Free Essay

Hazmat

In: Science

Submitted By aguerrero4110
Words 1455
Pages 6
Chapter 23 Haz Mat Study Guide

Hazard Types

TRACEM: Thermal, Radiological, Asphyxiation, Chemical, Etiological/Biological, Mechanical.

Thermal Hazards

Elevated Temperature Materials: In a liquid phase at or above 212'F, Intentionally heated heated at or above its liquid phase flash point of 100'F, In a solid phase at or above 464'F.
Low Temperatures: Liquefied gases and cryogenic liquids (convert to liquids at or below -130'F) can freeze materials on contact.

Radiological Hazards

Types of Ionizing Radiation: Alpha (can be stopped by paper or skin), Beta (After traveling 20 feet, can be stopped by a layer of clothing or 0.08 inches of aluminum), Gamma (Can be stopped by 2 inches of lead, 2 feet of concrete, or several feet of earth), Neutron (More penetrating than gamma).
Types of Contamination: External, Internal, and Environmental.

Asphyxiation Hazards

Asphyxiants: Prevent the body from absorbing oxygen.
Simple Asphyxiants: Displace oxygen.
Chemical Asphyxiants: Prohibit the body from processing available oxygen.

Chemical Hazards

Poisons/Toxins: Cause injury at the site where they contact the body, Neurotoxins produce systemic effects in the nervous system.
Corrosives: Acids (pH less than 7), Bases (pH more than 8), can react violently when mixed with water.
Irritants: Cause temporary but sometimes sever inflammation.
Convulsants: Cause involuntary muscle contraction.
Carcinogens: PVC, Benzene, Asbestos, Arsenic, Nickel.
Sensitizers/Allergens: Cause allergic reactions.

Etiological/Biological Hazards

Viruses: Reproduce in the living cells of their hosts, do not respond to antibiotics.
Bacteria: Invade tissues or produce toxins.
Rickettsias: Bacteria spread by infected fleas, ticks, and lice.
Biological Toxins: Produced by living organisms, even if the organism is not harmful.
Biological Weapons: Smallpox (virus), Anthrax (Bacteria), Botulism (Toxin from bacteria).

Mechanical Hazards

Blast-Pressure Wave (Shock Wave): Causes most of the injuries and damage.
Shrapnel Fragmentation: Thrown outward in all directions.
Seismic Effect: Shock waves cause the ground to shake like an earthquake.

Routes of Entry

Inhalation.
Ingestion.
Contact: Damage occurs only at the surface.
Absorption: Enters through the skin or eyes.

Properties and Behavior

States of Matter: Gases (inhalation hazard), Liquids (Contact hazard).
Flammability: depends on flash point, autoignition temperature, and flammable range.
Vapor Pressure: Measures a substance's tendency to evaporate.
Boiling Point: Boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE).
Vapor Density: Less than 1, lighter than air (rises); Greater than 1, heavier than air (sinks).
Solubility: How well a substance mixes in water.
Specific Gravity: Less than 1, lighter than water (rises); Greater than 1, heavier than water (sinks).
Persistence: A chemical's ability to remain effective in the environment without dissipating.
Reactivity: Ability and ease of a substance to chemically react with other materials.

General Emergency Behavior Model (GEBMO)

1. Stress: Thermal, Chemical, or Mechanical.
2. Breach: Disintegration, Runaway Cracking, Attachments Open or Break, Puncture, or Split or Tear.
3. Release: Detonation, Violent Rupture (BLEVE), Rapid Relief, or Spill/Leak.
4. Dispersion/Engulf: Cloud, Cone, Hemispheric (Dome-shaped), Plume, Pool, Stream, or Irregular.
5. Exposure/Contact: Short-Term (Hours), Medium-Term (Months), or Long-Term (Generations).
6. Harm: Estimations should include a worst-case scenario.

Identifying Hazardous Materials

1. Locations and occupancies
2. Container types and shapes
3. Transportation placards, labels, and markings
4. Other non transportation markings and colors
5. Written resources
6. Senses
7. Monitoring and detection devices
The higher the number on this list, the more difficult to detect, and the more risk to firefighters.

Locations and Occupancies

Preincident surveys are the best and safest ways to determine. Terrorist Targets: Mass transportation, Critical infrastructure, Public assembly and recreation, High profile buildings, Industrial sites, Educational sites, and Medical facilities.

