Free Essay

Harry Went to Church

In: Social Issues

Submitted By johngrey
Words 1384
Pages 6
Admin Prelim – Outcome 1 and 2

Leadership
Benefits:
• All team members will feel more motivated and gain more job satisfaction • Good relationship within the team making it more productive • Good use of delegation making employees more motivated • Improved communication leading to better decision making
Skills:
• Good communication skills, could be written or verbal • Able to build trust and relationships within the team • Able to listen to ideas so that all the team are included • Able to influence others towards the achievement of goals
Time Stealers • Making unnecessary journeys – group jobs so that visits to the photocopier etc are cut down. • Interruptions by telephone – learn how to control the conversations. • Unexpected visits by colleagues – be polite but firm especially if the person is just looking for a chat. • Taking on too much work – learn to say NO – be assertive.

Physical environment and morale
Ergonomics - Furniture wall colours, work stations lighting, protective equipment, ventilation • If the area/equipment is unsafe or insecure this can affect staff morale. • Office Layout – cellular/open plan relating to space/privacy/work flow • Lack of storage space and subsequent untidiness/health hazards • Sick Building Syndrome
Decision taken to minimise sick building syndrome: • Introduce better lighting, introduce better air conditioning, Ensure good natural light, Repaint with pastel colours
Display Screen regulation
Responsibilities:
• Appropriate safety equipment is provided for regular use of a PC eg wrist rests, adjustable seating etc • Ensure the equipment is maintained by carrying out regular checks eg testing electrical connections
Implications to employee if rules not followed: • Headaches or eye problems leading to low productivity or having to take time off work to recuperate • Loss of data therefore requiring the data to be inputted again – this is time consuming
Flexible Working Practices: • Employers can recruit and retain valued staff1 and meet changing customer requirements more easily. However there may be a lack of continuity and therefore customers would be dissatisfied. • The individual can balance work with other commitments. • Costs can be cut by using peripheral workers eg fixed term contracts to cover • busy periods. • Introduction of hot-desking means that savings in office space can be made. • Co-ordination of work flow, training etc is more difficult for management. Office Layout – change from open plan to traditional cellular layout: • Organisation may feel that some workers are too easily distracted in an open plan office. • Organisation may need more privacy to hold meetings. • Organisation may want to keep information more confidential or secure. • Organisation may want to cut down on the noise generated in an open plan office.

Outcome 3 and 4

Selection/testing in recruitment Testing: • Practical tests are used to check whether the information the candidate has written on their application form is correct. • It also helps the organisation assess whether the candidate has the necessary skills for the post they are applying for. • Medical tests to check if candidate is fit for the job. • Personality tests used to gain an insight into the candidates personality On/off the job training • Cost/Budget – Internal is more cost-effective than external training (travel, accommodation etc not required). • Time - Internal can be arranged as and when necessary. • Facilities available – What equipment is available within the organisation? • Suitable Learning Environment – Staff can be easily distracted and interrupted if they are in their own workplace. Staff Welfare: • Family friendly policies – flexible working/paid or unpaid paternity leave/duvet days • Advice – access to written company policies and procedures/advice of rights, grievance and disciplinary procedures • Return-to-work interviews – employee is invited to meet with their line manager after a period of absence • Counselling by a trained member of staff or by an external specialist/counselling on work and non-work issues Job description vs Person Specification • Both result from the job analysis. • Information from both documents is used to prepare the job advertisement. • Both are used by the candidate/organisation in the preparation for the interview. • The Job Description clearly defines the duties and responsibilities associated with the job, whereas the person specification lists skills and qualities required for the job.

Meeting Terms: • Abstain - Refrain from voting • Casting Vote - A second or additional vote held by the chairperson and used when there is deadlock • Ballot - This is a process of voting. • Unanimous - This is where everyone votes the same way for or against the motion.
Documents in meeting: • Notice of Meeting - Tells those eligible to attend the meeting where the meeting is to be held, the date and the time – often combined with an agenda – a set period of notice has to be given between issuing the Notice and the meeting. • Agenda - list of the items which will be discussed – listed in the order of discussion – some of the items are called ‘standard items’
Technology in Meetings: • Software (WP, SS, DTP, PP) for the preparation of documentation – e.g handouts, posters, charts, questionnaires • Web cam or videoconferencing or Tele-conferencing linkup – e.g guest speaker may not be able to travel to the focus meeting • Powerpoint can be used by a key speaker and can lead to a more interesting and focused presentation • Data Projector can be used to provide a focus e.g. viewing a film

