Harvard Referencing

In: English and Literature

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Harvard Referencing
There are 2 stages, these include:
1) Citing – What you do in the text of your essay e.g. highlighting words you’ve incorporated from someone else’s work
2) Referencing – All the details of the source of information you’ve used at the end of your work in a separate section
For both directly copying, and changing an idea into your own words, you need to indicate the source of information in brackets at the end of your sentence.
For a direct quote, these brackets must contain 3 pieces of information:
* The authors name
* The year their work was published
* The page number
i.e (Kovmi, 2009, p.5)
For an indirect quote (changed into your own words), you just need to include the authors name and year of publication.
The reference section at the end of your work must include all the information of the source of information.
Each source of information in your reference section should always start with the same information as the citation in your essay.
When writing your reference section, ensure you order it alphabetically by the author’s names.
Referencing a book
The order of information for referencing a book is:
1) Author/s/Editor
2) Year of publication in round brackets
3) Title in italics
4) Edition (if relevant i.e. not the first edition)
5) Place of publication: publisher
6) Series and volume number (if relevant)
For example:
Pears, Richard, and Shields, Graham. (2010) Cite the right: the essential referencing guide, 2nd edn. Basingstocke: Palgrave MacMillan.
Referencing an e-book
1) Author/s/Editor
2) Year of publication in round brackets
3) Title in italics
4) Name of e-book collection in italics
5) The phrase ‘online’ in square brackets
6) The words ‘available at’ followed by the URL of e-book
7) The word ‘accessed’ followed by the date you accessed the…...

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