Free Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 4: Developing Through the Life Stages

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jayjayses
Words 7848
Pages 32
For this task I had to select an individual for my assignment and describe their physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of their life stages. The individual I have chosen is Michael Jackson, I have chosen him because I think that his life was very interesting and I’d like to explore all the other aspects of this life. I will need explain what I think could/should happen to Michael Jackson at each life stage.

Michael Jacksons parents Katherine Jackson and Joe Jackson would have conceived Michael around about November 1957.Conception is the making of a new beginning of life , now each women should be born with a full functioning birth system sometimes when a women does not function properly she may not be able to have children and conceive. Each month hormones are released such as follicle stimulating hormone and estrogen, these hormones help follicles develop and help the uterus to get thick and to get prepared for the fertilization of an egg. Each egg leaves the woman’s ovaries and it goes into the fallopian tube, then after this process it gets travelled through to the uterus. It all starts during intercourse, when a man has intercourse with a woman he inserts sperm into her vagina about 250 million sperms would have been ejaculated into the vagina. Every sperm looks the same as it has a long tall to enable it to swim and force itself up to the fallopian tube. This is where all the magic happens in the woman fallopian tube, the tube is about 10 cm long and here is where fertilization of an egg takes place. The distance for the sperm to travel through the vagina then to the uterus and into the fallopian tube for some can only takes hours but sperm can survive in the vagina for about 3-6 days that is why they say it can take up to 6 days for an egg to be fertilized, most eggs only last for 10-24 hours after an ovulation so if the sperm is to fertilize they have to be quick. So when the sperm are trying to penetrate the eggs outer layer only one of them can achieve their goal in fertilizing it, but once it has happened the eggs outer layer will immediately get thick to stop other sperm getting to the egg so then only one sperm can be with one egg. After all the fertilizing takes place the egg will has multiple amount of cells which would be called a Blastocyst. The cells will attach to the uterine lightly but then permanently. At this stage the egg is not an embryo just yet as its still developing so they call it a conceptus.
This next life stage is very important as the baby is now being formed and developed properly, also at this stage Michael’s mother would be able to take a pregnancy test to perceive if she is pregnant. So it will be about 4 weeks now and our individual will only be just a tiny embryo now containing two whole layers of cells to enable their organs to develop properly, at this stage a lot of things will be developing to give the baby all its organs and vital nutrients to stay alive. Their brains and backbones also nerves and spinal cord will be developing in the neural tube, and the heart and the circulatory system will now form and do will their intestines and the start of the urinary system. The York sac will now make lots of red blood cells and a lot of nutrients to help the baby develop all of these systems and organs. Now the placentas is ready it will be able to give the baby nutrients or extra waste that it doesn’t need. The umbilical cord will also help deliver everything the baby needs this includes oxygen.

(This is probably what Michael would have looked like at 4 weeks)

Now at 8 weeks even more changed would have happened to our baby than a month ago, Michael would now be 1.6 cm and his embryonic tail will just be disappearing. All of his organs and muscles and nerves will be able to function a little and now his nerve cells and in his brain will be connecting and forming. His hands will now be able to make movements so he will be able to bend it and twist his wrists, also his feet will now begin to lose its webbed presence. His eyes and eyelids will now cover a lot more of his eyes, and also his taste buds will form. Appearance wise Michaels mothers figure will be changing so her bump is visible and her waistline is grow bigger as well , also her breast will start to grow so at this point it would be a good idea to get a new bra.

(This is probably what Michael would have looked like at 8 weeks)

Now at 12 weeks 2 months into the pregnancy Michael would now been about 5.4 cm long and might weight around 13-15g. Now one of the most important things will happen to him he will receive his reflexes and they will improve. Michaels mother might have felt him moving at this stage as his fatal nerves may be getting bigger quickly also the neurological connections in his brain will form. He can also do things like curl his toes and clench his thist and close his fingers. Michael will now start to look human like with human like features like ears in the right place, eyes become close together. Organs building up to be doing more tasks. Michael’s mother should have now started wearing clothes that are a bit for loose fitted because she may not fit into her normal clothes.
Throughout the whole 12 weeks from now Michaels mum is at the first trimester and would have been experiencing symptoms such as, feeling really tired on a day to day basis, feeling sick or actually being sick, swelling in different parts of the body and swollen breast, Unusual cravings for things, having the urge to urinate very regularly, headaches hearts burn and lastly weight gain.

(This is probably what Michael would have looked like at 12 weeks.

Now at 16 weeks 3 months into the pregnancy Michael would now be about 10/12 cm and he could weigh about 100-150g. The baby’s now developed his circulatory system also the urinary system to fully functioning systems. Also he is now being able to breathe through the amniotic fluid as this allows protecting as he is growing in the sack. At this stage the baby is more playful and aware of the umbilical cord and may start to explore it. Now the baby’s nerve fibres are starting to develop further so he can now feel pain.

(This is probably what Michael would have looked like at 16 weeks.)

Now we have reached to 20 weeks so about 4 months into the pregnancy Michael would be about 25/26 cm long and his weight is increasing a little. Now at this stage Michael would have vernix starting to cover his body, vernix is a thick white substance that would protect his skin while in the amniotic fluid also to help him get out better when it comes to birth. His reflexes are developing at a more advanced rate because his swallowing acting’s are becoming more frequent. His sound will be very visible now and he will start to hear more things that are outside of the womb.

(This is probably what Michael would have looked like at 20 weeks.)

Now at 24 weeks 5 months into the pregnancy Michael would be weighing at around 600g and he will be very visible as he will be taking up a lot of room in the womb. His brain is growing very fast, taste buds have now developed allowing him to taste his food and his surroundings, his skin will remain very thin and delicate . His lungs will be developing at a faster rate now as the branches of the respiratory tree and cells that can make surfactant. Surfactant will help his air sacs inflate once he comes out the womb.