Outcome 5 and ITFM01

Customer Service Policy: • Customer service policy details what a customer should expect of the organisation. Penalty payments may apply if deadlines are not met. • Service standards policies/Service level agreement will detail how a customer should be dealt with e.g detailing how long a customer should wait on a telephone before being spoken to. • Loyalty schemes will detail how the scheme operates and what the customer can expect to get as their reward. • Complaints procedure will detail what a customer should do if they have a complaint and how the organisation will deal with it.
Handling Complaints
Good practices: • Have an established complaints procedure. • The complaints procedure is transparent and available to all customers and is known to all staff. • Any complaints received are logged. • Those who handle complaints are given careful training e.g. time in which to reply and method of reply • It is often effective to have the same person deal with the complaint from start to finish.
Reasons for customers not complaining: • Too scared to approach a member of staff • Don’t know who to complain to • Don’t want to make a fuss • It would take too much time • Don’t think it will make a difference

Features of good information: • Reliability, accuracy, concise, Cost, effective, up-to-date

IFM02

Confidentiality of Information: • Use passwords to limit access , change passwords regularly • Lock material in secure cabinets, have a policy for quickly filing papers
Legislation:
Data Protection Act: • Data must be obtained lawfully and fairly. • Data must not be passed on without permission to a third party • Data must not be kept longer than necessary.
Computer Misuse Act: • It is an offence to try and access data held on a computer that you are not allowed to access • It is an offence to change/erase/move data that you shouldn’t have accessed. • It is an offence to introduce worms and viruses to a computer system.
Preventing Viruses: • Install high quality antivirus software on all computers and ensure that antivirus software is updated regularly. • Firewalls can be installed to prevent outside sources accessing system/data. This is important to organisations which run web-sites. • Forbid employees from using disks which have been used on computer systems out with the organisation unless checked on a standalone PC.
Intranet:
• All have access to the same data at the same time e.g customer feedback • Updated information is available to all at the same time – no issue about using different versions of data • Intranet provides an excellent notice board for advertising information to all team members
Internet
Advantages:
• It saves time as you do not have to leave your desk to find the information
• It operates 24/7 so you do not need to wait until information sources are open to find out information
• There is a lot of information to choose from
• It can be accessed anywhere
• Finding information is quicker than using paper based sources
• Finding information is relatively inexpensive
Disadvantages
• Do not always know the accuracy/reliability of the source of information
• Information is not always well organised and therefore it may take some time to find the correct information

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Obesses with Fast Food

...MOUNT HEBRON BAPTIST CHURCH OFFICIAL BOARD MEETING SATURDAY June 1, 2013 The meeting was opened with singing “Tis So Sweet”. Scripture was read by Deaconess Connie Taylor who read Psalm 40:1-4 Prayer was given by Deacon Willie Brown. Testimonies were given by Deacon Howard Hinson and Deacon C.V. Wilson. The meeting was called to order by Chairman Howard Hinson. Attendance: Pastor Waller, Deacons: Howard Hinson Chairman, C.V. Wilson, Willie Brown and Chester Nicholes; Deaconesses: Dorothea Brown President, Mildred James, Denise Hinson, Evangeline DiCastanado and Connie Taylor. Absent Officers were; Dorothy Allen, Rodney Vincent, Karen Vincent and Marian Ladson. Meeting was called to order by Chairman Howard Hinson. Minutes of Saturday May 4, 2013 was read. Motioned by Deacon Wilson, second by Deaconess James that the minutes be accepted with the necessary correction, if any. Motion carried. Sis. Cheryl White was invited into the meeting to talk about her vision for Christian Counseling at Mt. Hebron. Old Business Delaware Property: On going. Pastor Waller said that we need to look into having property taxes removed. New Business Deaconess Brown, spoke about Kenya DeShield have her room painted and would the church supply paint. With consent it was agreed that the church would supply the material. Deaconess Brown said the Pastor Waller anniversary has to be change due to 1 week is holy week, 2nd Sunday is Palm Sunday, 3rd Sunday is Easter...

