a pulled-hamstring is because the light aerobic exercise followed by stretching and sports specific drills help the muscle increase intensity. It is also important to do flexible activities because hamstring tightness is measured by flexing the hip and he greater the flexibility of the hamstrings the less prone they are to injury. The last way to prevent hamstring strain is by using products because these are designed to increase the warmth, flexibility and blood flow of the muscles. Luckily, hamstring strains usually heal on their own but to speed the healing, one can use the RICE formula, take anti-inflammatory painkillers, and practice stretching and strengthening exercises. The RICE formula stands for rest, ice, compress and elevate; however, this should be use to a hamstring strain. In severe cases where the muscle is torn, you may need surgery and the surgeon will repair the muscles and reattach them. . The best guidance is to always listen to a doctor’s advice and don't push one or pressure to get back into sports and other activities too soon. As a final point, a torn hamstring is a sudden injury that is quite painful and quick treatment is necessary to prevent complications. When the hamstring muscle is fully torn across the muscle, the athlete will lay down to the ground in severe pain. In addition to being unable to move, there is internal bleeding at the spot of the injury. In some cases, that internal bleeding will prevent the muscle from beginning the healing process. When the muscle is torn lengthwise, blood will stream into the muscle compartment, and it will make a movement impossible.

Similar Documents

Free Essay


... Apply RICE (Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate) to reduce swelling. It may also result in other complications eg. fracture, tendon injuries and loss of proprioceptive control. It may take days to a few months to heal with adequate rehabilitation. Meniscus Tear Normally caused by a sudden twisting movement of the knee during footwork resulting in the tear of the meniscus. There will be pain in the joint-line of the knee, mild swelling and unable to flex or extend the leg in full. It may be having accompanying collateral or cruciate ligament injury. Muscle Strain Sudden explosive loading of a muscle resulting in rapid contraction of muscle fibers like a sudden overhead smash. It may result in the disruption of muscle fibers and will cause muscle pain, swelling, bruising and lost of function (depending on severity) eg. Hamstring strain, gastrocnemius strain, adductor strain, quadratus lumborum/ lumbocostal strain. Overuse Badminton...

Words: 827 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Btec Unit 18 Sports Injuries

...BTEC National Sports injuries Unit 18 Assignment 2 Physiological & Psychological responses to injury (p3/P4/M2/D1) Scenario: You have impressed during your work placement at Thornensians rugby club and have been asked to stay for an additional week. The club physiotherapist has suggested that you look to improve your knowledge surrounding the rehabilitation of players returning from injury, paying particular attention to their physiological and psychological responses. Checklist * Introduction * Psychological Responses- anxiety, frustration, isolation, anger, depression, drop in motivation, stress * Physiological Responses- inflammation/swelling, scar tissue/ remodelling, clotting * Strains- Grade 1,2 & 3 * Sprains- Grade 1,2 & 3 * Haematoma- (intra & inter) * What are they? * How does the body respond? * M2 explain? * D2 analyse Introduction In this assignment I will be discussing how to improve my knowledge surrounding the rehabilitation of players returning from injury, paying particular attention to their physiological and psychological responses. Psychological Responses When an athlete faces significant injury, there are a number of predictable emotions and phases he/she might experience. A serious injury often requires surgery, recovery time and physical therapy. After surgery, many athletes often repeat the injury in their mind, feel afraid, feel angry, and wonder "Why did I make that......

Words: 2079 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Stt 14 Jul

...Task Number:  081-831-0038 Task Title:  TREAT A CASUALTY FOR A HEAT INJURY Conditions: A casualty is suffering from a heat injury. You must treat the casualty for a heat injury. All other more serious injuries have been assessed and treated. You will need water, a thermometer, intravenous (IV) administration set, ringer's lactate or sodium chloride, stethoscope, sphygmomanometer, and a DD Form 1380 (Field Medical Card (FMC)). You are not in a CBRNE environment. Standards: Provide the correct treatment for the heat injury without causing further injury to the casualty. Task Number:  081-831-0039 Task Title:  TREAT A CASUALTY FOR A COLD INJURY Conditions: You have a casualty who is having symptoms of cold weather injuries. You must treat the casualty for a cold injury. All other more serious injuries have been assessed and treated. You will need dry clothing or similar material, sterile dressings, a thermometer, and a DD Form 1380 (Field Medical Card (FMC)). You are not in a CBRNE environment. Standards: Provide correct treatment based upon the signs and symptoms of the injury. Task Number:  081-833-0073 Task Title:  TREAT A CASUALTY FOR SNAKEBITE Conditions: You have a casualty with a snakebite. All other more serious injuries have been assessed and treated. You will need antiseptic cleaning solution, iodine, water, soap, and a DD Form 1380 (Field Medical Card (FMC)). You are not in a CBRNE environment. Standards: Determine the type of snakebite......