(This is probably what Michael would have looked like at 24 weeks)

Now at 6 months 28 weeks into the pregnancy Michael could be weighing up to 1kg and he now has fat layers, and he could be measuring up to 37-39cm. His eyes will start to open up now and he should be able to turn his head from side to side, he may start to experience blinking as well. His bones are almost developed but they don’t harden completely until he is ready to come out.

(This is probably what Michael would have looked like at 28 weeks)

Now at 32 weeks he is 7months gone into the pregnancy he will be weighing around 1.7 kg now so he has put on a little more weight, he may also be around 42 cm long. He is now inhaling amniotic fluid to help exercise and get his lungs ready for birth. If Michaels mother would have had a premature birth now he would have a good chance in surviving as a lot of his organs are well developed. His skin is becoming smoother and he may have had some hair starting to form now. His testicles should have descended from the abdomen to the scrotum but sometimes they don’t move into the right place until he is born.

(This probably would have been Michael at 32weeks)

Now at 36 weeks 8 months into the pregnancy he is still getting heavier weighing at around 2.7kg and maybe being around 46-49cm long. He now at this stage may be starting to drop down as the lighting or engagement stage, his mother may feel uncomfortable when walking and she may also feel like he could come out at any moment. He could come out anytime from now and 42 weeks, if Michael was born before 37 weeks he would have been a premature baby and also if he was born after 42 weeks he would be post term.

(Michael may have looked like this at 36 weeks)

Now if Michael still is not born then he has been in the womb longer than most babies but it is still normal. He will quite heavy now weighing around 3.4kg and at a height of around 49-52cm. He will he making vernix still and it will still be protecting his skin, he will be fully developed at this stage and he can do things like suck his thumb. He will be due to be born anytime now.

(If Michael still has not been born he would look like this)

Intellectual Development:
Intellectual development is all about how our baby’s brain works throughout pregnancy music is very valuable to the baby as it enriches their intellectual development, this is because it can build up their neural firing patterns in their brain which helps musical spatial cognition. Music can help the baby development more self-confidence and also make them relax, it will also have an effect that the baby will appreciate music more and their creative and cognitive skills may be more advanced and the baby may be able to be more intelligent. The environment plays a big part in how the brain will develop while inside the womb some scientists say that The embryo itself provides the environment that interacts with the genes’ , This basically means that the brain is making its own environment which then bonds with his genes. As the brain is developing it grows dramatically in size, the forebrain rises to the cerebral hemispheres.

Social and Emotional Development:
Conferring to ‘Paediatrics and the Mayo Clinic, a baby should being to develop their emotional development about 6 months of being inside the womb. This is because the baby’s physical development hearing wise is more advanced so the baby is more aware of everything around them. At this stage the baby will start to explore move and even kick the mother and show her that they are present this may be because emotionally the people is connecting and responding to the mother’s voice and her sound. Also the baby can feel all different types of emotions in the womb like love and sadness happiness and also stress, the way the mother is feeling has a big impact on the baby because they are linked together. If the mother talks to the baby or sings to it while it is in the womb this can initially get them to comprehend the emotion of love, also if the mother was having a conversation they can also grasp what a happy conversation would sound like by tones of voices also a sad conversation this would correspondingly help understand the different emotions. Also the baby can feel emotions of stress if the mother is under a great deal of stress , her blood pressure will rise and so will the baby’s making them both feel discomforted and stressed , this is why it is always a good idea to not be stressed while bring pregnant. So if you interact a lot with the baby before it is born you may have a stronger relationship with the child.

Language Development:
There are many studies that show that babies are hearing there mother talk at around the last 2 months of the pregnancy. Part of what the mother says while the baby is in the womb has a big effect on the baby’s development when it’s born. When the mother makes a sound the baby likes to imitate the mother and any sounds around here to be able to make melody’s and sounds. Studies also show that babies can make vowel sounds shown by the mother in the womb.

Birth And Infancy 0-3 years
At the birth to infancy stage Michael will be starting his new life , budding emotions will be going through there would have been so many new experiences to his life such as starting school learning all different things and reaching so many milestones.
Physical Development
Physically Michael will be experiencing all his reflexes as soon as he is born reflexes these are the first stages of simple development for the baby. The first reflex is the rooting reflex this happens when his face comes into contact with anything this is so they can move there body’s in response to look for food. The second reflex is the grasp reflex which happens when a baby’s hand tightens around anything this may help in the future for the baby’s voluntary grasp action later on. The third reflex is the startle reflex this can happen when the baby hears a sudden sound that startles them which will make the baby throw up his hands and legs in the air, this is the baby trying to defend themselves from harm. The last reflex is the walking reflex this can happen when the baby is put onto his feet and they will move their feet as if in a walking motion, this will help the baby proper for the walking stage. Michael should have been developing all these reflexes since he was born. While he is still young there are many things that he can accomplish and it happens very quickly as they grow so fast at a young age. He will be making many milestones such as while he is at 3 months he can follow objects at close range he can also lift and turn his head side to side, when he reaches 6 months he can push his head up and move his chest off the floor also he can start to roll over, the coming to 9 months he should be able to sit up well with no help , also hold a bottle or beaker o=of some sorts , and the by 12 months he should be able to start to walk with support from objects, also know simple words and phrases and simple instructions, and then by 2 years he should be able to walk and run , somewhere along the 2 year path he should be able to do all these things but to a more advanced level.
Intellectual development
Intellectually Michael should be at the sensorimotor stage on Piaget’s theory. This stage is specifically for them to learn through all their senses and through their body movement in this stage they will learn something called object permanence. Piaget thinks that object permanence is the most important element of the sensorimotor stage, this happens when a object is placed in from of the baby then when you cover the objet the baby will ideally think that the object is completely vanished leaving them to feel shocked and a little uneasy, when the baby has mastered object permanence they will be able to identify that the object is still there and not completely vanished. Also at this stage he will start to explore the world in a different light he will now explore his likes and dislikes for example if he liked to suck his thumb or likes to play with a special toy he will keep doing these actions simply for pleasure, also he may start to imitate adult roles such as playing with tea cups. At around 2- 18 months he will start to explore all the sounds he can make to get attention from his mother if these sounds work he may continue to use them as a form of communication. Lastly the baby will finally develop symbols to view the world through a mental process rather than through his actions like recognizing a symbol and relating it to a real life object.