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Title

...Initial Interview Would this examinee be a good candidate for a senior pastor at a large urban church? Identifying Information Harry Pixma is a 33 year old married male, born March 17, 1980, who lives at 3222 Oak Lane, Atlanta, GA. His personal home phone number is 706-555-8529 and business phone is 770-555-2966. He is employed at the Chrome life Insurance company that he has worked at since graduating from college, East Georgia Polytechnic University, nine years ago. His emergency contact is his wife Sandra Pixma his wife of nine years and the contact number is 706-555-3194. The date of this interview is September 6, 2013. Purpose of Counseling/Presenting Problem Harry has come to counseling with the concern about “anxiety at work”, which has been giving him trouble for some time. The issue of anxiety at work has been ongoing since he was hired by the company. Harry told me that when he was hired that his training went well, but as soon as he started to take on clients, that is when the anxiety at work began. Harry said that when the work phone rang at his desk he would become anxious and his hands would start to tremble and he would sometimes be so anxious that he would not answer the phone or schedule appointments with potential clients. Mr. Pixma has commented that he is afraid of what the clients might think of him and that his belief is rooted in the fear that he will not know what to say or he might be wrong in what he tells his clients. In further......

Words: 1924 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

My Ethnic Group

...did not want to be a part of the Church of England or belong to the Catholic Church. Many of these people wanted Queen Elizabeth to make changes to the English church and the religious services. She would not do this. For this reason the Puritans, as they called themselves because they wanted to purify the Church of England, started their own church. Because of this, the queen and the people of England persecuted these people. Some of the members of this new religion found themselves sentenced to prison or hung for their beliefs. They faced harassment, persecution, and torture for their beliefs. When King James was set upon the throne of England, he continued the harassment of these people. A quote from King James said “I will make them conform or I will harry them out of the land.” With the persecution the Puritans were suffering they chose to move to Holland. This new country gave them the freedom to worship as they chose. After a few years they found that their children were beginning to be more Dutch and less English. With a decision made to find a place that they could worship as they chose and also still be Englishmen. They could not go back to England without going to prison. Their only opportunities were to stay in Holland with the freedoms they had or to make a new home and life in the uncharted lands of America. They petitioned King James for a charter, He would not give them the charter or his protection, but he told them if they went he would not harass them.......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

I'M Worried I'Ll Offend Someone with a Title

...Surprisingly, that book was allowed in Germany, and it was no big deal when brought to America. Shocking, yes. A book about Hitler, being portrayed as a person rather than a monster, is a best seller book. Yes it is hilarious, but it is absolutely controversial. But, take the ever pleasant and magical Harry Potter series, and you have a totally different situation. Ever since becoming popular, the books have been among the most frequently challenged books, as measured by the American Library Association (ALA). It has been welcomed by many parents and teachers for getting children interested in reading, not to mention being a good story, and who’s to blame them. It is very popular, the movies are great, and it seems like such an innocent book to read! It is all very fictitious, there is no way kids can do what Harry is doing. What’s wrong with this? Apparently, the ALA feel that the series presents dangerous ideas and attitudes that are bad for readers. In some parts of the United States and United Kingdom, the Potter books have been banned from being read in school, taken out of libraries, and even burned in public. One school to ban Harry Potter was St. Mary's Island Church of England School in Kent. The head teacher explained that “The Bible is very clear and consistent in its teachings that wizards, devils and demons exist and are very real, powerful and dangerous and God's people are told to have nothing to do with them." She added that "I believe it is confusing to......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

James Joyce, “Eveline

...father's violence. She knew it was that that had given her the palpitations. When they were growing up he had never gone for her like he used to go for Harry and Ernest, because she was a girl but latterly he had begun to threaten her and say what he would do to her only for her dead mother's sake. And no she had nobody to protect her. Ernest was dead and Harry, who was in the church decorating business, was nearly always down somewhere in the country. Besides, the invariable squabble for money on Saturday nights had begun to weary her unspeakably. She always gave her entire wages--seven shillings--and Harry always sent up what he could but the trouble was to get any money from her father. He said she used to squander the money, that she had no head, that he wasn't going to give her his hard-earned money to throw about the streets, and much more, for he was usually fairly bad on Saturday night. In the end he would give her the money and ask her had she any intention of buying Sunday's dinner. Then she had to rush out as quickly as she could and do her marketing, holding her black leather purse tightly in her hand as she elbowed her way through the crowds and returning home late under her load of provisions. She had hard work to keep the house together and to see that the two young children who had been left to her charge went to school regularly and got their meals regularly. It was hard work--a hard life--but now that she was about to leave it she did not find it a wholly......