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Recreational Safety Hazard

...ready to go and play tennis, don’t forget to stay properly hydrated when doing any intense activates such as tennis. There are many hazards and injuries that your body can sustain while playing tennis. The first thing comes to my head is a groin strain, luckily that has never occurred to me while playing. Since you are running the whole time on your feet on a hard surface, it is a possibly to cause a plantar fasciitis. Lastly with the force that your shoulder endures while serving the tennis ball at high speeds, could possibly cause a rotar cuff injury. The possibility of having all these injuries is very likely, and there could be more if you are not careful. Although not all injuries can be prevented like we have discussed in the personal injury discussions, there are some steps you can take to lessen the chance of getting hurt. All of the example of injuries above can easily be prevented by the stretching before, warming up, stretching after, and not being too reckless. Stretching is so important for any sport. Stretching warms up your muscles, and prevents any possible strains. People often forget to stretch after a workout, but it is very beneficial and can keep you playing a sport that you love. Groin Strain: A groin strain is a tear or rupture to any one of the five adductor muscles. We explain the...

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Neck Injuries

...Neck injury is a very serious concern for any athlete who participates in a contact sport. If not avoided, neck injuries can have long term effects and cause problems down the road. Some common injuries related to contact sports are neck sprains and neck strains. Although both of these injuries are caused by sudden or severe stress on the neck, they affect different parts of the neck. A neck sprain is caused by overstretching the ligaments that connect the small bones, or vertebrae, in the neck. A neck strain is when one partially tears the muscles in their neck. Both of these injuries are treated with rest and rehab. A common symptom for both of these injuries is when the neck pain worsens with movement. Neck injuries should be prevented at all costs. Prior to a contact sport, an athlete should always warm-up their neck. Included in the warm up should be stretching. In a sport like rugby where there is no headgear, there are precautionary measures that can be taken. For instance, a rugby player would not tackle head first as a football player would. Rugby players are trained to tackle cheek to cheek. This is a saying to remind players to place the side of their face on or near the opponents hip when performing a tackle. This strategy is becoming more effective as time goes on. Some professional football teams are even having tackling clinics for their players ran by rugby coaches and players. Another more serious problem with neck injury is the possibility of spinal cord......

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Athletic Traine

...student-athletes even after the school nurse and other staff have left for the day. This is when the athletic trainer begins the daily routine of injury rehabilitation, injury evaluations, protective taping, practice preparation, monitoring environmental conditions such as heat and humidity, consulting with physicians, checking the status of weather conditions, conducting concussion follow-up and honoring return-to-play protocols. Coordinating care with teachers and other administrative staff, and student workers to make sure that everyone is on the same page to what is expected and time schedule for treatment and thing of that nature. I would try to detect care for a wide range of injuries that occurs more often. Injuries vary from sprains and strains to more severe, unusual injuries or conditions that require specialized training, recognition, management and treatment. Along the way I would be developing relationships with local physicians and specialists so that I can provide referrals and expediting medical care for injured athletes. As an head athletic trainer I think I’ll be tough cause I would not allow and injured athlete to perform until I feel they are at least 90% ready to get back on the field so I would definitely have to keep up with collecting medical forms, completing injury reports, completing...

Words: 386 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ankle Injury Research Paper

...Volleyball is a non-contact sport that allows players to play as a team and build skills without any physical contact between teams. Even though this is a non-contact sport, injuries happen due to running into others, landing or jumping wrong, and overuse of muscles. Due to this, research has been conducted on the percentage of injuries and the best ways to prevent specific injuries. There are different ways for prevention and some positions are more at risk than others. In volleyball, it is more important to take steps to prevent ankle injuries that overuse or knee injuries. The ankle is most prone to injury and occurs most often, when playing volleyball, because of previous study and the effects the injury has had on playing time. Ankle injuries are 40 percent of acute and overuse injuries while they are 52 percent of all acute injuries in volleyball (Verhagen, et al, 479). Ankle injuries are greater than half of all acute injuries and this means that the ankle should be better prepared to prevent injury for. Out of all acute and overuse injuries, there are 40 percent and are more common than most other overuse or knee injuries. Most injuries are not career threatening or season-ending threatening; although, 15 percent of ankle injuries have influenced volleyball careers in a negative way (Zetou, et al, 131). This is important to know so that one can take measures to prevent injury and understand that some do get hurt and have to postpone or stop their volleyball career.......