Container Types and Shapes

Bulk-Capacity Fixed-Facility Containers: Either Atmospheric (Below 0.5 psi) or Pressurized (0.5-15psi-above).
Bulk Transportation Containers: Tank and other rail cars (Railroad), Cargo tanks (Highway), Intermodal containers (highway, railroad, or marine vessel).
Intermediate Bulk Containers: Rigid or flexible portable packaging designed for mechanical handling.
Ton Containers: Contain chlorine, sulfer dioxide, anhydrous ammonio, or Freon (Structural PPE is not adequate protection).
Nonbulk Packaging: Bags, Carboys and jerrycans, Cylinders, Drums, Dewar flasks (cryogenic liquids)
Containers for Radioactive Materials: Type A, Type B, Type C (High activity materials, designed to withstand plane crashes), Industrial, and Excepted

Transportation Placards, Labels, and Markings

Regulated by U.S. DOT, Transport Canada, and Mexico's Ministry of Communications and Transport.
Anhydrous Ammonia is flammable and an inhalation hazard as a concentrated gas (16-25%), and severely corrosive as a liquid.
DOT labels: 3.9-inch square-on-point diamonds which must have written text if it is a Class 7 Radioactive label.
Marking: a descriptive name, an identification number, a weight, or a specification.
4-Digit UN Identification Numbers: Each hazardous material is assigned a 4-digit number which is displayed on a placard and corresponds to a reference in an Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) which outlines initial actions to be taken at haz mat incidents.
Specification Plates: Display the standards to which the container was built.
Railroad Tank Car and International Intermodal Container Markings: Reporting Marks (Letters and numbers that are used to get information on the car's contents, Capacity Stencil (Shows the volume of the tank), and Specification Marking (Indicates the standards to which a tank car was built).

NFPA 704 System: Indicates the type of hazard, but doesn't specify the material. Health (Left), Flammability (Top), and Instability (Right) are rated from 0-4 (4 being the worst). Special hazards are indicated on the bottom (water-reactive or oxidizers).
Canadian Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System: Requires Safety Data Sheets (Contains information on specific chemicals).
Manufacturers' Labels and Signal Words: CAUTION (Minor health effects), WARNING (Moderate hazards), DANGER (Highest degree of hazard), POISON (In addition to DANGER on highly toxic materials).
Military Markings: When shipped by common carrier, not required to use DOT and TC markings.
Pipeline Identification: Use signal words, contain info about contents, and contact info.
Pesticide Labels: EPA regulations, must contain the name and a signal word, EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE if contents have a flash point below 80'F.

Written Resources

Shipping Papers: Air Bill, Bill of Lading (Highway), Trainlist/Consist, Dangerous Cargo Manifest (Water).
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs): Based on a Globally Harmonized System (GHS), Contains detailed information prepared by the manufacturer.
Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG): For use by emergency services personnel who are the first to arrive on scene of a transportation incident involving HazMat on a highway or railroad, Quickly identify the hazards of a material and protect themselves and the general public.

Senses

Never use your senses to detect hazardous materials.
Physical Actions: Do not change the materials' elemental composition (liquid to gas)
Chemical Reactions: Convert one substance to another (Extraordinary fire conditions).
Natural Gas: Normally odorless, Mercaptan added to make it detectable by smell.
Olfactory Fatigue: Some toxins can make you unable to detect odor soon after initial exposure.
If you are close enough to smell or taste a hazard, you are too close to be safe.

Monitoring and Detection Devices

Can only be effective when in actual contact with the material. Combustible gas indicators and multigas meters can determine the presence and concentration of hazardous materials.

Terrorist Attacks and Illicit Laboratories
Illicit Clandestine Laboratory: Produces illegal or controlled substances.
Toxic Industrial Material (TIM): Toxic chemical that is produced in large quantities of at least 30 million tons per year at a single facility.

Terrorist Attacks

Chemical Attack Indicators: SLUDGEMM (Salivation, Lacrimation, Urination, Defecation, Gastrointestinal upset, Emesis, Miosis, Muscular Twitching), DUMBELS (Bronchospasm).
Biological Attack Indicators: Victims dispersed over a wide area, Delayed vague and flu-like symptoms, No observable features.
Radiological Attack Indicators: Dispersal may be by a radiological dispersal device (dirty bomb), Material that is hot without an external heat source, Glowing material.
Nuclear Attack Indicators: Mushroom cloud, Powerful explosion, Electromagnetic pulse (EMP; cause voltage and current surges which damage electronic systems).
Explosive/Incendiary Attack Indicators: Most common terrorist attacks, Accelerant odors, Multiple fires or explosions, Incendiary/explosive device components.