Words: 1831 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Homealone Paper

...France. The family is rushing around the house, getting last-minute things ready for their trip. The doorbell rings and pizza arrives, they gather around the table to eat dinner. Kevin McCallister an eight-year-old boy, the son of Peter and Kate McCallister gets in an argument with his brother Buzz at dinner. He is sent to the third floor of their home for his bad behavior. As he walks up to the third floor Kevin screams to his mother he wishes he had no family. Kate McCallister tells her son “be careful what you wish for.” Later that night, the power went out and the family was late waking up for their flight. The family rushes out to make their flight and did not realize they left Kevin behind. Kevin wakes up, looks around and realizes he is home alone. He is overwhelmed with happiness. Until he realizes there are burglars planning to rob the neighborhood homes and his house is one of them. Kevin overhears that the robbers Harry and Marv, are planning to rob his house on Christmas Eve. He prepares and sets up different booby traps trying to stop them. When finishing preparing his different tricks and traps he sits back. Kevin is waiting for the robbers to arrive. In the meantime, his family is doing everything they can to get a flight back home. They have difficulties doing so considering it is Christmas Eve. All of the flights are full. The family is nervous; they cannot get in touch with Kevin because the phone lines are down at their house. Mise-en-scene The setting......

Words: 1332 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Homosexuality

..."CPCC" Instructor: Course 06/12/2015 Analysis of what modern scholars know and Near East ancients view concerning homosexuality According to the Christian Reformed Church, homosexuality refers to a sexual condition in which persons of the same sex are sexually attracted towards one another. In the current society, different societies have had different perceptions and opinions concerning the act of homosexuality. Due to this there is the need to know what the modern scholars know about homosexuality and how those living in the ancient Near East have viewed the whole issue. Looking at the ancient Near East, the law codes and those living in these areas essentially ignored the homosexual act. Looking at some parts of the North East such as Turkey and Syria, there existed one law that stated clearly that if a man went ahead and decided to violate his son by practicing homosexuality that was a capital crime. According to these people living in this area, this was a crime not because they were of the same sex but because the partner was his son. Harry Hoffner, who is a person from this area later, added that their statement was not strongly against homosexuality and hence the statement they made appeared to have the meaning that the act of homosexuality was not illegal among the Hittites. Looking at the modern Assyrians scholars, it is evident that homosexuality is not condemned, and it is hence not perceived as a moral disorder. The whole act was only despised,...

Words: 710 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Dialogic

...In stories, dialogic often have two characters that have a dialogue conversation. Usually, one of characters says more things than the other with two different points of views. In “Apology of Socrates”, Socrates tries to plead for his innocence and talks to Meletus. The majority of the time, Socrates tried to persuade his audience into believing what he was doing was right. There was a few times where Meletus spoke to answer a few of Socrates’ questions. Confessional is the second argumentative strategy in which someone opens up to their intentions. Confessional can be used when someone reveals their motivation for doing something. It can also be used to talk about a purpose for an action someone took. David Henry Thoreau wrote “Why I Went to the woods” to explain why he did not want to live the city. He tries to convince his readers that living life means to not live in city but to live in the wilderness. He explains his reasons why he believed that living in city was not living. Didactic can be defined as a lecture. The argumentative strategy is meant to teach an audience new lessons and new things. When teachers and professors teach their classes, they lecture and use a didactic approach to teach their students. In “Politics and the English Language,” George Orwell attempts to teach his readers about how the English language can affect politics in some of the way people speak. Orwell tries to teach his readers what they can do to avoid any confusion while talking to......