Words: 843 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mae 361

...CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH MECHANICAL & AEROSPACE ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT MAE 361 MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES LABORATORY TORSION TEST Your lab report should be typed with a font of 12 and have the different sections clearly labeled It is important to follow the lab report format given in this document. If the format is not followed 10% of your score will be deducted. When you finish writing this report you should have learned about Torsion Test. A quiz will be given when you turn in your lab report. You should know the following: * What is torsion test and why it is done. * What is angle of twist in elastic range * What is Torque * What is shear stress in the elastic range * What is shear strain in the elastic range. * Torsion in circular and noncircular shafts * What is Shear Modulus of Elasticity * What is polar moment of inertia * Stress Concentrations Your lab report should have the following sections: 1. COVER PAGE Cover page should include the objective of the experiment and the following information Your name & ID number Instructor’s name Course name and title Name of the experiment Date the experiment was performed. Department California State University, Long Beach All of this information should be arranged nicely on the cover page. Remember your cover page is the first thing that introduces you to the reader.(3points) OBJECTIVE Clearly state objectives of the......

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Andromeda Strain

...ANDROMEDA STRAIN 1. Name and type of microorganism (actual disease mimic) indicate the name and the type of microorganism that caused the pandemic in each movie and what actual disease they mimic Code name: “andromeda”. Andromeda Strain is a deadly extraterrestrial virus. I mutates with each growth cycle, changing its biologic properties. The microbe contains chemical elements required for terrestrial life and appears to have a crystalline structure, but lacks DNA, RNA, proteins, and amino acids, yet it directly transforms matter to energy and vice versa. The scientists learn that Andromeda grows only within a narrow pH range; in a too-acid or too-basic growth medium, it will not multiply—Andromeda's pH range is 7.39–7.43, like that of human blood. Leptospirosis. 2. Origin and how it spread state where the organisms came from and explain how they were spread Project Scoop was one of several attempts to investigate a singularity, or a worm hole, that has mysteriously appeared in the Solar system. Sent specifically collect biological samples, the satellite malfunctioned upon approaching the worm hole and fell back to Earth. It was picked up and released the deadly agent. Piedmont, Utah. Further investigation determines that the bizarre deaths were caused by a crystal-structured, extraterrestrial microbe on a meteor that crashed into the satellite, knocking it from orbit. 3. Cause and......

Words: 592 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Inertia Bending of a Connecting Rod Experiment

...Inertia Bending of a Connecting Rod Experiment 15th November 2015 Contents Abstract----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 * 1. Introduction-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 1.1 Objective----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 1.2 Background------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 1.3 Theory-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 1.3.1 Bending moment-----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 1.3.2 The Right Angle Assumption--------------------------------------------------------------------------5 2. Apparatus----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 * 3. Data-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 * 4. Procedur-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 * 4.1 Recording-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 * 4.2 Calibration------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 5. Results--------------------------------------------------...

Words: 2873 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Rules of Mixtures for Elastic Properties

...the physical properties and mechanical properties which depend on type, form, quality and arrangement of its constituents, but they are based on various assumptions so one should with caution, especially if they are used anything more than preliminary design. The paper mainly concentrates on expressions for elastic properties which are as follows: Unidirectional Ply- longitudinal modulus: The Figure 1 clearly shows the orthogonal axes and fiber direction, the fiber directions. The first approximation made is E3= E4. And also for deriving the rules of mixtures the following assumptions are made: Fibers are uniform, parallel and continuous. Perfect bonding exists between fibers and matrix. A longitudinal load produces equal strain in fiber and matrix. Using the above assumptions and approximations two rules of mixtures are derived which are E1 = EfVf + EmVm = EfVf + Em (1- Vf) V12= vfVf+vm+Vm These two rules of mixtures are generally accepted as it goes well with experimental data. Unidirectional Ply- Transverse modulus: In this the rules of mixtures are less reliable than those for longitudinal properties as they are based on assumptions of stress distribution. In this the poisson’s contraction is ignored and the stress is assumed to be the same.which leads to the result of: E2=EfEm/(VfEm+VmEf). But the above rules of mixture has poor...