Illicit Laboratories

Drug Labs: Most common type of lab, About 80-90% produce methamphetamine, May contain water-reactive chemicals, For every pound of meth produced, about 6 pounds of hazardous waste is generated.
Chemical Labs: Produce chemical warfare agents, Use chemicals that are not used to make drugs (organophosphate pesticides, cyanides, acids).
Explosive Labs: Second most common lab, Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) do not require technical expertise or specialized equipment and the materials are cheap and easy to purchase.
Biological Labs: Use specialized materials and equipment such as microscopes, antibiotics/vaccines, and PPE (HEPA filters).

Secondary Devices and Booby Traps
Secondary Attacks: Used to create chaos or to divert responders away from the primary attack area, Perform a visual search for suspicious items before moving into the incident area.
Booby Traps: Set to protect illicit laboratories, do not turn on or off lab equipment, leave electrical pumps turned on to prevent overheating.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Hazmat

...Interaction To HazMat WK 3 Assessment question 11 & 12 11) The paint formerly used on some storage tanks contained aluminum powder, which reflected heat from the surface of the tanks.  Experts recommended grounding these tanks because grounding these tanks would protect them from lightning strikes and static electricity (Meyer, 2010). Experts also recommended storing only noncombustible materials in tanks that were painted with products that contained aluminum powder because aluminum powder is a pyrophoric material. By insuring only noncombustible materials are stored in these tanks would significantly cut down on the already dangerous situation. Paint with aluminum powder already adds a significant risk of fire and/or explosion; with an ignition source and stored combustibles would only add to an already dangerous situation (Meyer, 2010). The installation of an automatic sprinkling system are recommended in machine shops that use lathes to fabricate titanium parts. Titanium in bulk for is not hazardous but when you use a lathe to the shape titanium it becomes finely divided and will pose a dangerous risk of fire and/or explosion (Meyer, 2010). This dangerous process can occur because finely divided titanium reacts with atmospheric moisture and can self-ignite (Meyer, 2010). The use of automatic sprinkler systems can quickly supply a great amount of water to the burning metal to keep the spread of fire to the room of origin rather than giving it time to spread......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hazmat Goods

...Choosing the right mode of transport is always been tricky but when it comes to transporting goods, companies are consistently clear in their decision. Air is considered to be the safest way of transporting hazmat goods globally but when it has to be transported locally rail has 99.99% of successful shipments when it comes to hazmat goods. It is cheap compared to air and is safer and faster when compared to other modes of transportation. In U.S, rail is used to transport tons and tons of hypersensitive goods because traveling through water has high risk, flying is costly and the road has 16 times more accident rate compared to rail(Rahman, Norton and Portera 2013; Dobruszkes 2011). Even for transporting oversized or heavy weight freight rails...

Words: 323 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Programming Fundamentals

...man hours you were assigned and make sure you don’t go over your allotted man hours. This can result in disciplinary action. Step 3) Get your MRC cards for the maintenance you plan on doing for day 1. A) You can get your cards from your DCPO binder in the DC locker (same place you had your meeting). B) Read your MRC card carefully and understand the maintenance you have to do, what tools are needed, and what HAZMAT is needed. Step 4) Gathering your tools. A) Gather all the tools needed for the maintenance from your DCPO locker located in your division space. Tip) if you don’t have all the tools needed you may borrow tools from the DC Petty Officer in charge. You must sign out the tool and put down how long you will need it and what division you are in, so if you don’t return it they can track it down. Keep in mind if you leave the ship you will be called back to return the tools. So turn in your tools. Step 5) Gathering your HAZMAT if needed. If HAZMAT is not needed skip this step. A) To gather HAZMAT you must have your MRC card with you. B) Go down to the HAZMAT locker. Here they will give you a form you will need to fill out. You will need...

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hazardous Materials Emergincy Response Plan

...cITY OF CHULA VISTA | HAZARDOUS MATERIALS | EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN | | [Type the author name] | 10/23/2011 | Table of Contents PURPOSE OF EMERGENCY PLAN.................................................................................. PLANNING FOR EMERGENCY....................................................................................... PROCEDURES............................................................................................................... RESPONDERS SAFETY................................................................................................... DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS................................................................................. INCIDENT COMMAND CENTER .................................................................................... INCEDENT COMMAND SYSTEM (ISC) FIRE DEPARTMENT....................................................................................................... INCIDENT CLASSIFICATION EVACUATION PROCEDURES.......................................................................................... POLICE DEPARTMENT .................................................................................................. EMERGENCY MEDICAL RESPONCE................................................................................. STAGING MANAGER COMMUNICATION PROCEDURES.................................................................................. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EMERGINCY...