Words: 1310 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Good Education

..."[11] A bill to accord national recognition of the holiday was introduced in Congress in 1913.[12] In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson went to Spokane to speak in a Father's Day celebration[13] and wanted to make it official, but Congress resisted, fearing that it would become commercialized.[14] US President Calvin Coolidge recommended in 1924 that the day be observed by the nation, but stopped short of issuing a national proclamation.[13] Two earlier attempts to formally recognize the holiday had been defeated by Congress.[13][15] In 1957, Maine Senator Margaret Chase Smith wrote a proposal accusing Congress of ignoring fathers for 40 years while honoring mothers, thus "[singling] out just one of our two parents".[15] In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued the first presidential proclamation honoring fathers, designating the third Sunday in June as Father's Day.[14] Six years later, the day was made a permanent national holiday when President Richard Nixon signed it into law in 1972.[13][14][15][16] In addition to Father's Day, International Men's Day is celebrated in many countries on November 19 for men and boys who are not fathers. [edit] Similar celebrations A "Father's Day" service was held on July 5, 1908, in Fairmont, West Virginia, in the Williams Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church South, now known as Central United Methodist Church.[1] Grace Golden Clayton was mourning the loss of her father when, on December 1907, the Monongah Mining Disaster in nearby......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Spanish Civil War

...employing such an elitist and uninclusive constitution that exacerbated societal divisions • The division weakened the government because it did not have a popular support base once the constitution was implemented. o It largely antagonized conservatives – land owners, the army, and the church • Articles 26 and 27 of the constitution deprived the catholic church of income, hindered its educational activities by supporting the expulsion of Jesuits from Spain and secularizing educational institutions. The constitution also introduced female suffrage, civil marriage and divorce, free secular education for all o Gerald Brenan: – “the inclusion of articles 26 and 27 threw away a chance to build support in the lower ranks of the church” and the catholic republican parties o It can be inferred that the radical progressive nature of articles 26 and 27 was a mistake in that it immediately ostracized the church, a potential powerful ally, and its acolytes o So by “throwing away” a chance to build a constructive relationship with the Church, the constitution not only totally antagonized the Church but it antagonized, to an extension, a great segment of Spanish society (proponents of the Catholic church) such as ‘elite conservatives’ i.e. Cardinals and Bishops that hold considerable amounts of political influence. It also antagonized the religious and conservative Spaniards that viewed articles 27 and 26 as a divergence from morality – especially as the government forbade public......

Words: 1903 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

A Tale of Three Lions

...intended to marry once he obtained paid employment in South Africa. In 1878 he became Registrar of the High Court in the Transvaal, but when he sent his father a letter telling him that he intended to return to England in order to marry Lilith Jackson his father replied that he forbade it until he had made a career for himself. In 1879 he heard that Lilith had married someone else. When he eventually returned to England he married a friend of his sister, Mariana Louisa Margitson and brought her back to Africa. Later they had a son named Jock (who died of measles at the age of 10) and three daughters. Returning again to England in 1882, the couple settled in Ditchingham, Norfolk. Later he lived in Kessingland and had connections with the church in Bungay, Suffolk. He turned to the study of law and was called to the bar in 1884. His practice of law was somewhat desultory, and much of his time was taken up by the writing of novels. Heavily influenced by the larger-than-life adventurers he met in Colonial Africa, most notably Frederick Selous and Frederick Russell Burnham, the great mineral wealth discovered in Africa, and the ruins of ancient lost civilizations in Africa such as Great Zimbabwe, Haggard created his Allan Quatermain adventures. Three of his books, The Wizard (1896), Elissa; the doom of Zimbabwe (1899), and Black Heart and White Heart; a Zulu idyll (1900) are dedicated to Burnham's daughter, Nada, the first white child born in 2 Bulawayo, herself named after...

