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Hbcu's

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jthomas209
Words 2785
Pages 12
Jaries Thomas
Dr. Forrest-Carter
ENG 3302-01
05 December 2011
The Research Essay Commencing in 1837, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were established to serve the educational needs of African Americans. Cheney University of Pennsylvania marked the beginning of educational opportunities for blacks. Prior to the time of their establishment, and for many years afterwards, blacks were generally denied admission to predominately white institutions (PWI). As a result, HBCUs became the principle means for providing postsecondary education to black Americans. In an address made by former U.S. President George Bush, he stated: “At a time when many schools barred their doors to black Americans, these colleges offered the best, and often the only, opportunity for a higher education” (“HBCUs and Higher Education Desegregation”). Historically Black Colleges and Universities provide valuable educational opportunities for African Americans. Although there have been continual controversies concerning the place and role of these institutions within the larger framework of higher education, over the years changes have occurred in the functions and perceptions of these establishments (Roebuck and Mury 1). In Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965, Congress officially defined an HBCU as an institution whose principal mission was and is the education of black Americans (“About HBCUs”). Even after the abolition of slavery in 1865, the African American population was yet faced with major prejudices and discrimination (Mullane 386). Due to this, the possibility of an African American receiving an education seemed slim to none. HBCUs were the first institutions to provide African Americans with four year degrees. In the beginning of the nineteenth century, many postsecondary education institutions were classified as being “white only.”...

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