Social and Emotional Development
At this stage socially and emotionally Michael will be starting to interact with the other people and children around him he would have been more encouraged of this as he has brothers and sisters , preferably he will play along with other children inside of directly with them. At really early stages Michael should smile being to show emotion and respond to social simulation he should also respond to being comforted by a familiar adult, at around 3 to 6 months he should start to develop more and should see a difference between too adults by the way they may look and sound, he should cry when he feels upset and he should recognize different faces. Now coming onto the 6 to 9 month mark he should like to interact when playing games like peek a boo, also he should start to feel other people’s emotions such as his mother being angry using a angry tone of voice, he can now use things to comfort himself by using a dummy or a blanket or a special comforter. Sometimes if the baby did not make any of these developments by the 9 month mark they may have health problems Michael did not see to have any problems in this area. At around the 12 month + mark he should be able to show emotion like happiness when they see something they like or enjoy , also know the meaning of no and to not be able to do things , give out affection and love and know strangers that may be from the family.

Language Development At the birth to infancy age language development is meant to be the most important age to learn language as they are learning very quickly by everything around them. At around the 0 to 11 month mark Michael will be communicating very much but no with words he will be communicating with eye contact and making vowel sounds trying out sounds of letters, he should also begin to babble for attention and make different crying sounds. To enable him to reach the point of actually talking he would need to do all the process above. At the ages 12 to 21 months he should now be able to use common words with reason, he should be able to babble small sentences and now familiar toys or animals. Then onwards to 24 to 36 months he should know simple explanations such as if you do this you can have this as a reward, linking two worded sentences like bye-bye mommy and three worded sentences like mommy let’s play , he would be able to point to his body parts and use over 200 or more words. I think that because Michael was so musically engaged he would know a lot of songs and could speak at an advanced level for his age.

Childhood 4-9 Years
In this stage Michael would be starting to explore more , it would be understanding concepts and learning to share use his manners , he will be making and building friendships , finding out what he likes and dislikes about himself. Michael attended Garner Elementary school Emerson Jr. High School, and Montclair Prep high school, and from the age of four he went into full time work as the lead singer in the band The Jackson Five.
Physical Development
At around to 5 years Michael will be very active he will be developing his hand eye coordination which will let him play with small pieces of toys, he will like to explore the world by jumping and running around, he will be able throw and catch a ball, walk up and down stairs without help. Reaching the 7 to 9 years mark he should be able to identify himself lot more find out his ambitions now what his dreams are, his skills such as kicking batting kicking and throwing will become more improved and his strength and coordination. Every individual is different so some children may be less physical then others simply because their parents did not encourage it or thy just weren’t that good at sports. At the late stage of his childhood Michael became really famous and he found it very hard to be able to do physical actives.
Intellectual Development
At around 5- 6 years old this age Michael should know about 2000 words, he should be able to know his lefts to rights, he should begin to have a arguementive point of view to the world and understand concepts such as today tomorrow yesterday and time, he also should be able to follow simple instructions and do simple tasks. Coming up to 7-9 years he will begin to develop a longer attention spam but this would also be very well developed because to his time performing , he will also be able to tell the time properly and would like to enjoy reading , at this age he would be able to take responsibility. Michael was made to be grown up and at around this age I think he would be very skilled at talking because he will be used to talking to strangers and being on sage. He would have had a lot of responsibilities on stage and also being responsible around a lot of adults.
Social And Emotional Development
At around 4 to 5 years old Michael should be learning about the concepts of right and wrong also he should be enjoying being obedience and he should like to be praised. He should also like to imitate other adults and being to sow leadership, he should also know how to be fair. Reaching on to ages 6 to 8 he will start to tell people about his emotions so if he is happy or sad or feeling ill, he may become confident in what he is doing, also he should begin to be protective of younger siblings or other children, and he should like to assert himself and like to succeed in games. At around 9 years he should be growing independence more and knowing the principle of rules and he should be able t see what his faults and failures are and analyse them. This is what Michael should have been doing at this age but because he was so deprived as a child he had to learn differently he was not given the opportunity to learn like a real child he got his first record deal when we was just 10 years old and before that he was attending lots of talent shows and really just getting peppered for his music career. Emotionally Michaels self-image about himself become almost reunited by his father because he was the main star he was always under pressure to get everything right he was terrified by his father. A leading university said that they “believed people could learn by observing or reading or hearing other peoples actions” , I believe this applied to Michael as he was not allowed to learn accurately so he had to copy from his older siblings and the people around him to function socially and emotionally .
Language Development
At around 4 to 6 years Michael should be able to speak clearly to other adults, he should able to speak fluent sentences that contain four or more grammatical words, and he should also enjoy asking questions and asking why things happen. Michael may have also loved singing lot nursery rhymes or even songs that he liked. He may use words incorrectly but as he gets older he should also start to talk fluently and start to talk with confidence, he should be able to remember nursery rhymes or songs and he will start to want to read poems and books. By 8 t 9 years he should understand passive sentences and he should be able to explain what he has been taught. As Michael was so attracted to music this helped his development in language because he would have learned a lot of words threw songs.

Adolescence 10-18 years
Adolescence is a daunting time for anyone you seemed to either get eased in gently into the adult world or for some bitterly pushed into it . It is the time where you find a lot about yourself.
Physical Development
Physically at around 10 to 14 years old Michael should be experience growth spurts and he should be feeling lazy at times because of this also his appetite will fluctuate with quickly. He will find that he is growing facial and pubic hair and this voice may break along this age range. Also he should be very sensitive about the changes in his body and he may start to want a lot of privacy because of this. Further on this age he should have experienced a lot of changes in puberty but hormonal changes will still be adamant. By the end of adolescence his physical development should be complete and he should be a lot more emotionally stable and his height may continue to develop but only for a short period of time.