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Lab 4 Torsion

...California State University, Long Beach Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department MAE 361: Materials and Properties Laboratory Torsion Test of Metals and Polymers Date: October 29, 2013 Submitted To: Dr. Parvin Shariat Submitted By: Ryan Kim D. Lim - 008142015 Steven Reid - 007777066 Thomas Leininger- 008403601 Marco Evangelista – 007774076 Objective: The objective of this experiment is to determine the shear stress, shear strain, and shear modulus of elasticity of solid cylindrical specimens of steel, brass, aluminum, and a polymer. Procedure: 1. Plug the cord for the machine into the outlet hanging from the ceiling. 2. Zero the drum angle using start, forward/reverse, and speed on machine control. When start is triggered, you must specify the direction of movement, either forward or reverse. There are values on the drum which will indicate when you zero it out. 3. Measure diameter of the sample using a caliper and make sure to measure three different areas, preferably the two ends and the middle for an accurate measurement. Record the average of the three measurements. 4. Mount the specimen in the self tightening chucks of the machine: a. Slide weighing chuck horizontally of the machine and open jaws of the chuck to permit insertion of the specimen. b. Insert the specimen into the loading chuck and then slide the weighing chuck assembly to the right until it is stopped by the specimen ends. Move the weighing chuck around ½ inch away from...

Words: 2112 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Disease on the Screen

...Disease on the Screen The movie chosen for this assignment is the “Andromeda Strain”, a 1971 movie directed by Robert Wise. The movie was based on a novel by Michael Crichton. I chose this movie because I wanted to know about the perception of global health over forty years ago. Some of the contemporary diseases like SARS, Avian Flu, and swine flu that threaten global health today were either unheard of or little were known about them forty years ago. Disease or crisis, especially the one presented in this movie was meant to be taken seriously because it had severe ramifications for humanity if left uninvestigated. The organism or crisis presented in this movie had the capacity to kill an entire village except two individuals (an adult and an infant). The specific organism had the propensity to travel beyond the boundary of it original discovery (a little village in New Mexico with a population of 68 people) and perhaps kill the entire of the US and the world. Multiple perspectives were provided. Initial investigators who tried to understand the situation were not sure how the people died. They wondered if the organism that caused death was inhaled or penetrated the skin to kill or even if the people committed suicide. They even wondered if the organism was related to the crushed satellite returning to earth from space. Another perspective is the ability of the Andromeda Strain to mutate with capabilities of melting plastic when the mystery seemed to have been solved. The...

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Ergonomics in Modern Planning and Design

...Ergonomics, human engineering or human factors engineering is the science of creating products or designing machines which maximize safety, comfort or efficiency of people who use them. People who work with ergonomics apply general principles of industrial engineering, psychology, anthropometrics, which is the science of human measurement, and even biomechanics to adapt certain designs of products or workplaces to peoples constitution, strengths and limitations. This science also takes into consideration peoples reactions and the amount of time they need to process a specific task or information received from their environment, as well as the capacity of dealing with certain psychological factors, mainly stress and isolation. Once a study about a certain group of peoples reactions to their environment has been made, people who design with ergonomics attempt to develop the best possible design for a system or product. Ergonomists view people and a the object or machine they will use as a sole unit, and the ergonomic approach to design blends the persons abilities with those of the machine. When designing one must take into account the several limitations of both the mechanical and the human factor involved in a certain workspace. Human beings need to rest or experience less stress when realizing a certain task or they will spend their energies quickly and begin making mistakes when working, they are also subject to illness, accidents and the need of rest. The...

Words: 1341 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Health and Safety at Work

...Critically review your own organisation’s Health and Safety Policy and procedures and make recommendations for improvements Organisations today widely regard their employees as their greatest assets, so it is no wonder that they are spending an increasing amount of their resources on ensuring that the workplace and work systems enable its staff to feel safe and secure; as management continues takes an active role in their wellbeing. Failure to ensure and provide a safe working environment can raise concerns in a variety of areas such as legal, financial and ethical issues. In the United Kingdom there are legislations in place designed to ensure that correct and appropriate systems of work, in regards to health and safety, exist within every organisation. Under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASWA), section 2, “It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees.” This highlights the responsibility employers have in ensuring their employees are safe of chemical, physical and machinery hazards and risks. Hazards can be defined as something that can cause adverse effects, such as water on a staircase because of the possibility of you slipping on it and hurting yourself. A risk is the likelihood that a hazard will actually cause its adverse effects, together with a measure of the effect. Risks are usually expressed as facts with a quantifiable likelihood, such as “one in......

Words: 2029 - Pages: 9