Words: 12799 - Pages: 52

Free Essay

123456789

...person’s life21 June 1982 – at 9.03 pm prince William was born(weighed 7 lb ½ oz) at ST. Mary’s Hospital Paddington, London4 August 1982- was christened by the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Music Room at Buckingham Palace15 January 1987 - 5 July 1900- a pupil at Wetherby School in LondonFrom September 1990- 5th July 1995- The Prince attended Ludgrove School in BerkshireFrom July 1995 - He attended Eton College and studied Geography, Biology and History of Art at A Level. 28 August 1996 -Prince Charles and Princess Diana divorced, They had been officially separate since December 1992.31st August 1997- Prince William was 15-years-old when Diana, Princess of Wales was killed in a car crash in Prince on 6th September 1997-William and Prince Harry walked behind their mother’s cortege at her funeral which was held at Westminster Abbey as21 June 2000- William’s 18th birthday he can now be formally addressed as his Royal Higness, his father gives him a motorcycleJune 23rd 2005- Prince William graduated with a 2:1 Master of Arts (Honours) in Geography after four years of study at St Andrews University in Scotland.December 2006- He was commissioned as an army officer in front of Her Majesty The Queen at Sandhurst and joined the Household Cavalry (Blues and Royals) as a Second Lieutenant23rd April 2008- On St George's Day The Queen appointed His Royal Highness to be a Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. He was installed at The Annual Garter ceremony held at......

Words: 1263 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Scopes Trial

...unpopular religions, or establish a particular church." Because the phrasing of the clause only included Congress and not state legislation, the state was free to pass laws like the Butler Act. Laws like the Butler Act would be deemed unconstitutional if state legislation was held at the same standards and rules that Congress had to follow. Once the defense lost their first argument, they then declared that the Butler Act, violated the principle of the separation between church and state. Clarence Darrow stated that "By enshrining the fundamentalist interpretation of the Bible in the law, the act violated both the establishment clause's broad restriction against any religious legislation and its more restricted meaning of not giving preference to any one sect." Darrow argued that the Butler Act was merely an attempt of the state to force the fundamentalist Bible on to the people of Tennessee. He said that this attempt was unconstitutional and he implied that this was the first step in the fundamentalists' plan to create a state religion and in turn, eliminate all opposition to the state religion both inside the classroom and out. However, Tennesseans interpreted the strictures against religious establishment to suggest "that the state could give no particular preference to one Protestant sect or denomination over another." Nobody had thought that the state should institute a "wall of separation" as Thomas Jefferson had said, "between church and state", meaning all religions,......

Words: 1647 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

How Far Did the Position of Black Americans Improve in the Years 1945-1955?

...Progression of black rights during 1945-1955 can be clearly seen but was a long and slow process, although the awareness of racial equality dramatically increased. Various factors were involved. Factors such as: presidential involvement and the use of media post WW2.We also see improvements in education and NAACP. More importantly how the NAACP and southern states responded to these factors, later shaping the result to black civil rights. During this time America saw two presidents come to power: Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) and Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961). Both of which affected the civil rights movements in different ways. Truman who was vice president to Roosevelt was elected officially in 1948, Born in Missouri in the late 19th century he had been brought up in an area that saw racism towards coloured people as a natural occurrence, and this was also the case for Truman. Truman had first encountered blacks as family servants with his ancestors previously owning slaves. Truman had told his sweet heart Bess that: “One man is as good as another, “So long as he is honest, decent and not a Nigger or a Chinaman”. (Sanders, 2003, p60) So he is an unlikely candidate to eventually be bringing the lack of rights of the blacks to light and standing behind the civil rights movement later in his career. With the number of racial murders on the rise in the south, Truman set up and implemented a civil rights committee to produce a report “Secure These Rights” brought attention to......

Words: 1798 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Musical Eras

...10 Introduction Music is said to be present in the ancestral period and it was first evolved from Africa and was later spread to the west, which later on became a fundamental constituent of life. Each era existed for a period of time, such as the pre-historic music, ancient music, biblical period , western musical period etc. The western musical era of music will be mentioned in detail below. This period consisted of the medieval music, renaissance music, baroque, classical, 20th century music, and 21st century music. Medieval Music The western music is popularly known for the Gregorian chant also known as the plain chant. This was during years 500 – 1400. It was more of the vocal religious practices of the roman catholic church. The plainchants had very little pitch change and had consisted of only a single melody and lacked harmony. There are no back ground singers or instruments. These kind of music was usually sung by the monks, nuns, or the clerics and not by the professional singers. The first large body of decipherable, secular songs that have survived, comes from the 12th and 13th centuries which was written by French noblemen Troubadours and the Trauveres who were from france. Their songs were played mainly by court minstrels. Many of the songs have been preserved because the nobility had clerics to write down the songs. One famous composer was Leoninus, died on c.1201 was the first significant French composer to write the polyphonic......

Words: 1926 - Pages: 8