Intellectual Development
At the 10 t0 14 mark Michael should be having an increasing attention and concentration span. He should also strive to succeed in the things he loves to do, he should also begin to understand other people’s motives and ambitions and have a strong opinion and outlook on things. Further on this age he should be able to express his feelings very well and clearly, and he should be able to develop know what is right and wrong. Also he should become better at setting own targets and goals for his future life and he should also have a better understanding of complex interrelationships of problems and issues. He should start to develop morals or himself and seek role models to follow and be like.

Social and Emotional Development
At the 10 t0 14 age range this is a very emotional and confusing time out of anyone’s life. He will be expected to experience dramatic emotional experiences which are usually related to the puberty process, he may be not be feeling very confident about himself and have low esteem because of his flaws. He may also feel like he needs to be mature at one point but treated like a kid the next. Socially he may be wanting some help from adults when he is unable to carry out some things he will be a bit rebellious and critical on parents , he will also like to be in a group of people which he can relate to and he should be very aware of the opposite sex. Further on that age he should still feel moodiness and express less affection towards his parents, sometimes he may feel very sad and depressed which can sometimes take a turn for the worst and turn into abuse on his own body.

Language Development
Threw out all the ages of adolescent he should be learning very quickly with his language development. At early stages he should be able to make written language like write stories and diary’s but they may not be very complex, also he should be learning hundreds of new words in education and if he is reading regularly that would be multiplied to thousands of words. When socially interacting with people he may find that his language is being influenced by everyone around him, many school children will relate to slang. He will be able to detect and respond to sarcasm as this is very critical at this age.

Adulthood 18-65
Adulthood is a time where people ether struggle or sail through it , you are expected to do so much in your adult life like settle down and start a family , have a good job and no money worries but for some people it is completely the opposite. Sadly Michael passed away during this life stage he died at the age 50 in 2009 he died of a severe propofol and benzodiazepine intoxication.
Physical Development
In younger adulthood around 18 t0 28 it is meant to be the peak of Michaels physical ability and fitness, as opposed to later adulthood where they say you tend to lose a lot of your strength speed and other all fitness. As you get into older adulthood Michael should see a lot of physical changes like his face aging and beginning to wrinkle, he should also develop grey hairs and even lose hair. He will start to become more weak and fragile and will fatigue a lot. At the latest stage of adulthood Michael would go through andropause which is similar to the female menopause, the symptoms of this are fatigue and for some men libido can be decreased, also the hormone levels drop and there sex drive decreases. Men usually get the andropause at the ages of 40 to 80 so Michael could or could not have experienced this. In 1979 Michael broke his nose during a very complex dance routine at the time he was 21, his caused him to have a rhinoplasty he had this surgery done 4 times other a long period of time as he was finding it hard to breath, this made his nose appear very small. In 1982 Michael suffered from a disease called vitiligo which is a type of skin cancer that makes the skin pigment and makes white patches show on various parts of the body. In early 1984 Michael was around 26 years old and he was in a dramatic accident where he got his hair caught on fire during a commercial for Pepsi, he suffered from very serious scalp burns, he got sent to Santa Monica hospital followed after with chest pains this evidently affected his career as it followed through with a drug pain killer addiction. In 1993 he became addicted to pain killers only at the age of 35 , it was said that he was taking drugs like Xanax , Ativan and valium , he took these to help with the pain he suffered after the reconstruction surgery he had on his scalp. Michael was also rushed to hospital after having a panic attack caused by stress.

Intellectual Development
Early adulthood is difficult more most as they need to move into adult roles and responsibilities and he may seek for higher education, he should be able to know and understand abstract concepts and to be aware of consequences. He should still be developing new skills and hobbies. For this stage it hard to measure IQ but by using crystallized intelligence for older adults which is when they use the information that they have collected throughout their life, and fluid intelligence which is when younger adults have the ability to think abstractly and to deal with novel situations. In 2002 Michael obtained the name ‘ Wacko Jacko’ as he dangled his new born son prince over a balcony in berlin , he said it was a terrible mistake , Michal did a lot of these things without thinking of the consequences he was very childlike and that was caused a lot by the trauma he had when he was a child. Michael then went onto suffer from a body Dysmorphic disorder , this is where he would feel ugly and extremely uncomfortable in his own skin he would sometimes wear masks and try to cover his face , this could have been caused by many things that happened to him but the main concern was the bulling his father used to give him , this made him feel insecure about himself and it created a complex.

Social and Emotional Development
Socially at this stage Michael should be wanting to start to form sexual partners, he should also know what he wants to do in life and know his goals, also his responsibilities may have an impact on the social activities going on. Emotionally he may form an emotional attachment and seek intimacy. He should also have some feelings of invincibility and he should have established his body image. Because of his skin disorder he got given a lot of bad press and this affected him emotionally also , he was feeling very sad and depressed about the disorder he tried to control by wearing a glove and using makeup but it got worse so he had to take extreme proportions and bleach his skin. While he became addicted to drugs he had help from the likes of Elton john and Elizabeth Taylor , they helped him to a rehabilitation centre to help him off his addiction , he claimed that because of all the child molestation allegations and the fact that he needed to be alert for his dangerous tour he was ‘physically and emotionally exhausted’. In 1993 aged 35 Michael was accused of sexually abusing a 13 year old boy, his American ranch ‘never land’ was raided by the police , he was found not guilty but his damaged his career , he was very good friends with Jordan and he would have sleepovers with him but Michael denied any sexual involvement. In 2006 he became aware that Michael was very much in debt, Michael would be spending enormous amounts of money on law suits to defend himself in the past years, He had to close down his ‘never land’ ranch but he was still deep in debt, emotionally Michael did not think how this would affect him in the later stage I think all the emotion and stress of the trials led him into belief that he had a lot of money.