Words: 1735 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Internal and External Factors Paper

...loads A driver refusing PA On the seventh day of Christmas Lotus sent to me 7 loads are missing 6 damaged trailers 5 Safety Keys (Smith System() 4 bad ETAs 3 late deramps 2 Target loads A driver refusing PA On the eighth day of Christmas Lotus sent to me 8 Drivers swearing 7 loads are missing 6 damaged trailers 5 Safety Keys (Smith System() 4 bad ETAs 3 late deramps 2 Target loads A driver refusing PA On the ninth day of Christmas Lotus sent to me 9 hazmat loads 8 Drivers swearing 7 loads are missing 6 damaged trailers 5 Safety Keys (Smith System() 4 bad ETAs 3 late deramps 2 Target loads A driver refusing PA On the tenth day of Christmas Lotus sent to me 10 hour resets 9 hazmat loads 8 Drivers swearing 7 loads are missing 6 damaged trailers 5 Safety Keys (Smith System() 4 bad ETAs 3 late deramps 2 Target loads A driver refusing PA On the eleventh day of Christmas Lotus sent to me 11 Urgent Sametimes 10 hour resets 9 hazmat loads 8 Drivers swearing 7 loads are missing 6 damaged trailers 5 Safety Keys (Smith System() 4 bad ETAs 3 late deramps 2 Target loads A driver refusing PA On the twelfth day of Christmas...

Words: 387 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Law Essay

...12835 Middlesbrough Lane Houston, Texas, 77066 (832) 785-2065 Objective: Seeking to obtain a Warehouse / Inventory control position that offers growth based on enthusiasm and ability. 10+ years of warehouse/inventory experience with past HAZMAT and OSHA training while with F.E.M.A. Looking for new opportunity to display valuable knowledge full time. Lots of experience in inventory control, shipping/receiving, order selecting, pallet building, inventory cycle counting, and stocking shelves. Experience: Manpower Staffing( Hewlett Packard, Weatherford Labs )Houston, TX Inventory Clerk/ Shipping and Receiving, 2009-2011 • Responsible for managing millions of dollars worth of inventory. • Received $100k worth of incoming and outgoing freight each week. • Input product data into computer using Warehouse EMR and LOLA Software systems. • Operate sit down and stand up forklift but not certified. Moved approximately 10,000 lbs of material per day using pallet jacks (manual and electric) with zero product damage and no personal injury. • Review and assemble product orders, creating shipping labels, and delivering product orders around warehouse. Dr. Pepper Bottling Company, Houston, Texas Warehouse Shipping/ Receiving, Inventory Control Clerk......

Words: 386 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Science 110 First Assignment

...LAB RESEARCH 1 PROCEDURES IN PHYSICAL SCIENCE EBONI G JOE 5/4/14 SCI 110 PROFESSOR A 1) Astronomy is the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space and the physical universe in whole. Three specific challenges to making direct measurements in the fields of astronomy are: How to calculate how far away the stars are from the earth? How hot does the sun get? And how could we tell that there is life on Mars? The way that scientist have utilized indirect forms of measure to overcome these challenges are. To measure how far the stars are away from earth astronomers measures the distances to the close –by object. Then use the measurements observations to measure the other distance in the galaxies. This is a difficult because scientist cannot really make the correct measurements, its’ just a guess. Scientist can make direct measurements by using the Parallax to determine the distance of the stars, which can also guess the position of the plants. For the measurement of how hot the sun can get NASA scientists have not been able to get close enough to the sun to actually determine how hot the sun is. Scientist estimate the temperature of the sun by how much radiation that comes from the ball of gas, the gamma-rays and also the X-rays from the sun are measured to be very hot according to www.imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov. The scientist uses a formula to measure the volume, density of the sun and the radius helps determine how hot the sun maybe. Scientist cannot get......

