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Hawthron Effect

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The Hawthorne Effect

Use the table below to answer the following. Be sure to write in complete sentences.

* Investigate the history of the Hawthorne Effect and discuss why it is important for researchers to know about this phenomenon. * Brainstorm ways that researchers can eliminate this confound.

History and definition of Hawthorne Effect | The Hawthorne effect was established from a case study conducted between 1924 and 1936 the study being observed was work enviornment would effect the output of productivity. General electric funded the research in an attempt to ascertain if lighting was a factor on workplace productivity, and which amount of lighting was most beneficial to promote good productivity. | Example of Hawthorne Effect | For example, I took a state licensing exam to become a licensed adjuster for GEICO. Before we took the exam we took a pre-test to evaluate everything we knew about insurance. On the day of the test all participants entered testing room and the employee's from the State of Georgia's Licensing closely observed everyone to ensure no one cheated on the exam. Due to the pressure everyone grades on the final licensing exam increased verses the grades we received during the training the week before. | Why is it important for researchers to know about this? | In order for a researcher to avoid bias in observational studies, the researcher needs to be aware of the Hawthorne Effect. In observational studies, participants are not randomly assigned to a “treatment or control” (Rosenbaum, 1991, p. 901); therefore, the researcher must strive “to factor the effect into the researcher design” (Rosenbaum, 1991, p. 902). When studying human participants, researchers need to be cognizant that their participants, while subconsciously, will “change their behavior to fit the expected results of an...

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