Language Development
In adulthood Michael should be very well spoken but his grammar and vocabulary still has yet to be improved. He may be using more deep and sophisticated vocabulary in conversations to sound more confident and intelligent.
Older Adulthood 65+
Michael would not be able to complete this life stage because he would have passed away so I will begin to talk about what may have happened if he reached this life stage. Older adulthood is usually where you can retire , enjoy things like being a grandparent being around family and loved ones , but it is also a time for broken down communication and disappear.
Physical Development
In this stage Michaels cells will be staring to decay and his muscle mass will decrease. Things in the body like the heart and the lungs become less proficient and the body systems like the immune system will not be as capable as it was in adulthood and it will find it hard to fight disease. Michael may become very tired and either put on weight or lose weight. Physically Michael’s appearance would have changed, he would have got wrinkles and his skin would become very elastic and thin looking. Sometimes blood vessels will start to break out in the face and liver spots may appear. There is also a risk of Michael gaining diseases like Arthritis and Dementia or even Parkinson’s disease.
Intellectual Development
Intellectually this may be a hard time for Michael as for many people his age he may start to loose his memory especially short term memory. He may also like to learn different things as older adults can enrich the learning course for other people threw the understanding and wisdom gained from life experience. He may have found it useful to practice on his memory and many his age find this helpful to remember important things in life. If he would have keep his mind very active he may have continued to grow and have had a very well mental ability for the future.
Social and Emotional Development
In this stage Michael may have been retiring and just thinking about settling down to relax with his life and spending it with his children, he will probably be making sense of his life and will want to make things right . He would have had plenty time to do as he wishes and he will probably be very involved with his family life socially. There is a theory from Erik Erikson that is based upon a framework for development which is founded upon psychosocial stages which he defined the last stage of life as a tension between integrity and despair. So basically people during this life stage ether accepted their lives as having a meaning and importance or they think of their lives as being unsuccessful and none meaningful to feel despair.
Language Development
In this stage Michael’s speech may not be very good as he may suffer from memory loss and he may find it harder to communicate. He may have found it hard to communicate as fast and process the information being given.

Final Stages of Life
Michael did not make it to this stage but this is the stage where his body would be in complete rest and resistance and it will slowly give up until it’s time for death.

Physical Development
There are certain theories which try to explain to us why we break down and weaken as we get older. The first theory is that our body’s cells can only renew a certain amount of times about a few hundred and then after that they start to break down so then you die. The next theory is that our cells can change by the build-up of molecules this is free radicals, free radicals are what we get if we breathe and eat certain things. The last theory is that when you start to get older you produce less hormones and this results to inevitable breakdown of biological systems. If he lived to this stage he could increase his life expectancy by exercising on a daily basis and eating healthy and no stress.
Intellectual Development
His memory will have gone down a lot and he will find it hard to remember daily routines, names of family friends and names and places.
Emotional and Social Development
He would have found it hard to have any social interactions as he would have forgotten a lot of people, and he would have emotionally found this very frustrating as he can’t remember his loved ones .
Language Development
His language wont develop anymore, and he will start to forget words and even how to speak.
Growth: The growth of something is when it is getting bigger and stronger physically threw out the body, so if you get taller and heavier.
Development: When you get older your body not only changes physically but mentally, so when you get into the adolescent stage you will more emotion and when you get older you will lose more memory.
Developmental Norms: This is based on average research so it is what you are expected to turn out like, so tested on average your height weight and death rate can be determined.
Developmental Milestones: These are things which are expected of you at certain ages, so you would be expected to talk by the age of around 1 years of age also you’re expected to walk by 2 years of age.
Life Course: A life course is a pacific theory which refers to a approach which was made to look in to people’s lives of their structural and their social cultural.
Maturation: This is the way in which your body is meant to change and make its adjustments by the ways we was designed, so we are designed to learn and also to love.
Life expectancy: this is the rate in which you are expected to live up to , boys which are born in 2006 are expected to live up to 77 , and for girls its 83.
Holistic Development: Development which could affect other peoples development, like emotional development can effect a person’s social development.
Delayed development is when children reach milestones at their own pace, temporary delays are usually no cause for alarm. An ongoing delay I reaching certain milestones is called delayed development. Delayed development can be caused be a variety of things like illnesses such as Down syndrome, infections, premature births or problems during pregnancy. This can effect an individual as if a child had a language disorder they would have a difficult time understanding people, and also be expressing their feelings this could lead to anger and confusion.
Arrested Development is when an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or development deficiencies, it can be caused be results from the past traumas or disturbances in child teen and adolescent in childhood developmental stages. It can effect someone if their parents neglected them or did not provide appropriate opportunities.
What are the Piles ? Physical development is when growth and motor skills are developing for their own age and level , Intellectual development is when their logical thinking is developed , Emotional development is when the person is using their emotions so aggression or fear , social is how the person interacts with other people , and language is when there speech is developing right for their age.

Nature and nurture on Adolescence and adulthood
Nature for: Physical Development
He would have inherited characteristics that would genetically inherit from his parents. His height and weight would be caused by this and also if his parents had any diseases he would inherit this to. This would all affect him physically as he is grows up and reaching certain developmental milestones.
Nurture for: Physical Development
Nurture can affect him physically because if he did not get the right nutrients he may not grow properly, also if His mother smoked around him or even while he was in the womb he could get abnormalities.
Nature for: Intellectual development
Intellectually he would be naturally trying to solve problems, that’s where piagets theory’s come into this as they tell you what should happen naturally in this age , as if it is programmed into us.
Nurture for: Intellectual Development
The environment counts a lot towards his intellectual development, the more he hears language and speech the more he hears the stronger his development becomes. As Michael did not get to experience school in full form he had to find other ways to learn, he had a tutor but I think this made him think in a different way.
Nature Emotional and Social Development
It would be very natural for Michael to start being more involved in friendships and for him to feel and tell his emotions.

Nurture Emotional and Social Development
At this point in his life he was very socially aware because he had to meet lots of people and build a lot of friendships because of his busy work schedule. But emotionally he was effected a lot as he working a lot he did not get to experience a normal life and have a normal childhood.
Nature Language
He should be able to use a wide selection of grammar but there will still be room for a lot more improvement.

Nurture language
His language skills would be very limited at this stage as he was just around his family but slowly as he starts to meet new people and build more relationships it will get better.