Words: 1023 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Lessons from Recent Disasters and the Development of Disaster Medical Assistance Teams in Taiwan

...Taiwan experienced a lot of disasters in recent several years, including a huge earthquake in 1999, air-crash in 1998 and 2001, and many typhoons and floods every year and SARS in 2003. These incidents created demands that challenged our medical infrastructures. The emergency medical preparedness programs evolved a lot in response to medical surge in these disasters. In our system, several characteristics should be clarified in the beginning: 1. In our multiple casualty incident plans require to send hospital doctors to the incidents immediately to save lives, disregarding what they can do or if the scene is under control. The emergency medical services system of Taiwan was established in 1995, and the fire fighters were trained to be emergency medical technicians (EMT) to provide pre-hospital medical care, people still believe that physicians at the scene can provide better medical care than the fire fighters/EMT. An experienced physician at the rescue scene may do a better job in triage and arranging definite medical care site, but not every hospital physician has street sense and proficiency in trauma care skills. When the personnel in emergency room of a smaller hospital were deployed to the scene, it jeopardized the capacity of hospitals for receiving patients. 2. The plans tend to call back all the personnel immediately. The first step of a response plan of an organization is usually to call back all the off duty personnel by all means. This procedure is......

Words: 1258 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Iso 14001 Unit 1 Research Paper

...Sustainability is becoming a mandatory criteria as the increase in demand from suppliers. • Regulatory compliance Our team of experts will set up your organization and its processes legible with laws, regulations and guidelines as mandated by the authorities in your areas of service. • ISO 14001 ISO 14001 environmental certification helps organizations by providing an outline for environmental protection best practices to minimise their environmental footprint. • HazMat and HazWOPER HazMat refers to hazardous materials. We provide on-site assistance programs on managing hazardous materials and for employees who handles hazardous wastes. HazWOPER refers to Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response, is a set of instructions maintained and produced by the OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) which manages hazardous waste operations and emergency services. • MESH certificate The Manager of Environmental Safety and Health (MESH) Certificate Program is designed for environmental, safety and...

Words: 438 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Military Information

...CBRN Room Maintenance SOP Table of Contents 1. CONCEPT Page 2 2. PURPOSE 2 3. APPLICABILITY 2 4. RESPONSIBILITIES 2– 7 5. OPERATOR PMCS 8 6. UNIT LEVEL PMCS 9 7. SUPPLY ACCOUNTABILITY 10 8. SAFETY GUIDANCE FOR CBRN EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE 11 9. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE 12 10. CALIBRATION/WIPETESTS 12-13 11. PUBLICATIONS MANAGEMENT 13 12. FILES MANAGEMENT 14 13. READINESS REPORTING 14 12. POINT OF CONTACT (For the SOP) REPLY TO ATTENTION OF DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY HEADQUARTERS, 82ND CIVIL AFFAIRS BATTALION 1984 WILLIAM H. WILSON AVE STE. 108 FORT STEWART, GA 31314 AFZP-VSA-CO 16 June 2014 MEMORANDUM F0R RECORD SUBJECT: CBRN SOP 1. CONCEPT: This SOP contains information and guidance from many sources. It is intended to simplify the task of learning CBRN room maintenance operations, provide a ready reference for CBRN room maintenance operations, and convey the commander’s intent concerning maintenance of equipment stored in the CBRN room. 2. PURPOSE: To establish procedures for the maintenance of equipment stored in the unit CBRN room. 3. APPLICABILITY: This SOP applies to all personnel assigned to the unit. ...

Words: 9725 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Anti-Theft System

...Implementation and Development of Vehicle Tracking and Immobilization Technologies MTI Report 09-04 MINETA TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE The Norman Y. Mineta International Institute for Surface Transportation Policy Studies (MTI) was established by Congress as part of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991. Reauthorized in 1998, MTI was selected by the U.S. Department of Transportation through a competitive process in 2002 as a national “Center of Excellence.” The Institute is funded by Congress through the United States Department of Transportation’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration, the California Legislature through the Department of Transportation (Caltrans), and by private grants and donations. The Institute receives oversight from an internationally respected Board of Trustees whose members represent all major surface transportation modes. MTI’s focus on policy and management resulted from a Board assessment of the industry’s unmet needs and led directly to the choice of the San José State University College of Business as the Institute’s home. The Board provides policy direction, assists with needs assessment, and connects the Institute and its programs with the international transportation community. MTI’s transportation policy work is centered on three primary responsibilities: Research MTI works to provide policy-oriented research for all levels of government and the private sector to foster the development of optimum......