Nature for: Physical Development
As an adolescence he would still be growing, He would also experiencing things such as acne and mood swings which is normal for adolescents.
Nurture for: Physical Development
If Michael did not develop properly in the previous year’s ad get the right nutrients then be could be slowed down in the process of growing.
Nature for: Intellectual development
At this stage he should be able to thinking through complex problems and opinions, he should be able to sort out logical problems.
Nurture for: Intellectual Development
The environment counts a lot towards his intellectual development, the more he hears language and speech the more he hears the stronger his development becomes. Sometimes Michaels intellectual thinking was overrun by this emotional thinking , he would do some things that and make some decisions that was not very smart but he thought he was doing the right think, again I think this was to do with a Ruth upbringing.
Nature Emotional and Social Development
If Michael had inherited any learning disabilities he would find it hard to communicate with people and this would be a problem for him if he wanted to succeed in his career.
Nurture Emotional and Social Development
The fact Michael was brought up in a family oriented environment he succeeded in socially talking to people, but as he had a lot of conflict with his father in early years this effected his emotional development as he found it hard to deal with the emotions. Also the fact that he did not have a normal childhood made him to feel very deprived and he started to act like a child in this stage.
Nature Language
He should be able to use a wide selection of vocabulary and use more complex sentences.
Nurture language
Michael did not go to school in his adolescent years so he learned his language through the people around him and this helped as he was always talking to new people.
To conclude I think Michael was effected more by nurture instead of nature, the environment in which he grew up in affected him, his family affected him a lot, also the social media played a big part on how he felt and what happened to him. So the way he was brought up affected him the most.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Unit 619 Health & Social Care

...Unit 619 Understand mental health problems Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders MOOD DISORDERS BIPOLAR DISORDER In bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depression, there are swings in mood from elation to depression with no external cause. During the manic phase of this disorder, the patient may show excessive, unwarranted excitement or silliness, carrying jokes too far. They may also show poor judgement and recklessness and may be argumentative. They may speak rapidly, have unrealistic ideas, and jump from subject to subject. They may not be able to sleep or sit still for very long. These symptoms are last for a specific period of time lasting for a few days or even a few months. Hospitalization can often be necessary to keep the person from harming themselves and others. The other side of the bipolar is the depressive episode. Bipolar depressed patients often sleep more than usual and are lethargic. This contrasts with those with major depression, who usually has trouble sleeping and is agitated. During bipolar depressive episodes, a patient may also show irritability and withdrawal. Manic episodes can occur without depression, but this is very rare. DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS A person suffering from major depressive disorder is in a depressed mood...

Words: 4105 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Unit 4 Health and Social Care M1 and D1

...Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to the development of the individual (M1) & Evaluate how nature and nurture may affect the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of two stages of the development of the individual (D1). Nature can be loosely defined as genetic inheritance or the genetic makeup (the information encoded in your genes) which a person inherits from both parents at the time of conception and carries throughout life. Several things in an individual genetically inherits include; ranging from gender, eye colour, risks for certain diseases and exceptional talents to height. The concept of nature thus refers to biologically inherited tendencies and abilities that people have and which may get revealed later on as they grow up. Nurture can be defined as the different environmental factors to which a person is subjected from birth to death. There are many environmental factors. They include both physical environments and social environments. Some theorists believe that people behave as they do according to genetic predispositions or even because of ‘animal instincts.’ This is known as the ‘nature’ theory of human behaviour. Other theorists believe that people think and behave in certain ways because they are taught to do so. This is known as the ‘nurture’ theory of human behaviour. ( Nature refers to the inherited (genetic) characteristics and tendencies that influence development. Some......

Words: 3041 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Unit 1 Health and Social Care

...Developing Effective Communication in Health and Social Care – Task 4 One-to-One In class, I participated in a one-to-one role-play with a fellow classmate. I played as a teacher and my peer played as a student who was being socially excluded by her classmates. She came to me one day really upset and explained that she was being socially excluded from the rest of the class. I suggested we go to a quiet room where we could talk by ourselves and I had to consider my approach carefully as I didn’t want to upset her even more. As part of my course, my class and I had to participate in a group event called Christmas cheer. This included us getting into groups to cook food which would be served to the elderly. We first had to decide what groups we would be in and this was done very easily and quickly This included our class getting into small groups and cooking food which the elderly would be served during this event. I was partnered up with four girls from my class who on several occasions I had to have a group discussion with. The first discussion we had to do is to discuss what we were going to cook. One of the girls decided to do scones whilst a few others wanted to do a gingerbread house. We finally decided on welsh cakes and then had to find a recipe for them. All of us found a recipe which we thought would be appropriate and they decided on a Mary Berry recipe as she was a famous cook. Me and one of the other girls was not happy about this as most people......

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 4 P1

...Unit 4: P1 Key Words Growth- An increase in some measured quantity, such as height or weight. Development- Complex changes including an increase in skills, abilities and capabilities. Developmental Norms- Description of an average set of expectations with respect to an infant or child’s development. Developmental Milestones- Developmental milestones can describe the skills children may be expected to develop during the first months and years of life. Life course- A life course is a map of what is expected to happen at the various stages of the human life cycle. Maturation- When development is assumed to be due to a genetically programmed sequence of change. Life expectancy- An estimate of the number of years that a person can expect to live (on average). Holistic Development- A person’s physical, intellectual, emotional and social development as a whole. Development can be analysed under each of the individual categories to help identify issues but, in life, the categories can interact. Physical Development- Physical development is the changes within the body over periods of time for example the development and growth of organs, muscles and bones. These developments are often marked by stages such as puberty. Intellectual Development – We do not simply learn more as we grow older- we also develop more useful ways of thinking. It is believed there are four stages of intellectual development which mature or ‘unfold’. Your ability to use formal logical......

Words: 1490 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Development Through the Life Stages Unit 4, P5 and M3

...development through the life stages p5 physical and psychological changes associated with ageing. menopause. The menopause is caused by a change in the balance of the body's sex hormones. In the lead-up to the menopause, oestrogen levels decrease, causing the ovaries to stop producing an egg each month. Oestrogen is the female sex hormone that regulates a woman's periods on average woman reach the menopause at the age of 52, some woman experience the menopause in their 30s or 40s . when woman have the menopause under the at of 45 it is called a premature menopause. as the woman is starting the menopause she might get really heavy or could be light periods. also The frequency of a woman periods may also be affected. woman may have one every two or three weeks, or you may not have one for months at a time. when a woman is going through a menopause they have mostly emotionally and physical symptoms. for example when woman are going through the menopause a woman would experience hot flushes night sweats which may cause lack of sleep palpitations headaches tiredness mood changes such as depression and anxiety. lose interest in having sex with their partners self conscious If you experience the menopause suddenly, rather than gradually, your symptoms may be worse. Symptoms will usually last between two and five years before disappearing, although they can last longer. m3 the menopause can cause an affect on the woman's self confidence...

Words: 3049 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 4 P3

...P3: Explain the influences of two predictable and two unpredictable major life events on the development of an individual. Our lives can be influenced by many different things. A life event can change the direction of our lives; they even have the ability to affect our own personal development. Some can be major changes where as others are just minor. Some of these can be predicted and we know that they are going to eventually happen where as other times they are something we cannot choose, these are unpredictable life events. Some of the predictable life events could be: starting school, starting a job, or retiring from work. These stages come into our lives one by one and then help us to move our lives to the next stage. Unpredictable life events often have more of an impact on us and these can also alter both our development and/or behavior. An example of some unpredictable life events could be: suddenly becoming ill, being made redundant from work or the sudden death of a relative or loved one. All of these life events can occur very suddenly and are often very sad, but once the grieving process is over we can realise a difference in our lives which can then go on to have a positive impact on our lives even though it was initially a negative effect. Leaving home is seen as a predictable life event as it is an inevitable action; although this can also impact an individual's development. Leaving home could have a negative impact on the physical development of an......

Words: 1313 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Unit 4 Development Through the Life Stages D1

...For this part of the assignment I am going to be evaluating how nature and nurture may affect the development of an individual over two life stages. I will be looking at the effects of nature, nurture in relation to the Jim twins, development over their childhood and adulthood. D1 Nature and Nurture Effects on Childhood Physical Development The Jim twins were identical twins and nature obviously had a big effect on how they looked, both the boys inherited genetics from their parents which determined what they were going too looked like, during their childhood the boys would have looked identical, but they just didn’t know each other. But one twin in his childhood had a fringe and the other didn’t, these different hair styles would have been the effect of nurture as he would have been influenced to have his hair that way by seeing others with the same hairstyle or his adoptive parents wanting him to have his hair like that. Nature would have had an effect on the twin’s physical development as the genes they gathered from their biological parents would have determined that during their childhood, they disliked basketball and other sports, this could have been because, both their parents may not of been very sporty, which could of led them to inherit gene which meant they were going to be very athletic/sporty either. On......

Words: 1157 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Unit 4 Task 4 Health and Social Care

...Saga Magazines... How does ageing affect you? MENOPAUSE The menopause, sometimes known as “the change of life”, is where a woman’s ovaries stop producing an egg every 4 weeks, meaning she no longer has periods and is unlikely to get pregnant. Monthly periods can sometimes stop suddenly when you reach the menopause; however it is more likely that your periods will become less frequent, with longer intervals between each one, before they stop altogether. In the UK, 51 is the average age for a woman to reach the menopause, although some women experience the menopause in their 30’s or 40’s. Symptoms The menopause can cause a wide range of physical and mental symptoms. The first symptom is usually a change in the pattern of your monthly periods. This is called the premenopausal stage, during this time you may have light or heavy periods (menorrhagia). Other symptoms can include: * Hot flushes and night sweats * Loss of libido (sex drive) * Headaches * Mood changes, such as depression, anxiety or tiredness * Urinary Tract Infections (UTI’s) * Noticeable heartbeat * Vaginal discomfort, pain, itching and dryness The severity of symptoms and the overall duration of the menopause will vary depending on a number of factors including genetics, lifestyle, diet, stress, and overall health. Although if you experience the menopause suddenly, rather than gradually, your symptoms may be worse. The menopause is caused by a change in the balance of the......

Words: 2463 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Unit 3 Health and Social Care as

... A911 Health and Social Care And Early Years Provision Controlled Assessment Task Task 1: Preparation: As part of my coursework I will be investigating a service in the Early Years sector. The following are the aims for my coursework: The range of care needs of your client group (The choice of health, developmental and social needs of babies and children) I would questionnaire parents and also questionnaire different staff for each service (Primary Research). I also would research from health and social care fact books (Secondary Research).The reason I would questionnaire parents and staff is because they have the knowledge and understanding of young babies and children and know what the choice of needs are for them. The other reason is because they have also the experience in which they can and give to me. The reason I would research from health and social care fact books are because people who have taken degrees in these subject have written these books and would be more reliable that me searching on the Internet for this aim. The ways your client group can obtain care services and the possible barriers that can prevent them from gaining access to these services. (The customs that babies and children can gain from care services and the achievable barriers that can stop babies and children from getting hold of access to these services). I would research on the internet and questionnaire service providers. The reason I would research ask services is because they do......

Words: 7230 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 7

...Unit 7- sociological perspectives for health and social care P1 – Explain the principal sociological perspectives Sociological Perspectives | Main Points | Criticisms | Functionalism | Functionalist believe that just as the body functions through the efficient interrelationship of major organs and has disease, so the different institutions in society each have particular contributions to make. They work together and use methods of social control to deal with deviant members or groups, to ensure that society functions smoothly. Parsons (1902-1979) saw society as a system made up of interrelated institutions, which contributed to its smooth running and continuity. He thought that the main role of an institution is to socialise individuals and ensure that they understood the underlying values of their society and behave in acceptable ways. Murdock(1897-1985) did a study of the family, examined over 250 societies and concluded that in all societies the family performed 4 functions: * Sexual function which was allowed for the expression of sexuality in an approved context * Reproductive function which provided stability for the rearing children * Socialisation included the responsibility of teaching children the acceptable ways of behaving in society * Economic function meant that food, shelter, and financial security had to be provided for the family membersParsons(1951) argued that the family had only two basic functions which were: * The primary socialisation of......