Words: 21989 - Pages: 88

Premium Essay

Beats

...Citizenship: Yes, American Citizen Special Hiring Authority: 10 point Veteran preference Federal Experience: Yes, United States Air Force Logistic Service Technician for Inventory Management Clearance: Secret Security Clearance (Inactive) Objective To obtain a full time position in public service with Defense Contract Management Agency as Supply Management Specialist for job announcement number SWH89Y141405261194735D Education University of Phoenix [2011-2014] Currently attending the University of Phoenix to obtain a Bachelors degree in Business Management. Skills Focused and highly motivated Logistic Inventory Management Specialist professional, with 9 + years of extensive experience in medical, dental, surgical, environmental management, distribution, engineering, and other miscellaneous Logistic Inventory Management duties. Utilizing my background in Logistic Inventory Management, coordinating, purchasing, distributing, and receiving supplies to develop comprehensive programs based on the mission of the agency. Deploying Inventory Management based solutions and maximizing our stock levels for budgeting requirements. I’m an innovative and energetic team player, relationship builder, and highly effective communicator. * As Inventory Management Specialist I trained a staff of 10+ internal and external personnel on analyzing stock levels. This led to a 70% reduction in Inventory violations and improved the overall atmosphere in......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Firefighter Research Paper

...understand that they exist to serve the needs of the public and recognize that the members of the district are the most valuable asset by treating others with dignity and respect. Also to participate in training and development opportunities to enable every member to become an excellent performer and prepare for a plan of change. Their mission statement is to provide the highest level of service to the residents and the vistors of the district in the delivery of emergency and prevention services, thereby reducing the loss of life and property damage due to fire medical and other emergencies. The services that they provide are EMS, basic life support, wildland fire, structure fire, swift water rescue, hazmat and some confined space. There special operations consisting of swift water and hazmat. The different divisions they have are operations, communications, administrative support and of course fire protection. The divisions interact with the community events such as the Marysville peach festival, Marysville Christmas parade, bok kai parade, national night out, veterans day parade, beale AFB fire prevention week, guest reader programs at local elementary...

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

9/11 Attack Research Paper

...facilities by indicating the product’s health, fire, reactivity, and special hazards. The DOT’s system is used for identifying, marking, labeling, and placarding hazardous materials (hazmat) during the transportation of these materials (FEMA, 2013). These systems were developed to aid first responders in being able to quickly and safely identify the different type of dangerous substances. Furthermore, these systems permit first responders to protect themselves from the hazardous material. If a terrorist attack uses chemical agents to incite terror the NFPA 704 system and DOT system will support the efforts of the first responders in protecting themselves and the citizens that they are there to protect. The potential threats of terrorist attacks are insurmountable; with every type of attack, the outcome for possible threats has a great deal to do with where the attack takes place. If the terrorist organization used a weapon of mass destruction (WMD) it could be used to produce chemical, biological, radioactive agents, conventional explosives and secondary devices, and combined hazards. The threats from each one of these attacks bring with it, its set of problems. “A terrorist incident involving chemical agent it will demand an immediate reaction from first responders—fire departments, police, hazmat teams, emergency medical services (EMS), and emergency room staff—who will need adequate training and equipment” (Guide, 2002, p.10). CBS News (as cited by Steinhäusler,......

Words: 688 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Student

...In the last four decades, there has been a significant growth in the service and information sectors of the economy. This growth explains the increasing importance of the Management Information Systems (MIS) discipline which studies the development, use and management of information systems (IS). Computer and IS skills have become required for most professions. This course is an opportunity for the students of the TBS to be introduced to such an important field. One of the main objectives of the course is to provide the students with basic IS skills (at the conceptual level) and to familiarize them with the technical jargon in order to bridge the communication gap that may exist between them and IT professionals. Good communication between end-users and IT professionals is crucial to the successful development, implementation, management, and strategic use of IS. Another important objective of this course is to expose the students to various issues surrounding the management of IS and to help them to understand the strategic implication of IS. More specifically, the following topics will be covered: ● IS concepts, models, and basic theories ● Information Technology (Hardware and Software) ● Role of IS in the Organization ● Strategic Use of IS ● IS Development ● Integrated IS (ERP, SCM, CRM) ● e-business and e-commerce RECOMMENDED TEXTS: 1. Ken C. Laudon & Jane P. Laudon, Management Information Systems, 12th Edition, Prentice Hall. 2. The teacher’s......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4