Words: 3703 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 1

...fghjklzxcvbnm HNC LEVEL 4 HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE COMMUNICATION IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE ORGANISATIONS 3/12/2013 By EVELYN HARRISON | HNC LEVEL 4 HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE TASK 2 2.1 Communication can be strongly influenced by people’s beliefs, cultures, sexuality, gender preferences, social classes, level of education and ethnicity. How people view each other will determine how people will respond/communicate with each other in and out of a workplace. At work it is always advised to be fully aware of our service users’ communication preferences and wishes. Having different cultural beliefs can have an impact on how we communicate with each other and also how we communicate with our service users. Therefore it is essential to know the service users’ values and culture background by reading care plans and talking and listening to them. When it comes to communication, a person’s beliefs can have an impact on how they interact with others. What might be deemed to be normal in one’s culture can be seen as inappropriate in another and different cultures interpret non-verbal and verbal messages and humour differently. For example maintaining eye contact English culture implies that one is paying attention to what is being said and they will be considered as being honest whereas in my culture it is seen as being disrespectful especially if talking to someone to is older than me. In health and social care it is important to know our......

Words: 2575 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

P1 Unit 4 Health and Social Care

...P1 Describe physical, intellectual, emotional, social development for each of the life stages of an individual. Life expectancy this is the number of years that remain within the life time of an individual, this is estimated by statistics. This depends on the Population on several variables such as their lifestyle, access to healthcare, diet, economical status and the relevant mortality and morbidity data. However, as life expectancy is calculated based on averages, a person may live for many years more or less than expected. P.I.E.S this is the breakdown of the Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social developments through all the life stages Life coursethis is a course it is culturally defined sequence of age categories that people are normally expected to pass through as they develop from birth to death. This Includes the cultural conceptions of the life course is some idea of how long people are expected to live. Growth A gradual process which occurs from birth until a point in early adulthood when you reach your maximum height. It involves both height and weight gain Development this is a change in a person's skills and capabilities, for instance an individual’s development intellectually, emotionally etc. Maturation this is the gradual process of becoming physically mature or fully developed this is part of adolescent when a male and female go through changes as they are going through puberty. For example females in adolescence will start to grow breast......

Words: 3741 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Unit 23 Health and Social Care

...UK voluntary register of complementary therapists. This regulator has been approved an Accredited Register by the Professional Standards Authority for Health and Social Care which main aim is to protect the public. Therefore, they have met the authority’s demanding standards. All registered practitioners are entitled to use CNHC’s quality mark which is commitment to professionalism and high standards. Also, the GMC (General Medical Council) confirms that GP’s are able to refer patients to practitioners. (What is the CNHC Register?, 2016) The GRCCT register was released on 6th June 2008. GRCCT stands for the General Regulatory Council for Complementary Therapies. With the GRCCT, each profession has its own Voluntary Self-Regulatory Group which feeds into the GRCCT. This means that there are no laws put in place to protect the public from unqualified or incompetent therapists. The various professional associations in each therapy have been working together to agree standards and requirements for each type of complementary therapy. Once this has been set, an overarching independent register to establish a national register and protect the public by validating the status of all registered therapist. The Federal Regulatory Council is central to the operation of GRCCT and makes all regulatory decision. Just like the statutory Health Professions Council, the FRC is composed of a practitioner from each of the regulated professions and an equal number of lay members. (Structure......

Words: 2286 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Unit 4 Health and Social Care

...Care settings are usually called residentials. There are many residential settings. Including those for elder people, or people with disabilities, and looked-after children. It is important that health and safety is taken very seriously in these settings. You have to be sure that any residents can escape in case of a fire. And you also have to make sure that they don't get in the way of other people or cause danger. It is important to inform peers and other residents about health and safety and what to do in case anything could go wrong. In some settings people can come in and go out whenever they want. But, in a setting where there are people who may be confused or young children, this would be inappropriate. It would be a bad idea because road traffic accidents could occur. If anyone is to go out the staff must know so that the individual can be brought back safely. Hospital Health care settings contain a lot of hazards. The hazards particular to the hospital include things like microbes infecting wounds during or after a surgery. There can also be radiation from x rays and radiotherapy and drugs which can be addictive . Another risk which can be found in a hospital is anesthetic gases these can be harmful if used in the wrong way so they should be carefully administered. Also hypodermic needles have to be disposed of safely or someone else can be infected. Fires can also cause problems in a health setting. Big organizations such as hospitals usually have zones......

Words: 1782 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Development Through the Life Stages Unit 4 P1 M1 D1 Health and Social Care Level 3

...Development through the life stages. UNIT 4 P1 M1 D1 Development through the life stages. UNIT 4 P1 M1 D1 * Introduction In this essay I will be explaining the development throughout the life stages. This is including conception, pregnancy (1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters), birth and infancy (0-3years), childhood (4-9years), adolescence (10-18years), adulthood (19-65years), older adulthood (65+) and the final stages of life. This will include physical, intellectual, emotional and social development. I will further this by discussing nature versus nurture, and conclude by evaluating how this will affect the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development. * Conception Each month a group of eggs in the ovaries grow in small sacks named follicles. Eventually one of these eggs leaves, this is ovulation. This typically takes places 2 weeks before the next period is due. Once the egg leaves the follicle it develops into the corpus luteum, releasing a hormone to thicken the uterus lining, preparing for the egg. Once released the egg travels to the fallopian tube, where it remains for 24hrs waiting for sperm to fertilize it. This takes around 2 weeks after the period. If there is no sperm to fertilize the egg, it travels through the uterus and falls apart. The hormone levels return to normal, and the uterus sheds the lining, starting the period. If a sperm does make its way into the egg, it fertilizes, no other sperm will be able to access the egg. As soon as......

Words: 5057 - Pages: 21